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  (XI) Obj. ID: 260 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim,, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2). // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
260
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_9901
:MED__:__Metal
:HS___:__The_two_hallmarks_are_stamped_on_the_bottom_of_the_cup__1__The_cypher_12_in_a_rectangular_frame__
_2__The_initials_A_Z__in_a_rectangular_frame_
:NNO__:__557-23-27,_558-27_
:MH___:__69_mm
:MD___:__66_mm
:MAT__:__Silver,_##Structure:pressed##Bonding:soldered_##Inscription:_engraved_
:TYP__:__OR
:RG___:__A_A__(G_I_)_7_1992
:AQ___:__The_Odessa_collection_
:BIB__:__Wien__Kunsthis,_Mus__Thora,_(Ukraine),_1993,_p_216_##_Moscow,_Masterpieces_-_Silver,_1992,_pl_30_##_Finland,_Waino_-_Alto,_Mus_,_Judaica,_1991,_p_48_no_105_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0029&batch_num=066&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

Less Details


Object's images (17 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 2925 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 2925 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
029022
45 Temp: Batch Number
029 | 022
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2925
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 2966 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 2966 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
029063
45 Temp: Batch Number
029 | 063
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2966
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 2967 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 2967 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
029064
45 Temp: Batch Number
029 | 064
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2967
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 2968 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 2968 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
029065
45 Temp: Batch Number
029 | 065
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2968
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 2969 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 2969 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
029066
45 Temp: Batch Number
029 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2969
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 6597 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Hallmark, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6597 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Hallmark, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
054006
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6597
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43805 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43805 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-23-27, 558-27.
19a Scan No. S064695.jpg
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009901
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43805
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9901
:MED : Metal
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43806 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43806 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-24
19a Scan No. S064696
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43806
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43807 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43807 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-25
19a Scan No. S064697
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43807
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43808 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43808 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-26
19a Scan No. S064698
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43808
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43809 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43809 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, , Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 557-27
19a Scan No. S064699
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43809
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43810 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Hallmark, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43810 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Hallmark, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 558-27
19a Scan No. S064735
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43810
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43811 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Description, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43811 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Description, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Description
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S117361
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43811
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43812 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43812 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S117357
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43812
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43813 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43813 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S117358
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43813
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43814 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43814 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S117359
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43814
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 43815 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 43815 Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim, Field documentation, Poland, 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Kos Shmirot made from the coins of Tzaddikim | Unknown
3a Object Kiddush cup
3b Object Detail Field documentation
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1885-1888 (see: Remarks: no. 2)
6 Period Austria-Hungary/Habsburg Monarchy
7 Origin Poland
| ?
8 Community Ashkenazi | Hasidic
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 7335
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Kiddush |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S117360
20 Description

The cylindrical kiddush cup is widening outwards at its rim. The outer surface of the cup is inscribed with an inscription, in square Hebrew characters. The inscription begins with a statement and continues with two lists of two different Hasidic dynasties: the dynasty of R. Israel of Ruzhin, and the Zaddikim of the Apta-Zinkov dynasty:

"זה הכוס נעשה ממטבעות מהצדיקים אשר בזכיתם (בזכותם) אנחנו חיים " //  הצדיק ישראל מרוזין זצ"ל זי"ע// יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים)/ ר' דוד משה יצ"ו מטשאר(טקוב)/ ר' מרדכי יצ"ו /מהוסיאטין/ ר' יצחק יצ"ו / מבאהש (בוהוש)// הצדיק ר' (רבי) יצחק מאיר מזינקוב זצ"ל (זכר צדיק לברכה ) זי"ע (זכותו יגן עלינו)/ הצדיק ר' זיסא (זוסיא) מזינקוב זצ"ל זי"ע / יו"ה הצדיקים שיחי' (שיחיו) לאוי"ט (לאורך ימים טובים ( /ממעזיבוז/ הצדיק ר' אברהם יהושע העשל יצ"ו (ישמרהו צורו ויחיהו) / הצדיק ר' חיים מזינקוב יצ"ו"

