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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23764 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions,, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|

The family of Dutch Esther scrolls from the early 18th century designed by an anonymous engraver whose decorative scheme features decorative medallions surrounded by acanthus containing busts of the Esther story protagonists, except for the last that is filled with a printed word ברוך barukh (“blessed”). The medallions are placed in upper margins, above text panels. The text columns are separated by pillars formed of a variety of motifs such as trees, flowers, acanthus leaves, heads of angels, and architectural elements. Lower margins are filled with the figurative scenes that chronicle the Purim story or allude to midrashim and other sources. They are separated by the octagons (placed beneath the decorative pillars) filled with different land- and seascapes. At the end of the scroll there are five full figures of the Esther story protagonists.

13 Iconographical Subject Illustration
Portrait medallion
Acanthus Leaf
Columns
Vase
Landscape
Architectonic motif
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Lion
Garland
Foliate motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The scroll represents the type called "scrolls with portrait medallions" that are lavishly decorated and illustrated megillot produced in a mixed technique in which decorative border is printed as a copper engraving and the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is penned by a scribe. It features decorative medallions placed in upper margins, above the text panels, containing busts of the Esther story protagonists except for the last one where a printed word ברוך – "blessed" is placed. The roundels are surrounded by acanthus leaves. The decorative scheme opens with a panel containing several illustrations from the Esther story; the central panel is designed for the benedictions. The text is written in regular rectangular columns enclosed in frames and separated by pillars formed of a variety of motifs such as trees, flowers, acanthus leaves, heads of angels, and architectural elements. Lower margins are filled with figurative scenes that chronicle the Book of Esther's narrative or allude to midrashim and other sources. They are separated by the octagons (placed beneath the decorative pillars) filled mainly with land- and seascapes, most likely with no direct relation to the Purim story. The scroll ends with five full representations of the Esther story protagonists holding oval shields that in some exemplars (e.g. the JHM megillah) are filled with the Hebrew text. The panel above them is narrower than other panels; it was dedicated to a blessing after the Megillah that in some exemplars is inscribed in this place and sometimes it is also followed by the liturgical poem for Purim. Similar narrative scenes are included in "the scrolls with landscapes" (see their descriptions in the Index); some of them are their mirror image. The manuscript from the JHM collection is one of a very few examples of this type that is colored by hand.

It seems that the scroll from the JHM collection contains only three sheets and not four as all other megillot decorated with this border. Most likely the original sheet no. 3 is absent, therefore some episodes (e.g. the triumph of Mordecai) are not represented in the scroll. This must be checked with the original manuscript.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23764
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 251926 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, opening decoration and col. 1, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251926 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, opening decoration and col. 1, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail opening decoration and col. 1
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Title, framed
Ahasuerus and Esther, enthroned
Columns
Foliate motif
Bigthan and Teresh hanged (Es. 2:23)
Haman's sons are hanged (Es. 9:14)
Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Mordecai recieving the clothes from Hatach (Es. 4:4)
Haman leading Mordecai on a horseback (Es. 6:11)
Vase with flowers
Mordecai and Esther writing the Purim letter (Es. 9:29)
Lion
Landscape
Ahasuerus' banquet (Es. 1:3-8)
Acanthus Leaf
Portrait medallion
Architectonic motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606802
20 Description

Opening decoration: The scroll opens with a panel containing several narrative scenes from the Esther story. In the central part of the upper register, the royal couple seated on the throne with a canopy that is placed on a pedestal is represented. The king and the queen are accompanied by courtiers; on the right, the princes of Media and Persia are standing (Es. 1:14) and Esther's maidservants on the left (Es. 2:9). In a rectangular panel, directly below, Esther is shown seated on a throne surrounded by elaborate tendrils, small lions, birds, heads of angels and the Hebrew printed words ברכת מגילה - "blessings for the Megillah". Below, there are three rectangular frames: the central panel contains the benedictions recited before the Megillah reading, while the panel on the right shows the chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, hanging on two gallows (Es. 2:23), whereas the one on the left depicts Haman and his sons hanging on three gallows (Es. 7:10 and Es. 9:14 or Es. 9:25). The lowest register contains three episodes that are (from right to left): Mordecai receiving the clothes from Hatakh (Es. 4:4), Haman leads Mordecai through the streets of Susa (Es. 6:11), Esther and Mordecai write letters instructing the Jews to observe Purim (Es. 9:29).

