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Obj. ID: 33859
Jewish Funerary Art
  Jewish Cemetery in Alba Iulia, Romania

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Levin, Vladimir, 9.2019

A large cemetery of Alba Iulia is the oldest Jewish cemetery in Transylvania. It includes two distinct sections. The old section is dominated by the ohel of Rabbi Yehezkel Paneth (d. 1845, Fig. 46). It consists of tombstones of the late 18th and the first half of the 19th centuries. All are of traditional stelae form, some containing images and well written Hebrew script.

The new section on a hill contains typical obelisks of the late 19th and early 20th centuries made by tombstone makers from Alba Iulia (S. Stef, K. Quillmann), as well as from Arad (Brothers Rózsa) and Mediaș (Klingenspohr). Many of modern tombstones are inscribed with the mother’s name of the deceased which demonstrates the influence of Kabbala, for mother’s name is obligatory in Kabbalistic formulas. Four large mausoleums are situated near the entrance of the cemetery. They are preserved intact, including dry wreaths kept there from the time of the last funerals before WWII.

A modest ceremonial hall was built in 1874, according to a stone dedicatory plaque in its wall. The gates to the cemetery were constructed in 1907.

For the cemetery chapel see here.

Summary and Remarks

219 image(s)

sub-set tree:

Name/Title
Jewish Cemetery in Alba Iulia | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Romania | Transylvania | Alba județ | Alba Iulia
| Strada Vasile Alecsandri
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Vladimir Levin | 2019
Author of description
|
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
The Morris and Beverly Baker Foundation | 2019
Negative/Photo. No.