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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23166 Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov,, Northern Italy
Venice,
First half of the 16th century(?). // Unknown edit
 
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov | Unknown
3a Object
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date First half of the 16th century(?)
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
Italy | Veneto | Venice
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 190 (Schwatrz, No. 78 )
9a Documentation Unknown |
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
The manuscript is a compilation of the Agaddic material of the Babylonian Talmud. Unpunctuated.
Berakhot: fols. 2-23:
Yom Tov: fols. 23v-25v
Hullin: fols. 26-36
Yoma: fols. 36v-42
Mo’ed Katan: fols. 42v-44v
Megillah: fols. 45-51
Ta’anit: fols. 51v-64v
Hagigah: fols. 65-70v
Rosh Hashana: fols. 71-71v
Sukkah: fols. 72-73v
Shabbat: fols. 74-89v
Pesahim: fols. 90-96
Bava Kamma: fols. 96v-101
Bava Metzia: fols. 101v-111
Bava Batra: fols 111v-120
Nedarim: fols. 120v-125v
Nazir: fols. 126v-127
Bekhorot: fols. 128v-130
‘Arakhin: fols. 130v-131v
Kiddushin: fols. 132v-140
Sanhedrin: fols. 141v-168
‘Avodah Zarah: fols. 168v-190v
‘Erubin: fols. 190v-211v
Shevu’ot: fols. 211v-214v
Yebamot: fols. 214v-229.
24 Codicology

Material:  Paper I + 229 + I. Two watermarks: one horn (e.g. fols. 5,12; 43; see: Piccard, Horn V, 11-14, dated 1431-1433) and one made of three columns with crown (see: Briquet 4455, dated 1509-1516; Piccard, column I, 351, dated 1509).

 

Measurements

 

Full page: (187-190) X (132-138) mm

Text space: (varies in width often within the same page): (137-170) X (45-100) mm

 

 

Scribes

One single scribe. From fol. 151 the colour of the ink is lighter; from fol. 170v on changes the quill, so that the script results a little larger and thicker.

 

Script

All the text is written in small cursive Italian script with cursive letters in dark brown (fols. 2-150v) and light brown (fols. 150v-229v) ink. Titles, headings and explicit words are in larger square Sephardic script in the same tonalities of ink.

 

Columns

All the text is written in one single column per page, shaped with longer and narrower paragraphs according to the content

 

Number of lines

The text is written in

various number of lines, between 28 to 35 (fol. 122) or 37 (fol. 112) lines per page in one column

 

Ruling

By stylus or by a prefixed table, 30 horizontal and 3 + 1 + 1 + 3 vertical lines until fol. 168v. From fol. 169 till the end it is 2 + 1+ 1 + 2.

 

Pricking

Pricking is not discernable.

 

Quires

13 quires of 20 leaves, except for: I20-3 (fol. 16 is widow, stub is not visible because of the restoration; two more missing folios at the end of the quire, with missing text between fols. 17v-18); VI20-1 (fol. 104 is single; no missing text?), VII20-4 (fols. 122-125 are single leaves; no missing text); IX18; X18; XI16; XII24; XIII1 (fol. 229, single leaf).

 

Catchwords

None

 

Hebrew numeration

Traces of Hebrew alphabetic numeration in the same brown ink as the text, in both the upper outer corners of some pages (starting from fol. 46v).

 

Blank leaves

126, 127v, 128, 140v-141, 168, 229v

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
none
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration program includes:

  1. Decorative panels: of various sizes, placed at the beginning and ending of almost each tractate (e.g. fols. 1, 1v, 25v, 36v, 42, 44v, 51v, 64v, 70v, 72, 73v, 74, 90, 92, 93v, 96, 96v, 101v, 111v, 119v, 120v, 126v, 128v, 130v, 132v, 141v, 167v, 168v, 190v, 211v, 214v), filled with interlaces and geometric patterns in a black ink very close to the ink of the script. Only one, (fol. 1) occupies the full page, enclosing the index of content of the manuscript. Most of the frames are seriously damaged by ink erosion of the paper that interested also the following page. The returning pattern is of woven knot within a square or a braid. Some of the frames were left blank inside, possibly meant to contain the title of the following section or a heading, but never filled in.  