In the upper margin, a medallion with a bust of the king is depicted. In the lower margin, in the first frame, six men seated at a round laid table are shown. On either side of the table, servants are visible.

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a vase with flowers, 2) a (palace?) garden with a fountain.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251926
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251927 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 2 and 3, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251927 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 2 and 3, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 2 and 3
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape
Foliate motif
Architectonic motif
Execution of Vashti - strangulation
Mordecai at the king's gate (Es. 2:19 and/or 2:21)
Ship
Portrait medallion
Acanthus Leaf
Columns |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606803
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of a man with a mustache and a cap on his head (Haman?) and a bust of a young woman (one of the queens?) are depicted. In the lower margin, there are two frames with illustrations:

Frame 2: Queen Vashti is portrayed while she is strangled by two women standing on either side of her. During the execution, she keels with hands folded on the chest, and the crown lies on the floor, behind her. The Book of Esther does not mention the fate of Vashti after her refusal of the king's order and the source for this representation remains unknown. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with landscapes" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index). 

Frame 3: The frame contains the depiction of the walled city. In the central part of the wall, there is a gate at which a man (Mordecai) is seated (Es. 2:19 and/or 2:21).

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a (palace?) garden, 2) a cityscape with a sun shining over a city, 3) a ship on the sea; the latter is on the second membrane of the scroll.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251927
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251928 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 4 and 5, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251928 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 4 and 5, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 4 and 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Ship
Ahasuerus' and Esther's wedding
Haman casting Pur - Haman aiming at the Zodiac wheel (based on Midrash)
Messenger(s) delivering the decree of Haman (Es. 3:13)
Foliate and floral ornaments
Portrait medallion
Acanthus Leaf
Architectonic motif
Landscape |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606804
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of a bearded man with a flat cap on the head (Mordecai?) and a bust of a man in a long curly wig and tricorn hat on it (one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14?, one of the servants?) are depicted. In the lower margin, there are two frames:

Frame 4: In the frame, a wedding ceremony of Ahasuerus and Esther is represented. The scene is witnessed by a group of men standing on the left and a group of women standing on the right. The Book of Esther does not mention this episode and the source for this representation remains unknown. It can be influenced by European paintings in which the scene of the marriage of the Virgin Mary and Josef was similarly composed. This can also explain the dress of a man standing in the center that refers to the high priest's robes. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with landscapes" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index).

Frame 5: On the left, a man with a bow in his hands is depicted; he is aiming at the wheel with the signs of Zodiac on its perimeter (on the right). The scene is shown against the landscape. The depiction symbolically shows the moment of casting lots by Haman (alludes to Es. 3:7). The Book of Esther mentions only casting lots that means appointing the least favorable period for Jews, but there is no reference to the signs of Zodiac in the text.

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a ship on the sea, 2) a landscape with hills and a castle (?), 3) a castle (?) on a hill-island on the sea.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251928
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251929 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 6 and 7, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251929 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 6 and 7, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 6 and 7
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Floral motif
Cartouche
Foliate motif
Landscape
Mordecai in mourning (Es. 4:1)
Messenger(s) delivering the decree of Haman (Es. 3:13)
Haman paying money to the king (Es. 3:9)
Haman entreats Ahasuerus to issue a decree to destroy the Jews (Es. 3:9)
Architectonic motif
Acanthus Leaf
Angel's head
Portrait medallion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606805
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of the king is depicted and a bust of a young man (one of the princes of Media and Persia listed in Es. 1:14?) are depicted. In the lower margin, there are two frames:

Frame 6: On the right, a mounted messenger is carrying the edict of Haman that he holds in his left hand (Es. 3:13) and in his other hand, he has a French horn. He is riding towards a man sitting under a tree (on the left), most likely Mordecai, who tears his clothes as a sign of mourning (Es. 4:1).

