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  (XI) Obj. ID: 19466 Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai - Torah ark,, Kėdainiai (Keidany), 1784-1806. // Unknown edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

To the main object: Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai, Lithuania


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai - Torah ark | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Torah ark
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1784-1806
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Lithuania | Kaunas County | Kėdainiai (Keidany)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Building does not exist
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion and unicorn
Priestly Blessing
Leviathan and Behemoth
Two griffins
Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Two lions
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 1930s
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The interior of the Great Synagogue is known from interwar photographs. The walls of the prayer hall were crowned with a dentiled cornice echoing the exterior one. The hall had eight windows; it was spanned with a wooden barrel vault decorated with paintings. A photograph shows a lion on the left side of the Torah ark, while the legs of a unicorn are discernible on the right. A local Russian teacher wrote in 1898 that “the vault is decorated artistically with different types of flora and fauna” (I. Ptashkin, “Mestechko Keidany”, in Pamiatnaia knizhka Kovenskoi gubernii na 1899 god (Kovna, 1898), 71).

The magnificent three-tier wooden Torah ark was situated at the center of the southeastern wall. According to a memoir, it was decorated with “colored and gilded flowers, animals and birds;” it also included an “eternal” calendar (seen on the columns of the first tier). On one of the columns hung a parchment under glass, with a versified text about the erection of the synagogue, which referred to the year when the work was finished, אשרינו בשנת (i.e. 1807). (Borukh Haim Cassel, “Di shtot keydan,” in Keydan: a zaml-bukh, eds. Borukh Khaim Cassel and Haim Yakov Epshtein (New York, 1930), p. 27).

The ark stood on a massive concave base and was accessed by stairs fenced by wrought metal bars. The first tier of the ark included the Torah shrine flanked by two pairs of openwork carved columns; the central, convex part of its frieze was decorated with a pair of griffins. In the center of the second tier, the convex Tablets of the Law were flanked by rampant regardant lions and topped by a crown inscribed with כתר תורה (the Crown of the Torah); this composition was flanked by two pairs of carved columns. The frieze of this tier was decorated with the combat of the Leviathan and Wild Ox – a scene of Messianic days. The third tier had only one column on either side. Hands in the priestly gesture of blessing, surmounted with a Crown of the Priesthood in its center, were flanked by rampant regardant creatures, probably lions. The ark was topped with two lateral obelisks and central openwork. All the tiers of the ark were flanked with openwork panels and wings, carved with floral motifs and depictions of birds, animals, and sea monsters.

(From Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue, vol. 1 (Vilnius, 2010), p. 246ff).


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography

Cohen-Mushlin, Aliza, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė, Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania. A Catalogue, 2 vols. (Vilnius, 2010-12)
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
19466
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=&batch_num=&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (1 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 196476 Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai - Torah ark, , Kėdainiai (Keidany), 1784-1806 edit
Category: Jewish Architecture
ID: 196476 Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai - Torah ark, , Kėdainiai (Keidany), 1784-1806 edit  
Category: Jewish Architecture

General Document


2 Name/Title Great Synagogue in Kėdainiai - Torah ark | Unknown
3a Object Synagogue
Torah ark
Wall painting (Decoration)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1784-1806
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Lithuania | Kaunas County | Kėdainiai (Keidany)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Building does not exist
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion and unicorn
Priestly Blessing
Leviathan and Behemoth
Two griffins
Tablets of the Law (central element of heraldic composition)
Two lions
Bird |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date 1930s
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The interior of the Great Synagogue is known from interwar photographs. The walls of the prayer hall were crowned with a dentiled cornice echoing the exterior one. The hall had eight windows; it was spanned with a wooden barrel vault decorated with paintings. A photograph shows a lion on the left side of the Torah ark, while the legs of a unicorn are discernible on the right. A local Russian teacher wrote in 1898 that “the vault is decorated artistically with different types of flora and fauna” (I. Ptashkin, “Mestechko Keidany”, in Pamiatnaia knizhka Kovenskoi gubernii na 1899 god (Kovna, 1898), 71).

The magnificent three-tier wooden Torah ark was situated at the center of the southeastern wall. According to a memoir, it was decorated with “colored and gilded flowers, animals and birds;” it also included an “eternal” calendar (seen on the columns of the first tier). On one of the columns hung a parchment under glass, with a versified text about the erection of the synagogue, which referred to the year when the work was finished, אשרינו בשנת (i.e. 1807). (Borukh Haim Cassel, “Di shtot keydan,” in Keydan: a zaml-bukh, eds. Borukh Khaim Cassel and Haim Yakov Epshtein (New York, 1930), p. 27).

The ark stood on a massive concave base and was accessed by stairs fenced by wrought metal bars. The first tier of the ark included the Torah shrine flanked by two pairs of openwork carved columns; the central, convex part of its frieze was decorated with a pair of griffins. In the center of the second tier, the convex Tablets of the Law were flanked by rampant regardant lions and topped by a crown inscribed with כתר תורה (the Crown of the Torah); this composition was flanked by two pairs of carved columns. The frieze of this tier was decorated with the combat of the Leviathan and Wild Ox – a scene of Messianic days. The third tier had only one column on either side. Hands in the priestly gesture of blessing, surmounted with a Crown of the Priesthood in its center, were flanked by rampant regardant creatures, probably lions. The ark was topped with two lateral obelisks and central openwork. All the tiers of the ark were flanked with openwork panels and wings, carved with floral motifs and depictions of birds, animals, and sea monsters.

(From Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Sergey Kravtsov, Vladimir Levin, Giedrė Mickūnaitė and Jurgita Šiaučiūnaitė-Verbickienė (eds.), Synagogues in Lithuania: A Catalogue, vol. 1 (Vilnius, 2010), p. 246ff).

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
196476
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a