 

36 Summary and Remarks

This manuscript is a very early copy of ‘Ein Ya’akov, a compilation of rabbinical interpretations to the Bible (aggadot) from the Babylonian Talmud, and partly from the Jerusalem Talmud, by Jacob ben Solomon Ibn Habib (Zamora, ca. 1441 – Saloniki, 1515/16). The quotes from the Talmud are accompanied by commentaries by Rashi, tosafot, Nahmanides, Nissim Gerondi, Hasdai Crescas and others. The author edited the main work in the last years of the author's life, in Saloniki, and his son, Levi Ibn Habib (1483-1545) accomplished it after Jacob Habib's death. The order of the tractates in theVienna manuscript reflects probably the original work, while in later printed editions it was arranged according to the order of the tractates of the Talmud.

The quotes from the Talmud and the collection of the commentaries to each passage are usually identified in the manuscript by a different arrangement of the text lines: the Talmudic text is written in longer lines than that the commentary. Sometimes, additional commentary is copied in the margins of the page by the same scribe of the main text.

The manuscript lacks a colophon or other indications of place and date of production. Its codicological features can indicate both toItalyand Byzantine areas, while the cursive script is clearly Italian.

The same scribe of the Vienna‘Ein Ya’akov copied also a miscellany of philosophical and halahic texts, housed inMilan (Biblioteca Ambrosiana, ms. X 157 sup.). Both manuscripts share also the same decoration program consisting of woven interlaces forming square and rectangular frames decorating the end and the beginning of almost each new section or textual unit. The motifs consist of braids and simple geometric patterns rendered in a spare-ground technique using the same brown ink of the script, although the frames in theMilan codex are well preserved comparing to those of theVienna manuscript.

This is a more simplify version of the “bianchi girari”, usually made of curling white stems motif, that began to spread in Italy since the middle of the 15th century in Italy, especially Florence. The motifs were common in Italy in the last quarter of the 15th century also in book bindings, such as in that of Cod. Commissioni,996 in Venice, Museo Correr, dated 1489 (See: De Marinis, 1955, tab. VII, comparison #2), or of ms. lat. X,330 in Venice, Biblioteca Marciana, dated 1499 (See: De Marinis, 1955, table X, comparison # 3), as well as in early print decorations, such as ms. CVP 111 of the ONB, Vienna (Ferrara, 1465-1472, see: Matthias Corvinus, cat. No. 22, fig. 3, comparison #4).

The detailed portrait of a bearded man’s head drawn in pen and ink on fol. 49v of the Milan manuscript (comparison # 1) is considered by Mortara-Ottolenghi to be related to Venetian style of the early 16th century (see: Luzzatto-Mortara Ottolenghi, Hebraica Ambrosiana, No. 22).

In conclusion, theViennamanuscript might have been made inItaly, much probably in theVenicearea, shortly after the publication of the first printing in Saloniki in 1516, during the first half of the 16th century.

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Fol. 1, owner’s inscription in cursive Italian script:
קנייו כספי בנימין פיסארו
"Purchased with my money, Benjamin Pesaro"


Censors' erasures e.g. on fols. 170v, 172v-174, 176-177, 180v, 181.

Censor’s erasure, fol. 229:
Revisto per mi fra Luigi da Bologna febraro 1599
"Seen by me, Luigi of Bologna, February 1599"



Fol. 229: Censors` signatures
Visto per me Gio[vanni] Domenico Carretto 1618
“Seen by me, Gio[vanni] Domenico Carretto 1618”

Dominico Ierosolimi[ta]no 1605

Small paper labels were sticked on the back cover, now removed, showing the title: מאמרי עין ישראל, and signature No. 122; other signatures: A 6 S. I 2º 836; A VI S 1 2º 836; d 2 S. 4 N. 122; 140.

