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  (XI) Obj. ID: 21795 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II,, Amsterdam, early 18th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|

The family of Dutch Esther scrolls from the early 18th century designed by an anonymous engraver whose decorative scheme is characterized by four different landscapes framed in cartouches of different shapes that fill upper margins. The scrolls of this family begin with a panel composed of several figurative scenes from the Book of Esther narrative. The text columns are interspaced by the columns decorated with reliefs, elaborate acanthus leaves and garlands above which are either decorative capitals or putti holding the baskets with flowers on their heads. Lower margins are filled with the figurative scenes that chronicle the Purim story or allude to midrashim and other sources; they are interspersed by vases with plants. The same decoration repeats on all four sheets forming each manuscript. Some of their exemplars are painted by hand.

13 Iconographical Subject Illustration
Landscape
Columns
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Vase
Acanthus Leaf
Garland
Angel's head
Basket with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The scroll represents the type called "scrolls with landscapes" because the decorative scheme of them features four different landscapes framed in cartouches that fill upper margins and repeat on every sheet in the same order:

1. On the left, two men with a dog standing at the gate are shown against a landscape of mountains and trees that are visible in the background.
2. On the right, two wanderers going towards a hill with buildings. On the left, a man on a horseback riding towards a bridge over a river. In the background, mountains, and trees are visible.
3. A garden with a fountain and a palace in the background.
4. On the right, a man sitting under a tree and, in the background, mountains, trees, and buildings are visible.

It is difficult to show a direct reference between the landscapes and the narrative of the Book of Esther, although such a connection cannot be excluded either (e.g. two men in the second landscape can be the king's messengers and a man sitting under the tree in the fourth landscape can be Mordecai).

The scrolls with landscapes are lavishly decorated megillot produced in a mixed technique in which decorative border is printed as a copper engraving (and in some exemplars, colored by hand), whereas the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is penned by a scribe. The scrolls decorated with this pattern begin with a panel composed of several figurative scenes from the Book of Esther narrative. The text columns are interspaced by herms decorated with reliefs, elaborate acanthus leaves and garlands above which are either decorative capitals or putti holding baskets with flowers on their heads. Lower margins are filled with the figurative scenes that chronicle the Purim story, allude to midrashim or other sources; they are interspersed by vases with plants.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21795
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 224693 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, opening decoration and cols. 1 and 2, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224693 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, opening decoration and cols. 1 and 2, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail opening decoration and cols. 1 and 2
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Landscape
Ahasuerus and Esther, enthroned
Seven maidens given to Esther (Es. 2:9)
Bigthan and Teresh hanged (Es. 2:23)
Haman's sons hanged (Es. 9:14)
Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Mordecai receiving clothes from Hatach (Es. 4:4)
Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Garland
Ahasuerus' banquet (Es. 1:3-8)
Execution of Vashti - strangulation
Basket with flowers
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Angel's head
Vase
Mordecai and Esther writing the Purim letter (Es. 9:29)
Acanthus Leaf
Seven princes of Persia and Media (Es. 1:14) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600374
20 Description

Opening decoration: The scroll opens with a panel containing several narrative scenes from the Esther story. It is lower than the border itself and space below is filled with the inscription in the Latin alphabet that is only partly legible: "Megilas Esther ex ... Bibliotheker (?) ... a6"; the latter is a part of the inventory number of the manuscript. In the decorative panel, in the central part of the upper register, there is the royal couple seated on the throne with a canopy that is placed on a pedestal. The king and the queen are accompanied by courtiers; on the right, the princes of Media and Persia are standing (Es. 1:14) and Esther's maidservants on the left (Es. 2:9). Below, there are three rectangular frames: the central panel contains the benedictions recited before the Megillah reading, while the panel on the right shows the chamberlains, Bigthan and Teresh, hanging on two gallows (Es. 2:23), whereas the one on the left depicts Haman and his sons hanging on three gallows (Es. 7:10 and Es. 9:14 or Es. 9:25). The lowest register contains three episodes that are (from right to left): Mordecai receiving the clothes from Hatakh (Es. 4:4), Haman leads Mordecai through the streets of Susa (Es. 6:11), Esther and Mordecai write letters instructing the Jews to observe Purim (Es. 9:29). 

