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  (XI) Obj. ID: 23160 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible,, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century. // Menahem,Abraham edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation

22 Custom
23 Contents
Rashi commentary on the Bible (not including the commentary for the book of Chronicles)

I. Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch: (fols. 1v-94v)
II. Rashi's commentary on the Books of the Prophets (with captions indicating sections which also serve as haftarot) (fols. 95-200): Joshua: (fols. 95- 99); Judges: (fols. 99-103); Samuel (I+II): (fols. 103-113); Kings (I+II): (fols. 113-124v); Jeremiah: (fols. 124v-134v); Ezekiel: (fols. 134v-152v); Isaiah: (fols. 152v-179v); Twelve Minor Prophets: (fols. 179v- 200).
III. Rashi's commentary on Hagiographa (fols. 200-276): Ruth (fols. 200-201); Psalms (fols. 201-224); Song of Songs (fols. 224-229v); Proverbs (fols. 230-240v); Ecclesiastes (fols. 240v-248); Job (fols. 248-260); Lamentations (fols. 260v-262v); Daniel (fols. 263-269); Esther (fols. 269-270v); Ezra-Nechemia (fols. 270v-276).

24 Codicology

Parchment, I+276+I leaves

 

Measurements 

Full page: (420-425) x (315-318)mm

Main text: (310-313) x (235-240)mm

Column width: (65-68)mm

 

Scribes

Two scribes

Scribe A: Menahem

Main text and commentary text

Fols. 1v-22v, 95-108v, 149-152v, 182-276

Scribe B: Avraham

Main text

Fols. 23-94v, 109-148v, 153-181v

Script

Main text of scribes A and B written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown and brown ink. 

Commentary texts in the margins of sections of scribe A, written by scribe A in shaped text in small semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

Some captions for sections written in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink by scribe B (e.g., fols. 24v, 50v, 63, 93, 127v, 131v).

 

Number of columns 

Mostly in three columns.

 

 

Number of lines

Main text:

41-42 lines per page, mostly in three columns (except for: fols. 20v, 21, 108, 152v)

Commentary:

Shaped text in varying number of lines (e.g., fols. 6v, 7, 8, 8v, 9,17v, 103v, 107v, 149)               

 

Ruling

Ruling by plummet is discernable on most folios both on the recto and the verso (e.g., fols. 9, 11, 43, 81, 87v, 106v, 107, 131, 165v, 175, 206, 236v, 242, 262, 270v, 276).  Ruling for scribe A is in gray plummet and for scribe B in brown plummet.  Scribe B also has some ruling in stylus (e.g., fols. 63-75v).  42-43 horizontal lines.  5-6 lines of which are ruled across the entire width of the page (lines 1, 2, 22 and/or 24, 40, 42).  Mostly 1+2+2+1 vertical lines, but also 2+2+2+1 vertical lines by scribe A (fols. 182-276). 

 

Pricking

Pricking is discernable in the inner (except for fols. 274, 275), outer (e.g., fols. 78, 111, 148, 155-165, 179-181), lower (e.g., 120, 122, 200-203) and upper (e.g., fols. 156, 200, 202, 214-218) margins.

 

Quires

38 quires of mostly 8 leaves each except for I4, III10, XIV6, XV6-3 (3 last leaves cut out, no text missing), XX8-3 (3 last leaves cut out, no text missing), XXI4, XXII8-1(first leaf cut out, no text missing), XXIII6, XXVI6, XXXVII6, XXXVIII6-3 (3 last leaves cut out). 

 

Catchwords

Catchwords for the quires appear in the lower left corner of many of the last versos of quires, mostly in sections written by scribe B (e.g., fols. 30v, 38v, 46v, 111v, 119v, 135v, 159v, 165v, 173v, 181v) and sometimes in sections written by scribe A (e.g., fols. 219v, 235v, 251v, 259v, 273v). Some of the catchwords written by scribe B are decorated (e.g., fols. 30v, 119v, 181v).

 

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 1 and 276v were originally blank and now contain later inscriptions.

 

 

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
Scribes A (Menahem), and B (Avraham) both indicate their names many times by decorating them when appearing in the text (e.g. for scribe A: fols. 96v, 186, 198, 198v, 200, 201v, 202, 202v, 207, 211, 214, 239v, 244v and for scribe B: fols. 25v, 26v, 30, 30v, 46, 74v, 76, 80v, 81v, 114, 118v, 138v, 161, 171v, 172, 174v, 175). (See decoration program, category D.)

Scribal notes by Scribe A (Menahem):
• Fol. 152v, in the right corner of the upper margin, in semi-cursive very dark brown ink, in tiny script of the marginal commentary: ואני הכותב תמהתי שלא מצאתי/שבט גד מצוייר
Translation: “And I, the scribe am surprised that I did not find the tribe of Gad illustrated.” Relating to the map drawn on this page, the scribe is most probably expressing his surprise that the tribe of Gad was not illustrated in the model he was copying from (see Remarks).
• Fol. 95, in the right corner of the upper margin, in semi cursive very dark brown ink, in tiny letters of the marginal commentary, at the beginning of the Books of Prophets: וחפץ ה' בידי יצלח
Translation: “And the will of God, succeed in my hands.”
• Fol. 179v: left text column, among the main text in same writing is a scribal note in rhyme at the beginning of the Twelve Minor Prophets: בעזרת שוכן עלייה/ועתה אני סר/להתחיל תרי עשר
Translation: “With the help of The One who resides above, and now I will turn to begin the books of the Twelve Minor Prophets”
• Fol. 201, middle of page in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink is a scribal note in rhyme, at the beginning of the Book of Psalms: ושוכן מעולים יצליחני בספר תהילים
Translation: “And the One who dwells above will help me succeed in the Book of Psalms.”
• Fol. 276 at the end of the main text, in large letters in semi-cursive dark brown ink is a scribal note in rhyme, terminating the manuscript:
השלמתי ספר עזרא הצור יהא לנו לעזרה ויוציאנו מאפילה לאורה / אמן בימינו מהרה
Translation: “I have finished the Book of Ezra, May God be in our help and remove us from darkness to light, Amen, in our days quickly.”
Underneath this, in smaller letters in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink: ברוך הנותן ליעף כח ולאין אונים עצמה ירבה חזק ונתחזק.
Translation: "Blessed is He who gives power to the faint and to them that have no might he increases strength".

