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  (XI) Obj. ID: 244 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva,, Odessa, 1909. // M. K. (silversmith) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker M. K. (silversmith) (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Russian Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Ukraine | Bila Tserkva | Lithuanian Beit Midrash
|
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fish
Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel))
Ram
Elephant
Tablets of the Law
Bird
Griffin
Flower
Lion
Two lions
Two griffins
Noah, the Flood Story
Heraldic composition |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19 Remarks
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest. Each tier is composed of a base and arms (figure 1). The coronet-like base is comprised of a round band topped by wavy edges bearing flowers and scrolls. The band is decorated with two alternating shields and Tables of the Covenant bearing a continuous dedicatory inscription. The inscription is written in square filled letters reading clockwise (figures 2-5): "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash of  Belaia Tserkov' (“Sadeh-Lavan”), the year (5)689 (1909)." Each shield is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. The Tables of the Covenant are supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. 

Four medallions are interspersed between the inscriptions. The medallions are read clockwise from the right of figure 3: A bull (figure 6), Noah's Ark as a houseboat with a chimney, a closed door and windows, placed on the water (figure 7). A ram (figure 8) and a fish (figure 9). All the animals face left. 

Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with cartouches containing depictions of: Noah's ark, as a house-boat, similar to the one on figure 7 (figure 10), an elephant (figure 11), blank Tables of the Covenant (figure 12), a swan (figure 13), a fish (figure 14), and a bull (figure 15). All face left and read clockwise. The arms are decorated with scrolls and acanthus leaves. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with rhomboids and dots, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex. 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_9689
:MED__:__Metal
:DER__:__7284
:HS___:__Two_hallmarks_are_stamped_on_each_part_of_the_crown_
_1__The_hallmark_consists_of_a_woman's_head_facing_right_within_a_medallion__A_small_staff-like_object_is_to_the_left_of_her_hair_
_This_was_a_city_mark_for_Odessa_used_by_an_assay_from_Yekaterinoslave,_Ukraine,_during_the_years_1908-1926_
_Cf__Postnikova-Losseva,_p__259,_no__2890
_2__The_hallmark_is_inscribed_with_the_Cyrillic_initials:"M_K_"_within_an_oval_medallion__This_was_the_hallmark_of_an_unknown_artist_from_Odessa_who_was_active_around_1897__##_Cf__Postnikova-Losseva,_p_235,_no_3168_
:NNO__:__559-(13-24),(27-30)_(hallmarks_595-35)
:MH___:__415_mm
:MD___:__195_mm
:MAT__:__Silver:_gilded_silver_##_Structure:_cut,_hammered,_raised_##_Decoration:_repousee,_punched,_cast,_engraved_##_Bonding:_screwed_##_Inscription:_engraved_##
:RG___:__A_A__(M_T_)_7_1992
:AQ___:__The_Kiev_collection
:BIB__:__Cf__Wien,_Kunsthis__Mus_,_Thora_(Ukraine),_p_104,_no_19_
:REM__:__The_Torah_crown_is_dated_to_the_end_of_the_19th_century_according_to_the_artist's_hallmark__The_same_hallmark_appears_together_with_a_hallmark_of_an_assay_from_Odessa_active_in_1883_on_other_objects_from_this_region,_See:IJA_10139
_whereas_the_city_hallmark_notes_a_later_date__This_problem_must_be_checked_in_relation_to_whether_the_city_hallmark_is_in_the_form_of_a_"remark"_hallmark_
_Similar_iconography_can_be_found_in_two_pairs_of_Torah_finials_from_Odessa_from_approximately_the_same_period,_(IJA_9201_and_IJA_12329)__Animal_motifs_without_the_Ark_also_appear_on_a_spice_box_IJA_10785_
_The_crown_has_no_staves_to_attach_it_to_the_Torah_scroll_
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0046&batch_num=061&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

