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  (XI) Obj. ID: 460 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain),, Silesia, 1792. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
460
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0046&batch_num=083&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (15 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 4871 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4871 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046083
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 083
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4871
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6662 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6662 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 054070
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
054070
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6662
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6663 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6663 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Circumcision |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 054071
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
054071
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 071
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6663
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12847 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 12847 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 113039
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
113039
45 Temp: Batch Number
113 | 039
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12847
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12848 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 12848 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Circumcision |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 113040
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes, arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns there is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

  “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. None of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9).

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

Online collection of the ritual objects from the E. Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute is available here: http://cbj.jhi.pl/collections/964689

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
113040
45 Temp: Batch Number
113 | 040
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12848
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177234 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177234 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), , Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 577-18
19a Scan No. S065346
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177234
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177235 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177235 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101296
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177235
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177236 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177236 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101297
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177236
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177237 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177237 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101298
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177237
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177238 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177238 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Draft description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101299
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177238
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177239 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177239 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Draft description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101300
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177239
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177240 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177240 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Draft description (Word), Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Draft description (Word)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101301
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177240
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177246 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177246 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101293
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177246
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177247 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177247 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101294
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177247
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177248 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 177248 Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain), Field documentation, Silesia, 1792 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Parokhet (Torah Ark curtain) | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah ark | Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3a Object Torah ark curtain (Parokhet)
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1792
6 Period Prussia (1742–1871)
7 Origin Czech Republic | Silesia
| Lower Silesia
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Warsaw | The Emanuel Ringelblum Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw (JHI)
| 42 (C-44)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of
Circumcision
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Vase with flowers
Tree of Life |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S101295
20 Description

The rectangular parokhet consists of three pieces of cloth in varying sizes , arranged one on top of the other, the smallest piece at the center of the composition.

The uppermost scarlet piece bears a depiction of the sacrifice of Isaac  surrounded by a foliate frame. On the middle piece of  the cloth, framing the scene of the sacrifice of Isaac is an arch supported by columns and topped by a crown.

Below the central piece and between the bases of the columns  is a depiction of the circumcision of Isaac, inserted in between the lines of an inscription.

In the scene of the circumcision, a man wearing a tallit is seated on a high Elijah chair, his legs resting on a foot stool with Isaac as a baby wrapped in his arms. Abraham stands next to him stretching out his hand towards him,  in order to perform the ritual.

An inscription written on either side of the scene reads:

 

 “And Abraham circumcised Isaac “(Gen. 21:4).

The framing inscription is embroidered in six rows of square letters (the large letters indicate the date) and reads:

 “And I will make my covenant between me and thee and will multiply thee exceedingly “ (Gen. 17:2). “Donated and dedicated on the day of the first fruit, and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the Lord  that it may be a holy convocation unto you the Lord will live with all his loving kindness “ (based on verses from Levi. 23: 16 - 21).

The crown mounted over the arch, is flanked on either side by a rampant regardant lion.  An inscription that flanks the crown, one word on either side reads:

 “Crown of Torah.”  Below the arch is another inscription which reads:

 “I have set the Lord always before my eyes” (Ps. 16:8).

The arch is supported by two twisted columns. Scrolled vine with clusters of grapes surround the columns. Each column is supported by a square base decorated with a lion, and is surmounted by a foliate capital with a vase and flowers. Below each column are three circles.

A frame of silver threads surrounds the center of the parokhet leaving wide borders around it. Foliate scrolls decorate the upper and lower borders and an identical pattern of silver threads frames the parokhet.

 

The scene of the sacrifice of Isaac, incorporating Hebrew inscriptions, is depicted in the center of the parokhet, against a red background. Non of the figures have facial features.

Isaac, whose hands are tied, kneels on the fagots arranged in a rectangular lattice on the ground.  The fire for the altar burns in an amphora at the front of the scene.  Abraham who stands on the left behind Isaac, places his left hand on Isaac’s head, while lifting a sword in his right  hand.  Above their heads is the following inscription:

“The Sacrifice of Isaac.”

A brick altar with an arched opening is located on the right  in front of a small tree.

Above and below the altar  is inscribed:

“And he (Abraham) built an altar there”  (Gen. 22:9) .

A clothed and winged angel appears from behind a rounded cloud on the right upper corner. He points towards a tall tree to the left of Abraham, in which the ram is caught. Above the angel is inscribed :

“ And the angel of the Lord called unto him “ (Gen. 22:9).

The ram is seen on the left at the bottom of the tree with its front legs in the air. Next to it is an inscription: “Ram (caught) by its horns .”  Above the tree is inscribed: “Tree of life.”

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 86.5 cm
26b Length
26c Width 40 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177248
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a