Scribal notes by Scribe B (Avraham):
• Fol. 94v, end of left text column in semi cursive dark brown ink, ending the Pentateuch: נשלם/זאת הברכה/כדת וכהלכה/שבח והלל לאל אשר לו המלוכה/ויצוה לי ארוכה/אמן סלה
Translation: "[The pericope of] Vezot Ha'brakah ("And this is the blessing") has been completed according to religion and law, blessings and glory to the Lord who is king, who will grant me long life, Amen."

32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was made in 1 stage by both of the scribes responsible for the copying of the text. 

A. One text illustration of a ladder (fol. 12v) set in the lower margin, below the text of commentary on Jacob's dream (Genesis 28: 12-15)

B. Four maps illustrating the text, executed in ink by the scribe who wrote the corresponding text (scribe A: fols. 103, 150, 152v and scribe B: fol. 79), and drawn according to the biblical text and Rashi's commentary.  The first map (fol. 79 ) illustrates the boundaries of theLand ofIsrael (Numbers 34:2-12).  The second (fol. 103) illustrates the location of the city ofShiloh (Judges 21:19).  The third (fol. 150) map illustrates the city of Jerusalem in the days of the Third Temple (Ezekiel 45:1-7) and the fourth (fol. 152v) illustrates the reapportionment of the Land of Israel among the Twelve Tribes of Israel in the days of the Third Temple (Ezekiel 48: 1-27).  

C. Three decorated initial words for the opening of books written by scribe B, in dark brown ink.  Two of the initial words are surrounded by wriggly work (fols. 48v, 63), one of them incorporated with four dogs (fol. 63) and the third initial word has circles set on the junctions of the letters (fol. 134v). 

D. Decoration indicating the names of the scribes.  Scribe B (Avraham) indicates his name many times when appearing in the text, with pen drawings of several motifs: quadrupeds (e.g., fols. 25v, 80v, 118v, 171v, 172) or winged birds of different kinds, (e.g, fols. 74v, 161, 174v, 175) set in the margins adjacent to the name. The birds and quadrupeds sometime pick at the name with their beak or mouth (e.g., fols. 161, 172, 174v).  The scribe's name is also decorated once by a hybrid holding a cup, set in the margin next to the name (fol. 30), once by a crown (fol. 26v), once by foliate leaves (fol. 81v) and once by dots set above the name (fol. 138v).  One of these may possibly also serve as a text illustration, alluding to the animal mentioned in the text next to which it is depicted (e.g., fols. 25v).

Scribe A (Menahem) also indicates his name many times when it appears in the text, by decorating it above with dots forming a small flourish (e.g., fols. 96v, 186, 198, 198v, 200, 201v, 202, 202v, 207, 211, 214, 239v, 244v) .  Twice he decorates the letters of his name with dots when they appear in different words, thus forming an acrostic (fols. 207, 248).

E. Decorated catchwords executed by scribe B, set in the lower left-hand corner of many of the last versos of quires (e.g., fols. 30v, 80v, 119v, 181v).  The catchwords are decorated by pen drawings of animals and birds such as: a horse (fol. 30v), a bird catching a fish in its mouth (fol. 80v), a monkey riding a lion while playing a musical instrument (fol. 119v), an effaced drawing of a man eating a fish (fol. 176 and a large bird (fol. 181v).  One of these may possibly also serve as a text illustration alluding to the animal mentioned in the text below which it is depicted (fol. 30v). 

F. Shaped main text by scribe B forming triangles and diamonds (fol. 94v, 276).

G. Many shaped commentary text, by assorted commentators written by scribe A (for example "R. Samuel" ( ר' שמואל ) (fol.9v, 17v), "R. Sampson", (ר' שמשון ) (fol. 18), "R. Samuel son of Isaac", (ר' שמואל בר יצחק  ) (fol. 18v), "DaKh" ד"ך (fol. 23v).  The commentary text is set in the margins and was written by scribe A in different shapes: circles (e.g., fols. 6v, 7, 8, 8v, 9, 9v, 11, 11v, 12, 13, 14v, 15, 17v, 20, 21, 22, 103, 159v, 151) and triangles (e.g, fols. 4, 4v, 16, 149). Sometimes these are set one on top of the other forming the shape of a vase (e.g., fols. 4v, 5).  Sometimes the commentary text is set on the curve of a corner (e.g., fols. 2, 2v, 4, 6, 9, 17v, 103, 107v).

H. Several small decorated Haftarah signs set in the margins, executed by scribe A in brown ink.  The signs are comprised of a simple diamond-shaped frame surrounding the name of the Haftarah (e.g., 101v, 107v).




[

36 Summary and Remarks

 

 

The Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible was copied most probably between the second half of the 13th century to the first half of the 14th century, in Southern Germany, most probably in the region ofFranconia.  The manuscript was copied by two alternating scribe-artists named Menahem and Avraham.  The scribes wrote on separate quires, and it would seem that they did not divide the quires between them and work simultaneously, but rather worked one after the other.  This may be evident in two places where the last few words of quires written by scribe A were repeated also in the following quire written by scribe B (e.g., fols. 108v-109), most probably as a method of conserving the order of the quires.  Each scribe was apparently responsible for the ruling of his own quire, scribe A using a gray plummet and scribe B using a brown plummet and stylus (e.g., fols. 63-75v).  Each scribe also added decoration to the sections written by him. 

Rashi’s commentary on the Bible was copied down into many manuscripts produced in the Middle Ages, most commonly appearing in the margins surrounding the text of the Bible  (as can be seen for example in Cod. Hebr. 28 of the ÖNB collection)  Manuscripts dedicated solely to the text of Rashi’s commentary, without including the biblical text – as is the case in this Viennamanuscript - are not as common.  Many of the surviving examples are incomplete and contain only commentary to several books.  The Viennamanuscript is an almost complete example, missing only the book of Chronicles.  Our Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible served as the Hebrew text edition for the translation of Rashi's commentary on Psalms into English by (Gruber, Rashi's Commentary, pp. 811-860).

Several of these other examples of Rashi's commentary on the Bible of Ashkenazi origin are set in a similar format to our manuscript, displaying the text in three columns with headings for the different books and/or pericopes (e.g., ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 3, dating to the 13th-14th century; Berlin, Or. Fol. 1221, dating to the 13th century; Leiden, Bibliotheek der Rijksuniversiteit Cod. Or. 4718 dated 1270).  Most of the surviving manuscripts containing the text of Rashi’s commentary on the Bible as a separate unit are undecorated or include only slight decorations, such as wriggly work surrounding the initial words or shaped text (e.g., Berlin, Staatsbibliothek Or. Fol. 1221 dating to the 13th century; Biblioteca Ambrosiana C119 INF, dating to the 13th century; Leiden, Bibliotheek der Rijksuniversiteit Cod. Or. 4718, dated 1270).  A rare example of a richly decorated manuscript which includes, among other commentaries, the text of Rashi's commentary on the Bible as well, in a similar (though not identical) format to the Vienna manuscript, is one of the earliest surviving example of an illuminated Ashkenazi manuscript, known as The Rashi of Warzburg, written by Shlomo ben Shmuel of Warzburg in 1233 (Mϋnchen, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. Hebr. 5, Vols. I & II).   

The decoration of our Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible includes one text illustration, four maps illustrating the text, decorated initial words, decoration indicating the names of the scribes, decorated catchwords, and shaped text.

The text illustration depicts a crude penwork drawing of Jacob's ladder (fol. 12v) as an illustration to the biblical text and Rashi's commentary on the section of Genesis 28:12-15 describing Jacob's dream of a ladder, on which are angels of G-d ascending and descending.  Text illustrations of Jacob's ladder appear in other manuscripts as well, but are often composed of micrography rather than just an outline as seen in our manuscript (e.g. Cod. Hebr. 28 of the Viennacollection mentioned above, fol. 39v and Vat. Ebr. 14, fol. 31).  In both of these examples, as in our manuscript, the ladder is depicted simply in schematic lines, tilted diagonally to the left and there is no depiction of other elements mentioned in the biblical text.

The Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible contains four maps, illustrating the adjacent text and executed in ink by the scribes responsible for the copying of the text of the folio where they appear - three of them by scribe A (Menahem) and one by scribe B (Avraham).  These four maps appear as well in a group of Ashkenazi copies of Rashi's commentary on the Bible as a separate text, dating between the 13th and the 14th century and all written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script.  The maps appearing in this group were most probably executed by the scribes, usually in an unsophisticated, schematic manner as in our manuscript, though some are more exact and detailed (two examples of manuscripts of this group which are not decorated are housed in the Vienna collection – ONB 23, 24).  Other examples are the maps found in the Rashi of Warzburg (Mϋnchen, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Cod. Hebr. 5, Vols. I & II), described in detail by Professor Narkiss (Narkiss, Rashi U'mapotav, pp. 435-439) and the maps found in four manuscripts housed in Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale Cod. Hebrèus 154, 155, 161, 156, described in detail by Gabriella Sed-Rajna (Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux, pp. 224-232).  In several of the other examples from this group, appears an additional map illustrating the text of Numbers 34: 2-12 which does not appear in our manuscript (see for example Rashi of Warzburg, Vol. I, fol. 139).  The map illustrating Judges 21:19, appearing in our manuscript is only sometimes included in other manuscripts in this group (see for example ÖNB Cod. Hebr. 3, fol. 147 andOxford, Bodleian Library, Ms. Opp. 34, fol. 125).  The maps depicted in this group of manuscripts are similar in all the copies, except for minor variants.

Special attention has been given by researchers to these maps included in manuscripts containing the text of Rashi's commentary, in an attempt to determine whether these maps are copies of ones drawn by Rashi himself in his original text, now lost to us.  Two textual evidences support this assumption.  The first is to be found in the commentary of the Rashbam (Rashi's grandson) to Numbers 34:2 reading "Although our Rabbi, my grandfather, has already explained it and has drawn pictures of the boundaries, let us explain it" (רבינ זקיני פירש וצייר תחומין ואף על פי כן אפרש בקוצר).  The second evidence for the authenticity of the diagrams is found in Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Or. Fol. 122, dating to the 13th century, which includes Rashi's commentary on the Prophets and Hagiographia.  On fols. 72-72v, the map illustrating Ezekiel 45:1-7 is followed by Rashi's letter to the rabbis of Auxerre (רבני אלצורא).  In this letter, Rashi answers a question addressed to him regarding the location of the outer chambers of the Temple, adding at the end of his answer "I cannot add [anything] to the commentary I have given in the quires but I will draw their figure and shall send them the drawings" (איני יודע מה להוסיף על מה שפי' בקונטרסים אך צורתם אצור ואשלח לך).  It is important to note that these maps found in Hebrew medieval manuscripts were later omitted from the printed editions of Rashi's commentary. 