Less Details


Object's images (16 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 4849 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4849 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion
Two griffins
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046061
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 061
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4849
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 6673 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6673 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
054081
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 081
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6673
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4861 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4861 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms
Two griffins
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046073
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 073
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4861
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4853 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4853 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Two lions
Crown of Law (Crown of Torah) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046065
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 065
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4853
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4855 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4855 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms
Two griffins
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046067
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 067
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4855
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4857 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4857 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tablets of the Law
Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Two lions
Crown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046069
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4857
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4854 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4854 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bull (See also Taurus (Bull), Zodiac Sign of Iyyar, Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel)) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046066
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 066
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4854
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4859 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4859 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ram |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046071
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 071
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4859
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4856 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4856 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046068
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 068
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4856
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4851 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4851 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Noah's Ark |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No. 046063
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046063
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 063
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4851
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4850 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4850 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046062
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 062
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4850
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4862 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4862 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tablets of the Law |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046074
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 074
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4862
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4852 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4852 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Swan | Swan
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046064
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 064
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4852
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4860 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4860 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fish |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046072
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 072
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4860
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 4858 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 4858 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, , Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
046070
45 Temp: Batch Number
046 | 070
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
4858
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a

(XXII) ID: 6672 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, Hallmark, Odessa, 1909 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 6672 Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, Hallmark, Odessa, 1909 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown of the Mishna Society in the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva | Unknown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Hallmark
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1909
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Ukraine | Odes'ka obl. | Odessa
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Ukraine | Kiev | Museum of Historical Treasures of Ukraine
| DM 2292
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 7.1992
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 559-(13-24),(27-30) (hallmarks 595-35)
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The double tiered Torah crown consists of a main section and a crest, each composed of a base and arms. The coronet-like base is composed of a round band decorated with flowers and scrolls on the edges. The band is decorated with alternating cartouches and pairs of the Tables of the Covenant. Each is inscribed with a dedicatory inscription written in square filled letters: נדבת##ר' מנחם##מענדיל##בר')בן רבי(##משה יהודא##ומר' משה##בר')בן רבי( דוב## ליכטינשטין##להחברה##משניות##דבהמ"ד)דבית המדרש(##דליטא##שדה-לבן##תרס"ט לפק "Donation of Rabbi Menahem Mendel son of Rabbi Moses Judah and Mr. Moses son of Rabbi Dov Lichtenstein to the Society for the Study of Mishnah of the Lithuanian Beit Midrash in Bila Tserkva, the year (5)689(1909)." Each cartouche is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant griffins. Each of the Tables of the Covenant is supported by a pair of rampant, regardant lions. Four medallions are interspersed between the cartouches and Tables of the Covenant. The medallions depict, counter clock-wise, Noah's Ark as a boat-house on the water, a fish a bull and a ram. Six tapering concave arms radiate from the base converging at the convex unit which surmounts them. The lower part of each arm is decorated with C scroll medallions which contain depictions of: Noah's ark as a boat house, an elephant, blank Tables of the Covenant, a swan , a fish and a bull. The medallions are surrounded by scrolls and acanthus leaves which extend up the arm. At the top of each arm protrudes a rampant lion whose front legs support the crest. A flower hangs from the crest between each arm. The crest is a spherical crown comprising a round band decorated with diamonds and beads, surmounted by arms in the shape of acanthus leaves. The arms are capped by a floral disk which is surmounted by a hemispherical apex.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Gilded? Silver
25a Material Structure Cut, Hammered, Raised
25b Material Decoration Repousse, Punched, Cast, Engraved
25c Material Bonding Screwed
25d Material Inscription Engraved
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 415 mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195 mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
Two hallmarks are stamped on each part of the crown.
1: Authority
2: Artist
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The Torah crown is surrounded by medallions bearing scenes of the Flood, Tables of the Covenant, lions, griffins and floral motifs.

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the artist's hallmark the Torah crown is dated to the end of the 19th century. The same hallmark appears together with an assay hallmark from Odessa, active in 1883, on other objects from this region, See:IJA 10139. The city hallmark notes a later date, probably a remark hallmark by an assay who was active in Yekaterinoslave. 
Similar iconography can be found on two pairs of Torah finials from Odessa from approximately the same period, (244918.doc, 774621.doc). Animal motifs without the Ark also appear on a spice box 921927.doc.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to the hallmarks and dedicatory inscription, the Torah crown was made at the end of the 19th century in Odessa. At the beginning of the 20th century it was probably in Yekaterinoslav and later on, around 1909, it was in Belaia Tserkov'.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The Torah crown has no holes to attach it to the Torah scroll.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cf. Wien, Kunsthis. Mus., Thora (Ukraine), p.104, no.19.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
054080
45 Temp: Batch Number
054 | 080
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0009689
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
6672
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.9689
:MED : Metal
:DER : 7284
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ariella Amar 1.7.1992 49a
50 Researcher Irina Chernetsky 6.1995 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Ariella Amar 5.1999 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor UNESCO 55a