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  (XI) Obj. ID: 433 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons,, Germany, 1800-1899. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
433
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_11154
:MED__:__Metal
:HS___:__There_is_one_hallmark_on_the_back__The_halllmark_depicts_a_crown_over_a_rose__On_the_base_of_the_crown_appear_the_letters_"P"_and_"S"_separated_by_a_flower__This_is_a_type_of_a_quality_mark_and_the_initials_indicate_the_artist_name_
_It_is_unidetified_
_cf__Stara,_Pewter_Marks,_1978,_pp__15-21_
:NNO__:__6-10_(6-26_hallmark)
:MD___:__225mm_(overall);_163mm_(inside)
:MAT__:__Pewter##_Structure:_cast##Decoration:_punched##Inscription:_punched
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__M_T__1_1994
:AQ___:__The_plate_was_donated_to_the_Museum_by_Mrs__Hess,_Lidse,_England_in_1987_
:REM__:__For_similar_style_and_identical_hallmark_on_pewter_plate,_see_IJA_6963__Simmilar_are_also_the_plates_that_depict_the_story_of_Joseph_from_the_Kolnisches_Stadtmusum__C_f__Koln,_Stadmus,_Judaica,_1980,_pl-109-114_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0052&batch_num=008&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (34 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 6149 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6149 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 177
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Levi (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Judah (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-12; (6-25 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The pewter plate is round, with a raised rim. The central decoration depicts the four elders sons of Jacob each holds his sign. They are standing below a tree that growes at the center. Reuben stands at the centre leaned on a tree behind him, Simeon and Levi are on the left and Judah is on the right. Reuben is depicted frontal with a flag in his left hand. Simeon and Levi are depicted in profile, walking towards Reuben, each holds a sword in his right hand. The three broders are smooth shaven except a mustach. Judah is bearded and is depicted in profile, turning towards Reuben and holding a lion in his hands. Around the rim are the names of the sons inscribes in square filled letters and separated by a flower. Anticlockwise it reads:

"ראובן-שמעון-ולוי-יהודה" "Reuben Simeon and Levi Judah"

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
:MED : Metal
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
:MD : 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The three plats were donated to the Museum by Mrs. Hesse, Lids, England in 1987.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052005
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011141
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6149
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11141
:MED : Metal
:HS : There is one hallmark on the back side of the plate which is stamped three times.
The halllmark depicts an angle with open wings, stands on a cloude. He holds a scales in his left hand and a sword in his right hand below which stands a cock.
The angle is surrounded by an inscription that reads: "S. ROTHHAN FFINZINN", all within an oval medallion.
This is a type of a quality mark which includes the artist name.
It is unidetified.
cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6150 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6150 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Asher (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Zebulun (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10; (6-25 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The pewter plate is round, with a raised rim. The central decoration depicts four of Jacob's sons, each holds his sign. They are standing below a tree which growes at the center. Asher stands at the centre before the stem of the tree. Dan and Gad are on the left and Zebulun on the right. All the brothers are depicted in profile. Asher and Zebulun face leftward while Dan and Gad face rightwards. They are dressed with shorts and barefeet. Asher is depicted in profile with a sack over his shoulder. He is slightly biger than the others. Dan holds a snake in his hand infront of Asher fase and Gad behind him holds a sword in his right hand and a banner in his left hand. The three broders are smooth shaven except a mustach. Zebulun holds a paddle in his hands and he is smooth shaven. Around the rim are the names of the sons inscribes in square filled letters and separated by a flower. Anticlockwise it reads:

"מאשר-זבולן-דן-גד" "Out of Asher-Zebulun-Dan-Gad"

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
:MED : Metal
:MD : 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The three plats were donated to the Museum by Mrs. Hesse, Lids, England in 1987.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052006
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6150
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11149
:MED : Metal
:HS : There is one hallmark on the back side of the plate which is stamped three times.
The halllmark depicts an angle with open wings, stands on a cloude. He holds a scales in his left hand and a sword in his right hand below which stands a cock.
The angle is surrounded by an inscription that reads: "S. ROTHHAN FFINZINN", all within an oval medallion.
This is a type of a quality mark which includes the artist name.
It is unidetified.
cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6151 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6151 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Naphtali (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Joseph (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Benjamin (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10; (6-25 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The pewter plate is round, with a raised rim. The central decoration depicts the three younger sons of jacob, each holds his sign. They are standing below a tree which growes at the center. Joseph stands at the centre before the stem of the tree. Benjamin is on the left and Naphtali on the right. Joseph is depicted frontal as a king with a crown on his head and a sceptre in his rihgt hand. He is bearded and dressed with a long robe. The Flanking brothers are depicted in profile walking towards Joseph. Benjamin with a wolf in his hand and Naphtali with a hind. Both are dressed with short tunic, barefeethe and are smooth shaven. Around the rim are the names of the sons inscribes in square filled letters and separated by a flower. Anticlockwise it reads:

