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  (XI) Obj. ID: 20171 Small Synagogue in Chełm,, Chełm (Chelm), 1912-1914. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

2 Name/Title Small Synagogue in Chełm | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1912-1914
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Poland | Lublin Voivodeship | Chełm (Chelm)
8 Community Ashkenazi
9 Collection Unknown |
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Poland | Lublin Voivodeship | Chełm (Chelm)
| 8 Kopernika St.
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Art Nouveau|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Shalom, Yarek
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

A small synagogue in Chelm was built in the years 1912-1914 from donations of the Jewish population. The brick building was built on a rectangular plan. There was a one-story prayer room and multi-story porches with a women’s gallery and vestibule. Inside the synagogue there are four cast-iron posts that outline a place for the bimah. On the front elevation, an asymmetrically situated entrance with an oculus and the Decalogue is visible. Characteristic elements for the synagogue are semicircular windows. Near the synagogue, the rabbi’s house remains as it has been preserved. It was built in 1914. Currently, it is a dwelling house. The synagogue is situated on the corner of Kopernika and Krzywa Streets.

During the Second World War, the German army partly burnt down a synagogue. In 1955, part of the building was rebuilt and it was used as a flour warehouse. In that time, a few rooms were occupied by a Jewish family, who turned it into a prayer chamber. In 1984, the building was owned by the Polish Federation of Engineering Associations (NOT). During the years 1984-1987, the Social Committee of Building renovated the synagogue. In June 2004, the Polish Federation of Engineering Associations decided to sell the building with the encouragement of other Jewish Religious Districts with a seat in Warsaw. Finally it was bought by a private entrepreneur.

The new purchaser did not reveal his name for some time. A local newspaper advertised organizing weeding parties in the synagogue. On the 1st of April 2006, the building’s owner put on the front wall of the building a wooden beam with the inscription „McKenzie Saloon”. Inside the synagogue there were colt’s replicas, cowboys hats and photos of Indian chiefs. This provoked a protest of Jewish communities in Poland and abroad. The committee of Chelm in Israel, which gathers former inhabitants of Chelm, submitted a letter to the then mayor of Chelm - Krzysztof Grabarczyk. Despite criticism expressed by the Heritage Conservator , the former synggogue is now housing a restaurant and weddings are organized there. In Chelm’s Tourist Information Center there is a plaque financed by the European Union, which describes the history of the synagogue. The plaque was to be part of a Chelm monuments tourist trail but the owner of the building of the former synagogue does not permit it to be displayed.

More Details...
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Bergman, Eleonora and Jan Jagelski, Zachowane synagogi i domy modlitwy w Polsce. Katalog. (Warsaw, 1996), p. 31 with ill.;

Andrzej Trzciński, The Traces of Monuments of Jewish Culture in the Lublin Region ([Lublin], [1989]), p. 22-3;


43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
48 Temp: Addenda

Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

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