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  (XI) Obj. ID: 556 Tik,, Libya, 1890 (inscription). // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Tik | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890 (inscription)
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Libya
| Tunisia? Tripolitania?
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Tunisian, Libyan
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 01.90
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12,13,14,15
19 Remarks
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet.

The case opens in the centre on the front facet, forming two halves joined at the back by a steady facet.

The body comprises ten facets and is encircled, at its lower edge, by two wooden stepped strips, creating a frieze. Eleven knobs for hanging the wrapper encircle the upper edges.

The body is made of plain wood. The front facet is adorned with a silver ogee arched plaque, divided into two vertical halves, adjusted to the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern, while the lower is inscribed with an identical dedication set within twin horse-shoe arches. The inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, reads:

 

וזאת/ התורה/ הטהורה/ ווי עמדים כשורה/ אשר פעל ועשה/ היקר החשוב הר' (הרב)/יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו (ה' ישמרהו ויחיהו) בן/ אליהו נ"ע (נוחו עדן) נגמרא/ מלאכתו בחדש זיו/ המקדש, שנת תר"ן."

"And this is the pure Torah (written) in a form of the hooks of the pillars (Ex. 27:10; see: Remarks: no. 1) set in a row, which was (made by the one) who operated and done, the dear and important Rabbi Jacob Ganah, may the Lord sustain and protect him, son of Elijah may he rest in Eden. It was accomplished in the month of Ziv (based on I Kings 6:37; when) the Temple (was accomplished), the year (5)650 (April- May, 1890)."

A silver hook and clasp set on floral circlets are attached on both sides of the opening.

The coronet is composed of ten units, which continue the body's facets (fig. 1). Each unit is designed as a twin arch divided by a column with a palmate crest, forming a symmetrical pattern. The arch encloses a tulip surmounting a drop-shaped motif.

The inner face of the Torah case is plain wood (fig. 1). Each half has a double shelf at its bottom and top. The bottom is blocked by a board with a rectangular hand holder for elevating the Torah, while the top is blocked with an open-work of rhomboids and circles.

Two holes for inserting the Torah staves are pierced in the bottom and the top.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
556
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_3816
:MED__:__Wood
:NNO__:__386-2,3,4,5,11
:MH___:__615(body)
_130(coronet)
:MD___:__325
:MAT__:__WoodCut,_engraved##
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__V_S__(M_S_)_1_1990
:CO___:__The_clasps_of_the_Torah_case_are_missing_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0056&batch_num=025&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (16 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 7107 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7107 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tik | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890 (inscription)
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Libya
| Tunisia? Tripolitania?
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Tunisian, Libyan
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 01.90
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12,13,14,15
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet.

The case opens in the centre on the front facet, forming two halves joined at the back by a steady facet.

The body comprises ten facets and is encircled, at its lower edge, by two wooden stepped strips, creating a frieze. Eleven knobs for hanging the wrapper encircle the upper edges.

The body is made of plain wood. The front facet is adorned with a silver ogee arched plaque, divided into two vertical halves, adjusted to the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern, while the lower is inscribed with an identical dedication set within twin horse-shoe arches. The inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, reads:

 

וזאת/ התורה/ הטהורה/ ווי עמדים כשורה/ אשר פעל ועשה/ היקר החשוב הר' (הרב)/יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו (ה' ישמרהו ויחיהו) בן/ אליהו נ"ע (נוחו עדן) נגמרא/ מלאכתו בחדש זיו/ המקדש, שנת תר"ן."

"And this is the pure Torah (written) in a form of the hooks of the pillars (Ex. 27:10; see: Remarks: no. 1) set in a row, which was (made by the one) who operated and done, the dear and important Rabbi Jacob Ganah, may the Lord sustain and protect him, son of Elijah may he rest in Eden. It was accomplished in the month of Ziv (based on I Kings 6:37; when) the Temple (was accomplished), the year (5)650 (April- May, 1890)."

A silver hook and clasp set on floral circlets are attached on both sides of the opening.