"נפתלי-יוסף-בנימין" "Naphtali -Joseph -Benjamin"

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
:MED : Metal
:MD : 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 226mm (overall); 170mm (inside).
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The three plats were donated to the Museum by Mrs. Hesse, Lids, England in 1987.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052007
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6151
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11151
:MED : Metal
:HS : There is one hallmark on the back side of the plate which is stamped three times.
The halllmark depicts an angle with open wings, stands on a cloude. He holds a scales in his left hand and a sword in his right hand below which stands a cock.
The angle is surrounded by an inscription that reads: "S. ROTHHAN FFINZINN", all within an oval medallion.
This is a type of a quality mark which includes the artist name.
It is unidetified.
cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: engraved##Inscription: engraved
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 6152 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6152 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 180
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob wrestling with the Angel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10 (6-26 hallmark)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The pewter plate is round, with a raised rim. The central decoration depicts the wrestle between Jacob and the angel. On the left is the angle with open wings raises his right hand to bless Jacob that kneels rihgt to him. The angle stands frontal with his left leg on Jacob's thigh. Jacob grasps the angle with one hand below his belt and raises his right hand towards the angle blessing hand. He is bearded, depicted in profile and behind him is a tree that under his branches the event take place. Another tree is right to Jacob. On the rim of the plate is an inscription inscribed anticlockwise in square filled letter and read:

"ויאמר שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי א"ב)אם ברכתני(" )בראשית לב כז(

"And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said I will not let thee go, except thou bless me" (Gen. 32: 27)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
:MED : Metal
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: punched##Inscription: punched
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
:MD : 225mm (overall); 163mm (inside)
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 225mm (overall); 163mm (inside)
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The plate was donated to the Museum by Mrs. Hess, Lidse, England in 1987.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
052008
45 Temp: Batch Number
052 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011154
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6152
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.11154
:MED : Metal
:HS : There is one hallmark on the back. The halllmark depicts a crown over a rose. On the base of the crown appear the letters "P" and "S" separated by a flower. This is a type of a quality mark and the initials indicate the artist name.
It is unidetified.
cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
:NNO : 6-10 (6-26 hallmark)
:MAT : Pewter## Structure: cast##Decoration: punched##Inscription: punched
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter M.T. 1.1994 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 9159 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Hallmark (Reuben Simeon and Levi Judah), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 9159 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Hallmark (Reuben Simeon and Levi Judah), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Hallmark (Reuben Simeon and Levi Judah)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description There is one hallmark on the back side of the plate which is stamped three times. The halllmark depicts an angle with open wings, stands on a cloude. He holds a scales in his left hand and a sword in his right hand below which stands a cock. The angle is surrounded by an inscription that reads: "S. ROTHHAN FFINZINN", all within an oval medallion. This is a type of a quality mark which includes the artist name. It is unidetified. cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0058055
45 Temp: Batch Number
0058 | 055
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011321
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
9159
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 9160 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Hallmark (180, Jacob wrestling with the Angel), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 9160 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Hallmark (180, Jacob wrestling with the Angel), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Hallmark (180, Jacob wrestling with the Angel)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
|
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description There is one hallmark on the back. The halllmark depicts a crown over a rose. On the base of the crown appear the letters "P" and "S" separated by a flower. This is a type of a quality mark and the initials indicate the artist name. It is unidetified. cf. Stara, Pewter Marks, 1978, pp. 15-21.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0058053
45 Temp: Batch Number
0058 | 053
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0011141
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
9160
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184782 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184782 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Asher (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Zebulun (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10
19a Scan No. S149750
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184782
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184783 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184783 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107896
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184783
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184784 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184784 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107897
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184784
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184785 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184785 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10
19a Scan No. S149753
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184785
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184786 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184786 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10
19a Scan No. S149754
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184786
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184787 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184787 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Asher (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Zebulun (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107894
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184787
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184788 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184788 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107895
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184788
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184789 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184789 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Asher (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Zebulun (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10
19a Scan No. S149751
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184789
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184790 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184790 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Field documentation, Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 178
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-10
19a Scan No. S149752
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11149
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184790
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184791 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184791 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, , Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Naphtali (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Joseph (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Benjamin (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-11
19a Scan No. S149745
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184791
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184792 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184792 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107900
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184792
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184793 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184793 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S107901
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184793
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184794 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184794 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-11
19a Scan No. S149748
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184794
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 184795 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 184795 Four Plates with Jacob and his sons, Description (Aleph), Germany, 1800-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Four Plates with Jacob and his sons | Unknown
3a Object Plate
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1800-1899
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Mishkan Museum of Art, Ein Harod
| 179
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel
Jacob wrestling with the Angel
Jacob's sons |
14 Category
17 Photographer Salmon, Naomi
18 Photograph Date 1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 6-11
19a Scan No. S149749
20 Description

