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  (XI) Obj. ID: 4067 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel,, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription). // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Coat of arms
Lamb |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 727-35
19 Remarks
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4067
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_14002
:HS___:__There_are_three_Hallmarks_on_the_object:1__The_hallmark_depicts_an_animal_(duck)_in_a_shield__This_is_an_unidentified_hallmark__2__The_combined_letters_T_and_F_in_a_round_frame__This_is_an_Austro_Hungarian_tax_mark_for_small_items_used_1810-1824__cf_
_Divis,_p_95_#560__3__The_letter_N_in_a_round_frame,_this_is_the_city_mark_for_Nuremberg_used_1700-1750__cf_Divis,_p_79_#400__
:NNO__:__727-13,35,36_726-8-10
:MH___:__350mm
:MW___:__290mm
:MAT__:__Silver,Gilded##Structure:_hammered,_cut##_Decoration:_chased,_cast,_engraved,_##Bonding:_soldered,_screwed
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__M_T__4_94
:LN___:__ENG
=&ija_id=0014002&batch=165&batch_num=029&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3A%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

Less Details


Object's images (38 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 25015 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, , Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 25015 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, , Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Columns
Coat of arms
Lamb |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
165029
45 Temp: Batch Number
165 | 029
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0014002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
25015
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.14002
:HS : There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
:NNO : 727-13,35,36 726-8-10
:MH : 350mm
:MW : 290mm
:MAT : Silver,Gilded##Structure: hammered, cut## Decoration: chased, cast, engraved, ##Bonding: soldered, screwed
:TYP : OR
:RG : M.T. 4.94
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45386 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45386 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 726-8
19a Scan No. S070708
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45386
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45387 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45387 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 726-9
19a Scan No. S070709
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45387
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45388 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, , Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45388 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, , Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 727-13
19a Scan No. S070748
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45388
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45389 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45389 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 727-36
19a Scan No. S070771
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45389
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45390 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45390 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Hallmark, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 726-10
19a Scan No. S070710
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45390
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45391 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45391 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105497
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45391
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45392 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45392 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105498
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45392
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45393 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45393 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105499
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45393
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45394 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45394 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105500
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45394
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45395 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45395 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105501
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45395
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45396 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45396 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105502
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45396
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45397 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45397 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105503
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45397
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45398 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45398 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105504
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45398
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45399 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45399 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105505
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45399
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45400 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45400 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105506
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45400
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45401 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45401 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105507
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45401
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45402 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45402 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105508
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45402
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45403 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45403 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105509
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45403
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 45404 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 45404 Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel, Description, Nürnberg, 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield donated by Zelke von Lämel | Unknown
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1763 (inscription), 1826 (inscription)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Czech Republic | Prague | Meisels Synagogue
|
9 Collection Czech Republic | Jewish Museum in Prague
| 8 (SZM 44438)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 4.1994
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S105510
20 Description

The arched-shaped Torah shield comprises a plate, movable plaques, and three medallions. 
On both sides of the plate are two twisted columns supported by round bases, carrying lambs (fig. 1). A central rectangular frame encloses indicatory plaques. A protruding crown is set on top, over an inscribed cartouche with a Hebrew dedicatory inscription. The inscription continues on the three medallions, suspended from the plate:

"לעמיל/ ב"ה (בן הרב) זעליגמן/ ז"ל (זכרו לברכה) מטושקו/ וזוגתו/ מ' (מרת) רבקה תי' (שתחיה)/ מפראג // בשנת תקכ"ג/ נעשה/ לפ"ק"

"Lämel (a lamb in Yiddish), son of Rabbi Zeligmann, of blessed memory, from Toschco and his wife Mrs. Rebecca, may she live, from Prague. (It was) done in the year (5)523 (1763)" 
On the round bases are two additional inscriptions, added later with the columns, revealing the story of the object and the family (fig. 2):

"אלה הם כלי הקודש אשר נדבה רוח/ אבותי ז"ל (זכרם לברכה) לעשותם ואשר התחדשו/ על ידי בנם הנקרא מלפנים זעלקע/ טושקו ועל ידי חסד אדונינו/ הקיסר פראנץ הראשון נקראתי/ בשם עדלאר פאן לעמל/ תקפ"ו לפ"ק // 
גם בזאת הטה אדונינו/ הקיסר יר"ה (ירום הודו) חסדו וטובו/ עלי ועל זרעי אחרי ליתן לנו/ רשות לפתח פתוחי וחותם כאחד/ השרים ונגידי ארץ כדמות/ אשר לפניך: שנת וכל מעשה תקפ"ו (אסתר י:ב) / לפ"ק"