One interesting variant in the Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible is to be found in the map on fol. 79, in the paragraph written in the centre of the map, relating to the Mountain of Hor.  This paragraph is found in other manuscripts of this group and was identified as being similar - though not identical - to Rashi's commentary on Gittin 8a.  The ending words of the paragraph in most of the other manuscripts are "a mountain above a mountain like an apple" ( הר על גבי הר כמין תפוח), which is the way the words appear in Gittin.  In our manuscript the paragraph ends with the words "mountain on top of a mountain like a large apple above a small apple" ( (הר על גבי הר כמין תפוח גדול על גבי (תפוח קטן.  This is a reversal of a phrase found in Rashi's commentary on Numbers 20: 22, and in other sources as well, describing the Mountain of Hor as a "mountain on top of a mountain, like a small apple above a large apple" (הר על גבי הר כתפוח קטן על גבי תפוח גדול). 

Manuscripts including Rashi's commentary on Prophets and Hagiographa are fewer in number than those including only Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch, and as such the two maps illustrating texts of Ezekiel appear less often in manuscripts of this group.  The maps drawn in ourViennacommentary are similar in content to those appearing for example in Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, Hebreu 154, Vat. Ebr. 94,Berlin,Berlin, Staatsbibliothek, Or. Fol. 1221, Vienna ÖNB ms. 23, 24 and Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, Hebreu 161. 

An interesting variant found in this map on fol. 152v of ourViennamanuscript is the fact that the portion of the tribe of Gad, which in other copies of this map appears on the far right section after the tribe of Zevulun, is missing from our map.  On the top margin of the page is a scribal note written vertically and marked above with cross-hatch (#)  The note reads: “And I the scribe am surprised that I did not find the tribe of Gad illustrated” (ואני הכותב תמהתי שלא מצאתי/שבט גד מצוייר).  It would seem that the scribe is expressing his surprise over the fact that he did not find the tribe of Gad in the map of the model from which he was copying.  He did not correct this omission found in the model but felt obligated to state that it was not his own oversight, rather that of someone else.

One of the main elements of the decoration of the Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible is that each of the scribes indicated his name by decorating it whenever it appeared in the text.  Scribe A - Menahem – marked his name 18 times with dotted flourishes and scribe B – Avraham – marked his name 14 times in different ways – mostly with pen drawings of quadrupeds, birds, and a hybrid and also by dots extending into the margin (see Decoration program, Category D).  Although the marking of names is a common practice employed by Ashkenzi scribes, our manuscript shows a rare example of scribes who choose to employ this device many times in one manuscript.

Scribe B was also responsible for the decorated catchwords executed in ink, appearing at the end of many quires written by him.  The style of the decorations and the technique of pen-work employed by this scribe-artist can be compared to those appearing in a group of manuscripts originating in Southern Germany, most probably in the region of Franconia, dating between the end of the 13th century to the first half of the 14th century.  Many of these

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
According to Shwartz the manuscript is noted in the accession book and files of S. Egger as bought for 250 fl. On March 7th, 1965. – Ask Fingernagel to check if there is anymore information on the history of the Ms.!!

Later inscription on fol. 1 reading קניתי זה הפרו'...ר' נתן
Translation: "I bought this commentrary….R. Natan."

Later inscriptions on fols. 11, 12v, 80

Fol. 44v: A later hand filled in the title of the periscope "When thou takest the sum" (כי תשא את ראש) in the space that was empty and also wrote the first line of the commentary to the pericope which was missing.

Fol. 260: A later hand partially completed the commentary for the book of Job according to the commentary of the RashBam (רשב"ם), the grandson of Rashi and according to the commentary of Rabbi Jacob Ha-Nazir ( ר"י נזיר) (Shoshana (ed.), Sefer Iyov, p. 69).

Fol. 178: to the left of the middle column, in the margin in tiny letters in square script in brown ink, next to the initial words "Rise up and shine" (קומי אורי) is written in rhyme: אני אורי: כך/שמי: זה ספר/ שלי
Translation: “I am Uri: that is my name: this is my book”. This is a play on words, as the meaning of the name "Uri" in Hebrew is "shine".

Many marginal notes written in semi-cursive script in brown ink, or corrections within the main text in the same ink, with the initials "DaKh" ד"ך written next to them (e.g., fols. 42, 46, 48v, 56, 69)

Many corrections and additions written in the margins and intercolumn space, by different hands in different tones of brown ink, in square or semi-cursive script.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good. Fol. 1 is very darkened and has holes in it. The first 30 or so leaves are also darkened slightly. Some folios have holes in them which are probably original.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Cohen-Mushlin, A., in: Beit-Arie, M., The Worms Mahzor, Introductory Volume to a Facsimile Edition, Cyelar Publishing Co., London, and Jewish National and University Library, Jerusalem, 1986.
Encyclopedia Judaica, Vol. 13
Gruber, M. I., Rashi's Commentary on Psalms (The Brill Reference Library of Judaism, Volume 18), Brill (Leiden & Boston), 2004
Sed-Rajna, Gabrielle, Les Manuscrits Hebreux Enlumines Des Bibliotheques De France, Leuven-Paris, 1994, pp. 224-232
Sed-Rajna, Gabrielle, "Some Further Data on Rashi's Diagrams to his Commentary on the Bible", Jewish Studies Quarterly, 1993-1994, no. 2, pp. 149-157
וילנאי, זאב, המפה העברית של ארץ ישראל, ירושלים, 1968
נרקיס, בצלאל, "רש"י ומפותיו", ספר זאב וילנאי (עורך: אלי שילר), ירושלים, 1984, עמ' 435-439
שושנה, אברהם (עורך), ספר איוב מבית מדרשו של רש"י, ירושלים, 1999
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
23160
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Estherlee Kanon; Aliza Cohen-Mushlin May, 2003, September, 2003; Febרuary, 2004 49a
50 Researcher Estherlee Kanon September, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 06-2017 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (22 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 244244 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.12v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244244 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.12v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.12v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jacob, Ladder of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001037
20 Description

Fol. 12v:

A ladder with ?[1] rungs is depicted in the lower margin on the left, below Rashi's commentary for the text of Genesis 28: 12-15 relating to Jacob's dream. 

