Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object Alone

Obj. ID: 35187
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  SUB Hand-Drawn Copy Esther Scrolls with Portrait Medallions, The Netherlands or Germany, first half of the 18th century

© Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Carl von Ossietzky (SUB), Photographer: N/A, -

The hand-drawn and simplified copy of the popular scrolls printed in Amsterdam in the early 18th century that in the Index are called "scrolls with portrait medallions". In spite of some changes in the decoration (e.g. the manuscript lacks an opening panel typical for its prototype, several crowned busts were added that are absent in the prototype), undoubtedly the manuscript's maker intended to follow the original iconographical program.

The Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is inscribed within rectangular text panels that are surrounded by hand-drawn decoration executed with a pen and brown ink. The upper margins are adorned with roundels containing alternately the busts of the king (most likely Ahasuerus) and a young woman (possibly Esther) flanked by acanthus leaves.

The spaces between the text panels are filled with quasi pillars formed of a variety of motifs such as architectural, plant, and floral elements, and heads of angels. Lower margins are embellished with figurative scenes that chronicle the Book of Esther's narrative or allude to midrashim and other sources. They are separated by the octagons (placed beneath the "pillars") on which mainly land- and seascapes, most likely with no direct relation to the Purim story, are depicted. The background of the decorations is filled with an imitation of the cross-hatching.

Rather naive workmanship of the megillah suggests that it was executed by a not very well-trained artist and contrasts strongly with its very fine professional handwriting.

The scroll can be mounted on a wooden rod.

16 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
SUB Hand-Drawn Copy Esther Scrolls with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
first half of the 18th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Scrolls with portrait medallions|

The family of Dutch Esther scrolls from the early 18th century designed by an anonymous engraver whose decorative scheme features decorative medallions surrounded by acanthus containing busts of the Esther story protagonists, except for the last that is filled with a printed word ברוך barukh (“blessed”). The medallions are placed in upper margins, above text panels. The text columns are separated by pillars formed of a variety of motifs such as trees, flowers, acanthus leaves, heads of angels, and architectural elements. Lower margins are filled with the figurative scenes that chronicle the Purim story or allude to midrashim and other sources. They are separated by the octagons (placed beneath the decorative pillars) filled with different land- and seascapes. At the end of the scroll there are five full figures of the Esther story protagonists.

Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 240x2360 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 4 sheets containing 16 columns of the text with 22 lines, except for col. 14 with 11 lines divided into two parts.

The text is inscribed the square Hebrew Ashkenazi script with tagim, in black ink, on parchment sheets.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is highlighted by its size and form (it is decorated with scrolling feet and tagim placed on both ends of the roof). The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is enlarged too. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 14. 

The letters in the Tetragrammaton are marked by short strokes bent to the right.

There are some erasures and corrections in the text.

The membranes in the scroll are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

The stickers with the name of the collection and the manuscript's number on the right edge of the first membrane are placed. There are also a calculation of the date (?) and a stamp on it.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Falk Wiesemann, Codex Levy 160, [in:] Irina Wandrey ed., Manuscript Cultures, vol. 6, 260-262.

Ernst Róth, Hans Striedl, Die Handschriften der Sammlung H. B. Levy an der Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg. Verzeichnis der orientalischen Handschriften in Deutschland, vol. VI, 3, Wiesbaden 1984, no. 9.

Images of the scroll are available on https://resolver.sub.uni-hamburg.de/kitodo/PPN893258369 (accessed on 24.09.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.