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  (XI) Obj. ID: 21702 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll,, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|

The family of Italian Esther scrolls from the second half of the 17th century named by Mendel Metzger after Judaica collector, Moses Gaster (1856–1939), of whose collections an exemplar of this manuscript formed a part (see M. Metzger, “The Earliest Engraved Italian Megilloth”, Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 48:2 (1966), 381‒432, esp. 390). It includes Esther scrolls produced in mixed technique in which decorative border is printed and colored by hand while the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is penned by a scribe. The opening and final section of the scrolls are precisely filled with a rich decoration formed of tendrils, flowers, and animals (the latter contains no animal figures). The upper and lower margins are adorned with repeating endless knot motifs alternating with cartouches enclosing more than thirty scenes in total that chronicles the Book of Esther. The text panels, in which nineteen text columns are included (in most panels they are grouped in pairs), are interspersed by floral decoration. The same scheme repeats on all three sheets forming each exemplar. Many of decorative elements are common with Klagsbald scrolls.

13 Iconographical Subject Illustration
Floral motif
Endless knot
Animals and Beasts
Cartouche
Foliate and floral ornaments |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The scroll represents the type called Gaster I (for the explanation of the name see "Additional Remarks") that are lavishly decorated megillot produced in a mixed technique in which decorative border is printed as copper engraving and colored by hand whereas the Hebrew text of the Book of Esther is penned by a scribe. The opening section is precisely filled with a rich decoration formed of tendrils, flowers, and animals that surround the cartouche. The upper and lower margins are adorned with repeating endless knot motifs alternating with 20 cartouches enclosing one up to three scenes that chronicle the narrative of the Book of Esther. In this scroll, the background behind the endless knot motifs and cartouches in both margins is painted blue; on the subsequent sheets, different hues of blue color are used (in some places it is very faded). The ten text panels, in which nineteen text columns are included, are interspersed by stylized floral decoration. The same scheme repeats on all three membranes forming each scroll from this group. The pattern ends with a symmetrical decoration composed of large flowers and foliate ornaments surrounding a cartouche. Many decorative elements are common with the scrolls of Klagsbald Type (see ID 31). The cartouche in the opening decoration of the scroll from the Casanatense Library collection is filled with a seal that appears again on the opening section of the manuscript, outside decoration's outline. The right edge of the first membrane is trimmed into a funnel shape.

The scroll is mounted on the rod with ivory finials; its upper part is curved.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
21702
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (10 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 223073 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 1, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223073 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 1, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 1
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Ahasuerus' banquet (Es. 1:3-8)
Vashti's banquet (Es. 1:9)
Foliate and floral ornaments
Lion rampant
Cartouche
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602206
20 Description

Opening decoration: On the right, a part of the opening decoration is visible; for the description of the adequate section in other scrolls representing the Gaster I type see e.g. ID 1441.  

Cartouche 1 (upper margin): At the center, within the scenery of the palace gardens, the crowned and bearded King Ahasuerus sits on the throne under a high canopy at a round laid table. He is flanked by three men on the right and four men on the left, all of whom wear turbans and long gowns (Es. 1:3-8). On either side, there are arcaded buildings in which two groups of four figures sit at a table.

Cartouche 2 (lower margin): The crowned Vashti, within the scenery of the palace gardens, sits under a high canopy at a round laid table. She is flanked by three women on either side. On the right, a group of servants, all wearing turbans, enter the garden through a gate on the right; the first of them addresses the queen. Probably, they come with the king's order that Vashti should appear before him and his guests (Es. 1:10-11). The scene of the left can depict the moment when the queen, after her refusal, is taken from the palace by two men (alluding to Es. 1:19).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223073
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223075 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 2, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223075 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 2, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 2
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Memucan advises the king as to the fate of Vashti (Es. 1:19)
Hegai taking Esther and the maiden(s) to the palace (Es. 2:8)
Ahasuerus and the seven princes of Persia and Media (Es. 1:13-15)
Ahasuerus' messenger(s) (Es. 1:22)
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602208
20 Description

Cartouche 3 (upper margin): On the right, the bearded Ahasuerus sits on the throne and is accompanied by the seven princes of Persia and Media. He holds a scepter in his left hand and his other hand points to a man, probably Memucan, who stands before him. Six other men stand behind Memucan (?) and a soldier holding a shield stands behind the king's throne. The scene shows the moment when the king asks his advisers for a piece of advice as to the further fate of Vashti (Es. 1:13-20). On the left, two king's messengers ride on horseback towards a city in the background (Es. 1:21-23).

Cartouche 4 (lower margin): At the center, a group of women is brought to the king's court (Es. 2:1-4). They are lead by a man wearing a turban (most likely Hegai) who holds the first one's hand (Es. 2:8). A carriage drawn by two horses can be seen in the background on the left.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223075
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223077 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 3, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223077 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 3, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 3
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Coronation of Esther (Es. 2:17)
Mordecai with Bigthan and Teresh (Es. 2:21)
Ahasuerus handing his ring to Haman (Es. 3:10)
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602210
20 Description

Cartouche 5 (upper margin): In the center, the bearded Ahasuerus wearing a turban is seated on the throne with a canopy and is flanked by eight men in turbans who sit on benches. Both hands of the king are outstretched and in one of them, he holds a crown which he is about to place on the head of the kneeling Esther. Behind her, four women stand (Es. 2:17).