The coronet is composed of ten units, which continue the body's facets (fig. 1). Each unit is designed as a twin arch divided by a column with a palmate crest, forming a symmetrical pattern. The arch encloses a tulip surmounting a drop-shaped motif.

The inner face of the Torah case is plain wood (fig. 1). Each half has a double shelf at its bottom and top. The bottom is blocked by a board with a rectangular hand holder for elevating the Torah, while the top is blocked with an open-work of rhomboids and circles.

Two holes for inserting the Torah staves are pierced in the bottom and the top.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter $$1?
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
056025
45 Temp: Batch Number
056 | 025
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7107
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.3822
:MED : Wood
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7108 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7108 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tik | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890 (inscription)
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Libya
| Tunisia? Tripolitania?
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Tunisian, Libyan
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 01.90
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12,13,14,15
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet.

The case opens in the centre on the front facet, forming two halves joined at the back by a steady facet.

The body comprises ten facets and is encircled, at its lower edge, by two wooden stepped strips, creating a frieze. Eleven knobs for hanging the wrapper encircle the upper edges.

The body is made of plain wood. The front facet is adorned with a silver ogee arched plaque, divided into two vertical halves, adjusted to the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern, while the lower is inscribed with an identical dedication set within twin horse-shoe arches. The inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, reads:

 

וזאת/ התורה/ הטהורה/ ווי עמדים כשורה/ אשר פעל ועשה/ היקר החשוב הר' (הרב)/יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו (ה' ישמרהו ויחיהו) בן/ אליהו נ"ע (נוחו עדן) נגמרא/ מלאכתו בחדש זיו/ המקדש, שנת תר"ן."

"And this is the pure Torah (written) in a form of the hooks of the pillars (Ex. 27:10; see: Remarks: no. 1) set in a row, which was (made by the one) who operated and done, the dear and important Rabbi Jacob Ganah, may the Lord sustain and protect him, son of Elijah may he rest in Eden. It was accomplished in the month of Ziv (based on I Kings 6:37; when) the Temple (was accomplished), the year (5)650 (April- May, 1890)."

A silver hook and clasp set on floral circlets are attached on both sides of the opening.

The coronet is composed of ten units, which continue the body's facets (fig. 1). Each unit is designed as a twin arch divided by a column with a palmate crest, forming a symmetrical pattern. The arch encloses a tulip surmounting a drop-shaped motif.

The inner face of the Torah case is plain wood (fig. 1). Each half has a double shelf at its bottom and top. The bottom is blocked by a board with a rectangular hand holder for elevating the Torah, while the top is blocked with an open-work of rhomboids and circles.

Two holes for inserting the Torah staves are pierced in the bottom and the top.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter $$1?
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
056026
45 Temp: Batch Number
056 | 026
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7108
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.3822
:MED : Wood
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7109 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7109 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tik | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890 (inscription)
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Libya
| Tunisia? Tripolitania?
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Tunisian, Libyan
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 01.90
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12,13,14,15
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet.

The case opens in the centre on the front facet, forming two halves joined at the back by a steady facet.

The body comprises ten facets and is encircled, at its lower edge, by two wooden stepped strips, creating a frieze. Eleven knobs for hanging the wrapper encircle the upper edges.

The body is made of plain wood. The front facet is adorned with a silver ogee arched plaque, divided into two vertical halves, adjusted to the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern, while the lower is inscribed with an identical dedication set within twin horse-shoe arches. The inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, reads:

 

וזאת/ התורה/ הטהורה/ ווי עמדים כשורה/ אשר פעל ועשה/ היקר החשוב הר' (הרב)/יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו (ה' ישמרהו ויחיהו) בן/ אליהו נ"ע (נוחו עדן) נגמרא/ מלאכתו בחדש זיו/ המקדש, שנת תר"ן."

