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Obj. ID: 44706
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Fugger’s Venetian Mekor Hayyim by Samuel Zarza, Venice, 1552

© BSB, Photographer: Unknown,

For the full scan of the manuscript, see the website of the Bavarian State Library.

Summary and Remarks

Scribe 17 appears in BSB Cod.hebr. 8, 26, 39,
42, 46, 60, 65.

1 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Fugger’s Venetian Mekor Hayyim by Samuel Zarza | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1552
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Scribe 17
(Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 51 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 51)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Textual Content
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, 1 + 536 + 1 leaves.
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Full page: 340 x 241 mm. Text space: 241 x
133 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

Well preserved. Apparently the manuscript was not used.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

Mekor Hayyim ( מקור חיים ; Source of Life) by Samuel Zarza (fols. 1-536). Another copy in Munich, BSB Cod.hebr. 7 from Fugger’s Venetian group. 1st ed. Mantua 1559.

Codicology
Scribes
The text is copied by a single scribe, Scribe 17*, in brown ink.
Script
The text is written in semi-cursive Italian script.
Number of Lines
The text is written in 30 lines per page.
Ruling
Ruling by stylus: 30 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines, e.g. fol. 305 and 318.
Pricking
None.
Quires
67 quires of 8 leaves each. Quire structure: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17- 24); IV8 (25-32); V8 (33-40); VI8 (41-48); VII8 (49-56); VIII8 (57-64); IX8 (65-72); X8 (73-80); XI8 (81-88); XII8 (89-96); XIII8 (97-104); XIV8 (105-112); XV8 (113-120); XVI8 (121-128); XVII8 (129-136); XVIII8 (137-144); XIX8 (145-152); XX8 (153-160); XXI8 (161-168); XXII8 (169- 176); XXIII8 (177-184); XXIV8 (185-192); XXV8 (193-200); XXVI8 (201-208); XXVII8 (209-216); XXVIII8 (217-225); XXIX8 (226-233); XXX8 (234-241); XXXI8 (242-249); XXXII8 (250-257); XXXIII8 (258-265); XXXIV8 (266-273); XXXV8 (274-281); XXXVI8 (282-289); XXXVII8 (290-297); XXXVIII8 (298-305); XXXIX8 (306-313); XL8 (314-321); XLI8 (322-329); XLII8 (330- 337); XLIII8 (338-345); XLIV8 (346-353); XLV8 (354-361); XLVI8 (362-369); XLVII8 (370-377); XLVIII8 (378-385); XLIX8 (386-394; number 391 is missing: 390, 392); L8 (395-402); LI8 (403-410); LII8 (411-418); LIII8 (419-426); LIV8 (427-434); LV8 (435-442); LVI8 (443-450); LVII8 (451-459); LVIII8 (460-467); LIX8 (468- 475); LX8 (476-483); LXI8 (484-491); LXII8 (492-499); LXIII8 (500- 507); LXIV8 (508-515); LXV8 (516-521; foliation of 516 and 517 is duplicated: 516, 517, 516, 517); LXVI8 (522-529); LXVII8 (530-536, 536a, 536b; number 535 is missing: 534, 536).
Catchwords
Occasional catchwords for leaves are written horizontally at the left under the text in semi-cursive script.
Hebrew Numeration
None.
Blank Leaves
Fols. 536a-536a verso, 536b-536b verso.
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None.

Scribal Notes

None.

Watermark
A trefoil flower between ‘P’ and ‘3’ in the outer corner of the folio (32 mm; e.g. fols. 1, 6, 14): similar to Harlfinger 1974-80, Lettres 75 (Venice, 1548, 1550).
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Dark green leather on wooden boards (342 x 228 mm); gold-tooled with a central roundel on the front and a shield on the back cover within an undulating lozenge in a large rectangle, decorated with floral motifs at the centre of each side and at the corners. The front roundel is inscribed ספר/ מקור , and below are the letters LLLL. The spine, blind-tooled with hatching, has three hidden cords and head and tail bands. On the edges of the front cover are vestiges of four groups of three plaited leather bands, two on the side and one each on the upper and lower edges, with corresponding holes for four nails on the edges of the back cover (for preserved bands see Cod.hebr. 301). Each group of three bands terminated in a ring intended to hook over the nails in the opposite cover. The leaves are gilt-edged.

This binding was made for Fugger by the ‘Fugger Binder’ in Venice (Hobson 1999:119-129). Similar bindings in BSB: e.g. Cod.hebr. 19, 27, 33, 39, 42, 47, 55, 59, 61, 65, 66.

Watermarks on flyleaves: None.

Decoration Program

None.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance

Owners’ inscriptions: None.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers:
Front flyleaf, verso: an inscription in brown ink by Librarian 1a:
ספר מקור חיים אשר/ חברו הר' שמואל צרצה/ שץ הנכ קרא בלשון הקדש/ אבן סנה על חמשה/ חומשי תורה. 

On the left by Librarian 3 in greyish brown ink: Sephaer mekor haim eschaer\ habru haribi Schmuel\ Zarza hanikra bilschon\ hakodesch aebaen Sene\ al hemischa humsche\ tora. Under it: Rabi Samuelis de Zarza commentarius in Pentateuchum\ qui vocatur Mekor haijm. i. Scaturigo viua. 

Front pastedown, in plummet on the exlibris: the contents in German.

Exlibris and stamps:
Front pastedown: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (227 x 155 mm) with the arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1638 (Dressler 1972:B3ab), stuck over his earlier exlibris
(175 x 135 mm) of 1618, before he became elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f).
On the front flyleaf, recto and fol. 457v there is a 20th-century oval stamp of the BSB: BIBLIOTHECA\ REGIA\ MONACENSIS.

Old signatures:
Front cover, lower part in black ink: 2. n0. 25 (Duke’s library, Prommer’s signature).
Front pastedown, upper right corner in brown ink: MS. Hebr. 46.
Front flyleaf, recto, upper left corner in dark brown ink: n0 18.
Stickers on spine and back pastedown in black ink: Cod.hebr. 51 (current signature).
On the exlibris, upper left corner in plummet: Cod.hebr. 51 (current signature).

Main Surveys & Excavations
Sources

Dressler 1972   F. Dressler, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.

Harlfinger 1974-80   D. Harlfinger, Wasserzeichen aus griechischen Handschriften, Berlin 1974-1980.

Hobson 1999   A. Hobson, Renaissance Book Collecting: Jean Grolier and Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, their Books and Bindings,Cambridge 1999.

Kushnir-Oron 1982 , מ' קושיר-אורון, ספר הפליאה וספר הקנה ירושלים תשמ"ב (M. Kushnir-Oron, The Sefer Ha-Peli’ah and the Sefer Ha-Kanah, Jerusalem 1982).

Sirat and Dukan, unpublished   C. Sirat and M. Dukan, Etude des manuscrits hébreux "sehr inkorrekt" conservés dans la Bibliothèque de Munich (Institut des Recherche et d'histoire des Textes, CNRS, Paris), unpublished.

Steinschneider 1895   M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895.

Type
Documenter
Ilona Steimann | 2008-2015
Author of description
Ilona Steimann; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin | 2008-2015
Language Editor
Christine Evans | 2015
Donor
Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation |
Negative/Photo. No.
The following information on this monument will be completed:
Unknown |