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  (XI) Obj. ID: 3450 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba,, Djerba, first half of the 20th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

To the main object: Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, Tunisia


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
| Hara Kabira
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 849-4,5,8,7,9
19 Remarks
20 Description

The readers' desk is built in the centre of the synagogue, below the clerestorey, forming a centralised liturgical space (see: main photograph). The desk faces the ark and together with the main entrance creates a west-east axis.

The teivah is a free standing rectangular structure comprising a platform bordered by panels topped by a banister, which enclose an inner space. The space is reached from the west through a self-supporting ogee-arched gate, inscribed: “I have set the Lord always before me" (Ps. 16:8). The spandrels of the gate are decorated with lace-like scrolls, and are topped by a panel with a citation from Psalms, written in square filled Hebrew letters.

A rectangular table for reading the Torah is placed on the east side, and is set on top of a cupboard. It is covered with a carpet. Two small built chairs flank the table on either side (see: Remarks no. 1), while two additional chairs for the elders of the community, are set on both sides of the gate.

The surrounding banister and the cupboard’s façade are divided into rectangular panels enclosing geometrical patterns painted white with pink frames. A balustrade comprising small columns runs along the upper edge of the reader’s desk, whereas in front of the Torah ark, it has a higher arched construction.

Two identical menorah plaques flank the entrance gate. Additional plaques inscribed with prayers are placed above the table.

Two columns, with twisted white and blue stripes, rise from the two side chairs.

Three elongated benches are placed on the outer north, south and east sides of the teivah as part of the seating arrangement.

 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Wood, paint
Structure: sawed, carved
Decoration: carved, painted
Bonding: nailed
Inscription: sawed

25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Height: 258 cm (entrance); 140 cm (banister)
Width: 224 cm
Length: 234 cm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The side chairs are currently used as shelves for Torah cases which were taken out of the ark, when more than one pericope have to be read, during holidays and Sabbath. While one scroll is set on the table, the other is standing on the side chair. Such device resembles furniture generally used to undress the Torah from its textile garments before the reading (fig. 4). In the composition Mishneh Torah, Maimonides mentions furniture and names it "Chair for the Torah" (Hilkhot Tefilin, Mezuzah VeSefer Torah, ch. 10:4). It is surprising to find such a piece of furniture in a community which keeps the Torah within a wooden case, since there is no practical need to remove the case or to undress it before the reading. It is possible that the chairs are remnants to an old tradition, which no longer exists. And thus, the community attributed it to a new function. For a similar chair in Djerba and comparisons, see: Reader's desk, Rabbi Huri's Attic)

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The original 18th century reader's desk was replaced by the current one in the first half of the 20th century.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Intact
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Amar, Ariella, and Jacoby, Ruth. Ingathering of the Nations. Jerusalem: Center for Jewish Art. 1998. • Amar, Ariella. "Synagogues and Ritual Artifacts." In Tunisia, Jewish Communities in the East in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Ed. Haim, Saadoun, 251-268. Jerusalem: Ministry of Education and the Ben-Zvi Institute of Yad Izhak Ben-Zvi and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 2005. In Hebrew.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
3450
48 Temp: Addenda
761747_DOC=&ija_id=&batch=107&batch_num=051&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (5 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 23431 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 23431 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
| Hara Kabira
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The readers' desk is built in the centre of the synagogue, below the clerestorey, forming a centralised liturgical space (see: main photograph). The desk faces the ark and together with the main entrance creates a west-east axis.

The teivah is a free standing rectangular structure comprising a platform bordered by panels topped by a banister, which enclose an inner space. The space is reached from the west through a self-supporting ogee-arched gate, inscribed: “I have set the Lord always before me" (Ps. 16:8). The spandrels of the gate are decorated with lace-like scrolls, and are topped by a panel with a citation from Psalms, written in square filled Hebrew letters.

A rectangular table for reading the Torah is placed on the east side, and is set on top of a cupboard. It is covered with a carpet. Two small built chairs flank the table on either side (see: Remarks no. 1), while two additional chairs for the elders of the community, are set on both sides of the gate.

The surrounding banister and the cupboard’s façade are divided into rectangular panels enclosing geometrical patterns painted white with pink frames. A balustrade comprising small columns runs along the upper edge of the reader’s desk, whereas in front of the Torah ark, it has a higher arched construction.

Two identical menorah plaques flank the entrance gate. Additional plaques inscribed with prayers are placed above the table.

Two columns, with twisted white and blue stripes, rise from the two side chairs.

Three elongated benches are placed on the outer north, south and east sides of the teivah as part of the seating arrangement.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
107051
45 Temp: Batch Number
107 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23431
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 23432 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 23432 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
107052
45 Temp: Batch Number
107 | 052
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23432
48 Temp: Addenda
761747.DOC

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 23433 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 23433 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
107053
45 Temp: Batch Number
107 | 053
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23433
48 Temp: Addenda
761747.DOC

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 23434 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 23434 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
107054
45 Temp: Batch Number
107 | 054
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23434
48 Temp: Addenda
761747.DOC

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 23435 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 23435 Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba, , Djerba, first half of the 20th century edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Tevah in Ha-ktanah Synagogue (Rabbi Pinchas Jana Synagogue) in Djerba | Unknown
3a Object Tevah (in non-Ashkenazi communities)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 20th century
6 Period Husseinite Dynasty under French Rule (1881-1956)
7 Origin Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
8 Community North African | Tunisian | Djerba | Djerba, Hara al-Kabira
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Tunisia | Djerba (Island) | Djerba
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Southern Tunisian|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
107055
45 Temp: Batch Number
107 | 055
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23435
48 Temp: Addenda
761747.DOC

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a