Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object

Object

Object Alone
Show sub-set tree:
  (XI) Obj. ID: 2800 Hulda synagogue,, Hulda, 5th century CE. // Unknown edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art


2 Name/Title Hulda synagogue | *Architecture | Decoration | Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Hulda
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description An oblong mosaic panel decorated the floor of the southern room, facing the entrance to the building. The panel is framed by a plain band. On the right of the panel is a seven-branched menorah flanked on the left by a shofar, and on the right by a mahta (incense shovel). The seven curved branches of the menorah are decorated with knops. The branches are surmounted by seven square lamps with straight burning flames. The menorah stands on a three-legged angular base. The mahta is composed of a rectangular scoop with three raised edges and a long handle. To the left of the mahta are two of the four species: an etrog (citron) and on the far left, a lulav (palm branch) with closed leaves and a bandle with a geometric design. A Greek inscription, consisting of three lines each of one word, is written above the mahta and the etrog. According to M. Avi-Yonah the inscription reads as follows: GREEK, "Blessing to the people" (translation from Greek according to M. Avi-Yonah). The panel is designed to be viewed from the south.

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2800
48 Temp: Addenda
HS_:_The_mosaic_panel_was_removed_for_preservation_and_restoration_
MH_:_7-7_5_cm_(letters_of_the_inscription)
ML_:_52_5_cm_(panel)
MWI_:_91_00_cm_(panel)
MAT_:_Tesserae_material:_Limestone_Tessearae_arrangement:_Curved_and_straight_lines_of_tesserae_form_the_design_elements__The_background_of_the_elements_is_arranged_in_straight_parallel_lines,_except_for_the_background_of_the_menorah_and_the_inscription__Most_tesserae_are_rectangular_in_shape_although_some_are_irregular_especially_in_the_areas_of_the_lulav_bundle_and_the_inscription__The_panel_is_surrounded_by_three_straight_parallel_lines_of_white_tesserae__Outlines:_Each_element_and_its_outlines_are_in_the_same_color_except_for_the_menorah_and_lulav,_whose_outlines_are_colored_darker_
SIT_:_Israel:Hulda
CO_:_The_panel_is_in_good_condition_although_a_short_line_of_tesserae_in_missing_from_the_first_line_of_the_inscription_
BIB_:_רוט-גרסון,_ל_,_הכתובות_היווניות_מבתי_הכנסת_בארץ_ישראל,_ירושלים,_תשמ"ז,_עמ'_45-75__קלונר,_ע_,_המבנה_והמתקנים_בחולדה_ותפקודם_כגת,_מתוך:_אדם_ואדמה_בארץ_ישראל_הקדומה_)עורכים_אופנהיימר_ואחרים(,_ירושלים,_תשמ"ו,_עמ'_791-802__Avi-Yonah,_M_,_Various_Synagogal_Remains,_Bulletin_Rabinowitz_III_(1960),_pp_57-60,_pl_XII;_Ovadia,_R_,_and_A_,_Hellenistic,_Roman_and_Early_Byzantine_Mosaic_Pavements_in_Israel,_L'Erma,_Rome,_pg__73,_LXXXIX;
REM_:_According_to_A__Kloner,_the_Sanctuary_implements_panel_may_indicate_that_the_wine_press_belonged_to_Jews_who_produced_kosher_wine_in_the_region_
LN_:_ENG
DEL_:_IJA_035911_
=&batch=&batch_num=&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (3 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 940 Hulda synagogue, , Hulda, 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 940 Hulda synagogue, , Hulda, 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hulda synagogue | *Architecture | Decoration | Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Hulda
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Sanctuary Implements |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 071115
20 Description An oblong mosaic panel decorated the floor of the southern room, facing the entrance to the building. The panel is framed by a plain band. On the right of the panel is a seven-branched menorah flanked on the left by a shofar, and on the right by a mahta (incense shovel). The seven curved branches of the menorah are decorated with knops. The branches are surmounted by seven square lamps with straight burning flames. The menorah stands on a three-legged angular base. The mahta is composed of a rectangular scoop with three raised edges and a long handle. To the left of the mahta are two of the four species: an etrog (citron) and on the far left, a lulav (palm branch) with closed leaves and a bandle with a geometric design. A Greek inscription, consisting of three lines each of one word, is written above the mahta and the etrog. According to M. Avi-Yonah the inscription reads as follows: GREEK, "Blessing to the people" (translation from Greek according to M. Avi-Yonah). The panel is designed to be viewed from the south.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Tesserae material: Limestone Tessearae arrangement: Curved and straight lines of tesserae form the design elements. The background of the elements is arranged in straight parallel lines, except for the background of the menorah and the inscription. Most tesserae are rectangular in shape although some are irregular especially in the areas of the lulav bundle and the inscription. The panel is surrounded by three straight parallel lines of white tesserae. Outlines: Each element and its outlines are in the same color except for the menorah and lulav, whose outlines are colored darker.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 7-7.5 cm (letters of the inscription)
26b Length 52.5 cm (panel)
26c Width 91.00 cm (panel)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
According to A. Kloner, the Sanctuary implements panel may indicate that the wine press belonged to Jews who produced kosher wine in the region.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
The mosaic panel was removed for preservation and restoration.
41 Condition
The panel is in good condition although a short line of tesserae in missing from the first line of the inscription.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
רוט-גרסון, ל., הכתובות היווניות מבתי הכנסת בארץ ישראל, ירושלים, תשמ"ז, עמ' 45-75. קלונר, ע., המבנה והמתקנים בחולדה ותפקודם כגת, מתוך: אדם ואדמה בארץ ישראל הקדומה )עורכים אופנהיימר ואחרים(, ירושלים, תשמ"ו, עמ' 791-802. Avi-Yonah, M., Various Synagogal Remains, Bulletin Rabinowitz III (1960), pp.57-60, pl.XII; Ovadia, R., and A., Hellenistic, Roman and Early Byzantine Mosaic Pavements in Israel, L'Erma, Rome, pg. 73, LXXXIX;
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
071115
45 Temp: Batch Number
071 | 115
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0015259
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
940
48 Temp: Addenda

:SIT : Israel:Hulda
:LN : ENG
:DEL : IJA 035911
:

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

    Close 940  
(XXII) ID: 21503 Hulda synagogue, An inscription in a medallion;, Hulda, 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 21503 Hulda synagogue, An inscription in a medallion;, Hulda, 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hulda synagogue | *Architecture | Decoration | Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3a Object Mosaic floor (Decoration)
Synagogue
3b Object Detail An inscription in a medallion;
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Hulda
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Inscription |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
193103
45 Temp: Batch Number
193 | 103
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21503
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 21504 Hulda synagogue, Plan of the site from: Avi Yonah, Bulletin III, 1960, p.59, Hulda, 5th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 21504 Hulda synagogue, Plan of the site from: Avi Yonah, Bulletin III, 1960, p.59, Hulda, 5th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Hulda synagogue | *Architecture | Decoration | Mosaic floor (Decoration)
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Plan of the site from: Avi Yonah, Bulletin III, 1960, p.59
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 5th century CE
6 Period Byzantine
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Palaestina Prima | Hulda
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
193104
45 Temp: Batch Number
193 | 104
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21504
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a