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Obj. ID: 26159
Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
  Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Coll. No. 41, Bohemia, early 17th c.

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Unknown,

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Name/Title
Tengnagel's Hebrew Codices Collection No. 41 | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
early 17th century
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown
(Unknown)

Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 67 (Schwartz, No. 38)
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Condition
Good
Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
The manuscript includes three different treatises, copied by two different scribes: Part I - Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Saruq: fols. 1-175v Part II - Behinat ‘Olam by Jedaiah ben Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini: fols. 176-187v Part III – Re'shit Hokhmah (“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abraham Ibn Ezra: fols. 188-240v
Codicology

Material 

Paper, I + 240 leaves (wrong foliation, some numbers were skipped)  

Watermarks: crowned double-head eagle within a shield (unidentified); crowned double-head eagle with letters H E(?), see: Labarre, V. 109 (Wiener Neustadt 1617); letter P identical to Briquet 8799 (Graz 1596/Brünn 1596/Prague 1603)]

 

Measurements

Full page:  ca. 201 X  150 mm

Text space: Part I: ca. 130 X ca.100 mm                

                   Part II: (142-157) X (110-120) mm

                   Part III: (142-151) X (160-170) mm

 

Scribes

Two scribes:

Scribe A: Part I (fols. 1-175v)

Scribe B: Part II (fols. 176-187v) and III (fols. 192-240)

 

Script

Part I (fols. 1-175v): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

Part II (fols. 176-187v): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

Part III (fols. 192-240): Semi-cursive Ashkenazi script

 

Number of lines

Part I is written in 18-20 lines per page in one column

Part II is written in 21-24 lines per page in one column

Part III is written in 21 lines in one column

 

Ruling

No ruling is discernible in all the manuscript

 

Pricking

No pricking is discernible in all the manuscript

 

Quires

Part I: 22 quires of 8 leaves each, except for: XXI10-1

Part II: one quire of 16 leaves

Part III: three quires of 16 leaves, except for the last quire, of 17 leaves

 

Catchwords

Catchwords for pages in all the manuscript, in the left-hand part of the lower margins

 

Hebrew numeration

No Hebrew numeration

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 188-191; 240v

 

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
None
Scribal Notes
None
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding

Fragment of parchment of a Missal (15th century?) 

Decoration Program

Part II only:

One decorated initial letter (fol. 178): decorated letter shin(ש)  at the beginning of the text. The letter occupies the height of 6 text lines, and it is filled with foliate scrolls in brown ink. The conjunctions between the roofs and the arms of the letter are decorated with calices of flowers.

 

 

Summary and Remarks

The manuscript includes three treatises: the Mahberet (“The Book of Solutions”) by Menahem ben Jacob Ibn Saruq (Spain, 10th century), a biblical dictionary, one of the earliest treatises on Hebrew grammar; Behinat ‘Olam ("The Book of the Examination of the World”) by Abraham Bedersi Ha-Penini (Provence, c. 1270-1340), a lyrical and ethical work; and the work on astrology Re'shit Hokhmah (“The Beginning of Wisdom”) by Abrahan Ibn Ezra (ca. 1089 – ca. 1164).

The first treatise is written in a different paper bearing watermarks of the beginning of the 17th century. It was presented by Sebastian Tengnagel, Librarian of the Royal Library at the court of King Matthias (after 1611). The second part was ordered by Tengnagel himself and it bears watermarks from the early 17th century as well, identified of the areas of Graz, Brünn or Prague. There are no other indications of place or date of productions, nor of the names of the scribes who copied the manuscript. The sole decorated initial letter shin (ש) at the opening of Behinat ‘Olam [part II, fol. 1 (fol. 178)] can be influenced by printed book decoration, such as the Prague Haggadah of 1526 (see: comparison 1). One possible comparison can be done with the Sefer Evronot in Frankfurt (Staadtbibliothek, ms Hebr. Oct. 31), also dated between the 16th-17th centuries from Central Europe, for the design of the letter, where the roofs of the arms are standing on calyces of flowers (see: comparison no. 2; fol. 5v).

The manuscript was no. 41 of Tengnagel’s collection of Hebrew codices (see History). It was since then in the Imperial Library of Vienna. The manuscript was brought to Paris in 1809, with a great part of the Imperial Library, and returned back to Vienna in 1810.

 

 

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Latin inscriptions in cursive script by the librarian Sebastian Tengnagel (prefect of the Hofbibliothek, in the years 1608-1636): Part I, fol. 1: Lexicon Biblicum Hebraicum antiquissimi Raschi saepe hunc all(?) egit / Rabbi Menachem Ben Sarúck In the margin: Manuscripta Hebraica Tengnagelii N. 41. Part II, fol. 1 (178), in the upper margin: “Ex Libris Sebast[iani] Tengnagel I.V.D. et / Caes[arei] Bibliothec[arii] (“Ex Libris of Sebastian Tengnagel I.V.D. and of the Imperial Library”). Part III, fol. 1 (192): Ex libris Sebastiani Tengnagel IG et Caes[arei] Biblioth[ecarii] Abrahami Aben Ezrae Astrologicam insenet opusc. Principium Sapientiae Aben Ezra in Astrologia (“Ex Libris of Sebastian Tengnagel I.V.D. and of the Imperial Library; Abraham Ibn Ezra ... Re'shit Hokhmah...”). In the back cover of the binding: Manuscripta Hebraica Tengnagelii N. 41, (“Tengnagel's Hebrew Manuscripts no. 41”).
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Schwarz Catalogue A. Z. Schwarz, Die hebraeischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Vienna, 1925, pp. 43-44, No. 38.
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Karl-Georg Pfändtner Aliza Cohen-Muslin | 2004 2005
Author of description
Anna Nizza Yaffa Levy | 2005; 2009 2009
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
Michal Sternthal | 2009
Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.