Jacob’s sons depicted on three round plates. A fourth plate is decorated with the struggle between Jacob and the angel. The four round plates decorated with narrative depictions of Jacob and his sons, form a set.

A raised rim surrounds each plate.

In the centre of the first plate is the Angel of God blessing Jacob after their nightlong struggle at the Fords of the Yabbok (Gen. 32:23-33; fig.1; See: Remarks, no. 1). It is surrounded by a biblical verse, engraved on the rim:

"שלחני כי עלה השחר ויאמר לא אשלחך כי אם יאמר [ברכני]" (בראשית לב:כו).

“Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou [bless me]” (Gen. 32:26).

The other three plates depict eleven of Jacob’s sons. Each appears with an identifying attribute and his name, following Jacob’s blessing of his sons (Gen. 49; figs. 2, 3, 4).

The second plate (fig. 2) shows the four eldest sons of Jacob, standing below a central tree. Reuben is leaning on the tree (see: Remarks no. 4), hoisting a banner. While Simeon and Levi, to his left are holding swords (based on Gen. 49:5). On the right is Judah, bearded and holding a lion (verse 9).

Their names appear on the raised rim in square filled letters, each separated by a flower and read counter clockwise:

"ראובן / שמעון ולוי / יהודה"

“Reuben / Simeon and Levi / Judah”

Asher is depicted in the middle of the third plate, among his three brothers: Zebulun to his right, Dan to his left and Gad behind. He is standing under an olive tree and carries a sack on his back, probably illustrating the verse: “…his bread shall be fat” (verse 20; fig. 3).

Zebulun is holding oars (verse 13), while Dan holds a snake (verse 17). Gad walks behind Dan, with a banner and a sword in his hand (verse 19).

As on the other plates, the raised rim bears their names: Asher’s name is preceded by the Hebrew letter “mem” (“out of”), and is taken directly from the blessing in verse 20: “Out of Asher”

"מאשר"

While the three other names appear in the following sequence:

"זבולון / דן / גד" 

“Zebulun / Dan / Gad “

 Naphtali, Joseph, and Benjamin are represented in the fourth plate. In the centre is Joseph represented as a ruler, seated upon a throne with a crown and a scepter (verse 26; see: Remarks no. 5), in his right hand. He is bearded and wears a long robe. To his right is Naphtali riding a hind (verse 21), while Benjamin to his left is holding a wolf (verse 27; fig. 4).

 1.    All of Jacob’s sons are defined by their attributes following Jacob’s blessing in Gen. 49, except for that of Reuben who here may represent one of the four Princes (Numbers 1; 21), and that is why he is holding a flag.  
2.    Joseph is also described as a king in a narrative cycle which describes his life and which appears on similar pewter plates (reference?). The style of the figures engraved on these plates is similar to those described above, which may indicate that they were produced in the same workshop. Some of those plates are marked with similar hallmarks.  For similar plates depicting Joseph and his brothers’ see: Franzheim, Liesel, Judaica, Kolnishes Stadtmuseum, Koln   1980, pp. 282 – 293, figs. 109 – 113.
3.    Visual depictions of the sons of Jacob are not common during this period, and this set of plates is unique.
4.    The use of these plates is not clear.  Similar pewter plates decorated with themes connected to Purim and Passover were meant for those holidays.

///ID/6150/

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
The hallmarks stamped on the plates indicate that the first plate was made in one workshop, while the other three in another.
The marks are stamped on the back side of the plate (See: Remarks, no.2).
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
11151
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
184795
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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