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Obj. ID: 34782
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Hechal Shlomo Esther Scroll with Horseshoe Arches, Morocco, 19th century

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 11.05.2015

The first membrane is not decorated and it is a later addition to the scroll. On the other membranes, the text is inscribed within horseshoe arches and the spaces between them are filled with foliate and floral ornaments shown on a colorful background. Additionally, above cols. 15, 22, and 23 there are several figures of animals and birds (?). The final part of the manuscript (ca. 80 mm wide) is blank. The manuscript is incomplete.

19 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hechal Shlomo Esther Scroll with Horseshoe Arches | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
19th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 165x2170 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) ca. 100 mm, 2) 325 mm, 3) 710 mm, 4) 685 mm, 5) 350 mm.
Dimensions of the selected details in the scroll:
- text panel: 130x70 mm (maximum dimensions);
- an average letter in the scroll: 2 mm (height); the size of the letters in the first column is differentiated;
- space between the subsequent lines of the text: 3 mm (the lines are marked every 5 mm).
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition
The state of preservation varies along with the manuscript. The first membrane is dark and preserved in poor condition. Also, the second sheet was damaged, therefore during a restoration, a piece of parchment was glued under it. In general, the text is well preserved and it is not affected even by the poor state of preservation of the parchment. Similarly, the ornamentation of the scroll is relatively good preserved.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew lacking a part of the first chapter (the text starts from the mid of the verse Es. 1:17)

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 5 sheets containing 24 columns of the text with 21-23 lines except for col. 20 with 11 lines divided into two parts (the text fits the shape of the panel and the spaces between the lines vary as in many Oriental megillot; additionally, inside the column, there are several names of Haman's sons written for the second time in schematic handwriting).

The text is inscribed in the Hebrew square Oriental script, in brown ink on the flesh side of the parchment membranes. On sheets 2-5, the letters are decorated with tagin.

Membranes nos. 2-5 are of medium thickness and rather stiff. Sheet no. 1 is made of a different parchment that is stiffer than the remaining membranes.

The lines of the text are not equal because they fit the shape of the panels.

The ruling (horizontal and vertical lines) made by a hardpoint is clearly visible on the first sheet and on the final section of the manuscript. On the remaining part of the scroll, mainly horizontal lines can be seen. They are marked along with the whole length of membranes. In some places, the lines are visible on the blank side of the sheets.

The pricking is invisible.

The membranes are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

None

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

For other scrolls decorated with horseshoe arches in the Index see IDs: 34763, 37888.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Unknown

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.