It seems that there are several small compartments in which were inscriptions which are illegible?

 


[1] Ask finger to check

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The page is stained all over the edges. Probably is a water stain
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244244
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244253 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.25v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244253 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.25v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.25v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Quadruped
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001046
20 Description

Fol. 25v:

The name Avraham, written in the third column at the beginning of the 9th line from the bottom, is decorated in the intercolumnar space by a small crouching quadruped executed in ink, who is touching the name with its paw.  The quadruped, as well as the accentuation of the word by three dots, indicate the scribe's name Avraham. 

It is possible that this quadruped is a donkey, perhaps alluding to the donkey of Abraham who is mentioned in the text in the line above

21 Ornamentation quadruped
 
21 Ornamentation
quadruped
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244253
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244254 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.26v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244254 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.26v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.26v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crown
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001047
20 Description

Fol. 26v:

The name Avraham appears at the top of the first column, and is decorated above by a foliate crown, indicating the scribe's name.

21 Ornamentation Crown
 
21 Ornamentation
Crown
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244254
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244256 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.30, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244256 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.30, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.30
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001049
20 Description

Fol. 30:

The decorated catchword “Find” (תמצא) is set in the lower left corner, and is surrounded by a pen outline drawing of what seems to be a horse.  Next to it is another drawing which was not completed.

The horse may be alluding to the horse mentioned in the text on the 4th line from the bottom of the left column.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244256
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244257 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.30v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244257 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.30v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.30v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Horse |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001050
20 Description

Fol. 30v

The decorated catchword “Find” (תמצא) is set in the lower left corner, and is surrounded by a pen outline drawing of what seems to be a horse.  Next to it is another drawing which was not completed.

The horse may be alluding to the horse mentioned in the text on the 4th line from the bottom of the left column.

 

21 Ornamentation Horse(?)
 
21 Ornamentation
Horse(?)
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244257
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244240 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.63, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244240 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.63, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.63
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dog
Foliate motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001033
20 Description

Fol. 63:

The initial word “And the Lord spake” (וידבר), opening the book of Numbers, is written in display letters in brown ink and set in the upper part of the second text column, surrounded by wriggly work ending in foliate motifs. Crude drawings of four dogs are set within and below the word, three of them in the empty spaces formed by the letters and one of them underneath the letter ”dalet", perhaps serving as vocalization of “patah” (פתח) (vocalized “da”).

21 Ornamentation Dogs
 
21 Ornamentation
Dogs
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244240
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244258 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.74v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244258 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.74v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.74v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001051
20 Description

Fol. 74v:

The name Avraham written at the beginning of the 13th line from the top of the first column, is decorated by a bird perched on a foliate motif extending from the first letter into the right margin, indicating the scribe's name.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244258
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244259 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.79, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244259 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.79, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.79
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001052
20 Description

Fol. 79:

Set in the middle of the second text column is a large rectangular schematic map, executed by scribe B, illustrating the Rashi commentary for the text of Numbers 34:2-12 dealing with the boundaries of the Land of Israel from the South, through the West and East till the North.  The map is oriented to the East, according to Rashi 34:11 and includes inscriptions of excerpts from the text of the Bible as well as from the text of Rashi's commentary. 

In the centre of the rectangle is inscribed on top "the Land of Israel" (ארץ ישראל) and on the right side inscribed vertically "within these four sides is the Land of Canaan" (תוך ארבע חוטין הללו ארץ כנען).  The centre of the rectangle includes a paragraph of text similar to Rashi's commentary on Gittin 8a (though it is not an exact copy of it), discussing the identification and location of the mountain of Hor. 

Surrounding the centre on each sides are strips divided into varying numbers of compartments of varying sizes, inscribed with names of places mentioned in the text. 

The directions of the map are written in inscriptions set within the map itself – "east side" (חוט מצר מזרח) on the top, "south side" (חוט מצר דרומי) on the right and "west side" (חוט מצר מערבי) on the bottom.  The left side, of the north, has no inscription.

The southern border (on the right), is a strip which is open at the bottom, contains excerpts from the text of Numbers 34:3-5, sometimes comprised together in a slightly different manner than that of the biblical text.  The inscriptions read (from right to left): "the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward" (מקוה ים המלח/ שהוא/ קדמה), "And your border shall turn from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim" (ונסב לכם הגבול/מנגב למעלה/ עקרבים).  To the left of this is an inscription written diagonally reading "and pass on to Zin" (ועבר צנה).  To the left of this are four small compartments inscribed with names of places mentioned in the biblical text and set above inscriptions of excerpts from the biblical text.  (From right to left): The first compartment is inscribed "Zin" (צנה), the second "Hazar-addar" (חצר אדר), and below it "and the going forth thereof Hazar" (והיו תוצאותיו/ חצר), the third "Azmon" (עצמון) and below it "and pass and shall go on from Azmon, Hazar-addar" (ועבר/ ויצא מעצמון/ חצר אדר) (the biblical text actually reads the opposite of this inscription, since it directs that the border should go on to Hazar-addar and then pass on to Azmon [Numbers, 43:4]).  The fourth compartment, set on the far left side of this strip is empty and is inscribed underneath "and the goings out of it" (תוצאותיו) and on the right "shall be the sea" (הימה). 

Above the middle part of this right hand strip is a smaller strip which protrudes into the centre section designated as the Land of Israel.  This smaller strip is inscribed with an excerpt from Numbers 34:4, reading "south side – the south to the ascent of Akrabbim and the going forth thereof shall be from the south to Kadesh-barnea" (חוט מצר דרומי-נגב למעלה עקרבים תוצאותיו/מנגב לקדש ברנע).  Above this is another strip with two compartments inscribed (from right to left): "ascent of Akrabbim" (מעלה עקרבים), "to Kadesh-barnea" (לקדש ברנע).  These relate to Rashi's commentary to Numbers 34:4, although according to Rashi, this inner strip is supposed to reach until the section parallel to "Azmon" (עצמון), and in our map the strip only reaches until "Zin" (צנה).