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 1 and 2 are printed and in the lower margin, there are two first frames with illustrations:

Frame 1: The fest of Ahasuerus is represented (Es. 1:3-8). Six men are seated at a round laid table. On either side of the table, servants are visible. 

Frame 2: Queen Vashti is portrayed while she is strangled by two women standing on either side of her. During the execution, she stands with her arms spread, and her crown lies on the floor. The Book of Esther does not mention the fate of Vashti after her refusal of the king's order and the source for this representation remains unknown. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with portrait medallions" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index).  

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224693
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224694 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 3-5, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224694 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 3-5, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail cols. 3-5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Ahasuerus' and Esther's wedding
Haman casting the lot/Pur - Haman aiming at the Zodiac wheel (based on Midrash)
Landscape
Garland
Mordecai at the king's gate (Es. 2:19 and/or 2:21)
Vase
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Basket with flowers
Angel's head
Acanthus Leaf |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600375
20 Description

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 3, 4, and 1 are printed and in the lower margin, there are frames nos. 3-5.

Frame 3: The frame contains the depiction of the walled city. In the central part of the wall, there is a gate at which a man (Mordecai) is seated (Es. 2:19, 2:21).

Frame 4: In the frame, a wedding ceremony of Ahasuerus and Esther is represented. The scene is witnessed by a group of men standing on the right and a group of women standing on the left. The Book of Esther does not mention this episode and the source for this representation remains unknown. It can be influenced by European paintings in which the scene of the marriage of the Virgin Mary and Josef was similarly composed. This can also explain the dress of a man standing in the center that refers to the high priest's robes. The same theme, although illustrated in a slightly different way, can be found in the "Esther scrolls with portrait medallions" and their copies made by hand, as well as in the scrolls designed by Marcus Donath (Mordecai ben Jozl Sofer) of Nitra (see their descriptions in the Index).

Frame 5: On the right, a man with a bow in his hands is depicted; he is aiming at the wheel with the signs of Zodiac on its perimeter (on the left). The scene is shown against the landscape. The depiction symbolically shows the moment of casting lots by Haman (alludes to Es. 3:7). The Book of Esther mentions only casting lots that means appointing the least favorable period for Jews, but there is no reference to the signs of Zodiac in the text.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224694
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224695 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 6-8, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224695 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 6-8, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail cols. 6-8
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Messenger(s) delivering the decree of Haman (Es. 3:13)
Mordecai in mourning (Es. 4:1)
Haman paying money to the king (Es. 3:9)
Haman entreats Ahasuerus to issue a decree destroying the Jews (Es. 3:9)
Garland
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Landscape
Angel's head
Vase
Esther's first banquet (Es. 5:5-8)
Basket with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600376
20 Description

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 2, 3, and 4 are printed and in the lower margin, there are frames nos. 6-8.

Frame 6: On the left, a mounted messenger is carrying the edict of Haman that he holds in his right hand (Es. 3:13) and in his other hand, he has a French horn. He is riding towards a man sitting under a tree, most likely Mordecai, who tears his clothes as a sign of mourning (Es. 4:1).

Frame 7: On the left, Haman stands in front of Ahasuerus attended by a group of men (his advisers?, servants?). The vizier holds weight with scales on which the vizier is going to weigh silver for the king (Es. 3:9). In the background, the king's palace is visible.

Frame 8: Five men sit at a table at the moment when Queen Esther is entering the chamber. Most likely, the scene depicts the first banquet given by Esther (Es. 5:5-8) but it is unclear why the queen does not sit at the table and who are the other participants of the feast (the Book of Esther mentions only the king and Haman). 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224695
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224696 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 9-11, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224696 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 9-11, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail cols. 9-11
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Columns
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Garland
Ahasuerus listening to the Book of Records (Es. 6:1-3)
Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Esther's second banquet (Es. 7:1)
Landscape
Angel's head
Vase
Basket with flowers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600377
20 Description

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 1, 2, and 3 are printed and in the lower margin, there are frames nos. 9-11.

Frame 9: On the left, the king sits on the throne under a canopy and before him, stands a man who is reading from an open book (Es. 6:1-3). On the right and in the background, the palace garden is depicted.

Frame 10: Mordecai in royal apparel riding on horseback and is led by Haman (Es. 6:11). In the background, several buildings are visible.