"And this is the pure Torah (written) in a form of the hooks of the pillars (Ex. 27:10; see: Remarks: no. 1) set in a row, which was (made by the one) who operated and done, the dear and important Rabbi Jacob Ganah, may the Lord sustain and protect him, son of Elijah may he rest in Eden. It was accomplished in the month of Ziv (based on I Kings 6:37; when) the Temple (was accomplished), the year (5)650 (April- May, 1890)."

A silver hook and clasp set on floral circlets are attached on both sides of the opening.

The coronet is composed of ten units, which continue the body's facets (fig. 1). Each unit is designed as a twin arch divided by a column with a palmate crest, forming a symmetrical pattern. The arch encloses a tulip surmounting a drop-shaped motif.

The inner face of the Torah case is plain wood (fig. 1). Each half has a double shelf at its bottom and top. The bottom is blocked by a board with a rectangular hand holder for elevating the Torah, while the top is blocked with an open-work of rhomboids and circles.

Two holes for inserting the Torah staves are pierced in the bottom and the top.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter $$1?
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
056028
45 Temp: Batch Number
056 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7109
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.3822
:MED : Wood
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7110 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7110 Tik, , Libya, 1890 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tik | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890 (inscription)
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Libya
| Tunisia? Tripolitania?
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Tunisian, Libyan
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 01.90
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12,13,14,15
19a Scan No. 056027
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet.

The case opens in the centre on the front facet, forming two halves joined at the back by a steady facet.

The body comprises ten facets and is encircled, at its lower edge, by two wooden stepped strips, creating a frieze. Eleven knobs for hanging the wrapper encircle the upper edges.

The body is made of plain wood. The front facet is adorned with a silver ogee arched plaque, divided into two vertical halves, adjusted to the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern, while the lower is inscribed with an identical dedication set within twin horse-shoe arches. The inscription engraved in square Hebrew letters, reads:

 

וזאת/ התורה/ הטהורה/ ווי עמדים כשורה/ אשר פעל ועשה/ היקר החשוב הר' (הרב)/יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו (ה' ישמרהו ויחיהו) בן/ אליהו נ"ע (נוחו עדן) נגמרא/ מלאכתו בחדש זיו/ המקדש, שנת תר"ן."

"And this is the pure Torah (written) in a form of the hooks of the pillars (Ex. 27:10; see: Remarks: no. 1) set in a row, which was (made by the one) who operated and done, the dear and important Rabbi Jacob Ganah, may the Lord sustain and protect him, son of Elijah may he rest in Eden. It was accomplished in the month of Ziv (based on I Kings 6:37; when) the Temple (was accomplished), the year (5)650 (April- May, 1890)."

A silver hook and clasp set on floral circlets are attached on both sides of the opening.

The coronet is composed of ten units, which continue the body's facets (fig. 1). Each unit is designed as a twin arch divided by a column with a palmate crest, forming a symmetrical pattern. The arch encloses a tulip surmounting a drop-shaped motif.

The inner face of the Torah case is plain wood (fig. 1). Each half has a double shelf at its bottom and top. The bottom is blocked by a board with a rectangular hand holder for elevating the Torah, while the top is blocked with an open-work of rhomboids and circles.

Two holes for inserting the Torah staves are pierced in the bottom and the top.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter $$1?
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
056027
45 Temp: Batch Number
056 | 027
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0003822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7110
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.3822
:MED : Wood
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80715 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80715 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-13
19a Scan No. S057097
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80715
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80716 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80716 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-14
19a Scan No. S057098
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80716
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80717 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80717 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-15
19a Scan No. S057099
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80717
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80718 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80718 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110057
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80718
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80747 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80747 Torah case , , Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S057096
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80747
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80748 Torah case , Draft description (Aleph), Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80748 Torah case , Draft description (Aleph), Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Draft description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110073
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80748
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80749 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80749 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110074
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80749
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80750 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80750 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110075
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80750
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80751 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80751 Torah case , Description, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110076
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80751
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80752 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80752 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110072
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80752
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80753 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80753 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110077
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80753
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 80754 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 80754 Torah case , Field documentation, Libya, 1890 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah case | Unknown
3a Object Torah case
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1890
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Libya
|
8 Community North African | Libyan
|
9 Collection Israel | Netanya | Sc_132
| 1
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 386-12
19a Scan No. S110078
20 Description

The wooden Torah^case consists of a ten-faceted body and a coronet. A faceted annulet encircles the lower borders of the body. An ogee arch-shaped silver plaque is attached to both sides of the case's opening. Its upper part is decorated with a foliate pattern. It bears a dedicatory inscription.