Frame 7: On the left, Haman stands in front of Ahasuerus attended by a group of men (his advisers?, servants?). The vizier holds weight with scales on which the vizier is going to weigh silver for the king (Es. 3:9). In the background, the king's palace is visible.

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a castle (?) on a hill-island on the sea, 2) a harbor with a ship, 3) a landscape with a tree and a gate in the foreground.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251929
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251930 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 8 and 9, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251930 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 8 and 9, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 8 and 9
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Floral motif
The new decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10)
Landscape
Foliate motif
Architectonic motif
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Mordecai writing the king's decree (Es. 8:10)
Esther's first banquet (Es. 5:5-8)
Ahasuerus' messenger(s) (Es. 8:14)
Portrait medallion
Acanthus Leaf
Garland
Basket with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606806
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of the queen and a bust of the king are depicted and in the lower margin, there are two frames:

Frame 8: Five men sit at a table at the moment when Queen Esther is entering the chamber. Most likely, the scene depicts the first banquet given by Esther (Es. 5:5-8) but it is unclear why the queen does not sit at the table and who are the other participants of the feast (the Book of Esther mentions only the king and Haman). 

Frame 9: On the right, a table with three scribes seated at it is shown; most likely they write the decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10). On the left, two messengers of the king are going to deliver the new decree (Es. 8:14).

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a landscape with a tree and a gate in the foreground, 2) a landscape with a tree and a castle (?) in the background, 3) a landscape with a bridge over the river. 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251930
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 251931 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 10 and 11, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 251931 JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions, cols. 10 and 11, Amsterdam, first quarter of the 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title JHM Esther Scroll with Portrait Medallions | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
with piyyutim
3b Object Detail cols. 10 and 11
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date first quarter of the 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
10 Location The Netherlands | Amsterdam | Jewish Historical Museum (Joods Historisch Museum)
| M000414
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with portrait medallions|
13 Iconographical Subject Haman's sons are hanged (Es. 9:14)
Landscape
Architectonic motif
Foliate motif
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Garland
Basket with flowers
Acanthus Leaf
Buildings
Jews battle their enemies (Es. 9:5-12)
Esther asks the king for additional day for the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 9:13) | (?)
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M606807
20 Description

In the upper margin, a bust of a young woman and a bust of the king are depicted and in the lower margin, there are two frames:

Frame 10: A long two-story building is depicted that can be a symbolic representation of the king’s palace. In the text panel above, the scene of hanging of Haman’s ten sons (Es. 9:14) incorporated in the text is represented. On every beam of a very high gallows, a single body is hanged. A high ladder leans on it and on its top an executioner is sitting. It seems they are onlookers who are witnessing the execution. The names of the ten sons of Haman are printed and not copied by hand. The background behind them is filled with a filigree motif, whereas the background behind the gallows is blank. . 

Frame 11: On the right, two mounted troops are represented as fighting together. The clothing of the men on the left suggests that they are Jews who are fighting their enemies approaching from the opposite direction. This is one of the moments in the narrative when Jews battle their enemies but it is difficult to determine which particular episode is illustrated here (Es. 9:5-12). On the left, the royal couple sitting on the throne is represented, however, it is unclear which episode it illustrates; it can be the moment when Esther pleads with the king for an additional day of fights (Es. 9:13).

The last membrane contains two more text columns, invisible in the image.

In the octagons separating the frames are depicted (from right to left): 1) a landscape with a bridge over the river, 2) a house with a sun shining over it, 3) a landscape with a building on a hill.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
251931
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a