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  (XI) Obj. ID: 33193 The Short Friday (יום ששי הקצר),illustration in Chayim Nachman Bialik story The Short Friday, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923. // Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art


2 Name/Title The Short Friday (יום ששי הקצר) | Unknown
3a Object Woodcut
Illustration
3b Object Detail illustration in Chayim Nachman Bialik story The Short Friday, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923
4a Artist/ Maker Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shtetl
Rabbi |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The following description was written by the researcher Alec Mishory.

The complex relationship between the artist and the poet during their mutual work on the Jubilee Edition, summed up in Budko's woodcut illustration for Bialik's story The Short Friday (Yom Shishi haKatzar).

The story relates to a trip taken by the old rabbi Lipa, strictly adhering to the Jewish laws. He exaggerated in his worries and concerns so much that he violated a prohibition not to travel on Sabbath in the most ridiculous way and desecrated Sabbath in front of his entire community.

The illustration sums up the story's last paragraph by a depiction of the embarrassing moment when Rabbi Lipa enters a town in his carriage on Sabbath and the whole crowd witnesses his disgrace. The artist has set for us a close vantage point - thanks to the truncating frame we see the townhouses, behind the carriage. The body language and facial expressions of Rabbi Lipa and his coachman make a striking contrast. Budko is extremely sensitive to human behavior: the Rabbi's mood is depicted by his lifted shoulders, by the twisting of his mouth and by his radically wide opened eyes. The Rabbi conveys precise visual documentation of gestures and facial expressions that we usually make while saying to ourselves: 'Damn! What have I done?'. In contrast, the coachman does not seem to be embarrassed at all; his facial expression conveys, perhaps, "Yes, this is so", or, "I am taking no part in what has happened here". He is not indifferent to the scene, but his body language may testify that he is not responsible for anything caused by the Rabbi's orders.

The coachman is a self-portrait of the artist. The inclusion of a self-portrait into a series of prints is customary among artists. It is an accepted way "to sign" their works. The intriguing and the most interesting aspect in the case like this is the artist's choice whose mask to wear. Among all the figures portrayed in his illustrations for Bialik's poems and stories, Budko identified himself with that of Rabbi Lipa's coachman. One may conclude that through the illustration for The Short Friday Budko gives a hint on a similarity that exists between the Rabbi's stubbornness and unwillingness to admit his mistakes and those of the poet's. The artist's identification with the coachman, the Rabbi's employee, seems to suggest something about the relationship between him and the poet laureate.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 5.3 cm
26b Length
26c Width 6 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
33193
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 310044 The Short Friday (יום ששי הקצר), illustration in Chayim Nachman Bialik story The Short Friday, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923 edit
Category: Modern Jewish Art
ID: 310044 The Short Friday (יום ששי הקצר), illustration in Chayim Nachman Bialik story The Short Friday, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923 edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Short Friday (יום ששי הקצר) | Unknown
3a Object Woodcut
Illustration
3b Object Detail illustration in Chayim Nachman Bialik story The Short Friday, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923
4a Artist/ Maker Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shtetl
Rabbi |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S302798
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 5.3 cm
26b Length
26c Width 6 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
310044
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a