וזאת ##התורה## הטהורה ## ווי עמדים כשורה ## אשר פעל ועשה ## היקר החשוב הר ## יעקב ג'נאח הי"ו בן ## אליהו נ"ע )נוחו עדן( נגמרא ## מלאכתו בחדש זיו ## המקדש שנת תר"ן

"And this is##the Torah ## the pure ## the hooks of the pillars (Ex.27.10) in a row ##hath wrought and done ## the dear and important Rabbi (int.) ## Jacob Gnah, may the Lord sustain and protect him (int.) son of ## Elijah may he rest in Eden (int.)## his work was finished in the month of the Ziv (the dedication of) the temple (=Iyar) year (5)650=(1890)"

The inscription on the left side is the same as on the right one. A silver floral base for a hook and clasp is attached on both sides of the opening, under the plaques. The inner face is plain wood. The hollow bottom has on a hand holder on the right side. The hollow top is decorated with rhomboids and circles. Two rods are at the top of the case. The coronet is ten-faceted. Each facet is decorated with symmetrical openwork of a floral pattern.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, silver
25a Material Structure sawed, carved, lathed (knobs)
25b Material Decoration carved
25c Material Bonding nailed, hinged, glued
25d Material Inscription ink on parchment
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 750 mm (general), 614 mm (body), 136 mm (coronet)
26b Length
26c Width Width: 295 mm (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

1.   The dedication compares the Torah scroll to the Tabernacle in the desert and to Solomon's Temple. The inscription indicates that the dedicated Torah was written in a special layout, in which each of the written columns begins with the letter vav, and thus it is named Vavei Amudim, namely "the hooks of the pillars". The word vav in Hebrew has a double meaning; it is the sixth letter of the alphabet, and a hook. The term Vavei Amudim mentioned in the dedicatory inscription alludes to the structure of the Torah scroll as a representative of the hooks and columns which constructed the tent of the Tabernacle in the Desert. This layout tradition finds its origins in the 11th century in Eastern manuscripts (Sternthal, Humash Regensburg, 2008, pp. 8- 11, note. 22). It probably reflects a similar approach which compares the Torah (scroll or codex) to the Temple, naming it Mikdashiyah, namely "A Small Temple" or "The Lord's Temple". This was the prevalent name of Torah codex among the Karaites in the 10th century Egypt, and later among the Sephardi Jews in Spain (XXX). During the years the Vavei Amudim layout gained cabalistic interpretations and it may well be that the widespread tradition in Tunisia and Tripolitania, is derived from its cabalistic insinuations. Though a further research should be conducted, weather it also reflects an old tradition, which continues the eastern layout.  

An additional allusion to the Temple is created by using the name Ziv for the month of Iyar, connecting between the date the Torah scroll and its case were accomplished, and the month when Solomon's Temple was founded: "In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the Lord laid, in the month Ziv: (I Kings 6:37).

The beginning of the dedication is a familiar linguistic formula and is frequently inscribed on dedications of Torah cases.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
• The clasps of the Torah case are missing.
• The facet which bears the hinges is new.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sternthal, Michal. Humash Regensburg, IM 180/52, Vol. I. Jerusalem: Dissertation for Master Degree, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2008. In Hebrew. • Yaniv, Bracha. The Torah Case: Its History and Design. Ramat Gan: Bar Ilan University Press and the Ben Zvi Institute, 1997. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
3822
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
80754
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Vivian Stern; Susan Freiman 01.90 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 03.11 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 01.90;03.11 53a
54 Editor Dvora Sax 07.11 54a
55 Donor 55a