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  (XI) Obj. ID: 2115 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year,, Franconia, end of the 13th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks See below, "Additional Remarks"
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Mahzor in two volumes for the whole year with vocalisation. The Mahzor is mostly according to the western Ashkenazi rite but also includes a few sections following the eastern rite. The first volume includes the three Scrolls (Song of Songs, Ruth and Ecclesiastes) and Prayers for Special Sabbaths, Passover and Shavuot; the second volume includes the rest of the prayers for the New Year, Day of Atonement, Sukkot and Hanukkah.
Vol. I:
Fol. 1-1v: Zulat for Shabbat Hagadol אומרת אני מעשי למלך by a later Hand l (see Scribes).
Fols. 2-14: Three Scrolls accentuated and vocalised, with massorah magna and parva: Song of Songs (fols. 2-5); Ruth (fols. 5-7v); Ecclesiastes (fols. 7v-14).
Fols. 14v-58: Special Sabbaths with piyyutim and some statutory prayers:
• Shabbat Shekalim (fols. 14v-22v): morning service (fols. 14v-20v): yozer (fol. 14v), qerovah (fol. 15v); musaf (fols. 20v-22v).
• Shabbat Zakhor (fols. 23-30v): morning service (fols. 23-24): yozer (fol. 23), qerovah (fol. 24); musaf (fols. 28v-30v).
• Purim (fols. 31-37): amidah and piyyutim for Purim.
• Shabbat Parah (fols. 37-44v): morning service (fols. 37-42v): yozer (fol. 37), qerovah (fol. 38); musaf (fols. 42v-44v).
• Shabbat Hahodesh (fols. 45-51v): morning service (fols. 45- 49v): yozer (fol. 45), qerovah (fol. 46); musaf (fols. 49v-51v).
• Shabbat Hagadol (fols. 52-58): morning service (fols. 52-55v): yozer (fol. 52), qerovah (fol. 53v); musaf (fols. 55v-58).
Fols. 58-122: Passover with prayers and piyyutim:
• First day: evening service (fols. 58-60); morning service (fols. 60-65): yozer (fol. 60); musaf (fols. 65v-72v).
• Second day: evening service (fols. 73-75v); morning service (fols. 75v-83): yozer (fol. 75v), amidah (fol. 79v).
• Shabbat Hol Hamoed: morning service (fols. 83-87v): yozer (fol. 83).
• Seventh day: morning service (fols. 87v-98v): yozer (fol. 87v), qerovah (fol. 89).
• Eighth day: morning service (fols. 98v-112): yozer (fol. 98v), another yozer by the later Hand 1 (fols. 99v-100), qerovah (fol. 103), reshut before reading the Targum of the Torah opening with אלו פומי נומי (fol. 112); and biblical readings in Aramaic (from fols. 112v-118).
• Seventh and Eighth days: evening service (fols. 118v-122).
Fols. 122v-181: Shavuot:
• First day: evening service (fols. 122v-123v); morning service (fols. 124-136v): yozer (fol. 124), qerovah (fol. 126v); musaf (fols. 136v-143v).
• Second day of Shavuot: evening service )fols. 143v-146v), another evening service (fols. 146v-148v); morning service (fols. 149-162v): yozer (fol. 149), qerovah (fol. 151v); musaf (fols. 162v-164v); akdamut millin (fols. 164v-166v); and other Aramaic piyyutim recited before each of the Ten Commandments (fols. 166v-178).
• Three Pilgrim Festivals: morning service (fols. 178-178v): qerovah (fol. 178); musaf (fols. 179-180); and an addition to the amidah for evening service when the Festival falls at the end of the Sabbath (fols. 180-181).
Vol. II:
Fols. 1v-60v: New Year:
• First Day: morning service (fols. 1v-11): yozer (fol. 1v), qerovah (fol. 3), avinu malkenu (fol. 10); musaf )fols. 11-30).
• Second Day: morning service (fols. 30-45): yozer (fol. 30), qerovah (fol. 32), avinu malkenu (fol. 44v); musaf (fols. 45-60v).
Fols. 61-167v: Day of Atonement:
Kol nidrei (fol. 61); evening service (fols. 61-73v): avinu malkenu (fol. 73); morning service (fols. 73v-120v): yozer (fol. 74), qerovah (fol. 75), selihot (fols. 104v-113v), continues with the amidah (fols. 113v), avinu malkenu (fol. 120); musaf (fols. 121-152): selihot (fols. 140-148); afternoon service (fols. 152-161v): avinu malkenu (fol. 160v), neilah (fols. 161v-167v).