The western border, set on the bottom, is composed of two strips – the upper one is inscribed "west side" (חוט מצר מערבי) and the lower one is inscribed "great sea" (ים הגדול). 

The northern border, set on the left, is a strip in which are five small compartments, each containing the names of places mentioned in the biblical text.  These compartments are each set above an inscription of excerpts from Numbers 34:7-9, sometimes comprised in a manner slightly different than that of the biblical text.  The far right compartment is inscribed "the mount Hor" (הר ההר) and underneath "and this shall be your border Ziphron, from the great sea ye shall point out for you the mount Hor" (וזה היה לכם/ הגבול זפרון/ מן הים הגדול תתאו לכם הר ההר).  (It seems the scribe made a mistake in copying the excerpt taken from verse 7 and instead of the word "north" (צפון) he copied the name "Ziphron" (זפרון), appearing in verse 9.  This mistake may already have appeared in his model, or the scribe may have mixed them up because the two words have a similar pronunciation.)  The next compartment is a long one, inscribed "the entrance of Hamath" (לבוא חמת) and underneath "From mount Hor ye shall point out your border unto the entrance of Hamath" (ומהר ההר תתאו לבוא חמת).  To the left of this is a compartment inscribed "Zedad" (צדדה) and underneath "and the going forth of the border shall be to Zedad" (היו/תוצאות/הגבול/צדדה).  To the left is a compartment inscribed "Ziphron" (זפרון) and underneath "and the border shall go on to Ziphron, and the goings out of it shall be at" ((ויצא הגבול/ זפרונה והיו/ תוצאותיו.   Between this and the final compartment is the continuation of the previous inscription which is set diagonally reading "Hazar-enan" (חצר עינן), leading up to the next compartment which is also inscribed "Hazar-enan" (חצר עינן).

The eastern border, set on the top, is inscribed below "east side" (חוט מצר מזרח) and contains five compartments inscribed with names of places mentioned in the biblical text of Numbers 34:10-12 reading (from left to right): "Sepham" (שפמה), "Riblah" (הרבלה), "the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward" (כתף ים כנרת/ קדמה), "the Jordan" (הירדן), "the salt sea" (ים המלח).

21 Ornamentation Map of the boundaries of the Land of Israel
 
21 Ornamentation
Map of the boundaries of the Land of Israel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244259
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244260 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.80v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244260 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.80v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.80v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Fish
Bird
Quadruped
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001053
20 Description

Fol. 80v:

The name Avraham written at the end of the 8th line from the bottom on the first column, is decorated by a quadruped raising its front leg while gnawing at the name. 

On the bottom margin of the page is a pen-drawing of a large bird with spread wings carrying a long scaled fish in between its legs and poking at it with its mouth.  Extending from the fish’s mouth is a foliate motif.  This is most probably a decoration of a catchword which itself was cut off from the page.

 

21 Ornamentation Fish
Bird

 
21 Ornamentation
Fish
Bird

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244260
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244261 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.94v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244261 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.94v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.94v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shaped text |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001054
20 Description

Fol. 94v:

The last page of the text of Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch is shaped as rows of triangles and diamonds, in three columns

21 Ornamentation Shaped text
 
21 Ornamentation
Shaped text
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244261
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244241 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.103, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244241 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.103, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.103
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shiloh, map of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001034
20 Description

Fol. 103:

On the lower part of the right text column is a small map illustrating Rashi's commentary for Judges 21:19 which describes the location of the city ofShiloh, (mentioned in the text of Judges) in relation to other cities and places. The biblical text and Rashi commentary indicate thatShilohis placed to the north of Beth-el, south of Levona and east of the highway leading up from Beth-el to Shechem.

The map includes three small rectangles set in a row, inscribed with the names of cities (from right to left): "Beth-el" (בית אל), "Shiloh" (שילה) and "Lebonah" (לבונה).  Underlining these is a longer rectangle, connected by a line to the city ofBeth-eland leading into the city ofShechem, placed to the left of Lebonah.  Inscribed in the long rectangle are the words "The path leading up to Shechem" (מסילה העולה לשכם).

In the lower margin is are shaped commentary texts written by scribe A, set in the form of a triangle on the right and a circle set on a rectangle in the middle.

 

21 Ornamentation Map of the location of the city Shilo
 
21 Ornamentation
Map of the location of the city Shilo
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244241
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244242 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.118v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244242 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.118v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.118v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Quadruped
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001035
20 Description

Fol. 118v:

The name Avraham, written at the beginning of the second line of the second column, is decorated by a crouching quadruped in the margin, munching on foliage.

21 Ornamentation Quadruped
 
21 Ornamentation
Quadruped
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244242
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244243 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.119v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244243 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.119v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.119v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Monkey
Lion
Musical Instruments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001036
20 Description

Fol. 119v:

A decorated catchword of a monkey riding a lion is set in the lower left-hand corner of the page.  The monkey is blowing on a musical instrument

 


 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244243
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244245 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.150, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244245 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.150, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.150
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Jerusalem |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001038
20 Description

Fol. 150:

On the lower part of the middle column is a rectangular schematic map illustrating the biblical text and Rashi commentary of Ezekiel 45:1-7 which describes the division of Jerusalem in the days of the Third Temple (Ezekiel 45:1-7).

Above the map is the inscription: "And this is the shape of the oblation" (והי' לך צורת התרומה).   The rectangle is divided horizontally into three sections: two narrow sections on the top and bottom and a wider section in the centre, which is also divided into three compartments – two narrow ones on the right and a wider square one on the left, inside which is a smaller rectangle. The inscriptions in the different sections indicate the attributions and measurements appearing in the text.  The map is oriented to the east (מזרח) as inscribed in the top section.

