This text was prepared by William Gross:
Books of Tikkunim for various holidays and times have been published continuosly for most of the years of printing history. This one is for Shabbat and was arranged by Shlomo Zalman London. Illustrated among the pages is a Shiviti, psalm 67 in the shape of a Menorah. There is a Napoleon reference in the space that the ruler of the country is often mentioned under the place and date of printing. There were 22 previous editions of this book.
Solomon Proops died in 1734, and his three sons Joseph, Jacob and Abraham inherited his press. The brother's first operated together, and then, in c.1761, started working separately. Joseph’s widow took over her husband’s branch of the family press in 1786, operating it with her sons (the Widow and Orphans of Joseph Proops). They eventually began to partner with Abraham b. Aaron Prinz. Their partnership lasted until 1812.
During the nineteenth century, when the Jewish world center of print moved to Eastern Europe, and the social place and function of women improved, there were 24 women active in Hebrew printing and publishing, 17 of whom were in Eastern Europe. A substantial number of printing houses came to be run by widows, the most famous of whom was the Widow (Dvoyre) Romm, who exerted substantial control over the great Lithuanian publishing house from 1860 until her death in 1903. In at least one case, a major Hebrew press, in Lwów, was founded and run from 1788 to 1805 by a woman, Yudis Rosanes, who came from the Żółkiew line of Uri Fayvesh ha-Levi. In Amsterdam, this trend is exemplified by the widows of both Jacob and Joseph Proops.
Compiler: Shlomo Zalman London