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  (XI) Obj. ID: 33191 On an Autumn Day (ביום סתיו),illustration for Chayim Nachman Bialik's poem On an Autumn Day, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923. // Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art


2 Name/Title On an Autumn Day (ביום סתיו) | Unknown
3a Object Woodcut
Illustration
3b Object Detail illustration for Chayim Nachman Bialik's poem On an Autumn Day, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923
4a Artist/ Maker Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jewish woman (Not used; see: Sabbath, Kindling the lights o)
Mother and child
Mother
Mother and Baby
Wing |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The following description was written by the researcher Alec Mishory.

Bialik's poem "On an Autumn Day" recounts the poet’s first source of poetic inspiration. In a letter he sent to the artist, the poet requested that he include

A genteel motherly woman (the symbol of a Muse) in the form of a young widow, deep in sorrow, standing next to her only orphaned son,
a child whose eyes are those of a poet, dreamy and doleful. She caresses his head with a tremble as if trying to protect him from evil…

Bialik's concise request shows his ability to summarize verbally the gist of his poem, focusing on an abstract entity, to which the poem is dedicated - inspiration, or his personal poetic spirit. Budko did not adhere to this explicit instruction. The illustration he made for this poem shows the interior of a dark room, lit by faint light emanating from a window. Two gigantic wings attached to a human figure cover and protect a child, who rests on her knees. His eyes are wide open. His expression matches the following verses of the poem unequivocally:


"She gazed [at me] gloomily, her look suggested widowhood, bitterness, bereavement, and motherly compassion…
everywhere I turn I see her sad face, it never stops haunting me"

One may wonder how can an artist depict a figure of "a young widow" or "a child whose eyes are those of a poet"? Facial features and body language are the only means available to artists when faced with the need to depict human feelings and psychological states. Budko succeeded in satisfying the poet's wishes, in that the feelings conveyed in his poem – compassion, sadness, protection from evil, warmth, softness, and trembling – are summarized visually in the face of the winged figure. It appears to the child speaker as a revelation or as an apparition, based entirely on the poem's verses: "On a moonlit night, when light is shed on my black ground, then she appears as a shadow, as if in a dream, slowly moving in front of me”.

The way in which the artist placed two figures in the virtual space of the illustration makes readers/spectators conceive the mystical figure as residing in the child-speaker's thoughts. Illustrators cannot use a poet's verbal means when they try to depict thoughts; the only way available to them is to depict the object of the hero's thoughts, and the hero himself, in such a way that would make spectators believe that the hero is not looking at the object of his thoughts. They choose a specific moment from the progression of the verbal narrative and turn it into an a-temporal moment. They thus create for us a visual image that we can read or decipher in a way that is not linear, that is naturally different from the way in which we read a verbal text.

The child's wide-open eyes in Budko's illustration stare at us spectators/readers. They make us share his thoughts and thus, although it is not corporeal at all, we too are able to behold his imaginary apparition. When we read poetry, we take it for granted that the poet speaks of thoughts and contemplations. Conveying this in visual terms is a complex phenomenon. Budko's illustration is clearly a great independent visual response to the text of Bialik.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 5.2 cm
26b Length
26c Width 4.5 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
33191
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 310042 On an Autumn Day (ביום סתיו), illustration for Chayim Nachman Bialik's poem On an Autumn Day, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923 edit
Category: Modern Jewish Art
ID: 310042 On an Autumn Day (ביום סתיו), illustration for Chayim Nachman Bialik's poem On an Autumn Day, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923, Unknown, 1923 edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title On an Autumn Day (ביום סתיו) | Unknown
3a Object Woodcut
Illustration
3b Object Detail illustration for Chayim Nachman Bialik's poem On an Autumn Day, Jubilee Edition of Works, Chovevey ha-Safa ha-Ivrit (Lovers of the Hebrew Language), Berlin, 1923
4a Artist/ Maker Budko, Joseph (painter, 1888-1940) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Unknown |
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jewish woman (Not used; see: Sabbath, Kindling the lights o)
Mother and child
Mother
Mother and Baby
Wing |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S302795
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 5.2 cm
26b Length
26c Width 4.5 cm
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
310042
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a