The small rectangle in the centre section is inscribed "theTempleMount five hundred" (הר הבית/חמש מאות).  Surrounding this on each side is an inscription reading "place for the houses" (מקום לבתים ) referring to the place allocated for the houses of the priests.  To the right of this are the two narrow compartments inscribed (from right to left): "five thousand breadth, the possession of the city" (חמשת/ אלפים/ רחב/ אחוזת/ העיר), and "ten thousand breadth, the donation of the Levites" (עשרת/אלפים/רחב/תרומת/הלוים).  To the left of the centre section, outside the border of the map is a vertical inscription reading "twenty-five thousand length" (ארך כה אלפים). 

The sections on the top and on the bottom are allocated for the prince (נשיא).  The upper section is inscribed "to the prince before the possession of the city and the oblation of the holy portion" (לנשיא על פני אחוזת העיר/ותרומת הקודש).  To the left of this is a vertical inscription reading "the east side" (פאת קדמה).  To the left of this, outside the border of the map is inscribed "eastward" קדמה.  The bottom section is inscribed "to the prince before the possession of the city" לנשיא על פני אחוזת העיר).  To the left of this is a vertical inscription reading "from the west side eastward"  (מפאת ים קדמה) (This must be a copying mistake since the text of Ezekiel 45:7 reads "from the west side westward") and to the left of this is inscribed "and the oblation of the holy portion" (ותרומת הקודש).

 

21 Ornamentation Map of Jerusalem in the days of the Third Temple
 
21 Ornamentation
Map of Jerusalem in the days of the Third Temple
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244245
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244246 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.152v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244246 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.152v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.152v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject The reapportionment of the Land of Israel, in the days of the Third Temple, map of (Ez. 48) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001039
20 Description

Fol. 152v:

Set on the upper half of the page is a large rectangular map without bordering line on the bottom, executed in ink by scribe A, set at the end of the Rashi commentary for the book of Ezekiel, above the opening word "The vision" ( חזון ) for the book of Isaiah. The map illustrates the text of Ezekiel 48: 1-27 dealing with the reapportionment of theLandofIsraelamong the Twelve Tribes, in the days of theThirdTemple

The map is oriented to the east as inscribed above the centre of the map "East of theLandofIsrael" ( מזרח ארץ ישר' ).  The map is composed of a central rectangle divided into compartments of varying sizes which is flanked by seven long narrow strips of equal size on the left (i.e. to the north) and four matching ones on the right (i.e. to the south).  Each strip is inscribed with the name of the tribe to whom the portion is allotted according to the text.  On the left side are "Dan" (דן), "Asher" (אשר), "Naphtali" (נפתלי), "Menasseh" (מנשה), "Ephraim" (אפרים), "Reuven" (ראובן), "Yehuda" and on the right side are "Binyamin"  (בנימין), "Simeon" (שמעון), "Yissachar" (יששכר) and "Zevulun" (זבולון).   Missing on this side, after Zevulun, is the strip of Gad.  The scribe wrote a vertical marginal note at the top of the page reading “And I, the scribe am surprised that I did not find the tribe of Gad illustrated.” ( ואני הכותב תמהתי שלא מצאתי/ שבט גד מצוייר) (See Scribal notes in General document).  Beneath the portion of Zevulun is an inscription "west" (מערב).

The centre square is divided horizontally into one narrow section on the top inscribed: "oblation of twenty five thousand breadth before the oblation of the holy portion and the possession of the city" ( תרומה כ"ה אלף רוחב לנשיא על פני תרומת הקודש ואחוזת העיר ) and one open section on the bottom inscribed: "???"לנשיא על פני תרומת הקודש ואחוזת העיר ורצועה זו היתה רחבה/כ"ה אלפים אורך כ(?)כל הארץ והופרש באמצעה רבוע של כ"ה אלפים/על כ"ה אלפים לשלש רצועות נחלה.   Both of these sections are allocated to the prince, according to Ezekiel 48:21.

In the centre of these two sections is a wider section, divided into compartments of varying sizes.  It contains a large compartment on the left and two narrower compartments on the right.  The large compartment on the left contains a rectangle inscribed vertically within "The Temple Mount" (הר הבית).  Surrounding the rectangle on all four sides are vertical inscriptions "The Priests"  (כהנים).  On the upper section of this large compartment is inscribed "oblation for the Priests from the large oblation" תרומה לכהנים מתוך התרומה הגדולה and on the bottom section is inscribed "ten thousand" (עשרת אלפים).  The narrow compartment to the right of this is inscribed "to the Levites, ten thousand breadth"

(? / ללוים/ עשרת/ אלפים/רחב  ).  The narrow compartment to the right of this is divided into three sections.  All three sections are inscribed within - the upper one ???וזו לאחוזת גבעונים ?, the middle one ???? והעיר/ ומגרשיה and the lower one ???? גבעונים/ אחוזת/ חמשת/ אלפים

 

Fol. 152v:

Set on the upper half of the page is a large rectangular map without bordering line on the bottom, executed in ink by scribe A, set at the end of the Rashi commentary for the book of Ezekiel, above the opening word "The vision" ( חזון ) for the book of Isaiah. The map illustrates the text of Ezekiel 48: 1-27 dealing with the reapportionment of theLandofIsraelamong the Twelve Tribes, in the days of theThirdTemple

The map is oriented to the east as inscribed above the centre of the map "East of theLandofIsrael" ( מזרח ארץ ישר' ).  The map is composed of a central rectangle divided into compartments of varying sizes which is flanked by seven long narrow strips of equal size on the left (i.e. to the north) and four matching ones on the right (i.e. to the south).  Each strip is inscribed with the name of the tribe to whom the portion is allotted according to the text.  On the left side are "Dan" (דן), "Asher" (אשר), "Naphtali" (נפתלי), "Menasseh" (מנשה), "Ephraim" (אפרים), "Reuven" (ראובן), "Yehuda" and on the right side are "Binyamin"  (בנימין), "Simeon" (שמעון), "Yissachar" (יששכר) and "Zevulun" (זבולון).   Missing on this side, after Zevulun, is the strip of Gad.  The scribe wrote a vertical marginal note at the top of the page reading “And I, the scribe am surprised that I did not find the tribe of Gad illustrated.” ( ואני הכותב תמהתי שלא מצאתי/ שבט גד מצוייר) (See Scribal notes in General document).  Beneath the portion of Zevulun is an inscription "west" (מערב).

