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  (XI) Obj. ID: 2219 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel,, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

These wall paintings depict the emblems of the Tribes of Israel in the symbolic manner of early 20th-century avant-garde art. The tribal emblems appear within compositions shaped as military banners and featuring backgrounds of multicolored bands or stripes.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2219
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3Atrue%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (13 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 154459 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Group of banners, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 154459 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Group of banners, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail Group of banners
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Benjamin (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Naphtali (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A301203
20 Description

These wall paintings depict the emblems of the Tribes of Israel in the symbolic manner of early 20th-century avant-garde art. The tribal emblems appear within compositions shaped as military banners and featuring backgrounds of multicolored bands or stripes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
154459
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 181690 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Corner banners and decorative border, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 181690 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Corner banners and decorative border, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Corner banners and decorative border
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Tribes/Sons of Israel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A350005
20 Description

These wall paintings depict the emblems of the Tribes of Israel in the symbolic manner of early 20th-century avant-garde art. The tribal emblems appear within compositions shaped as military banners and featuring backgrounds of multicolored bands or stripes.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
181690
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19368 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Reuben and Zebulun, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19368 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Reuben and Zebulun, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Reuben and Zebulun
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Zebulun (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Reuben (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346064
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Zebulun (left) depicts a sailing ship.

 

Inscription:

זבולן

Translation:

Zebulun

 

The standard of the tribe of Reuben (right) depicts a fish and a flower. Such symbolism associated with the tribe of Reuben is unique.

 

Inscription:

ראובן

Translation:

Reuben

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19368
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19378 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Simeon, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19378 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Simeon, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Simeon
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Simeon (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346074
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Simeon depicts a city gate with two towers on the two sides of the entrance.

 

Inscription:

שמעון

Translation:

Simeon

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19378
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19376 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Levi, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19376 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Levi, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Levi
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Levi (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Ephod |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346072
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Levi depicts an ephod (the breastplate of the high priest).

 

Inscription:

לוי

Translation:

Levi

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19376
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19372 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Judah, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19372 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Judah, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Judah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Judah (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346068
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Judah depicts a heraldic lion rampant holding a rod.

 

Inscription:

יהודה

Translation:

Judah

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19372
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19370 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Dan, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19370 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Dan, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Dan
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dan (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346066
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Dan depicts a serpent (snake).

 

Inscription:

דן

Translation:

Dan

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19370
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19373 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Naphtali, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19373 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Naphtali, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Naphtali
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Naphtali (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346069
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Naphtali depicts a deer.

 

Inscription:

נפתלי

Translation:

Naphtali

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19373
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19369 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Gad, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19369 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Gad, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Gad
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gad (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346065
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Gad depicts (military-style) tents.

 

Inscription:

גד

Translation:

Gad

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19369
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19377 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Asher, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19377 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Asher, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Asher
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Asher (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346073
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Asher depicts spikelets of wheat.

 

Inscription:

אשר

Translation:

Asher

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19377
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19371 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Issachar, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19371 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Issachar, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Issachar
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Issachar (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346067
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Issachar depicts a young man walking while carrying a large book. The sun and the moon appear over the young man on either side.

 

Inscription:

יששכר

Translation:

Issachar

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19371
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19375 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Ephraim and Manasseh, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19375 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Ephraim and Manasseh, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Ephraim and Manasseh
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Ephraim (Tribes/Sons of Israel)
Manasseh (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346071
20 Description

The standard of the (half-)tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh depicts two bull heads in a Cubist style.

 

Inscription:

אפרים

מנשה

Translation:

Ephraim

Manasseh

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19375
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 19374 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Benjamin, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 19374 Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel, Benjamin, Botoşani, 1930?, renovated 1970? edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue (Hoykhe Shul) in Botoşani – Small prayer hall – Tribes of Israel | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail Benjamin
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1930?, renovated 1970?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Romania | Moldavia | Botoşani
| 18 Muzicanti St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Benjamin (Tribes/Sons of Israel) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 2012
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. A346070
20 Description

The standard of the tribe of Benjamin depicts a highly stylized wolf.

 

Inscription:

בנינון [בנימין]

Translation:

Benjamin

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19374
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Khaimovich Boris 49a
50 Researcher Khaimovich Boris 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Yeshayahu Gruber 2016 54a
55 Donor 55a