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  (XI) Obj. ID: 3985 Torah shield ,, Poland, circa 1825. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Ziz (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date circa 1825
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 051.001.011
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Columns
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Medallion with inscription (central element of heraldic composition )
Basket with flowers
Columns with vine and clusters of grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Bar Hama, Ardon
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The tas is made of gilded silver. The rectangular plate has an arched top.

The plate is decorated with two tapering, cylindrical columns with spiralling folliage, rising over rectangular pedestals with a corolla motif. The columnns' foliate capitals are surmounted by lions looking frontwards.They support a crown. Bellow the crown is a medaillion. In the medaillion and on both side of it, is an inscription in outline letters, and reads: שויתי % ה' % לנגדי ##תמיד "Ps. 16:8" Bellow the medaillion is a flower basket. A band of flowers encircles the plate.

Above the crown is a dedicatory inscription which is engraved in filled outline letters, and reads: מתנת ר' שמעיה ארי" ווייסענבעעק ואשתו ## לכבוד המקום ולכבוד התורה מן הספר והציץ הזאת. " A gift of Rabbi Shma'aia Arie (int.) Weissenbak and his wife## In honour of the Lord and in honour of the Torah from this book and this ziz (tas)"

 

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

Breastplates – ornamental metal plates or shields hung in front of the Torah scroll – are found in all Ashkenazi communities, as well as Italy and Turkey, but designed differently in each community. In most cases the breastplate is made of silver or silver-plated metal. In Italy the breastplate is shaped like a half-coronet and known as the Chatzi-keter, "half-crown." In Turkey, the breastplate is called a Tas, and assumes a variety of shapes – circular, triangular, oval, or even the Star of David. In Western, Central, and Eastern Europe the breastplate is called either Tas or Tziz; its function there is not merely ornamental: it designates which Torah scroll is to be used for the Torah reading on any particular occasion, with interchangeable plaques.

The most notable early breastplates, from 17th-century Germany and Holland, were either square or rectangular, but over time they became rounded and decorative, and bells or small dedicatory plaques were suspended from its lower edge. During this period, the design of breastplates was influenced by that of the Torah Ark and the parokhet (curtain) concealing it, featuring various architectural motifs, the menorah (the seven-branched candelabrum), Moses and Aaron, lions, or Torah crowns.

This one of very few Torah Shields to use the Shivit formula as a central theme. The workmanship on this shield is extremely fine as is the lettering of the inscription above. There are holes all around the circumfrance of the silver, indicating that this may have been sewn to a Torah Mantle.

Inscription: The Gift of Reb Shemaya Aryeh Weissen Berg and His Wife, for the Honor of God and for the Honor of the Torah, This Scroll and This Torah Shield (Tzitz) I Have Set the Lord Always Before Me (Psalms 16:8)


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Repousse, Chasing, Engraving
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Height: 23.9 cm, Width: 18.8 cm Weight: 184 g
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3985
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED__:__Metal
:NNO__:__299-18
:MH___:__230
:MWI__:__189
:MAT__:__Gilded_silver##_Repousse,_chased,_punched,_engraved_
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__V_S__12_1988
:LN___:__ENG
=&ija_id=0001951&batch=0105&batch_num=004&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3A%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (3 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 24874 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 24874 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Ziz (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date circa 1825
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 051.001.011
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Columns
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Medallion with inscription (central element of heraldic composition )
Basket with flowers
Columns with vine and clusters of grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1988
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The tas is made of gilded silver. The rectangular plate has an arched top.

The plate is decorated with two tapering, cylindrical columns with spiralling folliage, rising over rectangular pedestals with a corolla motif. The columnns' foliate capitals are surmounted by lions looking frontwards.They support a crown. Bellow the crown is a medaillion. In the medaillion and on both side of it, is an inscription in outline letters, and reads: שויתי % ה' % לנגדי ##תמיד "Ps. 16:8" Bellow the medaillion is a flower basket. A band of flowers encircles the plate.

