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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23768 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll,, Amsterdam, 1640s. // Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai (Engraver)
5 Date 1640s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The scroll executed in a mixed technique; the text was written by a scribe within a printed decoration. It opens with a symmetrical pattern composed of a flower placed in the central part of it and six birds grouped in pairs. In the central part of the decorative scheme, there are roundels in which the text of the Book of Esther was inscribed. Above each of them, there are three animals: a lion (on the right), a lamb (in the center) and a bear (on the left) that can be symbols of – respectively ‒ Persia, the nation of Israel, and Media. Below the roundels, the scenes from the Book of Esther narrative placed in rectangles with decorative frames are depicted. They are surrounded by vases filled with bouquets of flowers that are standing on tall and narrow carved columns. The background is precisely filled with minor details such as birds and with a cross-hatching.    


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The Book of Esther in Hebrew
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Ink on parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
Engraver's signature in Hebrew included in the opening decoration (in the flag held by a monkey or an ape standing on a cat)
ע''ל ידי שלום איטליאה
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.

The text of the Megillah is inscribed in roundels that was rarely used in the Esther scrolls.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

A Journey through Jewish Worlds: Highlights from the Braginsky Collection of Hebrew Manuscripts and Printed Books, eds. E.M. Cohen, E. Schrijver, S. Liberman Mintz, Amsterdam 2009, 228-231 (describes another scroll designed by Shalom Italia).

S. Assaf Sharon, E.D. Bilski, Salom Italia’s Esther Scrolls and the Dutch Golden Age, Amsterdam 2011.

D. Budzioch, Dekorowane zwoje Estery z Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego w Warszawie na tle tradycji dekorowania megillot Ester w XVII i XVIII wieku. Zarys problematyki, Warszawa 2019, 1:155‒159.

D. Budzioch, Italian Origins of the Decorated Scrolls of Esther, “Kwartalnik Historii Żydów” 1/2016, no. 257, esp. 45‒47.

M. Garel, An Esther Scroll by Shalom Italia, "The Israel Museum Journal" 5 (Spring 1986), 107–108.

M. Narkiss, Yeẓurato shel Shalom ben rabbi Mordechai Italia (16191655?) [The Oeuvre of the Jewish Engraver Salom Italia (1619–1655?)], “Tarbiz” 25(4), 1956, 441–451, and: ibidem no. 26(1), 1957, 87–101.

S. Sabar, A New Discovery: The Earliest Illustrated Esther Scroll by Shalom Italia, „Ars Judaica” 2012, no. 8, 119–136.

Schöne Seiten. Jüdische Schriftkultur aus der Braginsky Collection, eds. E. Schrijver, F. Wiesemann, E.M. Cohen, S. Liberman Mintz, M. Schmeltzer, Zurich 2011, 274‒279.

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23768
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (4 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 251953 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, , Amsterdam, 1640s edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251953 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, , Amsterdam, 1640s edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai (Engraver)
5 Date 1640s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Main text framed
Animals and Beasts
Architectonic motif
Vase with flowers
Mordecai refusing to bow down before Haman (Es. 3:2)
Scribe(s) writing Haman's decree (Es. 3:12)
Messenger(s) delivering the decree of Haman (Es. 3:13)
Mask |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606829
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251953
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251954 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.9,10, Amsterdam, 1640s edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251954 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.9,10, Amsterdam, 1640s edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail Fol.9,10
4a Artist/ Maker Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai (Engraver)
5 Date 1640s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Main text framed
Animals and Beasts
Architectonic motif
Vase with flowers
Ahasuerus listening to the Book of Records (Es. 6:1-3)
Haman leading Mordecai on a horseback (Es. 6:11)
Mask |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606830
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251954
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251955 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.11,12, Amsterdam, 1640s edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251955 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.11,12, Amsterdam, 1640s edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail Fol.11,12
4a Artist/ Maker Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai (Engraver)
5 Date 1640s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Main text framed
Animals and Beasts
Vase with flowers
Architectonic motif
Scribe(s) writing Haman's decree (Es. 3:12)
Mask
Haman entreats Ahasuerus to issue a decree to destroy the Jews (Es. 3:9)
Esther's second banquet (Es. 7:1) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606831
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251955
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251956 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.13,14, Amsterdam, 1640s edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251956 JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll, Fol.13,14, Amsterdam, 1640s edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Shalom Italia Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
3b Object Detail Fol.13,14
4a Artist/ Maker Italia, Shalom ben Mordecai (Engraver)
5 Date 1640s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000432
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Main text framed
Animals and Beasts
Architectonic motif
Vase with flowers
Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Mask |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606832
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251956
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a