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  (XI) Obj. ID: 33045 Memorial Plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda,plaster cast relief, Photo published in Boris Schatz, his Life and Work, Monography, Jerusalem, 1925, Jerusalem, 1923. // Schatz, Boris (1867-1932) edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art


2 Name/Title Memorial Plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda | Unknown
3a Object Relief
Memorial plaque (a plaque with an inscription in the memory of the deceased but without dedication)
3b Object Detail plaster cast relief, Photo published in Boris Schatz, his Life and Work, Monography, Jerusalem, 1925
4a Artist/ Maker Schatz, Boris (1867-1932) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ben Yehuda, Eliezer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The following description was researched by Alec Mishory.

The spirit of the Italian Renaissance was evoked in one of Schatz’ most significant Zionist projects – a Hebrew Pantheon of individual commemoration, a series of memorials to Zionist leaders and other prominent public figures of Jewish Palestine. As a part of the general process of giving visual form to the rebirth of the Jewish People, the project expressed a component of the “rebirth” phenomenon: the creation of a national epic, carried out by the nation's new cultural heroes. Achad ha'Am referred to the role played by Jewish cultural heroes of his time in commemorating the death of the Zionist leader Theodor Herzl: "Indirectly, Herzl gave us one thing that might be considered greater than everything he did in reality. He gave us himself as the subject for the “poetry of revival;” a subject that the imagination can grasp and cover with every desired virtue so it can make him national Hebrew hero, in whose virtue all national aspirations would come true in real form".

In following Achad ha'Am's concepts, Schatz's portraits of the new “people's heroes” constitute a significant step towards a less common phenomenon in the history of traditional Jewish culture because of its secular, non-Jewish aspects: a visual rather than a verbal commemoration of heroes. Most of Schatz's memorial plaques are made of a rectangular format crowned by an arch, extremely popular with medieval and Renaissance altarpieces and public memorials, echoing the form of Roman triumphal arches and always associated with sacred connotations.

The Memorial plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda, hallowed revivalist of the Hebrew language in the 20th century, resembles Italian Renaissance wall tombs of Uomini famosi, Men of Renown, humanist cultural heroes. The Renaissance prototypes generally depict the hero's death mask at the top of the relief, surmounted by an arch. Underneath the sculpted image of the hero, they generally include an epitaph. The top of Schatz's relief includes Ben Yehida's death mask. Schatz himself wrote the epitaph for Ben Yehuda;  written in Hebrew, it summarizes the achievements of one of the Jewish-Hebrew revival heroes during his lifetime:

I knew a clear-eyed seer

Who would envision giants while dwelling among dwarves

Living in the dark, he invoked the sun

And raised freedom’s banner for the Hebrews.

I knew a clear-eyed dreamer

For an entire generation, he spun and wove a reverie of miracles

The generation yearned – and the fantasy materialized

The vision of his heart manifested, and his sun was not extinguished.

Living in the present, he spoke the language of ancient times

Intending to roll the epochs back

His nation mocked him, but he believed in marvels

And so carried westwards his vision of the East.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
33045
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Alec Mishory 2019 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 307712 Memorial Plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda, plaster cast relief, Photo published in Boris Schatz, his Life and Work, Monography, Jerusalem, 1925, Jerusalem, 1923 edit
Category: Modern Jewish Art
ID: 307712 Memorial Plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda, plaster cast relief, Photo published in Boris Schatz, his Life and Work, Monography, Jerusalem, 1925, Jerusalem, 1923 edit  
Category: Modern Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Memorial Plaque for Eliezer Ben Yehuda | Unknown
3a Object Relief
Memorial plaque (a plaque with an inscription in the memory of the deceased but without dedication)
3b Object Detail plaster cast relief, Photo published in Boris Schatz, his Life and Work, Monography, Jerusalem, 1925
4a Artist/ Maker Schatz, Boris (1867-1932) (Unknown)
5 Date 1923
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ben Yehuda, Eliezer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S302759
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
307712
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher Alec Mishory 2019 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a