The manuscript was acquired by F. Lipschütz for the National? Library on March 17, 1866, together with four other Hebrew manuscripts (Cod. Hebr. 186-189)

40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition

The manuscript is in quite good conditions, following a restoration. In many places, the ink of the decorative frames is seriously damaged by ink erosion that often interests also the following pages.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Piccard [to be accomplished] Hermann, Handschriften Italianischen Renaissance, 1930 H. J. Hermann, Die Handschriften und Inkunabeln der italienischen Renaissance, vol. 1: Oberitalien: Genua, Lombardei, Emilia, Romagna (Beschreibendes Verzeichnis der illuminierten Handschriften in Österreich N.F. 6.1), Leipzig, 1930, I, 192. Schwarz, A. Z., Hebräischen Hss. Wien, 1925 A. Z. Schwarz, Die hebräischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien , Leipzig, 1925, No. 78, pp. 74-75. For the comparisons: R. Berliner, Ornamentale Vorlagenblätter des 15.-bis 18. Jhd.s, Leipzig 1926, 12 und Taf. 23,2. De Marinis, T., La biblioteca napoletana dei re d’ Aragona, Milan, 1947 (Karl-George) IDEM., Rilegatura veneziane del XV e XVI secolo, Ausstellungskatalog Venedig, Isola di San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, 1955. tabs.VII, X. Unterkircher 2 (1959), 38. – L. Luzzatto -Mortara Ottolenghi, Hebraica Ambrosiana, Catalogue of Undescribed Hebrew Manuscripts in the Ambrosiana Library, Description of Decorated and Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts in the Ambrosiana Library, Milan, 1972, No. 22. Sotheby’s London, Important Hebrew Books from the Library of the late Salman Schocken, London, 6th December 1993, No. 107. E. Gamillscheg, - B. Mersich, (eds.), Matthias Corvinus und die Bildung der Renaissance. Handschriften aus der Bibliothek und dem Umkreis des Matthias Corvinus aus dem Bestand der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek. Ausstellungskatalog 27. May - 26. October 1994, Vienna 1994. ALPHA & OMEGA, 319.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23166
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza September 2003 February 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2008 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (2 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 244287 Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov, Fol. 1v, Northern Italy
Venice, First half of the 16th century(?) edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244287 Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov, Fol. 1v, Northern Italy
Venice, First half of the 16th century(?) edit
 
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov | Unknown
3a Object
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date First half of the 16th century(?)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
Italy | Veneto | Venice
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 190 (Schwatrz, No. 78 )
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001096
20 Description

Fol. 1v:

At the center of the page an "X"-shaped frame formed by woven bands in spear-ground technique, formed by a square at each corner, which convert to the centre at a larger square. Within the four areas formed by the corners the list of content of the book is listed according to the four orders of the Talmud on which the compilation 'Ein Ya'akov is based.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, black ink and pen
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The ink of the frame designed on the recto of the folio is reflected on the verso; serious damages of the upper-right part of the page as a consequence of ink erosion. The restoration was made for blocking the expanding of the damage
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244287
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza September 2003 February 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2008 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244288 Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov, Fol.214v, Northern Italy
Venice, First half of the 16th century(?) edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244288 Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov, Fol.214v, Northern Italy
Venice, First half of the 16th century(?) edit
 
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna ‘Ein Ya’akov | Unknown
3a Object
3b Object Detail Fol.214v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date First half of the 16th century(?)
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
Italy | Veneto | Venice
| ?
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 190 (Schwatrz, No. 78 )
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Decorated panel in spared ground technique | Fol. 214v
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001097
20 Description

Fol. 214v:

A square frame filled with woven interlaces in spear-ground technique rendered with black ink, is drawn at the center of the page, marking the end of the section dealing with the treatise of Shevu'ot and the opening of the treatise of Yebamot.  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, black ink and pen
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244288
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza September 2003 February 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2008 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a