Above the crown is a dedicatory inscription which is engraved in filled outline letters, and reads: מתנת ר' שמעיה ארי" ווייסענבעעק ואשתו ## לכבוד המקום ולכבוד התורה מן הספר והציץ הזאת. " A gift of Rabbi Shma'aia Arie (int.) Weissenbak and his wife## In honour of the Lord and in honour of the Torah from this book and this ziz (tas)"

 

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

Breastplates – ornamental metal plates or shields hung in front of the Torah scroll – are found in all Ashkenazi communities, as well as Italy and Turkey, but designed differently in each community. In most cases the breastplate is made of silver or silver-plated metal. In Italy the breastplate is shaped like a half-coronet and known as the Chatzi-keter, "half-crown." In Turkey, the breastplate is called a Tas, and assumes a variety of shapes – circular, triangular, oval, or even the Star of David. In Western, Central, and Eastern Europe the breastplate is called either Tas or Tziz; its function there is not merely ornamental: it designates which Torah scroll is to be used for the Torah reading on any particular occasion, with interchangeable plaques.

The most notable early breastplates, from 17th-century Germany and Holland, were either square or rectangular, but over time they became rounded and decorative, and bells or small dedicatory plaques were suspended from its lower edge. During this period, the design of breastplates was influenced by that of the Torah Ark and the parokhet (curtain) concealing it, featuring various architectural motifs, the menorah (the seven-branched candelabrum), Moses and Aaron, lions, or Torah crowns.

This one of very few Torah Shields to use the Shivit formula as a central theme. The workmanship on this shield is extremely fine as is the lettering of the inscription above. There are holes all around the circumfrance of the silver, indicating that this may have been sewn to a Torah Mantle.

Inscription: The Gift of Reb Shemaya Aryeh Weissen Berg and His Wife, for the Honor of God and for the Honor of the Torah, This Scroll and This Torah Shield (Tzitz) I Have Set the Lord Always Before Me (Psalms 16:8)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Repousse, Chasing, Engraving
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Height: 23.9 cm, Width: 18.8 cm Weight: 184 g
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0105004
45 Temp: Batch Number
0105 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0001951
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
24874
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED : Metal
:NNO : 299-18
:MH : 230
:MWI : 189
:MAT : Gilded silver## Repousse, chased, punched, engraved.
:TYP : OR
:RG : V.S. 12.1988
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 336609 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 336609 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Ziz (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date circa 1825
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 051.001.011
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Columns
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Medallion with inscription (central element of heraldic composition )
Basket with flowers
Columns with vine and clusters of grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Bar Hama, Ardon
18 Photograph Date -
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. Gross_051.001.011_001
20 Description

The tas is made of gilded silver. The rectangular plate has an arched top.

The plate is decorated with two tapering, cylindrical columns with spiralling folliage, rising over rectangular pedestals with a corolla motif. The columnns' foliate capitals are surmounted by lions looking frontwards.They support a crown. Bellow the crown is a medaillion. In the medaillion and on both side of it, is an inscription in outline letters, and reads: שויתי % ה' % לנגדי ##תמיד "Ps. 16:8" Bellow the medaillion is a flower basket. A band of flowers encircles the plate.

Above the crown is a dedicatory inscription which is engraved in filled outline letters, and reads: מתנת ר' שמעיה ארי" ווייסענבעעק ואשתו ## לכבוד המקום ולכבוד התורה מן הספר והציץ הזאת. " A gift of Rabbi Shma'aia Arie (int.) Weissenbak and his wife## In honour of the Lord and in honour of the Torah from this book and this ziz (tas)"

 

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

Breastplates – ornamental metal plates or shields hung in front of the Torah scroll – are found in all Ashkenazi communities, as well as Italy and Turkey, but designed differently in each community. In most cases the breastplate is made of silver or silver-plated metal. In Italy the breastplate is shaped like a half-coronet and known as the Chatzi-keter, "half-crown." In Turkey, the breastplate is called a Tas, and assumes a variety of shapes – circular, triangular, oval, or even the Star of David. In Western, Central, and Eastern Europe the breastplate is called either Tas or Tziz; its function there is not merely ornamental: it designates which Torah scroll is to be used for the Torah reading on any particular occasion, with interchangeable plaques.

