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  (XI) Obj. ID: 21816 The Yiddish Bellifortis,, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century . // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Compilation of diverse texts: 1. Fols. 5-67, 88v, 89v-90, 112, 114: Konrad Keyser Bellifortis (1405) and Anonymous Firework Book (1420) in Hebrew and Yiddish (Steinschneider 1864, vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 100-101). 2. Fols. 67v-70: Incantations, blessings and psalms in Hebrew, Yiddish, and Latin in Hebrew characters (fols. 67v-68). 3. Fols. 70v-88v: Geomancy tables and divinations in Hebrew: fols. 72-81 attributed to al-Fazari (9th century); 82-83v to Saadia Gaon (10th century); 81v, 84-87v to Achitofel; 87v-88v Geomancy tables in Latin, German, Yiddish and Hebrew of Johannes Hartlieb. 4. Fols. 90v-113v: Portions of Firework Book; magical recipies in Yiddish and Hebrew, and Onomancy tables (fols. 113-113v). 5. Fols. 126v-114v (sic): a) Johannes Hartlieb Onomatomantia in German (c.1437) including tables by "Plato, Ptolomy, Pythagoras, Aristotle and Haly Abenragel" (fols. 125, 121v, 120v, 119, 115v respectively), to calculate fates according to names and dates. 6. Fol. 127v: Lists of ailments and instructions.
24 Codicology

Material:Paper, 4 + 126 + 3 leaves (flyleaves are numbered: 1-4, 128-130). Quality of paper varies: thicker for the coloured drawings, thinner for the text.       Measurements: Full page: (210-215) x (140-150) mm. Text space: variable. Scribes: ‫Single scribe, writing in various shades of brown ink. Script: Latin and German bastarda (fols. 87v-88v, 113v-114, 126v-114v - sic); Hebrew and Judeo-German Ashkenazi semi-cursive script. Columns: One column mostly surrounded with text along the margins. For most drawings there are marginal explanations. Number of lines: 30-39 horizontal lines for text pages, mostly surrounded by 3-9 lines in all or three margins. Ruling: None Pricking: None Quires 8 quires of various numbers of leaves: I18 (5-22); II18 (23-39, one leaf not numbered: 25bis); III22 (40-60, one leaf not numbered: 41bis); IV12 (61-71, one leaf not numbered: 61bis); V10 (72-81); VI8 (82-89); VII2+22 (90-113, two first leaves probably single; some leaves cut out between fols. 94-95); VIII14 (114-127). Catchwords: None Hebrew numeration: Fols. 75v-79/.: א'-ד' Fols. 91v-94: א'-ג' Blank leaves: Fols. 4v, 89, 127..

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon

None.

31 Scribal Notes
Text and annotations are inseparable.
32 Watermark

Watermarks: Flyleaves and paper have eight watermarks ranging from 1449-1481: A. Flyleaves: Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 235 B. Paper: 1. Head of a bull without features (fol. 4; 50 mm). Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 235: fol. 4. 2. Head of a bull topped by a star (fols. 13/14, 23/39, 24/38, 25/37, 25b/36, 28/33, 29/32, 42/57, 43/56, 47/52, 49/50, 61/71, 62/69, 64/67; 65 mm) – similar to Piccard #81199-81200 (Utrecht 1449-1450). 3. Head of a bull topped by a large star (fols. 72/81; 65 mm). 4. Unicorn (fols. 5/22, 9/18; 83 mm) - Close to Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart. Inventory J 340, Piccard watermark collection. No. 124163, o. O. 1481. Munich, BSB Cod. hebr.235: Unicorn, fols. 5/22, 9/18; 83 mm Piccard, watermark coll. No. 124163, o. O. 1481 5. Letter Y, a cross above, tail consisting of two lines (fols. 6/21, 10/17; 55 mm) - Close to Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart. Inventory J 340, Piccard watermark collection. No. 30485, Cologne 1476. Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 235: fols. 6/21, 10/17 Piccard watermark coll. No. 30485, Cologne 1476 6. Bunch of grapes (fols. 73/80, 71/78; 42 mm) - Resembles Briquet, Les Filigranes 13055-6, 1465 Constance, Germany. Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 235: fols. 73/80, 71/78 Briquet, Les Filigranes 13055-6, 1465, Constance, Germany 7. Gothic letter P with forked stem (fols. 82/89, 84/87; 37 mm) - Close to Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart. Inventory J 340, Piccard watermark collection No. 106798, o. O. 1471. Piccard watermark collection No. 106798, o. O. 1471 8. Gothic letter P with forked stem topped by a star (fols.116/125, 117/124, 120/121; 76 mm) - Close to Piccard, Cologne 1470 , Nr. 114625; Munich, BSB Cod. hebr.235: fols.116/125, 117/124, 120/121 Piccard, Cologne 1470, No. 114625.
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

The 16th century binding (228 x154 mm): off-white pigskin on wooden boards, similarly blind-tooled on front and back cover with frames enclosing floral motifs. The spine has three double cords and head and tail bands. The front cover has vestiges of two straps and the back metal holders for clasps. The back cover is inscribed by J. A. Widmanstetter: Collectanea Hebraica ad/ machinas aliaque curiosa/ pertinentia. ex bibl. Trithemij.