Fols. 168-178v: Sukkot:
• First Day: morning service (fols. 168-172): yozer (fol. 168), qerovah (fol. 169); musaf (fols. 172-172v).
• Second Day: morning service (fols. 172v-178v): yozer (fol. 172v), qerovah (fol. 174). (No Hoshanot).
Fols. 178v-187v: Shemini Azeret: morning service (fols. 178v-179v): yozer (fol. 178v); musaf (fols. 179v-
187v): prayer for rain (fol. 179v).
Fols. 187v-193: Simhat Torah: morning service (fols. 187v-193): yozer (fol. 178v), hakkafot (fol. 190),
reshut for hatan Torah (fol. 190v), and reshut for hatan Bereshit (fol. 191).
Fols. 193v-197v: Shabbat Hanukkah: morning service (fols. 193v-197v): yozer (fol. 193v).
24 Codicology
24a Scribes The main text is written by two scribes. Each scribe seems to have vocalised the text he copied. Scribe A: I:2-14, 22-98v, 101-181v, including the massorah for Song of Songs, Ruth and Ecclesiastes (I:2-14), and a marginal annotation to scribe B’s text (I:15). Scribe B: I:14v-21v (quire IV). Scribe B: II:1-116v (quires of 8 leaves). Scribe A: II:117-197v (quires of 10 leaves). Hand 1: I:1-1v, 99v-100v, added to the manuscript after it was completed (I:99 is blank). Two other hands completed the text of Hand 1 (I:1-1v). Hand 2: I:100v: list of selihot.
24b Script The text is written in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink. The small square script of the massorah for the three Scrolls (I:2-14) and of some marginal notes in both volumes (e.g. II:72v, 134) was apparently written by each of the scribes in turn.
24c Number of Lines Vol. I: Scribes A and B: 24 lines. Added fol. 1: 22 lines; fols. 99v-100: 24 lines. Vol. II: Scribes A and B: 24 lines. The massorah magna for the three Scrolls (I:2-14): 2 lines in the upper margin and 3 in the lower, mostly cropped. The text is written mostly in one column; two columns (width of one: 50-60 mm.; 85-93 mm.) for the Scrolls (I:2-13v) and some piyyutim (e.g. I:124-125, 165-166v, II:89).
24d Ruling Vols. I and II: by stylus on hair side: 25 horizontal lines mostly ruled across the whole page (though 2 top and 2 bottom lines are usual (e.g. II:90-103), and 1+1 or 1+2+1 vertical lines for two columns. Ruling for massorah (I:2-14): 3 lines in the upper and 4 lines in the lower margins mostly cropped. In vol. II there is additional vertical ruling in plummet within the text space for its special layout (e.g. II:6).
24e Pricking Not noticeable, i.e. the inner margins were not pricked.
24f Quires Vol. I: 20 quires, mostly of 10 leaves each, except for: I1 (additional single leaf), II8, III4, IV8, XII10+2 (fols. 99, 100 are single leaves pasted on to fols. 98, 101), XX8. List of quires: I1 (1); II8 (2-9); III4 (10-13); IV8 (14-21); V10 (22-31); VI10 (32-41); VII10 (42-51); VIII10 (52-61); IX10 (62-71); X10 (72-81); XI10 (82-91); XII10+2 (92-103: fols. 99, 100 are single leaves pasted on to fols. 98, 101); XIII10 (104-113); XIV10 (114-123); XV10 (124-133); XVI10 (134-143); XVII10 (144-153); XVIII10 (154-163); XIX10 (164-173); XX8 (174-181). Vol. II: 22 quires. Quires I-XIV (fols. 1v-116v), which were written by Scribe B, are of 8 leaves each except for VII12-1 (quire VIII opens the Day of Atonement prayers). Quires XV-XXI (fols. 117-197), which were written by Scribe A, are of 10 leaves each except for XXII10+1 (single last leaf). Quires structure: I8 (1-8); II8 (9-16); III8 (17-24); IV8 (25-33: fol. 29 is numbered 30); V8 (34-41); VI8 (42-49); VII12-1 (50-60: the first leaf is single one with a stub); VIII8 (61-68); IX8 (69-76); X8 (77-84); XI8 (85-92); XII8 (93-100); XIII8 (101-108); XIV8 (109-116); XV10 (117-126); XVI10 (127-136); XVII10 (137-146); XVIII10 (147-156); XIX10 (157-166); XX10 (167-176); XXI10 (177-186); XXII10+1 (187-197: single last leaf).
24g Catchwords Catchwords: none, perhaps cropped.
24h Hebrew Numeration None.
24i Blank Leaves I:99; II:1 was originally blank

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, vol. I: I + 181 + I leaves.
Vol. II: I + 197 + I leaves (fol. 29 is numbered 30 and followed by subsequent numbers).
Both sides of the parchment are similarly treated; hair sometimes visible.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Full page: Vol. I: (361-365) x (292-295) mm.; vol. II: (353-354) x (291-292) mm.
Text space: Vol. I: (291-298) x (185-188) mm.; vol. II: 289 x (185-189) mm.

Columns
The text is written mostly in one column; two columns (width of one: 50-60 mm.; 85-93 mm.) for the Scrolls (I:2-13v) and some piyyutim (e.g. I:124-125, 165-166v, II:89).

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
The word Baruch (meaning: blessed) is marked by a foliate motif (I:6, Scribe A) and by dots (II:98, Scribe B), perhaps as a blessing formula.
Vol. II:28v, inscribed in semi-cursive script above the priestly blessings in the musaf prayer for New Year: where there is no cohen [priest] recite [the following text] with tears, where there is no cohen (priest) recite (the following text) with tears, במקום שאין שם כהן אמר אלהינו ואלהי אבותינו בדמע.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
Both volumes have similar 16th-century bindings of off-white pigskin on wooden boards (380 x 298 mm.). Front and back covers are similar with blind-tooled floral scrolls and chains decorating a rectangular frame which encloses a double framed square with a central rhomboid and a flower. On the back covers are the metal remnants of two clasps and on the front covers are corresponding traces. The spine has four double cords with head and tail bands. Watermarks of front and back flyleaves: a double pole with a round top and flag bearing the letters WA (?) or WL (?).
36 Decoration Program
The manuscript was written and decorated by Scribes A and B. Each scribe wrote his own built-up letters in brown and red ink at the beginnings of main sections (6-12 lines high) and sub-sections (2-5 lines high). However, their elaborate decoration and the red wriggle work surrounding them, also in the sections of Scribe A, were done by Scribe B. Scribe B's built-up display letters of are more elegantly undulating and have more serifs than the straight square ones by Scribe A (cf. II:34v-35, 80-86 by Scribe B; and I:179v-181 by Scribe A). However, one should note that Scribe A can emulate the script of Scribe B when the hands change (cf. II:116v by Scribe B with II:117 by A). I. Text illustrations by Scribe B: a red lion passant illustrating the word King (מלך II:38v) and a crowned blue rampant one illustrating the text: I shall crown (אכתיר II:168). II. Decorated initial words: 1. Elaborate initial words: The built-up letters are by Scribe A; however, the decoration is by Scribe B. One initial word is decorated with dragons, animals and a hunting scene (אום, I:37); a second is surrounded by intertwined dragons, a knight confronting a lion, a dog and a griffin (מלך II:30; cf. II:31v, 168); and a third one is decorated with two facing dragons within the letter I:23 (זכור). 2. Initial words surrounded by wriggle work only: • By Scribe A: I:75v (אפיק) surrounded by brown ink wriggle work similar to I:31 (ויאהב); I:45 (אות), I:60 (אור). It should be noted that the latter three initial words were executed on very thin parchment, covering up the same words which were originally written by Scribe A and decorated with red wriggle work by Scribe B. • By Scribe A, with added red wriggle work by Scribe B: I:23 (זכור), I:124 (אדון); II:152v (איתן); II:161v (אב); II:178v (אום). • By Scribe B: I:14v (אל) surrounded by red wriggle work. 3. Smaller built-up initial words by both scribes in the sections they wrote. The words are in alternating red and dark brown ink, all decorated by Scribe B with wriggle work and foliage extensions, some with dragons', knights' and animal heads (e.g. I:14v, 15, 105, 132v; II:43, 43v, 44, 50-51, 53-54, 56v-57, 96). III. Other decorative elements: 1. By Scribe B: a small red lion in the margins enclosing the word "Our Lord" (אלהינו; II:43v) and another in brown ink above the word "To the holy" (לקדוש; II:129). 2. By Scribe B: vertical scrolls within the text space (II:31v, 38). 3. By Scribe A: vocalisation, and accent bars above syllables decorated with dragons' heads (I:98v, 124, 163; II:61, 121, 152v). 4. Each scribe emphasises important words, biblical verses and some letters in red (e.g. I:132-135v; II:39, 44v-47, 52-53, 58-59).
36 Summary and Remarks
This Munich Mahzor is written in a large format in two volumes and includes the service for the Special Sabbaths and festivals for the whole year (except for the 9th Av and hoshanot). It also contains three of the Five Scrolls for readings on the festival days of Passover (Song of Songs), Shavuot (Ruth) and Sukkot (Ecclesiastes). The other two scrolls for Purim (Esther) and 9th Av (Lamentations) are not included here. The Mahzor was probably intended for a cantor in the synagogue and therefore includes mainly piyyutim and some abbreviated versions of the statutory prayers. The prayers mainly follow the western Ashkenazi rite, for example in the version of avinu malkenu (II:10-11; 44v-45; 73-73v; 120-120v; 160v-161v; Goldschmidt 1970, I, pp. 131-2), and the inclusion of the Aramaic piyyut akdamut millin for Shavuot (Fraenkel 2000, p. 69). On the other hand, some texts follow the eastern Ashkenaz rite, such as והחיות ישוררו (II:3, 32, 168v, 190) recited at New Year, Day of Atonement, Sukkot and Shemini Azeret, rather than the western Ashkenazi version of והאופנים וחיות הקודש (Goldschmidt 1970, I, p. 53; Goldschmidt-Fraenkel 1981, p. 367). This western version was added in the margin by a later hand on II:3 in semi-cursive script. Texts usually appearing in medieval Ashkenazi mahzorim of this period are not included here: the ofan כבודו יתרומם ויתנשא for the Special Sabbaths, and שיר הכבוד ושיר הייחוד commonly recited in the Ashkenazi communities from the 13th century at the end of the evening prayer (Goldschmidt 1970, II, p. כט). The text of our two-volume Mahzor was divided equally between Scribes A (16 quires) and B (15 quires). The latter, however, predominated as illuminator, since he decorated his own text (e.g. II:30, 43, 44) as well as that copied by Scribe A (e.g. I:23, 52, 124; II:152v, 161v, 178). The decoration in our Mahzor is executed in brown, red and blue ink. The style, motifs and technique of the decoration by both scribes are close to the scribal art of the Ashkenazi manuscripts produced from the last quarter of the 13th century to the first half of the 14th century in Franconia and the neighbouring regions of south Germany. Some codicological features in our Mahzor, such as the ruling by stylus and barely unnoticeable pricking of the inner margins are typical of manuscripts produced before 1300 (Beit-Arié 1981, p. 84), suggesting this date for our Mahzor. The dominant elements of the decoration programme in our Mahzor are the large and small built-up initial words surrounded by wriggle work, a common feature in Ashkenazi manuscripts of this period. However, the inclusion of specific motifs into the wriggle work by Scribe B, such as human and animal heads, dragons and foliage extensions (e.g. figs. 1, 3, 5), is less widespread and appears in only a few Ashkenazi manuscripts, such as in the Worms Mahzor (fig. 2) and another Mahzor from Franconia of the first quarter of 14th century (fig. 4), where the wriggle work ends in grotesque heads; or in the Abraham's Ashkenazi Mahzor of the 13th-14th century, probably also from Franconia, in which grotesques are integrated into acanthus leaves (fig. 6). A special feature in our Mahzor (I:23 - fig. 7; II:32) and in the Worms Mahzor are the pen-drawn animals enclosed within the letters (fig. 8). Fig. 1: Inhabited initial word Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:53v Fig. 2: Inhabited initial word Worms Mahzor, Würzburg 1272 Jerusalm, NLI Heb. 40781/1, fol. 11 (Beit-Arié, facsimile 1985) (Cf. Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 5, I:84, fig. 3) Fig. 3: Inhabited initial word Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:43 (Cf. Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 5, I:184, fig. 4) Fig. 4: Inhabited initial word Dragon’s Head Mahzor Franconia (?), first quarter of the 14th century London, BL Or. 42, fol. 10v (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Fig. 5: Inhabited initial word Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:44 Fig. 6: Inhabited initial word Abraham's Ashkenazi Mahzor Franconia (?), 13th-14th century Modena, Estense Alpha. W. 8.5 (Or. 81), fol. 61v (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Fig. 7: Inhabited initial word Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, I:23 Fig. 8: Inhabited initial word Worms Mahzor, Würzburg 1272 Jerusalem, NLI Heb. 40781, 1:66 (Beit-Arié, facsimile 1985) Spared-ground inhabited letters are another type of decoration in our Mahzor (fig. 9). This type, by Scribe B, appears frequently in Ashkenazi manuscripts of the period, for example the David Siddur of 1308 from Franconia (fig. 10). Fig. 9: Inhabited initial word Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, I:37 (Cf. Munich, BSB Cod. hebr 5 I:184, fig. 7) Fig. 10: Inhabited initial word David Siddur Franconia 1308 London, BL Add. 26970, fol. 50 (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) (Cf. Munich, BSB Cod. hebr 5, I:184, fig. 5) Indeed, the richest initial word decoration in our Mahzor is devoted to the yozer, which begins with the word "King" (מלך (אמון מאמרך for the second day of New Year (fig. 11). It is surrounded by foliage scrolls inhabited by full-figure creatures. A similar initial word adorns a yozer for the first day of New Year in a contemporary Days of Awe Mahzor, which begins with the word "King" (מלך (אזור גבורה (fig. 12). Fig. 12: London Days of Awe Mahzor Franconia, first quarter of the 14th century London, BL Add. 16916, fol. 1 (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Fig. 11: Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:30 Apart from a pair of dragons, which dominate in both initials, our foliate scrolls include several favourite motifs of this period such as a lion, dog, griffin and a knight (fig. 11). Of these motifs, the red lion passant is the only animal illustrating the initial word "King" (מלך). Similarly, another red lion in our manuscript is placed below such an initial word (II:38v - fig. 13) and resembles the red lion illustrating the word "King" in the contemporary Ashkenazi Mahzor (fig. 14). Fig. 13: Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:38v Fig. 14: Ashkenazi Mahzor South Germany, late 13th-early 14th century Munich, BSB Cod. hebr. 86, fol. 57 (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Motifs unrelated to the text, which were popular in scribal art of the period, are chivalrous and courtly scenes (figs. 5 and 11), a bird of prey and a dog biting a stag (fig. 9). In the Michael Mahzor of 1258 from Regensburg for example, several initial word panels are decorated with knights fighting (e.g. Mich. 617, fols. 4v, 11 - fig. 15). Fig. 15: Michael Mahzor Regensburg 1258 Oxford, Bodl. Lib. Mich. 617, fol. 11 (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Fig. 11: Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, II:30 The vocalisation and accentuation bars with dragon heads in our manuscript were used by Scribe A as decorative elements (figs. 16, 18). These also appear in an Ashkenazi Mahzor from the early 14th century, where the bars are composed of dragons, animals, flowers or a hunting scene (figs. 17, 19). Fig. 16: Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, I:124 Fig. 17: Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor Early 14th century, south Germany Vienna, ÖNB Cod. hebr. 174, fol. 216v (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) Fig. 18: Munich, BSB Cod. Hebr. 4, I:163 Fig. 19: Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor Early 14th century, South Germany Vienna, ÖNB Cod. hebr. 174, fol. fol. 176v (Jerusalem, CJA Documentation) To sum up, the decoration of our Mahzor points to Franconia as its place of production at the turn of the 13th century. Indeed, the text version of the Mahzor, which is basically western Ashkenazi prayers with later additions, suggests that the cantor served a community located in south-western Germany (Fraenkel 1993).
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Decoration by later hands:
Vol. II:73v, a later hand crudely drew part of a gate for Gates of Mercy.
Vol. II:164, another later hand drew grotesque faces on ascenders.
Annotations in the margins by later hands:
• Inscribed next to many sections: cantor (חזן) or congregation (קהל), e.g. II:35v (חזן), 36v (קהל), 37v (חזן), 118 (חזן וקהל).
• Liturgical instructions for the recitation of certain passages, some for the cantor (e.g. I:42v, 52v, 55v, 89, 129-130, 149; II:5-5v, 9, 34v, 36v, 69, 74-75v, 167v).
• Alternative versions of the text following the eastern Ashkenazi rite rather than the western one (e.g. II:3 אין אומרים והחיות/ ואומרי' זה: והאופנים וחיות הקודש ברעש...).
• Some names of parashot (pericopes) and prayers written in the upper margins (e.g. I:14v, 37-40, 122v, 149).
Additions to prayers (e.g. I:14v, 38: II:1, 3, 18, 49v, 93-94, 128v, 131v).
Hand 1 in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink:
Vol. I:1-1v: zulat for Shabbat Hagadol אומרת אני מעשי למלך;
Two hands completed Hand 1's text: one wrote the last four lines of this piyyut in the lower margin and vocalised the text of Hand 1. The other wrote on fol. 52v: יש ספרי' כתוב כאן אומרת אני מעשי למלך referring to the zulat for Shabbat Hagadol (I:1-1v).
Vol. I:99v-100v: yozer for the last day of Passover אתה הארתה. On fol. 98v there is an explanation of this later addition, stating that “in this country” one should not recite the yozer ויושע אור written by the original scribe, but the yozer אתה הארתה which “you will find by turning the leaf (fol. 99v), and then continue with אי פתרוס" (fol. 102; see also fol. 88). According to Fraenkel reciting the yozer ויושע אור is the custom of only a few Ashkenazi communities, such as those in Worms or Cologne (Fraenkel 1993, p. 436) while the piyyut אתה הארת added later is the regular piyyut recited in most Ashkenazi communities (Fraenkel 1993, p. 423):
אין מנהג במדינה זו לאמור זה )ויושע אור) אלא אתה הארת עד ותקח מרים. הפוך דף אחר תמצא אז תתחיל איפסרוס אחר ותקח הפוך דף תמצא איפסרוס.
Hand 2 in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink:
Vol. I:100v: list of selihot according to the custom of Cologne and referred to in vol. II (in the Day of Atonement prayers): .זהו סדר קלוניא...מוסף... מנחה... זה הסליחו' תמצא ביוצר... וזה תמצא במוסף...
Owners' inscriptions:
Vol. I:1v, lower right-hand corner:
ר"ך (?) לפרט קניתי זה המחזור נגד האלמנה גוטכין …/ חתמתי שמי עליו לעדות ולראי'(ה) נחמיה בר' יעקב הלוי/ וכב' יר' (?) שאזכ'(ה) להגו(ת) בו אני וזרע זרעי עד סוף כל הדורות/ ויבש (?) לוי שלי"ט/ נ'ב'י' לוי,
In [5]220? (=1460?) I bought this mahzor from the widow Gutchinb ... I, Nehemiah bar Yaakov HaLevi signed my name as witness (probably the same as the owner of Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek Cod. bibl. fol. 2, from Wiesberg (Jerusalem, IMHM F 2202).Vol. II:1, in the upper part of the page in semi-cursive scriptמרדכי בר בנימן שליט :, Mordechai bar Binyamin.
Vols. I and II, front pastedown: גרשון אופנה(יים)/אופנה(יימר)?, Gershon Oppenh(eim)/Oppenh(eimer)?
Vols. I and II, front pastedown: a short description of the contents in German, entitled cyclus precum, is written in plummet; and on the front and back pastedowns, written in the same hand, the library signature: Cod. Hebr. 4 (a 19th-century hand?).
Library signatures and stamps:
• On the front pastedown of vol. II, is written “23.a” in ink.
• The oval library stamp Bibliotheca/Regia/Monacensis (I:1, 181v; II:1, 197v).
• On the spine of each volume, in brown and black ink: מחזור חלק א – I 4; מחזור חלק ב – II 4;
and stickers with Cod. Hebr. 4; stickers also on the back pastedown of both volumes.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Vol. II:84-89, the lower margins were cropped.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Abbreviations
BL London, British Library
Bodl. Lib. Oxford, Bodleian Library
BSB Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
CJA Jerusalem, Center for Jewish Art, The Hebrew Univeristy:
• Narkiss Archive
• Schubert Archive
• Sed-Rajna Archive
• CJA documentation
IMHM Jerusalem, Institute for Microfilmed Hebrew Manuscripts, at the National
Library of Israel
NLI (olim JNUL) Jerusalem, National Library of Israel
ÖNB Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Bibliography
Beit-Arié 1981 M. Beit-Arié, Hebrew Codicolog: Tentative Typology of Technical Practices
Employed in Hebrew Dated Medieval Manuscripts, Jerusalem 1981.
Beit-Arié, facsimile 1985 M. Beit-Arié, ed. The Worms Mahzor: MS Jewish National and University
Library Heb. 4°781, Vaduz 1985.
Davidson 1924-1933 I. Davidson, Thesaurus of Medieval Hebrew Poetry, New York 1924–1933.
Fraenkel 1993 י. פרנקל, מחזור פסח לפי מנהגי בני אשכנז לכל ענפיהם, ירושלים 1993 .
Fraenkel 2000 י. פרנקל, מחזור שבועות לפי מנהגי בני אשכנז לכל ענפיהם, ירושלים 1993 .
Goldschmidt 1970 י. גולשמידט, מחזור לימים הנוראים לפי מנהגי בני אשכנז לכל ענפיהם, ירושלים 1970 .
Goldschmidt-Fraenkel 1981 י. גולשמידט וי פרנקל, מחזור סוכות לפי מנהגי בני אשכנז לכל ענפיהם, ירושלים 1993 .
Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider, Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek
in München, Munich 1895, No. 4.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2115
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal; Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Ilona Steimann 2008; 2009, 2011; 2009, 2010 49a
50 Researcher Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin; Michal Sternthal ;Yaffa Levy 2009, 2013; 2009, 2013; 2010, 2013 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal. Project head: Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 2013 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 55a

Less Details


Object's images (15 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 18931 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 23, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18931 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 23, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 23
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Lion
Dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 23: The initial word Remember (זכור; Davidson, Thesaurus, ז 112) opening the yozer for Shabbat Zakhor is written by Scribe A in dark brown display letters (height 80 mm.; 7.5 lines), occupying almost the entire width of the page. The letters are decorated by Scribe B with red wriggle work, foliate extensions and two facing dragons within the letter khaf (כ). The right dragon was completed by a later hand in brown ink. The stems of letters are decorated with red roundels.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18931
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18932 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 31, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18932 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 31, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 31
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 31: The initial word Loved (ויאהב; Davidson, Thesaurus, ו 197) opening the krovatz for Shabbat Purim is written in dark brown display letters (height:55 mm.; 5 lines) by Scribe A on a piece of thin parchment glued on, and decorated with dark brown ink wriggle work with fleurs-de-lis and foliate extensions. It is possible to distinguish on the verso the form of the larger (66 mm.; 6.5 lines) original letters by Scribe A, and the red and blue wriggle work by Scribe B.

Two other initial words are similarly written and decorated by Scribe A (I:45, 60;70 mm. and100 mm. respectively) on thin parchment, and likewise stuck on to cover the corresponding original initial words. It is possible to distinguish the form of the original letters by Scribe A underneath (I:45, 60;80 mm. and95 mm. respectively), and the red wriggle work of scribe B (I:45), who did not decorate the original word on I:60.

The reason why Scribe A covered up his original initial words can only be conjectured.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18932
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18933 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 37, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18933 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 37, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Hunt
Dragon
Mask |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 37: The initial word "Nation" (אום; Davidson, Thesaurus,א  1830) opening the yozer for Shabbat Parah is written by scribe A in display script (height: 78 mm.; 7.5 lines) and decorated by scribe B in spared-ground technique on an alternating red and blue ground with the following motifs: acanthus scrolls and a lion mask in the letter alef (א), a winged dragon in the roof of the letter vav (ו) and in the final mem (ם) a snake and a hound biting a deer. Some spared-ground motifs are partially coloured in red and blue.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink, red and blue colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18933
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18934 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 75v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18934 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 75v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 75v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 75v: The initial word Aphik (אפיק רנן ושירים; Davidson, Thesaurus, א 7129) opening the yozer for morning service for the second day of Passover is written by Scribe A in the lower part of the page in large dark brown letters (height: 55mm.; 5 lines) surrounded by wriggle work in brown ink with fleurs-de-lis and foliage extensions. Scribe A also added accent and vocalisation bars below and above the word.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18934
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18935 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 78, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18935 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 78, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 78
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 78: The initial words on this page of the morning service for the second day of Passover are written by Scribe A in alternating red and dark brown letters; some text is in red.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18935
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18936 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 124, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18936 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 124, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 124
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Vocalization, zoomorphic
Accentuation, zoomorphic |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 124: The initial word Adon (אדון; Davidson, Thesaurus, א 484) which opens the yozer for the morning service on the first day of Shavuot is written by Scribe A in brown ink display letters (height60 mm.; 5 lines) surrounded by red wriggle work by Scribe B. Scribe A also vocalised and accentuated the word with two bars with dragon heads.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18936
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18937 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 163, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18937 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. I, fol. 163, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. I, fol. 163
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Vocalization, zoomorphic |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. I, fol. 163: The initial word Azharat (אזהרת; Davidson, Thesaurus, א 2186) of the piyyut of the musaf service for the second day of Shavuot is written in brown ink letters (height:32 mm., 3 lines) by Scribe A, who also vocalised the word with bars with dragon heads.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18937
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18938 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 30, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18938 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 30, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 30
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Knight confronting a lion
Initial word, decorative
Dragon
Griffin
Dog
Foliate scrolls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 30: The initial word King (מלך; Davidson, Thesaurus, מ 1543), opening the yozer of the morning service for the second day of New Year, is written and decorated by Scribe B in dark brown ink display letters (height:65 mm., 6 lines) surrounded by red and blue foliate scrolls with trefoil flowers.

The scrolls issue from the tongues and tails of two winged dragons in alternating red and blue, depicted with intertwined necks above the initial word. The scrolls are inhabited by a red dog seated on the right and by a fully armed knight below, wearing chain-mail and a square helmet surmounted by a red floral motif. He is holding a shield with a coat-of-arms featuring a lion in his left hand and brandishing a sword in his right. He is facing a lion passant with a scroll in its mouth. The lion may illustrate the initial word King; in the far left a blue griffin is raising its right foot and pecking at a flower.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink, red and blue colour.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18938
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18939 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 32, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18939 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 32, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 32
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Dragon
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 32: The initial word opening the piyyut Atitiאַתִיתִי) ; Davidson, Thesaurus, א 8906) of the amidah for the second day of New Year is written in large brown ink letters (height: 35mm.; 3 lines) and decorated within the first two letters with a winged dragon with a foliate tail and tongue facing a lion rampant.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18939
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18940 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 38v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18940 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 38v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 38v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion as king
Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 38v: The initial word King (מלך) by Scribe B in the lower part of the page of the reader’s repetition of the amidah in the morning service for the second day of New Year, is illustrated by a red lion passant with a long foliate tail and tongue and bared teeth.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18940
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18941 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 43, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18941 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 43, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 43
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Devil
Bird
Deer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 43: The six initial words on this page of the amidah of the morning service for the second day of New Year are written and decorated by scribe B in alternating red and brown ink (height: 20mm.; 2 lines). Each letter is surrounded by alternating red and brown wriggle work with foliage extensions.

The wriggle work of the fourth initial word Then (ואז) incorporates above the first letter a dragon's head with a foliate tongue; the upper part of the first three letters of the next initial word Holy (קדוש) the incorporates heads of a bird, a deer and a dragon. (Cf. II:43v, 129). 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18941
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18942 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 44, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18942 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 44, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 44
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Knight facing a dragon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 44: The five initial words on this page of the amidah in the morning service for the second day of New Year are written and decorated by scribe B in alternating red and brown ink (height: 20mm.; 2 lines). Each letter is surrounded by alternating red and brown wriggle work with foliage extensions.

The wriggle work of the first initial word Be favourable (רצה) incorporates above the first letter the bust of an armoured equestrian knight with a shield and brandishing a sword. Only the horse's head is drawn. Facing the knight, above the last letter, is a winged dragon with a foliate tongue.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18942
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18943 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 53v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18943 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 53v, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 53v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Dragon
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 53v: The five initial words on this page of the musaf for the second day of New Year are written and decorated by scribe B in alternating red and brown ink (height:20 mm., 2 lines). Each letter is surrounded by alternating red or brown wriggle work with foliage extensions. The first initial word Sanctify us (קדשינו) has a dragon's head with a foliate tongue, and the third initial word Today (היום) has a lion with a foliate tail.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18943
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18944 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 96, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18944 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 96, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 96
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Bird
Dragon
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 96: The initial word Ha-imen (הַאִמֵן; Davidson, Thesaurus, ה 94a) of the piyyut for the amidah for the Day of Atonement service is written and decorated by Scribe B in alternating red and brown ink (height: 20 mm.; 2 lines). The letters are surrounded by alternating red and brown wriggle work incorporating the heads of a bird, a dragon and a lion at the top, and inscribed by a later hand The language of art (לשון אומנות), in semi-cursive script. The initial letter hei (ה) and the final mem (ם) of each line of the piyyut are written alternately in red and brown ink, creating two narrow columns alongside the main text.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18944
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18945 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 168, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 18945 Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year, Vol. II, fol. 168, Franconia, end of the 13th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Mahzor for the Whole Year | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Vol. II, fol. 168
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date end of the 13th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
| (?)
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod. hebr. 4/I-II (Steinschneider 1895, No. 4)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion as king
Sun
Initial word, decorative
Lion
Rosette |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 2008
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Vol. II, fol. 168: The initial word I shall crown (אכתיר; Davidson, Thesaurus, א 3301) opening the yozer of the morning service for the first day of Sukkot is written by scribe A in display letters (height: 40 mm., 3 lines), and the first seven lines of the piyyut are spaced to accommodate the decoration. Scribe B filled the space on the right with a blue lion rampant wearing a red crown, framed by a mandorla with red scrolls. The crowned lion illustrates the initial word אכתיר. On the left, Scribe B filled the space with six concentric semi-circles and a half-rosette in red and blue colour. The half-rosette may allude to the sun and relate to the blessing recited before this yozer: "… who forms light and created darkness" יוצר אור ובורא חושך)).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Dark brown ink and red and blue colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18945
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



     

 

 

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