"This cup was made from the coins of the Zaddikim (righteouses), as in favour of their virtues we live. The Zaddik Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue protect us; YHV (?) the (following) Zaddikim may they live many good days: Rabbi David Moses may his Rock protect and sustain him, Tshortkov / Rabbi Mordecai may his Rock and Redeemer protect him, of Husiatyn. Rabbi Isaac may his Rock protect and sustain him of Buhosh."  The second dynasty written in the second group: "The Zaddik Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; The Zaddik Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov, the Zaddik of blessed memory may his virtue will protect us; YHV (?) the (following)  Zaddikim may they live many good days: from Medzibush the Zaddik Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel, may his Rock protect and sustain him; The Zaddik Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov may his Rock protect and sustain him." 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
The Zaddik Court (the Hasidic leader) was financially maintained by money contributed by the Hasidim (the followers of a spesific sect). The taxes, known as Ma'amad (stand), were collected twice a year by a special collector, appointed for the post for his life. He traveled around the cities and small towns with a list of names, which was updated consecutively. The list served for two purposes: first to supervise the amount of money collected in a certain place and time, while the second ensured that the Zaddik would bless the Hasid and his family. In some courts, after the blessing the Zaddik also offered a blessed coin, which was given to the followers at the next collecting day. Thus, the coin was sold in an auction, and the money was contributed for a special celebration, conducted during the collecting day that was considered a holiday. The blessed coin was regarded as a charm (Shmira), and sometimes when a large amount was collected, a particular Hasid or a congregation, melted the coins and ordered a ritual object for communal or private use. The most common utensil, made by melted coins was a Kiddush cup (Assaf, The Regal Way, pp.404- 416).
For a Kiddush cup with a similar inscription, see: Sc. 542- 107.
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver
25a Material Structure spun
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding soldered
25d Material Inscription engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 69 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 66 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on the bottom of the cup. 1. The cypher 12 in a rectangular frame. It is the authority quality mark stamped in Poland, during the second half of
the 19th century (Tardy. International Hallmarks on Silver, Paris, 1981, p. 328).
2. The initials A.Z. in a rectangular frame.
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

Inscriptions are engraved on the surface.

36 Summary and Remarks
  1. The dynasty of Rabbi Israel of Ruzhin (1787 – 1851), and his sons: David Moses of Tshortkov (1827 – 1903), and Mordecai of Husiatyn (1834 – 1894). The city of Husiatyn is in cursive small characters. The grandson Rabbi Isaac of Bohush (1835 – 1896) is mentioned the last. The name of Bohush was added in cursive characters, next to the name.
    The dynasty of Afta – Zinkov: (The initiator of the court: Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Afta (1755 - 1825), is not mentioned). The list starts with his son Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov (1775 – 1885) and grandson Rabbi Zisa (Zusia) of Zinkov (died in 1866). Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush (died 1888).  It concludes with Rabbi Hayim of Zinkov, the great-grandson (died in 1894).
  2. Since Rabbi Isaac Meir of Zinkov, is mentioned as a deceased person, and he died in 1885, and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heshel of Medzibush, is mentioned among the living Zaddikim, and he died in 1888 – the cup can be dated to the years 1885 – 1888.   
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The Odessa collection.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The cup is in good condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Alfassi, Isaac. Sefer Ha'admorim, Tel Aviv, 1961, in Hebrew.
Assaf, David. The Regal Way, The Life and Times of R. Israel of Ruzhin, Jerusalem, 1997, in Hebrew.
Kantsedikas, Alexander. Masterpieces of Jewish Art, Silver, Moscow, 1992
Seipel, Wilfried. Ed. Thora und Krone, Kultgeräte der Jüdischen Diaspora in der Ukraine, Die Ausstellung wird vom Kunsthistorischen Museum Wien, 1993.
Sotheby's, Magnificent Judaica (9.12.1999), Tel-Aviv: Sotheby's, 1999.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
Original
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
43815
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 07.92 49a
50 Researcher Ariella Amar 07.93; 07.07 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 07.07 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 08.07 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a



     

 

 

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