Cartouche 6 (lower margin): On the right, Mordecai wearing a turban stands within a gate in the wall and looks at two men who are probably Bigthan and Teresh (Es. 2:21). On the left, Haman is approaching Ahasuerus who is sitting on a raised throne with a canopy. The king holds a scepter in one hand and in another he has a ring that gives to Haman (Es. 3:10). A man, possibly a guard, stands behind the throne. There is a fountain in the center of the cartouche.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223077
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223079 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 4, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223079 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 4, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 4
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Hatach before Mordecai (Es. 4:5-7)
Mordecai in front of the palace gate (Es. 4:2)
Esther is informed by her maiden(s) and servant(s) (Es. 4:4)
Esther sends Hatach to speak to Mordecai (Es. 4:5)
Floral motif
Endless knot
Scribe(s) writing Haman's decree (Es. 3:12) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602212
20 Description

Cartouche 7 (upper margin): On the right, a man (Haman?) dictates the decree against Jews to a scribe who sits at a table before him and is attended by two other men (Es. 3:12). On the left, the crowned Esther in a courtyard surrounded by a wall is depicted. A man (possibly her servant, Hatach) wearing a turban is facing her as if speaking and two maid-servants stand behind her. In the background, in front of the palace gate, another man in a turban on his head (most likely Mordecai) is shown (Es. 4:4).

Cartouche 8 (lower margin): Both episodes included in the cartouche depict Hatach who delivers the messages between Esther and Mordecai. On the right, Esther sits on a throne topped by a canopy, flanked by two maid-servants, holding a scepter in her left hand. She is pointing at a man (possibly Hatach) who stands facing her and raises his hands in a gesture of speech (Es. 4:5). On the left, Mordecai stands with folded arms within the palace gate facing a man (Hatach?) who also raises his hands in a gesture of speech (Es. 4:5-7).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223079
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223080 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 5, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223080 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 5, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Ahasuerus extending the scepter to Esther (Es. 5:2)
Esther's first banquet (Es. 5:5-8)
Ahasuerus is being read the Book of Records (Es. 6:1-3)
Esther touching the scepter (Es. 5:2)
Haman talks to his wife, Zeresh, and friends (Es. 5:14)
Gallows built for Mordecai (Es. 5:14)
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602213
20 Description

Cartouche 9 (upper margin): On the right, Ahasuerus sits on the throne with a canopy and extends his scepter to the crowned Esther who kneels before him and touches the tip of it. Two men stand behind the throne and Esther is accompanied by two maid-servants (Es. 5:2-3). On the left, the first banquet given by Esther is depicted. Esther, Ahasuerus, and Haman sit at a round, laid table set in palace gardens. A man serving the dishes is just approaching the table (Es. 5:5). 

Cartouche 10 (lower margin): On the right, Haman wearing a turban stands and talks to two women; probably one of them is Zeresh, Haman's wife, at the moment when she is suggesting him to build the gallows for Mordecai (Es. 5:14). In the central part of the cartouche stands the gallows prepared by Haman for Mordecai (Es. 5:14). On the left, Ahasuerus reclines on a bed and two men stand before him; one of them reads from an open book to the king (Es. 6:1).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223080
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223081 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 6, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223081 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 6, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 6
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Ahasuerus asks Haman how to honour a man he wishes to reward (Es. 6:5-10)
Mordecai's triumph (Es. 6:11)
Esther's second banquet (Es. 7:1)
Haman begging for his life (Es. 7:8)
Haman's daughter empties a chamber pot on her father's head (Bab. Talmud, Megillah 16a)
Harbona suggests to hang Haman (Es. 7:9)
Floral motif
Endless knot
Ahasuerus returns from the palace gardens (Es. 7:8) |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602214
20 Description

Cartouche 11 (upper margin): On the right, Ahasuerus stands next to his throne and points at Haman who stands before him and they are talking (Es. 6:6-10). On the left, Mordecai rides a horse followed by two men and Haman walks before him while blowing a trumpet (Es. 6:11). The scene of the triumph of Mordecai is supplemented by the depiction of Haman's daughter who, from a window above, throws bed-pan slops on her father's head (T.B. Meg. 16).

