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Obj. ID: 35675
Jewish printed books
  Chamishah Chumshei Torah, Dyhernfurth, 1693

© Gross Family Collection, Photographer: Unknown,

This text was prepared by William Gross:

Shabbetai b. Joseph Meshorer Bass (1641-1718) founded the first Hebrew press in Dyhernfurth, in Lower Silesia (near Breslau), and in doing so, also the first Jewish community there, comprised of families of the workers at the printing press. Bass, a biblical exegete, bibliographer, printer and hazzan, is best remembered today for his super commentary on Rashi, Siftei Hakhmim (Amsterdam, 1680), and his bibliographical work, Siftei Yeshenim (Amsterdam, 1680), which is a list of over 2,000 Hebraica and Judaica titles that he was able to identify in libraries in Poland, Germany, and the Low Countries.
Bass’ love of books brought drew him to printing trade, and he in fact constitutes an important link between printing in Prague, Amsterdam and Poland: he was a native of Prague, learned the printing trade from Uri Phoebus ben Aaron Ha-Levi at Amsterdam, and employed workers who came from Poland.
Bass’ press in Dyhernfurth was active and successful. He did, however, have to cope with the hostility of his non-Jewish neighbors, the partial destruction of his press by fire in 1708, and attempts by Jesuits to interfere with the sale of his books as early as 1694 by bringing charges in Breslau against him for printing books with blasphemous content. He faced the same charges in 1712, and was incarcerated for 10 weeks. He was tried, found innocent, and released. His press continued to publish under the successive management of family members until 1762.

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Name/Title
Chamishah Chumshei Torah | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1693
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Paper, Ink, Letterpess, Engraving, Woodcut
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
19 cm
Length
Width
17 cm
Depth
6.5 cm
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
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Author of description
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Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.