Many books from Widmanstetter's library have similar bindings (Hartig 1917, p. 173, Pl. II).

Watermarks of the flyleaves: A cross on a hill within a quatrefoil, all enclosed by a circle (front cover and back cover first bifolium;43 mm). 

36 Decoration Program

Many full-page coloured and inscribed pen drawings. The colours designate the material: yellow for wood, blue for iron, red for fire. Blue also stands for water and the roofs of castle towers.

I. War Machines: fols. 5-38v, 39v-43v, 50-67, 88v, 89v-90, 112, 114:

  1. Catapults (palintonons, mange, trebuchets), levers, crossbow and sling: fols. 5, 10-12, 15v.
  2. Cannon mounts (Balkenlades, Lafettes): fols. 6-7v, 50v, 62, 114.
  3. Cannon hoists and hoists: fols. 9v, 12v-15, 57, 62-63v, 91v, 112.
  4. Cannon carriages and cannon: fols. 8, 35, 50, 88v, 114.
  5. Mobile siege engines, towers and ramps: fols. 8v-9, 20-22.
  6. Shields, shield-carriages, armoured vehicles: fols. 16-18, 18v-19v, 22v, 28v, 30v, 58v.
  7. Battering rams, combat engines: fols. 23-27v, 43.
  8. Boats, rafts, water barriers, diving gear: fols. 28, 29-30, 33-34v, 56.
  9. Bridges: fols. 31-32, 35v-37v, 38v, 58, 59-59v.
  10. Ladders: fols. 32v, 51-55, 56v, 57v.
  11. Obstruction and mine detectors and gear: fols. 55v-56.
  12. Mill, water-pump, machine parts, tools, pipes: fols. 5v, 38v, 39v-43v, 56v, 67, 12.
  13. Fortresses: fols. 60-61v, 64-66v.
  14. Defence camp and marching into battle: fols. 89v-90.

II. Firework Book: fols. 39, 44-49v.

III. Geomancy: fols. 70v, 71v, 87v-88v.

IV. Onomancy wheels: fols. 113-113v.

 

 

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The manuscript was written in four languages: Hebrew, Yiddish, German and Latin, by an erudite Jew in the last quarter of the 15th century in South Germany. His sentences, mostly a mixture of Yiddish and Hebrew, are often written in a negligent hand and closely fill many margins, rendering the text illegible. This suggests that the treatises were copied for his own interest and for no one else. The drawings in the main follow those of the Bellifortis by Conrad Keyser (1402-5) and the Firework Book by an anonymous author of 1420. The immediate exemplar has not been identified.                                                                                                                                            It would be worthwhile studing the language and collating the texts.

Comparative material in the following manuscripts:

  1. Göttingen, NSUB 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 63 (1402-1405, 1420); (Quarg 1967).
  2. Göttingen, NSUB 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 64 (c.1430); (Friedrich and Rädle, I 1995)
  3. Göttingen, NSUB 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 64a (c.1425); (Friedrich and Rädle, II 1995).
  4. Munich, BSB clm 30150 (c.1460); (Lindgren et al. 2000).
  5. Munich, BSB cgm 600 (c.1418); (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).
  6. Munich, BSB clm 197/I (1472-92); (Hall 1979).
  7. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. (c.1500); (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p.  440).
  8. Copenhagen, Arnamagnaeanische Sammlung der Universität, AM 374 20 (c.1450); (Olsen and Blosen 2006).
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Owner's inscriptions by J. A. Widmanstetter:
•Back cover: Collectanea Hebraica ad/ machinas aliaque curiosa/ pertinentia. ex bibl. Trithemij.
•Fol. 4: the contents of the manuscript:
Machinae bellicae hebraicae/ Curiosa quidam et artificiosa/ Geomantica/ Sortes per responsa prophetarum et regum/ Sortes per nummero (sic) 89/ Item curiosa quidam et bellica/ Sortes platonis, aristotelis, pythagore/ cum nonnullis curiosis annotationibus.
Signed below: Joannis Alberti Widmustadij.

