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  (XI) Obj. ID: 27371 Zodiac Esther Scroll,, Italy, first half of the 18th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Zodiac Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy
| Venice (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 182/108
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 182/108
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zodiac Signs
Tribes/Sons of Israel
Vase with flowers
Twisted columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The scroll is decorated with the signs of Zodiac and in the symbols of the Israeli tribes; both are framed in cartouches placed - respectively - on the upper and lower margins. The text columns are interspersed by twisted columns and the cartouches in the upper margins are separated with flower-filled vases and these in the lower margins with the columns' bases. To every sign of Zodiac, the name of a corresponding month of the Hebrew calendar is added, whereas the symbols of sons of Israel are accompanied by their names. "Following final column, flowers within arch of branches." (Shachar, p. 156). The month of the Hebrew calendar are listed in the calendrical order starting form the month of Nisan (Ex. 12:1), whereas the name of Reuven starts the list of the names of Israeli Tribes (Num. 2, 10).

The scroll is mounted on a wooden turned rod.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The Book of Esther in Hebrew
24 Codicology

The scroll is formed of 3 membranes with 12 text columns containing 31 lines. The names of Haman's sons?

The text is inscribed in an Italian square script, in a ha-melech layout.

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Ink and paints (tempera) on parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 250 mm
26b Length 1445 mm
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

The IM possesses a similar scroll - Ms. 182/25; its opening decoration is clearly based on the Gaster I scrolls. Another exemplar possibly executed by the same artist is stored in the museum of the B'rit Kodesh community in Rochester (NY).

The signs of Zodiac depicted in the scroll allude to casting lots by Haman (Es. 3:7). 

The symbols of Israeli Tribes (Num. 2, 10) only rarely were incorporated in the ornamentation of megillot Esther.

Lory Friedfertig (p. 36, see "Bibliography") suggests that both motifs - the signs of Zodiac and Israeli Tribes - are present in the 17th-century ketubbah of Venice and that the artist of the scroll must be familiar with it.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the catalog "Purchased in 1934 from Emil Offenbacher, London"
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The scroll (parchment, paints, and ink) is preserved in a very good condition. In comparison with the scroll Ms. 182/25, IM, Jerusalem - it is very likely that originally the opening section of the manuscript was decorated and possibly due to its bad state of preservation was cut off.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Isaiah Shachar, Jewish Tradition in Art. The Feuchtwanger Collection of Judaica, Jerusalem (The Israel Museum) 1981, p. 156, object 410.

A similar scroll is discussed by Lory Friedfertig, From Darkness to Light. Discovering the Judaica Museum of Temple B'rit Kodesh, Rochester (?) n.d., pp. 32-37. 

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
27371
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=&batch_num=&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 9331 Zodiac Esther Scroll, , Italy, first half of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 9331 Zodiac Esther Scroll, , Italy, first half of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Zodiac Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first half of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
| Venice (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 182/108
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
| Ms. 182/108
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar
Aries (Lamb), Zodiac Sign of Nisan
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0074042
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0074042
45 Temp: Batch Number
0074 | 042
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
9331
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a