The centre square is divided horizontally into one narrow section on the top inscribed: "oblation of twenty five thousand breadth before the oblation of the holy portion and the possession of the city" ( תרומה כ"ה אלף רוחב לנשיא על פני תרומת הקודש ואחוזת העיר ) and one open section on the bottom inscribed: "???"לנשיא על פני תרומת הקודש ואחוזת העיר ורצועה זו היתה רחבה/כ"ה אלפים אורך כ(?)כל הארץ והופרש באמצעה רבוע של כ"ה אלפים/על כ"ה אלפים לשלש רצועות נחלה.   Both of these sections are allocated to the prince, according to Ezekiel 48:21.

In the centre of these two sections is a wider section, divided into compartments of varying sizes.  It contains a large compartment on the left and two narrower compartments on the right.  The large compartment on the left contains a rectangle inscribed vertically within "The Temple Mount" (הר הבית).  Surrounding the rectangle on all four sides are vertical inscriptions "The Priests"  (כהנים).  On the upper section of this large compartment is inscribed "oblation for the Priests from the large oblation" תרומה לכהנים מתוך התרומה הגדולה and on the bottom section is inscribed "ten thousand" (עשרת אלפים).  The narrow compartment to the right of this is inscribed "to the Levites, ten thousand breadth"

(? / ללוים/ עשרת/ אלפים/רחב  ).  The narrow compartment to the right of this is divided into three sections.  All three sections are inscribed within - the upper one ???וזו לאחוזת גבעונים ?, the middle one ???? והעיר/ ומגרשיה and the lower one ???? גבעונים/ אחוזת/ חמשת/ אלפים

 

21 Ornamentation Map of the reapportionment of the Land of Israel
among the Twelve Tribes in the days of the Third Temple

 
21 Ornamentation
Map of the reapportionment of the Land of Israel
among the Twelve Tribes in the days of the Third Temple

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244246
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244247 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.161, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244247 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.161, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.161
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Stork
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001040
20 Description

The name Avraham written at the beginning of the 9th line from the bottom of the second column is decorated by a drawing in the margin of a tall stork set in profile and standing on one foot, picking at the name with its beak, indicating the name of the scribe.  The first letter of the name is also accentuated by three dots extending upwards into the margin.

21 Ornamentation Stork
 
21 Ornamentation
Stork
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244247
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244248 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.171v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244248 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.171v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.171v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Quadruped
Scribal name marked
Snake |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001041
20 Description

Fol. 171v:

The name Avraham written in the third column in the second line from the top is decorated by a quadruped with a tail ending in a snake's head, eating foliage extending from the name, indicating the scribe's name.

21 Ornamentation Quadruped
 
21 Ornamentation
Quadruped
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244248
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244249 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.172, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244249 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.172, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.172
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Quadruped
Musical Instruments
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001042
20 Description

Fol. 172:

The name Avraham written in the text in the bottom line of the second column is decorated in the lower margin by a large quadruped raising its head and gnawing at the name.  To the right of it is an unfinished drawing of an animal (perhaps a lion cub or monkey) playing on a flute/oboe/clarinet (?)


[1] A

21 Ornamentation Quadruped
 
21 Ornamentation
Quadruped
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244249
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244250 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.174v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244250 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.174v, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.174v
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Peacock
Scribal name marked |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001043
20 Description

Fol. 174v:

The name Avraham written at the beginning of the second line from the bottom of the second column is decorated by a large peacock with closed fancy feathers which is picking at the name, indicating the name of the scribe.  The first letter of the name is also accentuated by a dotted flourish extending into the margin

21 Ornamentation Peacock
 
21 Ornamentation
Peacock
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244250
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 244251 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.175, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 244251 Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible, Fol.175, Southern Germany, mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna Rashi Commentary on the Bible | Unknown
3a Object Biblical commentaries
3b Object Detail Fol.175
4a Artist/ Maker Menahem,Abraham (Scribe A,Scribe B)
5 Date mid 13th century to the Mid 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 12b (Previously 220, Schwartz, No. 23)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bird
Scribal name marked
Foliate motif |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M001044
20 Description

Fol. 175:

The name Avraham written in the text in the third column, 15th line from the top is decorated by a small bird set in the outer left margin, picking at a foliate motif which extends from the last letter of the name, indicating the scribe's name. 

The name is also accentuated by two dotted flourishes extending from the last letter downwards into the outer margin.

 

Fol. 175:

The name Avraham written in the text in the third column, 15th line from the top is decorated by a small bird set in the outer left margin, picking at a foliate motif which extends from the last letter of the name, indicating the scribe's name. 

The name is also accentuated by two dotted flourishes extending from the last letter downwards into the outer margin.

 

Fol. 175:

The name Avraham written in the text in the third column, 15th line from the top is decorated by a small bird set in the outer left margin, picking at a foliate motif which extends from the last letter of the name, indicating the scribe's name. 

The name is also accentuated by two dotted flourishes extending from the last letter downwards into the outer margin.

 

Fol. 175:

The name Avraham written in the text in the third column, 15th line from the top is decorated by a small bird set in the outer left margin, picking at a foliate motif which extends from the last letter of the name, indicating the scribe's name. 

The name is also accentuated by two dotted flourishes extending from the last letter downwards into the outer margin.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
244251
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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