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Obj. ID: 37207
Sacred and Ritual Objects
  Torah shield, Emden, 1639, circa 1790

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -

The following description was prepared by William Gross:

This example is one of the earliest Torah shields, or "Tas" in Hebrew, still extant.  The crown, the center rectangle with the strapwork, the holiday plaques, and the chain are all from the original date, 1639, as indicated in the inscriptions and the plaque silver marks.  At the end of the eighteenth century, restoration was done on the item and the new frame with the guilloches was added.  In addition, a beautiful Yad, set with diamonds, 052.001.042, was crafted at the same time by the same silversmith who renovated the task.  Of large shields from this early period, only two others remain, one from Bingen, from 1588,  in a private collection in Paris and the Turado Tas, from 1607,  in the Portuguese synagogue in Amsterdam. This early rectangular form design does not contain the lions, pillars, or tablets of the law which came to characterize the Torah shield some 70 years later. The restoration shows how ritual objects were repaired and brought up to date in the latest decorative styles but were preserved as venerated objects of the community.

Inscription:  The Tree of Life is for those who grasp (it) and its upholders are content. He is the esteemed and the upright, the honorable, our teacher and Rabbi, Jacob son of Joseph, may his memory be for a blessing, who upholds with his wealth the Book of the Tree of Life for the synagogue; and his wife, the lady Goitlen, daughter of the Rabbi, Reb Abraham, may the memory of the saints be for a blessing, in honor of her Creator, and in honor of the Torah.  This Tas was made from her riches.  This was brought to the synagogue on Thursday, the Day of Remembrance, to offer before the Lord their remembrance for good, the year "and you put the mark of life" (chronogram (5)400 [= 1639], Rosh Hashanah), according to the minor reckoning

16 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Torah shield | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1639, circa 1790
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Silver, Partly Gilt, Cast, Chased, Engraved
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height: 27 cm, Width: 23 cm Weight: 962 g
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
City/Date - 4E0
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.