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Obj. ID: 34779
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Hechal Shlomo Esther Scroll with Golden Arches, Lisbon, 1816

© Dagmara Budzioch, Photographer: Budzioch, Dagmara, 5.2015

The Hebrew text of Book of Esther is inscribed in the lunettes of the golden arches. Each arch is framed and two flowers are placed in the upper corners of the frame; the floral decorations differ along the megillah. Starting from the second membrane, a floral decoration is added also in the spaces between the arches. The inscription of the scribe is incorporated in the arch after the last section of the text and the next one is blank. The coloring of some sheets is rather faded and this contrasts strongly with the coloring of the sheets nos. 2 and 3 that is still very well preserved. On these sheets, the style of decorations is slightly different (e.g. the flowers are larger).  

The scroll is mounted on a wooden rod that is 260 mm high.

Summary and Remarks

The initial benedictions are inscribed at the beginning of the scroll and are placed within a decoration that is the same as in the megillah but only here, the text is flanked by two columns. There is no specific layout of the text in the column.

27 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Hechal Shlomo Esther Scroll with Golden Arches | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1816
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink and paints on parchment + wood
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 105 x at least 4080 mm.
The length of the sheets in the scroll: 1) 455 mm, 2) 325 mm, 3) 480 mm, 4) 475 mm, 5) 480 mm, 6) 475 mm, 7) 475 mm, 8) 485 mm, 9) at least 430 mm.
A section with the text and decoration - 96x108 mm.
An average letter is 3 mm high and the space between the subsequent text lines are 4 mm high.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with initial benedictions

Codicology

The scroll is formed of 9 membranes containing 34 text columns (+ one column with benedictions and another one with the scribal inscription) with 12 lines, except for col. 28 with 11 lines.   

Col. 27 contains lots of extremely elongated letters so the next column could contain only the section listing the names of Haman's sons (Es. 9:6-10). Col. 28 contains numerous wide letters too and its layout is not regular. 

The text is written in Sephardi square Hebrew script, in brown ink; the corrections were made in black ink.

Several upper lines under the arches are shorter than the remaining lines in a particular text column.

The letter ח (Es. 1:6) is enlarged and exceptionally here it is composed of two parts joined with a roof. The letter ת (Es. 9:29) is larger too. Other enlarged and diminished letters are included in col. 28.

The membranes are made of bright parchment of medium thickness and stiffness.

The ruling in some places can be discerned.

The membranes are stitched.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
A Hebrew inscription in gold paint at the end of the manuscript is placed: ליזבוא ט''ו שבט \\ ש''תקעו לפק'' "Lisboa, 15 Shevat [5]576 (14th February 1816) according to the small counting". In the inscription, the Hebrew word for שנת ("the year") is abbreviated to the letter ש that is written with a tilde "~" above.
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Yehuda L. Bialer, Estelle Fink, Jewish Life in Art and Tradition. From the Collection of the Sir Isaac and Lady Edith Wolfson Museum, Hechal Shlomo, Jerusalem, Jerusalem 1980, 174. 

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
In general, the manuscript is preserved in good condition, although the beginning of the scroll is damaged; the paints and ink are faded, and the sheet is torn. In many places, the original blue paint is seriously faded.
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.