Frame 11: The second banquet given by Esther is depicted (Es. 7:1). Together with the queen, the king and Haman are seated at a table. A servant is approaching the table with a tray.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224696
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224697 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, col. 11-13, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224697 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, col. 11-13, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail col. 11-13
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Scrolls with landscapes|
13 Iconographical Subject Esther's second banquet (Es. 7:1)
Haman falling on Esther's bed (Es. 7:8)
New decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10)
Mordecai writing the king's decree (Es. 8:10)
Columns
Landscape
Putto (Putti in Plural)
Ahasuerus returns from the palace garden (Es. 7:8)
Angel's head
Vase
Basket with flowers
Gallows built for Mordecai (Es. 5:14)
Ahasuerus' messenger(s) (Es. 8:14)
Haman begging for his life (Es. 7:8)
Garland |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600378
20 Description

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 3, 4, and 1 are printed and in the lower margin, there are frames nos. 11-13.

Frame 11: The second banquet given by Esther is depicted (Es. 7:1). Together with the queen, the king and Haman are seated at a table. A servant is approaching the table with a tray.

Frame 12: On the right, on a bed with a canopy reclines Esther. Haman is falling on the bed while he is begging the queen for his life and this happens at the moment when the king returns from the palace gardens (Es. 7:8); he is shown on the right. In the small rectangular window, a gallows is visible; this is the same gallows that Haman built for Mordecai (Es. 5:14) and its presence here suggests the upcoming death of Haman (Es. 7:10).

Frame 13: On the left, a table with three scribes seated at it is shown; most likely they write the decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10). On the right, two messengers of the king are going to deliver the new decree (Es. 8:14).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224697
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 224698 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 14-16, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 224698 HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II, cols. 14-16, Amsterdam, early 18th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title HLB Esther Scroll with Landscapes II | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
with benedictions
3b Object Detail cols. 14-16
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date early 18th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin The Netherlands | Amsterdam
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Germany | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
10 Location Germany | Hessen | Fulda | Hochschul- und Landesbibliothek (HLB)
| 8º A 6
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Landscape
Columns
Garland
Putto (Putti in Plural)
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour (Es. 8:16-17)
Haman's sons hanged (Es. 9:14)
Jews battle their enemies (Es. 9:5-12)
First Purim feast (Es. 9:17-23)
Ships going out to sea (based on Es. 10:1)
Angel's head
Vase
Basket with flowers
Esther asks the king for an additional day of fighting (Es. 9:13)
Scene, unidentified
And the king Ahasuerus laid a tribute upon the land, and upon the isles of the sea (Es. 10:1)
Ahasuerus and Esther, enthroned
Acanthus Leaf
Group of onlookers |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M600379
20 Description

In the upper margin, landscapes nos. 2, 3, and 4 are printed and in the lower margin, there are frames nos. 14-16.

Frame 14: Two groups of people are shown and some of them look upwards. This detail suggests that the scene should be interpreted together with the depiction of the scene of hanging of Haman’s ten sons (Es. 9:14) incorporated in the text column above. On every beam of a very high gallows, a single body of one of the sons is hanged. A high ladder leans on it and on its top an executioner is standing. It seems the people shown below are onlookers who are witnessing the execution. In this scroll, pedestals with angel's heads and decorative bases were added, therefore, the text panels are higher and the gallows printed inside the text column is too short. 

Frame 15: On the right, two mounted troops are represented as fighting together. The clothing of the men on the left suggests that they are Jews who are fighting their enemies approaching from the opposite direction. This is one of the moments in the narrative when Jews battle their enemies but it is difficult to determine which particular episode is illustrated here (Es. 9:5-12). On the left, the royal couple sitting on the throne is represented, however, it is unclear which episode it illustrates; it can be the moment when Esther pleads with the king for an additional day of fights (Es. 9:13). 

Frame 16: On the right and in the center, the feast with musicians and a group of dancing people of both sexes is shown. One of them is wearing clothing typical for the Jews at the time when the pattern was designed, another man is wearing a checkered costume, and yet another man has a long curly wig. It is difficult to determine if this can be the feast after the victory of the Jews over the enemies (Es. 8:16-17) or the first Purim feast (Es. 9:17-23). On the left, a ship on the sea is shown (alludes to Es. 10:1).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
224698
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a