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  (XI) Obj. ID: 548 Torah finials ,, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28
19 Remarks
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
548
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_9069
:MED__:__Metal
:HS___:__Four_hallmarks_are_stamped_on_the_base_
_1__The_hallmark_depicts_a_castle_with_three_towers_within_a_double_frame_shaped_like_a_shield__This_is_the_city_mark_for_Zhitomir_in_the_years_1823-1857_
_Cf__Postnikova-Losseva_,_p_160,_no_423-4_##_Divis,_p_188,_no_1553_
_2__The_hallmark_depict_Cyrillic_initials:_"JA_D"_(in_lat_)_with_the_date_1859_under_the_line_in_a_rectangular_frame_
_It_is_the_assay_mark_of_Davidov_Jacov_Alexevich,_active_in_Zhitomir_in_the_years_1857-1862_##_Cf__Postnikova-Losseva,_p_160,_no_429_
_3__The_hallmark_depicts_the_cyphers_84_in_a_square_frame__It_is_a_Russian_quality_mark_in_the_18-19th_c_
_Cf__Postnikova-Losseva,_p_148_no_12_
_4__The_hallmark_depict_the_Cyrillic_initials:_"?M"_(in_lat_),_in_a_rectangular_frame__It_is_probably_an_unidentified_artist_mark_
:NNO__:__596-28,_3-7_
:MH___:__302mm_(Overall),_165mm_(Shaft)
:MD___:__62mm_(Overall),_45mm_(Shaft),_129mm_(Base)
:MAT__:__Silver,_partly_gilded##Structure:_raised_,_hammered##Decoration:_cast,_chased,_punched,_engraved,_nielo_##Bonding:_soldered,_screwed,_folded_
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__A_A__(G_I_)_7_1992
:AQ___:__The_Kiev_collection
:BIB__:__Cf__Finland,_waino-Aalto,_Mus_,_Judaica,_1991,_p_25,_no_43_
_Cf__Moscow,_Masterpieces-Silver,_1992,_p_46,_pl_28_
_Cf__Wien,_Kunsthis__Mus_,_Thora_(Ukraine),_1993,_p_109,_no_20_
:REM__:__The_city_hallmark_precedes_chronologically_the_assay_hallmark_and_this_problem_must_be_checked_
_Another_hallmark_which_depicts_Saint_George_on_a_horse,_was_documanted_but_not_photographed_
_For_other_objects_with_the_pattern_of_a_crest_with_a_bird-shape_apex,_which_supported_by_rampant_lions,_see:_Torah_crowns_IJA_10178,_IJA_10179,_IJA_8691,_IJA_9697,_all_from_the_regions_of_Kiev_and_Zhitomir_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0052&batch_num=079&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (20 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 6253 Torah finials , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6253 Torah finials , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052079
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 079
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6253
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7067 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7067 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four hallmarks are stamped on the base. 1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553. 2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame. It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429. 3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12. 4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060021
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7067
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7068 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7068 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four hallmarks are stamped on the base. 1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553. 2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame. It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429. 3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12. 4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060022
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 022
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7068
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7069 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7069 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four hallmarks are stamped on the base. 1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553. 2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame. It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429. 3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12. 4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060023
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 023
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7069
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7070 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7070 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four hallmarks are stamped on the base. 1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553. 2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame. It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429. 3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12. 4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060024
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7070
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 7071 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 7071 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-28, 3-7.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Four hallmarks are stamped on the base. 1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553. 2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame. It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429. 3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c. Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12. 4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: raised , hammered##Decoration: cast, chased, punched, engraved, nielo ##Bonding: soldered, screwed, folded.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 302mm (Overall), 165mm (Shaft)
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 62mm (Overall), 45mm (Shaft), 129mm (Base)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Four hallmarks are stamped on the base.
1. The hallmark depicts a castle with three towers within a double frame shaped like a shield. This is the city mark for Zhitomir in the years 1823-1857.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva , p.160, no.423-4.## Divis, p.188, no.1553.
2. The hallmark depict Cyrillic initials: "JA.D" (in lat.) with the date 1859 under the line in a rectangular frame.
It is the assay mark of Davidov Jacov Alexevich, active in Zhitomir in the years 1857-1862.## Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.160, no.429.
3. The hallmark depicts the cyphers 84 in a square frame. It is a Russian quality mark in the 18-19th c.
Cf. Postnikova-Losseva, p.148 no.12.
4. The hallmark depict the Cyrillic initials: "?M" (in lat.), in a rectangular frame. It is probably an unidentified artist mark.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The city hallmark precedes chronologically the assay hallmark and this problem must be checked. Another hallmark which depicts Saint George on a horse, was documanted but not photographed. For other objects with the pattern of a crest with a bird-shape apex, which supported by rampant lions, see: Torah crowns IJA 10178, IJA 10179, IJA 8691, IJA 9697, all from the regions of Kiev and Zhitomir.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Kiev collection
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Finland, waino-Aalto, Mus., Judaica, 1991, p.25, no.43.
Cf. Moscow, Masterpieces-Silver, 1992, p.46, pl.28.
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), 1993, p.109, no.20.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0060025
45 Temp: Batch Number
0060 | 025
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
7071
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9069
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (G.I.) 7.1992 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42868 Torah finials , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42868 Torah finials , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S066004.jpg
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42868
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42869 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42869 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Draft description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116724
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42869
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42870 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42870 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Draft description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116725
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42870
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42871 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42871 Torah finials , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Draft description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116726
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42871
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42872 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42872 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-3
19a Scan No. S065979
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42872
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42873 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42873 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-4
19a Scan No. S065980
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42873
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42874 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42874 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-5
19a Scan No. S065981
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42874
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42875 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42875 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-6
19a Scan No. S065982
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42875
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42876 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42876 Torah finials , Hallmark, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 596-7
19a Scan No. S065983
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42876
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42877 Torah finials , Description, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42877 Torah finials , Description, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116727
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42877
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42878 Torah finials , Description, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42878 Torah finials , Description, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116728
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42878
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42879 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42879 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116721
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42879
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42880 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42880 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116722
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42880
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 42881 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 42881 Torah finials , Field documentation, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1859 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah finials | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah finials | *Torah finials also called: | Atzei Hayim (Torah finials in Volhynian and Galician communities)
3a Object Torah finials
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1859
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2262, 2263
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Bird
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S116723
20 Description The Silver Torah finial consists of a shaft, a body, a head and an apex. The shaft is faceted and is supported by an undulating round raised base. The base bears two strips the bottom of which is decorated with a branch with folliate scrolls and the top of which is decorated with acanthus leaves radiating from the center. The edges of the base are scalloped and decorated with a scroll. The six faceted shaft surmounts a unit composed of slices, topped by widening leaves that radiate outwards. Each facet on the shaft is decorated with a folliate scroll alternately in openwork fixed on gilded plaques and nielo. The facets are surrounded by gilded frames. The shaft is surmounted by a unit that is decorated with branches. The body is a fence like square. It is decorated horizontally with scrolls and lilies at their edge. Within the center of the body is a crown with a tiny globular apex that stands on a cylindrical shaft. Four rampant regardant winged lions emerge from the fence corners and support a crown shaped head which stands on a floral circlet bearing bells. The crown has six arms and is decorated with a foliate motif. A bird shaped apex surmounts the crown and stands on a floral circlet holding a bell shaped flower in its beak.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
9069
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
42881
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a