Inscriptions of librarians and researchers:
•Fol. 3v: the contents of the manuscript:
כלי מלחמה שירוצון בהן הגדוד להפיל עיר החומה/ סגולה מחיות הארץ על דרך הנקודות/ גורלות בעד התשובות הנביאים והמלכים/ גורלות מן רבי סעדיה וכבר ניסו אנשי אשכנז/ ואנשי בבל צרפת וספרד/
גול ((erased גורלות פלאטניש תלמי פיתאגרי אריסוטלים/ האלי אבן רגל
•Fol. 1: ליקוטים מידיעות מחולקות(Compilation of diverse texts).

Ex-libris and stamps:
•Inside front cover: an ex-libris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (225 x 153 mm) with arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1630 (Dressler 1972: B3ab). It is stuck over the earlier ex-libris (175 x 137 mm) of 1618, of Duke Maximilian I before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972: A3a-f).
•Fols. 1, 3, 127: oval stamp of the Bavarian Library inscribed: BIBLIOTHECA/ REGIA/ MONACENSIS.

Signatures:
•Bottom of back cover: 4. 41 (Duke's library, Prommer's revision of 1583?).
•On the spine: Hebr. 146; 441 (later signatures).
•Fol. 1 (erased): 140/41.
•A sticker on the spine and on the back pastedown: Cod. hebr. 235 (present signature).
•On the ex-libris, on fol. 1 and on the back pastedown in plummet: Cod. hebr. 235 (present signature).

40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Part of quire VII2+22 (fols. 97-108) is loose.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Butzmann 1966 H. Butzmann, Die Blankenburger Handschriften (Kataloge der Herzog-August-Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel NR11), Frankfurt a.M. 1966                                 

 Dressler 1972 Dressler, Die Exlibris der  F.  Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek, 17. bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972

Friedrich and Rädle I, II 1995 U. Friedrich and F. Rädle, Konrad Keyser Bellifortis - Feuerwerkbuch von 1420 (anonymus), Farbmikrofische-Edition der Bilderhandschriften Göttingen, Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 64 und 64a Cim. (Codices figurati - Libri picturati 3), Munich 1995                                                                       

Fürbeth 1992 F. Fürbeth, Johannes Hartlieb, Untersuchungen zu Leben und Werk, (Hermaea Germanische Forschungen NF64, H. Fromm and H.-J. Mähl ed.), Tübingen 1992                                                                                                                                                                                                                           

Grossmann and Ottomeyer 2010 G. U. Grossmann and H. Ottomeyer (ed.), Die Burg (articles from the exhibitions 'Burg und Herrschaft' and 'Mythos Burg' in Deutsches Historisches Museum, Berlin and Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg 2010), Dresden 2010, p. 116                                                                           

 Hall 1979 B. S. Hall, The technological illustrations of the so-called 'Anonymous of the Hussite wars' (codex latinus Monacensis 197, Part I), Wiesbaden 1979               

 Hall 1997 B. S. Hall, Weapons and Warfare in Renaissance Europe: Gunpowder, Technology and Tactics, Baltimore-London 1997                                                  

Hartig 1917 O. Hartig, Die Gründung der Münchener Hofbibliothek durch Albrecht V. und Johann Jacob Fugger, Munich 1917                                                         

Katalog 2009 Katalog der deutschsprachigen illustrierten Handschriften des Mittelalters (Bd. 4/2, Lieferung 3-4, U. Bodemann, P. Schmidt, Ch. Stöllinger-Löser, ed.), No. 39. R. Leng, Feuerwerks- und Kriegsbücher, Munich 2009, No. 39.7.5, pp. 299-301                                                                                                               

 Leng 2000 R. Leng (ed.), Anleitung Schieβpulver zu bereiten, Büchsen zu laden und zu beschieβen: eine kriegstechnische Bildhandschrift in cgm 600 der Bayerischen Staatsbibliothek München (Imagines Medii Aevi Bd. 5), Wiesbaden 2000                                                                                                                                         

Leng 2002 R. Leng, Ars belli. Deutsche taktische und kriegstechnische Bildhandschriften und Traktate im 15. und 16. Jahrhundert (Imagines Medii Aevi Bd. 12/I,II), Wiesbaden 2002, esp. I p. 265, n. 1145; II p. 423                                                                                                                                                               

Lindgren et al. 2000 U. Lindgren, Christoph Graf zu Waldburg Wolfegg, E. Berninger, Konrad Keyser Bellifortis (Bayerische Staatsbibliothek clm 30150), Munich 2000, esp. pp. 74-75                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Quarg 1967 G. Quarg, Konrad Keyser aus Eichstät:Bellifortis (facsimile edition of Göttingen, Niedersächsische Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek, 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 63), Düsseldorf 1967                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

 Schmitt 1966 W. Schmitt, Magie und Mantik bei Hans Hartlieb (Die Internationale Paracelsusgesellschaft in Salzburg), Vienna 1966, pp. 3-25 

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Steinschneider 1864 M. Steinschneider, Serapeum 1864, vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 100-101 

                                                                                            

Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K.Hof-und Staatsbibliothek in München, Munich 1895, No. 235                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

White 1969 L. White, jr., Keyser's "Bellifortis": The First Technological Treatise of the Fifteenth Century, Technology and Culture, vol. 10, No. 3 (Jul. 1969), pp. 436-441

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21816
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 49a
50 Researcher Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Yaffa Levy 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal; Project Head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 06-2016; 2008-2015 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 55a

Less Details


Object's images (160 image(s))

      [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

(XXII) ID: 225095 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Front cover, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225095 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Front cover, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Front cover
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M000678
20 Description

16th century binding (228 x154 mm): off-white pigskin on wooden boards, similarly blind-tooled on front and back cover with frames enclosing floral motifs. The spine has three double cords and head and tail bands. The front cover has vestiges of two straps and the back metal holders for clasps. The back cover is inscribed by J. A. Widmanstetter: Collectanea Hebraica ad/ machinas aliaque curiosa/ pertinentia. ex bibl. Trithemij.

Many books from Widmanstetter's library have similar bindings (Hartig 1917, p. 173, Pl. II).

Watermarks of the flyleaves: A cross on a hill within a quatrefoil, all enclosed by a circle (front cover and back cover first bifolium;43 mm).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225095
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225096 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Inside front cover, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225096 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Inside front cover, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Inside front cover
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Coat of arms |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000679.jpg
20 Description

Inside front cover: an ex-libris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (225 x153 mm) with arms of Elector Maximilian I of 1630 (Dressler 1972: B3ab). It is stuck over the earlier ex-libris (175 x137 mm) of 1618, of Duke Maximilian I before he became Elector in 1623 (Dressler 1972: A3a-f).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225096
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225097 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225097 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catapult |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000680.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 5: A deleted copy of a catapult (mange) about to throw an iron fireball.

See:1. Fol. 11v. 2. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. fol. 124v (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p. 440).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225097
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225251 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225251 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catapult |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000847.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 5: A deleted copy of a catapult (mange) about to throw an iron fireball.                                                                                          See:1. Fol. 11v.2. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. fol. 124v (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p. 440).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225251
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225098 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225098 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 5v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 5v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Grain Mill (War Machines) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000681.jpg
20 Description

l. 5v: A grain mill showing the mill housing, two lantern pinions which engage with two stone spindles

turned by crankshafts. Inscription in Yiddish, written upside down:

דיש מוטילשט ראט אישט ויר בוייש הוך. עש האט מ"ח קאמין נעבין די/ צוויידר ביי כ"א ב' בוייש הוך כ"ד צוואקליין אוף ריכט די

גדריבט רייף/ עיינש בוש הוך האט י"ב שטעבא. זולטו די מוייל נאך אלזו גרוש/ מכין זו דובליציר כ"א עיניינים.

See:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 22 (Hall 1979).


 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 22

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225098
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225099 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 6, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225099 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 6, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 6
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000682.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 6: Wooden mount for two cannon with iron arc to adjust the angle. Both arcs are inscribed in Hebrew: בריח ברזל/ בריח ברזל.

See: 1.Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 17 (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

  1. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. fol. 131v (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p. 440).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225099
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225100 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 6v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225100 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 6v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon mount |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000683.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 6v: Wooden stationary cannon mount, the angle of fire adjustable by means of an elevating arc. See:

1.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (i), (Hall 1979).

2.Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 19v (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

 

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (i)

(Hall 1979)

 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225100
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225101 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 7, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225101 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 7, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 7
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon mount |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000684.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 7: Stationary cannon mount with a suspended platform and an elevating arc. See:

1.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (ii) (Hall 1979).

2.Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 15v (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

 

 

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (ii) ((ii)

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225101
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225102 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 7v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225102 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 7v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 7v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon mount |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000685.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 7v: Stationary cannon mount, the angle of fire adjustable by means of parallel poles and a peg.

See:Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 17v (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225102
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225103 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 8, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225103 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 8, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 8
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon carriage |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000686.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 8: Two-wheeled cannon carriage with suspended platform and two elevating arcs. See:

1.Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 8 (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

2.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (iii) (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 28v (iii) (iii)

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225103
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225104 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 8v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225104 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 8v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 8v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Siege engine |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000687.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 8v: A triangular siege engine, with a cannon resting on an axle and secured by pegs.

See:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 16v (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 16v

(Hall 1979) (Hall 1979)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225104
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225105 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 9, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225105 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 9, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 9
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Siege engine |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000688.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 9: A siege engine in the form of a cannon carriage with surrounding shield. The cannon rests on a platform with wheel handles on both sides and four iron spikes at the corners.

See:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 39v (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 39v

(Hall 1979)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron, red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225105
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225106 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 9v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225106 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 9v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 9v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Block with hook |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000689.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 9v: An upside-down drawing of an iron block with hook, height adjustable by means of a sheave and rope. The sheave frame is suspended from a horizontal bar by ropes.

See:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 7v (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 7v

(Hall 1979)

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225106
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225107 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 10, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225107 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 10, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 10
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Crossbow on a stand
Sling |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000690.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 10:

(i) A crossbow on a stand loaded with three bolts. It is spanned by a rotating wheel and the height adjusted by two iron arcs. See:

1.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 40 - fig. 1 (Hall 1979).

2.Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 18v (Leng 2000; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

(ii) A sling probably belonging to a trebuchet. See:

3.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 24v - fig. 2 (Hall 1979).

4.Munich, BSB clm 30150, fol. 33 (Lindgren et al. 2000).

              

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 40                          Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 24v 

(Hall 1979)                                                             (Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225107
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225108 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 10v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225108 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 10v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 10v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catapult |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000691.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 10v: An attempt to draw a trebuchet (Blide), which could hurl a cannonball or a dead animal. In the lower part lies a cannon instead

of a ball and the ropes are missing as well as the windlass axle, crank and the suspended container with counterweight: See:

1. Göttingen, NSUB 20, Cod. Ms. philos. 63, fol. 30 – fig.1 (Quarg 1967).

2.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fols. 32v-33 - fig. 2 (Hall 1979).

3. Copenhagen, Arnamagnaeanische Sammlung der Universität, AM 374 20, fol. 55v (Olsen and Blosen 2006).

 

 

  

     

Fig. 1: Göttingen, NSUB 20 Cod. Ms. philos. 63, fol. 30 (Quarg 1967)

    Fig. 2:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fols. 32v-33 (Hall 1979)

                                                          

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225108
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225109 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 11, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225109 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 11, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 11
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catapult |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000692.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 11: A catapult, presumably after releasing a fireball. See:

1. Fol. 5.

2. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. fol. 124v (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p. 440).

 

 

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron and red
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225109
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225110 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 11v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225110 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 11v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 11v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Catapult |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000693.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 11v: A mobile catapult with a throwing arm and a fireball at the end. The throwing force is obtained by tightening the ropes. The fireball is inscribed in Hebrew: זה כדור ברזל ששוכב בו/ האש.

See: 1. Fol. 5.

2. Munich, BSB cgm 600, fol. 15 (Leng 2000, p. 125; Leng 2002, II pp. 205-6).

3. Wolfenbüttel HAB, 161 Blank. fol. 139 (Butzmann 1966; Leng 2002, II p. 440).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron red fire
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225110
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225111 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 12, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225111 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 12, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 12
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lever or Catapult with a hook |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000694.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 12: A lever with a counterweight and a hook at either end of the arm, which can be used either to lift an observer above the walls or as a catapult.

See:Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 7 (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 7

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225111
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225112 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 12v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225112 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 12v, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 12v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon hoist |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000695.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 12v: A cannon hoist with two ancillary supports, a horizontal windlass with wooden handles and iron ratchets, an iron sheave block with hooks hoisting a cannon, wooden pulleys near the top, and a large hook on the right. See:

1. Fol. 62.

2.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 1v (Hall 1979).

 

 Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 1v

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225112
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 225113 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 13, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 225113 The Yiddish Bellifortis, Fol. 13, Southern Germany, Last quarter of the 15th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title The Yiddish Bellifortis | Unknown
3a Object Bellifortis (War machines), Firework Book
3b Object Detail Fol. 13
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Last quarter of the 15th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 235 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 235)
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Cannon hoist |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000696.jpg
20 Description

Fol. 13: A cannon hoist with two supports and a horizontal winch attached to one of them. A rope runs through wooden pulleys and an iron block which hoists cannon by hooks. See:

1. Fols. 13v, 62.

2.Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 2 (Hall 1979).

 

 

Munich, BSB clm 197/I, fol. 2

(Hall 1979)

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper, brown ink, yellow wood, blue iron
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
225113
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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