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Obj. ID: 45584
Jewish Funerary Art
  Cenotaph of Abram Khvoynik, Yankel Kaplan and Asye Big in the Third (Šeškinė) Jewish Cemetery in Vilnius, Lithuania, 1993

© Vladimir Levin, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 2014

Who is Commemorated?

Abram Khvoynik, Yankel Kaplan, and Asye Big, Jewish partisans in the Vilnius ghetto.

Description:

This red granite cenotaph is a stele with beveled upper corners. The Yiddish acronym FTO, the United Partisan Organization in the Vilnius Ghetto, is located in the upper part of the stele. Beneath the acronym are two glyphs of shaking hands, followed by identical inscriptions in Yiddish and Lithuanian.

Inscriptions:

In Yiddish:

פ.פּ.אָ.

Translation: FPO (Fareynikte Partizaner Organizatsiye, United Partisan Organization)

אברהם כווויניק
יעקב קאפלאן
אסיע ביג
מיטגלידער פון שטאב פון דער פארייניקט-
ער פּ‏ארטיזאנער-אָרגאניזאציע פ.פּ.אָ. אין
טאָג פון ליקווידירן דעם ווילנער געטאָ דעם
23-טן סעפּטעמבער 1943 געשטעלט א בא-
וואָרפטן ווידערשטאנד און דורך געסטאפּאָ
אויםגעהאנגען געוואָרן.

Translation: Avrom Khvoynik, Yakov Kaplan, Asye Big, the members of the headquarters of the United Partisan Organization. 

In Lithuanian:

A. Chvoinikas
J. Kaplanas
A. Big
Suvienytosios partizanų organi-
zacijos štabo nariai. Vilniaus
geto likvidavimo dieną 1943 m.
rugsėjo 23 d. ginklu pasipriešino
gestapui ir buvo pakarti.

Translation: A. Chvoinik, J. Kaplan, A. Big, the members of the headquarters of the United Partisan Organization. On the day of the liquidation of the Vilnius ghetto, September 23, 1943, exerted armed resistance to Gestapo and were hanged.

Commissioned by

Former Bund member and FPO fighter Samuil Kaplinsky, and his wife FPO activist Hiena Borovska (Kaplinsky), with help from friends, former FPO members and partisans from Israel, USA, Canada and Australia (Guzenberg 2021, 702).

Summary and Remarks

2 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Cenotaph of Abram Khvoynik, Yankel Kaplan and Asye Big in the Third (Šeškinė) Jewish Cemetery in Vilnius | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1993
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Lithuania | Vilnius County | Vilnius
| 28 Sudervės kelias St, Šeškinė
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Material/Technique
Red granite
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
146 cm
Length
Width
79 cm
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
23 cm
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

This and other cenotaphs in the Šeškinė cemetery were erected on the initiative and through the efforts of the former Bund member and FPO fighter Samuil Kaplinsky, and his wife, FPO activist, Hiena Borovska (Kaplinsky), with help from friends, former FPO members and partisans from Israel, USA, Canada and Australia (Guzenberg 2021, 702).

The Lithuanian Jewish Community annually commemorates the Day of Victory over Nazi Germany while laying wreaths at these monuments (Guzenberg 2021, 702).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Agranovskii, Genrikh and Irina Guzenberg. Vilnius: Po sledam Litovskogo Ierusalima. Pamiatnye mesta ereiskoi istorii i kul’tury, 2nd ed. (Vilnius: The Vilna Gaon Jewish State Museum, 2016)., p. 686.

Guzenberg, Irina, Vilnius: Traces of the Jewish Jerusalem of Lithuania. Memorable Sites of Jewish History and Culture. A Guidebook (Vilnius: Pavilniai, 2021)., 702.

Guzenberg, Irina. Vilnius: Pamiatnye mesta evreiskoi istorii i kul'tury (Vilnius: Pavilniai, 2013)., 72-73.
Type
Documenter
Vladimir Levin, Milda Jakulytė | 2022
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2023
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
Adam Frisch | 2023
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |