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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23164 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)),, Italy, 15th century. // Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Reishit ha-Lekakh by Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?) (see: Remarks): Fols. 1-25
Pa'ne'ah Raza by Yitzhak ben Yehuda Halevi (excerpt: see: Remarks): Fols. 25v-99v
24 Codicology

: Parchment

 

I + 99 + I leaves

 

 

Measurements

 

Full page: (183-185) x (138-140) mm

Text space: (110-120) x85 mm

 

 

Scribes

The text is written by a single scribe, Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni.

 

 

Script

The text is written in semi-cursive Italian script in greenish-brown ink, while the captions and initial words are written in square Italian script.

N

NNumber of columns:

 

The text is written in one column.

 

Number of lines

 

The text is written in 22-23 lines per page.

 

 

Ruling

 

 

Ruling is executed by stylus and brown plummet (e.g. fols. 11-12v). 1+1 vertical lines for margins and 22-23 horizontal lines.

 

Pricking

 

Pricking is noticeable in outer margins (e.g. fols. 1-10).

 

 

Quires

11 quires of 10 leaves each except for quire II (10-1) (between fols. 18 and 19 one leaf is missing); VIII (10-2) (between fols. 73 and 74, in the middle of the quire one bifolio is missing); XI (2-1+1) (the last quire consisted of a bifolio and one single leaf; today one leaf of this bifolio is missing and the quire consists of two single leaves. Between fols. 97v and 98 also the text is missing).

 

????????????

 

 

 

 

 

Catchwords

 

Horizontal catchwords for quires are written in the lower left hand corner on the final verso of each quire. The catchwords are decorated with curls.

 

 

 

Hebrew numeration

 

None

 

 

Blank leaves

 

It seems that fol. 25v was originally blank.

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
The colophon is situated at the lower part of fol. 99v. It is written in semi cursive Italian script in Ink color, by the scribe Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni.

Text:

"ברוך נותן / ליעף כח ולאין/ אונים עצמה ירבה.[ישעיהו מ': כט']/ תם ושלי ונשלם./ בנ"לך ואע"י [ישעיהו מ': כט' בראשי תיבות] בא"ב ובא"ב. [ברוך אלוהינו בוראינו וברוך אלוהינו בוראינו] / אני משה ילו"ו [?] בכ"ר [בן כבוד רבי] שבתי ישר"ו [יחיה שנים רבות וטובות] מפוני כתבתי זה הספר ששמו/ ראשית הלקח וצפנת פענח לר' יהודה כהן בכ"ר [בן כבוד רבי] בנימין כהן ישר"ו [יחיה שנים רבות וטובות]/ וקבלתי המעות מידו ה' יזכהו הוא וזרעו וזרע זרעו עד סוף/ כל הדורות אמן"

"May he be blessed, who giveth power to the faint; and to them that have no might he increaseth strength (Isaiah 40: 29). It is finished and mine, and completed. [The same verse from Isaiah, but abbreviated]. May he be blessed, our Lord, our Creator [appears twice as abbreviation]. I am Moshe […] son of Shabbetai, may he live many fine years, from Fonni. I copied this book which is named Reishit ha-Lekakh and Tzofnat Pa'ne'ah for Rabbi Yehudah Cohen son of Benjamin Cohen, may he live many fine years and I received money from his hands, may the Lord grant him and his progeny and to the seed of his seed till the end of all generations, amen."
31 Scribal Notes
Fol. 1 opens with an inscription written by the scribe on the upper margin:
"בהנו"א [בעזרת השם נעשה ונצליח אמן] לק"י [לישועתך קויתי ה' (בראשית מט': יח')] עמ"י עש"ו [עזרי מעם ה', עשה שמים וארץ (תהלים קכא':ב')] אי"ה [אם ירצה השם] נ"א [?] סעדני ואושעה"
"With the Lord's help, let us do and thrive [abbreviated], I have waited for thy salvation, O Lord (Genesis 49: 18), my help cometh from the Lord, which made heaven and earth (Psalms 121: 2), if the Lord will wish [abbreviated], […] support and redeem me"

The name of the scribe, Moshe, is crowned with curls (e.g. fol. 77).
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

?????????

 

36 Decoration Program
  1. Decorative cartouche on fol. 25v framing the word "Decipher" ("פענח") which opens the second part of the manuscript containing the text of Pa'ne'ah Raza.
  2. Drawing of womb on the outer margin of fol. 28v illustrating the marginal note about androgyny.
  3. Decorated catchwords with simple curls at the end of the quires (e.g. fol. 29v).
  4. Curled ascenders and descenders of the letters in the first and last lines of some pages (e.g. fol. 27v).
  5. Shaped text at the last two pages of the manuscript (e.g. fol. 99).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

According to the colophon, the manuscript including Reishit ha-Lekakh and Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt) was copied by Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni for Yehudah ben Benjamin Cohen. The script and codicological features of the manuscript indicate that it was produced in Italy during the 15th century.

The statement of the scribe that he is from Fonni may indicate that at the time he copied this manuscript he was not in Fonni and identifying his city of origin. The city of Fonniis located in central Sardinia, although A. Freimann supposes that the scribe is referring to Giffone (גייפוני) which is in Calabria(Freimann, Jewish Scribes, p. 306).

 Little is known about the Jewish communities of Sardinia in the period extending from the time of the establishment of a native government in Sardinia (665) to that of the annexation of the island to Aragon(1325). During the first century of Spanish domination, the Jews of Sardinia enjoyed prosperity. The Aragonian king granted them many privileges, and their numbers were greatly augmented by the arrival of new settlers from Barcelona,Majorca, and other places. One of the largest Jewish communities in this period was in Alghero. However, in 1492 Sardinia, along with all other territories ruled by Spain, expelled their Jews.

 Thus, the statement of the scribe that he is from Fonni may indicate that he copied the manuscript somewhere in Italy, after the expulsion from Sardinia in 1492. On the other hand, it is possible that, like many other Jewish scribes, Moshe ben Shabbetai simply moved from his native Fonni to another place in Italy, without any connection to the expulsion.   

 Moshe was responsible for the shaped text (fols. 99 and 99v), the decorated catchwords, ascenders and descenders. However, at a later period, probably in the 16th century, another hand added a decorative cartouche on fol. 25v, which was originally blank and separated between the two texts included in the manuscript, Reishit ha-Lekakh and the excerpt of Pa'ne'ah Raza, as well as the inscribed marginal illustration on fol. 28v was also added by 16th century's hand.

 Reishit ha-Lekakh (The Beginning of Learning) is a text on Hebrew language and grammar, influenced by Ars grammatica, a text by Aelius Donatus, a Roman grammarian and teacher of rhetoric in the middle 4th century CE (Rothschild, La tradition vive, pp. 193-210). Reishit ha-Lekakh is divided according to eight parts of speech, which are defined philosophically. It also discusses the optative, an old verb form, which assigns an expression of a wish. The question of the authorship of this text is problematic. Supposedly, it was written by Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (Baber, Ateret Tzvi, pp. 5-6).

 Reishit ha-Lekakh was very popular in Italy. One of the earliest extant examples of Reishit ha-Lekakh was copied in 1287 in Italy (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, héb. 1221, fols. 231-249v) (see Beit Ariè, Otzar Kitvei Yad, vol. II, no. 13). Other manuscripts including Reishit ha-Lekakh also were mostly copied in Italy (for example: London, Montefiore Library, 217, fols. 328-339 (ca. 1300); Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ebr. 403, fols. 51v-66 (14th c.)), a fact which probably points to the Italian origin of this text.

 The text of the Vienna manuscript and of the Vatican manuscript open with a poetic introduction:

 "אני ראשית לכל לקח ומבוא... יצרני ילדני שמואל בנו יעקב..."

("I am the beginning of every learning and introduction… I created and gave birth, Shmuel ben Yaakov…")

This poem mentions the name of the author, Shmuel ben Yaakov, but it is not clear if it is indeed Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema and when this poem was added to the text (in the earliest example of Reishit ha-Lekakh, in the Paris manuscript, the poem does not appear).  

   

The text of the excerpt of Pa'ne'ah Raza (The Deciphering of a Secret) is a commentary on Torah based on gematria. This text is different from the original Pa'ne'ah Raza (end of the 13th century), written by Yitzhak ben Yehuda Halevi, although the division of the text according to the Parshiot and the character of the commentaries are similar in both versions. Similar versions of the text appear in a manuscript from the Vatican Library, copied in Italy in the 14th-15th century (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, ebr. 238, 28 leaves) and in a manuscript from the National Library in Paris, copied in Sienna in 1426 (Bibliothèque Nationale, héb. 1467, fols. 37v-93). The text of the Paris manuscript opens similarly to the Vienna manuscript: "I will start to write a few words of the book of Pa'ne'ah in short"(אתחיל לכתוב קצת מלות ספר פענח בקיצור).  

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
From fol. 1 up to fol. 44 there are marginal notes in Hebrew and Latin, correcting and completing the text. They are written in…inks, probably by Flaminii who was the owner of the manuscript and signed his name on fol. 99v: "L[…]s Flaminii". Schwarz identifies this Flaminii as Marcantonio Flaminii (Schwarz, Catalogue, p. 48) and also as the owner of a manuscript preserved in Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. hebr. 202 (fol. 163v).

On fol. 1 there is another owner's inscription: "dindice Isach Rigli [?]".

The signatures of censors are found on fols. 97v and 99v:
Fol. 99v: "Revisus p[er] me Laurentiu[m] Franguellu[m] 1575"
Fol. 97v: "Visto p[er] me frate Renato da Mo[dena] 1621"
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
?????????????
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Baber, S., Ateret Tzvi, Sefer Yovel le-Tzvi Graetz, Breslau, 1918.
Beit Ariè and C. Sirat, Otzar kitvei yad mi-yamei ha-beinaim, vol. II, Jerusalem, 1972-1986, no. 13.
Freimann, A. Jewish Scribes in Medieval Italy, in Alexander Marx Jubilee Volume, New York, 1950, pp. 231-342.
Hirschfeld, H., Literary History of Hebrew Grammarians and Lexicographers. Accompanied by Unpublished Texts, Jewish College Publication, no. 9 (1926), p. 98.
Perani, M., "Appunti per la storia degli Ebrei in Sardegna durante le dominazione aragonese", Italia, 5, 1/2 (1985), pp. 104-144.
Rothschild, J.P., La tradition vive: mélanges d’histoire des textes en l’honneur de Louis Holtz, Paris-Turnhout, 2003, pp. 193-210.
Schwarz, Z., Die hebräischen Handschriften in Österreich, ausserhalb der Nationalbibliothek in Wien, Leipzig, 1931, pp. 47-48.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23164
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Name: Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Aliza Cohen-Mushlin and Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (5 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 244277 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), , Italy, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244277 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), , Italy, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Cartouche |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001072
20 Description

Fol. 25v:

The rectangular cartouche set in the upper part of the page encloses the initial word "פענח" (Pa'ne'ah) which opens the second part of the manuscript which contains the text of Pa'ne'ah Raza. Under the cartouche there is a caption[1], whereas the rest of the page is blank.

The cartouche consists of a rectangular frame with stepped corners enclosing an oval inner frame. Both frames are symmetrically decorated with floral motifs.

Most probable is that originally this leaf was blank, and the word Pa'ne'ah, the cartouche, as well as the caption were carried out by a later hand in the second half of the 16th century.

 

   

 


[1]  "פרוש על קצת מלות התורה בקצור" ("Commentary on a few words of Torah in short"). 

21 Ornamentation Cartouche

 
21 Ornamentation
Cartouche

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244277
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244278 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.27v, Italy, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244278 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.27v, Italy, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.27v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Descender, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001073
20 Description

Fol. 27v:

The ends of the descenders of the letter "kuf" (ק) in the last line are branched out and curled up.

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated descenders
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated descenders
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244278
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244279 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.28v, Italy, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244279 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.28v, Italy, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.28v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Androgynous |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001074
20 Description

Fol. 28v:

In the centre of the outer margin there is a drawing of a womb-like object, executed in brown? ink. It is flanked by two semi-circles shaped as ovaries, each one enclosing the number 390. Above the drawing there is an inscription, probably by the original scribe: "Male and female in gematria [numerology] are androgynos" (זכר ונקבה בגימ' אנדרוגינוס). The numerical values of the letters in the Hebrew words "male and female" and in the word "androgynos" add up to the sum of 390.

The drawing is related to the main text: "Male and female in gematria androginos teaches that he created him with two faces…" (זכר ונקבה בגימטרי' אנדרוגינוס ממלמד שבראו שתי פרצופין...)and was probably executed in the 16th century.

 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244279
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244280 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.29v, Italy, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244280 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.29v, Italy, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.29v
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catchword, decorated |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001075
20 Description

Fol. 28v:

The catchword "קורס" ??? for the third quire is decorated with a simple flower above it and curls under it.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244280
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244281 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.99, Italy, 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244281 Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)), Fol.99, Italy, 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Miscellany (Shmuel ben Yaakov Gema (?), Reishit ha-Lekakh and Yitzhak ben Yehudah Halevi, Pa'ne'ah Raza (excerpt)) | Unknown
3a Object Miscellany
Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.99
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe ben Shabbetai from Fonni (Scribe)
5 Date 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. hebr. 153 (Schwartz, No. 43)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001076
20 Description

Fol. 99:

The text at the end of the manuscript (fols. 99 and 99v) is spread out geometrically. On fol. 99 it is shaped as two triangles turned towards each other with their apexes with two horizontal lines between them.   

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244281
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann 21.11.05 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann 23.11.05 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 53a
54 Editor Judith Cardozo 54a
55 Donor 55a