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  (XI) Obj. ID: 2226 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall,, Hârlău, 1920s. // Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Romania


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

For the vault decoration see:

For the wall decoration see:



More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2226
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (24 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 19415 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19415 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346116
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19415
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19416 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19416 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346117
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19416
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19417 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19417 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346118
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19417
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19418 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19418 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346119
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19418
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19419 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19419 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346120
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19419
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148494 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148494 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301981
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148494
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148495 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148495 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301960.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148495
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148496 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148496 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301961.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148496
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148497 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148497 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301962.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148497
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148498 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148498 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301982.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148498
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148499 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148499 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301984.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148499
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148500 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148500 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301988.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148500
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 148501 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 148501 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Interior, Hârlău, 1814 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Interior
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1814
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Arshavsky, Zoya
18 Photograph Date 2009
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301996.jpg
20 Description

 

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
148501
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177019 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 177019 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Vilensky, Dmitry
18 Photograph Date 1996
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Romania-1997-29
19a Scan No. A095624
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177019
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177020 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Alla Sokolova, Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 177020 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, Alla Sokolova, Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Alla Sokolova
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Vilensky, Dmitry
18 Photograph Date 1996
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Romania-1997-29
19a Scan No. A095627
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177020
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177021 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 177021 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Vilensky, Dmitry
18 Photograph Date 1996
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Romania-1997-29
19a Scan No. A095625
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177021
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177022 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 177022 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Vilensky, Dmitry
18 Photograph Date 1996
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Romania-1997-29
19a Scan No. A095626
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177022
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 177023 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 177023 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Vilensky, Dmitry
18 Photograph Date 1996
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Romania-1996-30
19a Scan No. A096220
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
177023
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 200519 Scheme of wall paintings in the Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Measured drawings, Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 200519 Scheme of wall paintings in the Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Measured drawings, Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Scheme of wall paintings in the Great Synagogue in Hârlău | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Measured drawings
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2014
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. a_01046
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
200519
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 282582 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 282582 Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall, , Hârlău, 1920s edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Hârlău, Prayer hall | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Grünberg (Grinberg), Avraham Mendel (d. 1928) (Painter) (Painter)
5 Date 1920s
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Hârlău
| Musatinilor (30 Decembrie) St. 5
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Kunes, Moshe
18 Photograph Date -
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A182928
20 Description

The main prayer hall has a square plan with an octagonal dome leaning on the wall, which is typical for the construction of wooden synagogues in Eastern Europe in the 18th century. The prayer hall of the synagogue has the size ().The murals of the vault and on the walls have independent iconographical programs which correlated to the mural program in Bacău, Grain Merchants' Synagogue.

The decoration of vault of the synagogues contain a multi-level composition. The composition consist of a centric space surrounded by a variety of wide decorative borders filled with different paintings.The centric space of the vault are decorated in the form of the sky with the stars, the moon and the sun. In the center of the vault are situated a single-headed heraldic eagle that keeps the military standard with the text and the white six-pointed star. In the lower part of the vault are placed two belts with the images: zodiac signs are located in the upper belt and eight illustrative scenes are located in the lower belt. Zodiac signs framed by rectangular medallions and grouped by three on each side. The illustrative scenes composed by one of each side of octagonal dome and framed by rich decorative border filled by architectural ornament and renaissance ornament.

All the walls of the prayer hall divided by decorative geometrical ornamented pilasters. The scene with illustrating Psalm 137, is placed in the corner between western wall and south wall. Landscape with the Temple in Jerusalem is placed in the corner between western and northern wall.

Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed on the perimeter of the prayer hall under the windows. Symbols Tribes of Israel represented in the form of miniature landscapes and posted on the colored standards.  

The paintings in the synagogue, on the dome and walls, made by master Abraham Mendel son of Shlomo (obviously, the same Grünberg (Grinberg) from Yasi), between 1900 and 1920.

A fragment of an earlier painting, which is visible in the eastern part of the dome over the Torah Ark with the coat of arms of Principality of Romania shows that early layer of murals was made between 1872 and 1881 year. This coat of arms was used in this era.

The painted wooden Torah Ark, made in a form of a portal, situated in the middle of the eastern wall. The Torah Ark decorated in the marble color. The symbols of the Tribes of Israel and the Table of Covenant are depicted symmetrical on the both side of the Torah Ark. The Symbols of the Tribes of Israel placed in the colorful military standard.

The monumental Torah Ark is a three-level structure of carved and gilded wood made in composite architectural style of the late Baroque with a lot of columns in each level and overhead volutes. The Torah Ark are decorated by tables of the covenant and musical instrument. The tables of the covenant are surrounded by blue Star of David. The steps leading to the niche with the Torah scroll. Тhe Torah Ark, probably, was crowned by finial which covered the eastern part of the dome. A plurality of spherical lights with dedicatory inscriptions adorn the Torah Ark. 

For the decoration of the Torah Ark see:

///ID/2227/

For the vault decoration see:

///ID/2222/

For the wall decoration see:

///ID/2228/


21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
282582
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



      [1] [2]