“These are the sacred implements that have been donated by my ancestors, of blessed memory. And (the objects) were renovated by their son, who was formerly called Zelke Toschco, and by the mercy of our Lord, the Emperor Franz I, who gave me the title of the noble man of Lämel (Edler von Lämel) the year (5)586 (1826).

And our Lord the Emperor honoured me and my offspring, allowing me to have an engraved armorial device, as one of the honourable noblemen in the form of (the device) before you. In the year 'And all the acts' (of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordechai, whereunto the king advanced him… Esth. 8:2; (5)586 (1826)."

The family emblem is engraved on the bottom of each inscription, depicting a rectangular shield divided into two registers, 
enclosing an eagle over a lamb. A crest of a two winged helmet is set over the shield, enclosing a star.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, gilded
25a Material Structure hammered, cut
25b Material Decoration chased, cast, engraved
25c Material Bonding soldered, screwed
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 350 mm
26b Length
26c Width 290 mm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
There are three Hallmarks on the object:1. The hallmark depicts an animal (duck) in a shield. This is an unidentified hallmark. 2. The combined letters T and F in a round frame. This is an Austro Hungarian tax mark for small items used 1810-1824. cf.
Divis, p.95 #560. 3. The letter N in a round frame, this is the city mark for Nuremberg used 1700-1750. cf.Divis, p.79 #400 .
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
Zelke (known as Simon; 1776 - 1845) who renovated the shield and re-donated it to the synagogue was born in Toschco, a town in Bohemia, under Austrian rule. As customary at the time, he was named Toschco, after his place of origin. Toschco was a wool merchant dealing with the wool industry in Bohemia and Austria. During the war against Napoleon Bonaparte (December 1805), he assisted the Austrian Royal Treasury and contributed money to fund the war. In gratitude for his act, he was honored by the Emperor and was awarded the title of nobility: Edler von Lämel (in German), and which permitted him to possess a family coat of arms, as stated in the dedicatory inscription. The title Lämel refers to his father's name, who probably was also dealing with wool. In 1856, Eliza Hertz, the daughter of the Edler von Lämel contributed money to build a school in Jerusalem, to educate Jewish orphans according to a new German innovative schooling system. She named the school Lämel, after her father's name. Ludwig August Frankal-Hochwart, was appointed, on behalf of Eliza, to supervise the curriculum and to direct the school, when time comes. Like her father, Frankal was also honoured by the Emperor, Franz the 1st and was awarded a knighthood title of Ritter von Frankal, for the publication of a patriotic book of poems: "The Poem of the Hubsburg Family." The building was designed by the German Architect Theodor Sandler. He was probably acquainted with the clock which adorns the Alt-neu synagogue in Prague, and he decorated the school façade with a similar clock, with Hebrew letters, instead of ciphers. The school was the first to teach different subjects in Hebrew and was considered by the Ashkenazi highly orthodox community in Jerusalem as a school of the Enlightenment movement. Thus, they opposed any of its activities and acted against it. However, the school gained the support of the Sephardi community in Jerusalem and till the 1880's, Ladino (Judeo Spanish) was considered its first language. During the British Mandate, the school became a public school and today it is a Talmud Torah, used by the Orthodox Jewish population.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the Museum card, the shield was in use in the Maisels synagogue in Prague. It reached the Jewish Museum of Prague during WWII and was recorded then by Dr. K. and Dr. E.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Friedlander, Mordechai, Zvi. Shir Mizmor Likhvod ha-keisar (a hymn for the Emperor Franz Song). Vienna: Friedrich Forester, 1860. In Hebrew. Kroyanker, David. Jerusalem Architecture – Periods and Styles, Jewish Neighborhoods and Public Buildings Outside the City Walls. Israel: Keter Publishing House, 1991. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
14002
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
45404
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michael Tal 03. 93 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 06. 97 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 06. 07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 07.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a



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