The most notable early breastplates, from 17th-century Germany and Holland, were either square or rectangular, but over time they became rounded and decorative, and bells or small dedicatory plaques were suspended from its lower edge. During this period, the design of breastplates was influenced by that of the Torah Ark and the parokhet (curtain) concealing it, featuring various architectural motifs, the menorah (the seven-branched candelabrum), Moses and Aaron, lions, or Torah crowns.

This one of very few Torah Shields to use the Shivit formula as a central theme. The workmanship on this shield is extremely fine as is the lettering of the inscription above. There are holes all around the circumfrance of the silver, indicating that this may have been sewn to a Torah Mantle.

Inscription: The Gift of Reb Shemaya Aryeh Weissen Berg and His Wife, for the Honor of God and for the Honor of the Torah, This Scroll and This Torah Shield (Tzitz) I Have Set the Lord Always Before Me (Psalms 16:8)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Repousse, Chasing, Engraving
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Height: 23.9 cm, Width: 18.8 cm Weight: 184 g
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
336609
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 336610 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 336610 Torah shield , , Poland, circa 1825 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah shield | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah shield | *Torah shield also called: | Ziz (Torah shield)
3a Object Torah shield
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date circa 1825
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Poland
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Israel | Tel Aviv | Gross Family Collection
| 051.001.011
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions
Columns
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah)
Medallion with inscription (central element of heraldic composition )
Basket with flowers
Columns with vine and clusters of grapes |
14 Category
17 Photographer Bar Hama, Ardon
18 Photograph Date -
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. Gross_051.001.011m.jpg
20 Description

The tas is made of gilded silver. The rectangular plate has an arched top.

The plate is decorated with two tapering, cylindrical columns with spiralling folliage, rising over rectangular pedestals with a corolla motif. The columnns' foliate capitals are surmounted by lions looking frontwards.They support a crown. Bellow the crown is a medaillion. In the medaillion and on both side of it, is an inscription in outline letters, and reads: שויתי % ה' % לנגדי ##תמיד "Ps. 16:8" Bellow the medaillion is a flower basket. A band of flowers encircles the plate.

Above the crown is a dedicatory inscription which is engraved in filled outline letters, and reads: מתנת ר' שמעיה ארי" ווייסענבעעק ואשתו ## לכבוד המקום ולכבוד התורה מן הספר והציץ הזאת. " A gift of Rabbi Shma'aia Arie (int.) Weissenbak and his wife## In honour of the Lord and in honour of the Torah from this book and this ziz (tas)"

 

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

Breastplates – ornamental metal plates or shields hung in front of the Torah scroll – are found in all Ashkenazi communities, as well as Italy and Turkey, but designed differently in each community. In most cases the breastplate is made of silver or silver-plated metal. In Italy the breastplate is shaped like a half-coronet and known as the Chatzi-keter, "half-crown." In Turkey, the breastplate is called a Tas, and assumes a variety of shapes – circular, triangular, oval, or even the Star of David. In Western, Central, and Eastern Europe the breastplate is called either Tas or Tziz; its function there is not merely ornamental: it designates which Torah scroll is to be used for the Torah reading on any particular occasion, with interchangeable plaques.

The most notable early breastplates, from 17th-century Germany and Holland, were either square or rectangular, but over time they became rounded and decorative, and bells or small dedicatory plaques were suspended from its lower edge. During this period, the design of breastplates was influenced by that of the Torah Ark and the parokhet (curtain) concealing it, featuring various architectural motifs, the menorah (the seven-branched candelabrum), Moses and Aaron, lions, or Torah crowns.

This one of very few Torah Shields to use the Shivit formula as a central theme. The workmanship on this shield is extremely fine as is the lettering of the inscription above. There are holes all around the circumfrance of the silver, indicating that this may have been sewn to a Torah Mantle.

Inscription: The Gift of Reb Shemaya Aryeh Weissen Berg and His Wife, for the Honor of God and for the Honor of the Torah, This Scroll and This Torah Shield (Tzitz) I Have Set the Lord Always Before Me (Psalms 16:8)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, Repousse, Chasing, Engraving
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Height: 23.9 cm, Width: 18.8 cm Weight: 184 g
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
336610
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a