Cartouche 12 (lower margin): On the right, the second banquet given by Esther is shown (Es. 7:1). The queen sits at a round laid table and is accompanied by Ahasuerus who sits on the throne topped by a canopy, and by Haman who sits between them. In the central part of the cartouche, Haman is begging for his life and is prostrated on the floor before Esther while Ahasuerus is returning from the palace gardens (Es. 7:7-8). On the left, Ahasuerus stands in the palace garden with a scepter in his hand and is accompanied by two chamberlains; one of them can be Harbonah who suggests hanging Haman on the gallows he had prepared for Mordecai (Es. 7:9).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223081
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223082 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 7, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223082 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 7, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 7
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Haman hanged (Es. 7:10)
Ahasuerus extending the scepter to Esther (Es. 8:4)
The new decree allowing the Jews to defend themselves (Es. 8:8-10)
Ahasuerus' messenger(s) (Es. 8:14)
Ahasuerus giving Esther the house of Haman (Es. 8:1)
Floral motif
Endless knot
Esther at Ahasuerus' feet while pleading him to annul Haman's decree (Es. 8:3) | (?)
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602215
20 Description

Cartouche 13 (upper margin): On the right, Haman is hanged on the gallows (Es. 7:10). A ladder leans against it and three guards, holding spears, stand on the left. At Haman's feet, there is a dog that is looking at him. On the left, Ahasuerus sits on the throne topped with a canopy and extends his scepter to Esther who kneels at his feet and touches the tip of the scepter. Mordecai stands in the background and watches the scene (Es. 8:1-4). Here is depicted either the moment when the king gives Haman's properties to Esther (Es. 8:1) or when Esther is pleading to annul Haman's decree (Es. 8:3-4).

Cartouche 14 (lower margin): On the right, Ahasuerus sits on a throne under a canopy and extends the scepter to Esther who kneels at his feet and touches the tip of the scepter. Behind the throne stands a man (Mordecai?) and in the background, two king's scribes sit at a table and write the king's decree (Es. 8:9). On the left, two mounted messengers ride towards a walled city on the far left (Es. 8:14).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223082
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223083 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 8, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223083 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 8, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 8
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Mordecai before Ahasuerus in royal apparel (Es. 8:15)
The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour (Es. 8:16-17)
Jews battle their enemies (Es. 9:5-12)
Additional day of fights (Es. 9:15-16)
Floral motif
Endless knot | (?)
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602216
20 Description

Cartouche 15 (upper margin): On the right, Ahasuerus sits on a throne topped with a canopy and holds a scepter in one hand and with the other hand, he points at Mordecai, who stands before him wearing a turban and an overcoat and bows slightly before the king (Es. 8:15). In the center, the figures are depicted fighting in a field; two men are lying on the ground. This is one of the moments when Jews battle their enemies but it is difficult to determine which particular verse is illustrated here (Es. 9:5-12). On the left, five men sit around a laid table. The scene most likely depicts the happiness of Jews at the news of the king's new decree (Es. 8:16-17).

Cartouche 16 (lower margin): Several figures are depicted fighting in a field flanked by buildings. Four soldiers holding spears emerge from the left and several bodies already lay on the ground. The scene can depict either Jews who battle their enemies (Es. 9:5-12) or an additional day of fights of Jews against their enemies (Es. 9:15-16).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223083
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223084 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 9, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223084 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 9, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 9
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Haman's sons hanged (Es. 9:14)
First Purim feast (Es. 9:17-23)
Esther asks the king to hang Haman's sons (Es. 9:13)
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602217
20 Description

Cartouche 17 (upper margin): On the right, Ahasuerus sits on the throne under a canopy and holds a scepter. The crowned Esther kneels before him and she is attended by her two maid-servants. On the left, Haman's ten sons are hanging on the same gallows with their hands tied. Two guards, holding spears, stand on either side of the gallows (Es. 9:14).

Cartouche 18 (lower margin): Seven men in turbans on their heads who sit around a long laid table are depicted. Two servants carrying trays go out of the room from both sides (Es. 9:17).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223084
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 223085 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 10, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 223085 Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll, text panel 10, Venice, 2nd half of the 17th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Biblioteca Casanatense Gaster I Type Esther Scroll | Unknown
3a Object Esther scroll (megillat Esther)
in ha-Melekh layout
3b Object Detail text panel 10
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd half of the 17th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Veneto | Venice
| (?)
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Italy | Rome | Biblioteca Casanatense
| Mss. 4851
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Gaster I scrolls|
13 Iconographical Subject Foliate and floral ornaments
Esther writing the Purim letter (Es. 9:29)
Messenger(s) deliver the letter to all provinces (Es. 9:30)
Purim celebration
Floral motif
Endless knot |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M602218
20 Description

Cartouche 19 (upper margin): On the right, the crowned Esther sits in an armchair at a table and writes the Purim letter. This is witnessed by two men wearing turbans who stand next to the table (Es. 9:29). On the left, two mounted messengers ride towards a city (Es. 9:30).

Cartouche 20 (lower margin): Five men wearing masks and tall pointed hats are dancing in a circle and playing musical instruments. The scene most likely depicts Purim celebration contemporary to the manuscript's creator.

Final decoration: On the left is visible a part of the final decoration that is a symmetrical composition of flowers and tendrils that surrounds an empty cartouche (invisible in the image).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
223085
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Dagmara Budzioch 2020 49a
50 Researcher Dagmara Budzioch 2020 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a