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Obj. ID: 44828
Jewish Funerary Art
  Old Holocaust Memorial in Kremenets, Ukraine, 1950s

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Khaimovich, Boris, 1997

Name

No official name

Who is commemorated?

Jews of Kremenets murdered in the Holocaust

Description

A pyramid-shaped concrete monument is placed on a stepped base and bears a plaque inscribed in Russian. The inscription does not specify that the victims were Jewish.

Inscriptions

The Russian inscription on the older monument reads:

Здесь похоронены
тысячи невинных жертв погибших от
рук фашистских за-
хватчиков
1941-1944 г.

TranslationHere are buried thousands of innocent victims who perished at the hands of Fascist occupiers, 1941-1944.

Commissioned by

Jewish families from Kremenets

Summary and Remarks

4 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Old Holocaust Memorial at the place of mass murder in Kremenets | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Date
1950s
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
(Unknown)
Historical Origin
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Type of grave
Unknown
Material/Technique
concrete
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

In the 1930s, there were around  7,000 Jews in Kremenets. With the beginning of World War II on September 1, 1939, the number of Jews increased since several thousand Jews from German-occupied Poland took refuge in Kremenets. After September 17, 1939, with the arrival of the Red Army in the city following the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact, Kremenets became part of Soviet Ukraine. The Germans captured Kremenets on July 2 or 3, 1941. After the start of the German invasion, several hundred young Jews were able to flee to the Soviet Union.

The atrocities began in the first days of the German invasion with the pogrom and mass murders. On March 1, 1942, about 9,000 Jews were interned in a sealed ghetto. On August 10-11, the Kremenets ghetto was liquidated. Many of its inmates were shot to death, at the former WWI shooting range outside the town. The Jews of the nearby village of Berezce were also killed at the same murder site. Murders continued until October 1942.

In the 1950s, the memorial was erected at the place of mass murders in the former Yakutsk Regiment shooting range.

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

"Krzemieniec," Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/community/14622331-Krzemieniec (accessed September 29, 2022)

"Krzemieniec - Commemoration of Jewish Victims," Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/commemoration/14625786 (accessed September 28, 2022)

"Murder Story of Krzemieniec Jews at the Yakutsk Regiment in Krzemieniec," Untold Stories - Murder Sites of Jews in Occupied Territories of the USSR (Yad Vashem project), https://collections.yadvashem.org/en/untold-stories/killing-site/14627503-Yakutsk-Regiment-in-Krzemieniec (accessed September 29, 2022)
Type
Documenter
|
Author of description
Anna Berezin | 2022
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed: