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  (XI) Obj. ID: 18120 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur,, Franconia, Early 14th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Early 14th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Ashkenazi Siddur. Include three parts written by three main scribes:
Part 1: Prayer book and Ethics of the Fathers, the beginning missing; opens with chapter 1:5 (fols. 1-15); 14 Psalms of Degrees (Ps. 121 קכ"א-134(קל"ד preceded by Ps. 104 for the conclusion of Shabbat service (Minha) fols. 15v-20); Havdalah for Passover Eve occurring in Shabbat and Holidays (fols. 20v-21).
Part 2: Piyyutim (liturgical poems) for evening services: for Passover (22v-30v); Shavuot (fols.30v-38v); Sukkot (fols. 38v-39v); and Shmini Azeret (fols.39v-41); two additional piyyutim for the service of the second Shavuot evening (fol. 41-41v).
Part 3: Passover Haggadah (fols. 43v-58v).
24 Codicology
24a Scribes The text is written by three main scribes, although one leaf was completed by a fourth hand (Hand 1): Scribe A: fols. 1-21 (Ethics of the fathers and Psalms); Scribe B: fols. 22v-41 (Evening services); Scribe C: fols. 43v-58v (Haggadah). Hand 1: fol. 41-41v (two piyyutim).
24b Script Ashkenazi square script in dark brown ink by Scribe A and Scribe B, and in brown ink by Scribes C and additional Hand 1.
24c Number of Lines The text is written in 20-21 lines per page, except for Scribe C who wrote 19-24 lines per page.
24d Ruling Ruling in plummet: Scribe A: 22 horizontal (last line blank) and 1+1 vertical lines; the 2 top and 2 bottom horizontal lines are ruled across the page (e.g. fols. 10, 12, 17). Scribe B and Hand 1: 22 horizontal and 1+1 vertical lines (last line blank); the 3 top, 3 bottom and 2 middle horizontal lines are ruled across the entire page (e.g. fols. 24, 27). Scribe C: mainly 20 horizontal and 1+1 or 2+1 vertical lines corresponding to the text layout (e.g. fols. 44, 50).
24e Pricking In the outer margins (Scribe A); outer and inner margins (Scribe B), sometimes with double pricking for the lines, ruled across the page; outer and inner margins (Scribe C). All leaves are also pricked in the upper and lower margins for verticals.
24f Quires 8 quires of 8 leaves each except for I8-1, III6, V6+1+1, VI8-2. Quire structure: I8-1 (1-7: first leaf is missing, with text); II8 (8-15); III6 (16-21: end Scribe A); IV8 (22-29); V6+1+1 (30-36: 3rd and 6th leaves are single folios, 31a and 34 respectively); VI8-2 (37-42: 6th and 7th blank leaves were cut off, thus fols. 38 and 39 are single; end Scribe B); VII8 (43-50); VIII8 (51-58).
24g Catchwords Catchwords for quires appear in the lower left corner of the last leaf, except for quire III (end of Psalms) and VI (end of the evening services); they are mostly decorated with dots, sometimes forming a triangle. Scribe A wrote semi-cursive catchwords horizontally. Scribe B and Scribe C wrote square catchwords but those of Scribe C are written vertically.
24h Hebrew Numeration None.
24i Blank Leaves Fols. 21v-22r, 42-43.

25 Material/Technique
Vellum, III + 59 (58 foliated) + III leaves (no pastedowns; the first front and last back flyleaves were probably intended as pastedowns). One leaf between fols. 31 and 32 is unnumbered (31a).
Both sides of the vellum are similarly treated. The quires are arranged according to Gregory's rule.
Watermarks of the flyleaves: Head of a bull with a cross and a snake (183 mm; second front cover and first back cover flyleaves: similar to Piccard, No. 70968 (Magdeburg, 1490).
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Full page: (270-300) x (205-206) mm.
Text space: Scribe A: (205-211) x (130-132) mm.
Scribe B: (202-207) x (124-130) mm.
Scribe C: (188-192) x (148-157) mm.

26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None.
31 Scribal Notes
None.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

15th-century binding. The spine and30 mm. of the wooden boards (306 x209 mm) are covered with a strip of white pigskin decorated with a stamped row of floral stems. The spine has three double cords, head and tail bands are missing. Holes and nails are situated along the upper and lower edge of the front cover, denoting the place of two clasps. They correspond to the carved squares on the back cover where two straps were attached.

From the original stitch holes, it is apparent that all parts of the codex were originally bound together. The binding was probably done in the Augustinian Friars monastery of St. Vitus inNuremberg(Munich, EBDB p001297; Hernad 1990:66; Kyriss 1951/58, No. 19).

This binding is similar to those of other Hebrew manuscripts from Schedel's collection (see History, and CJA Documentation of BSB Cod.hebr. 14 (figs. 1-2), Cod.hebr. 21 and 69). Two woodcut flyleaves at the beginning and end of the manuscript are housed today in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung inMunich(Inv. Nos. 171528 and 171530). According to a note by librarian Wilhelm Meyer (first back flyleaf) they were removed in 1883.

36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done by Scribe B and Scribe C in brown ink:

  1. Illustrated panel enclosing the initial word הא (This) opening the Haggadah (fol. 45).
  2. Decorated initial word שפוך (Pour) opening the second part of the Haggadah (fol. 52v).
  3. Letters of some initial words surrounded by dots (e.g. fol. 26).
  4. Two printed flyleaves (back and front cover flyleaves), were removed in 1883 and are currently preserved in Munich, SGS Inv. Nos. 171528 and 171530 (see History).
36 Summary and Remarks

Because of the missing text (see Condition) it is difficult to reconstruct the original contents of the Siddur. It begins with Ethics of the Fathers 1:5, followed by Psalm 104 and 14 Psalms of Degrees (Ps. 121-134) for the conclusion of the afternoon service on Shabbat.

The evening services (מעריבים) for Passover, Shavuot and Sukkot include different piyyutim, among which is the piyyut for the second Passover evening ליל שימ(ורים) אדיר ונאה (fol. 24v; Davidson 1924–1933, ל 723) by R. Meir bar Itzhak Shatz (Worms, 11th century), whose acrostic name Meir is marked by dots on fol. 25v. The piyyutim are of the western Ashkenazi rite (see Fraenkel 1993:24-25). In the piyyut for the evening service of the second day of Shavuotוירד אלהים  (fol. 33; Davidson 1924–1933,ו 263), which was composed by Itzhak ben Moshe (11th century; Fraenkel 2000:טו and note 63), the name Itzhak is marked.

The name Eliezer berabi Natan is marked in acrostic by dots within a piyyut of his, also for the evening service of the second day of Shavuot) אשריך ישראל fol. 33v; Davidson 1924–1933, א 8454).

The two piyyutim (fol. 41-41v) ביום טובה היה טוב by Shem-Tov Falaquera (Spain c.1225-1295) andשפרם רם ברוחו (Davidson 1924–1933, ש 2114), for the evening service of the second day of Shavuot when it falls on the Sabbath, were added by Hand 1 during the 14th century. The second piyyut opens with a note אחר בניגונו מרי הרבי שמואל הנהרג (another melody of the murdered R. Shmuel), i.e. Shmuel ben Kalman (ben Kalonimus) called Dovlin (or Dewlin) Hahazan (the cantor) ofErfurtwho was the poet of this piyyut and was martyred before 1280 (Fraenkel 2000:17 and 69, used our manuscript for this piyyut).        

The last part of the manuscript is the Passover Haggadah, which follows the Ashkenazi rite. A later hand added the letter כ (kaf) before the word Ha which opens the Haggadah (fol. 45). The reciting of Keha instead of Ha is also characteristic of Ashkenazi Haggadot. The Haggadah ends with three liturgical poems: אז רוב נסים, אומץ גבורתך and כי לו נאה.

The three scribes who copied the Siddur divided the work between them by quires corresponding to different parts of the text, which probably allowed them to work simultaneously.

The decoration of the manuscript was executed only by Scribes B and C. Scribe B used very simple decorative motifs, like dots surrounding the letters of some initial words; on the other hand, Scribe C executed an elaborate panel opening the Haggadah with a depiction of the raising of the second Passover cup of wine (fig. 1).

 

 

Fig. 1: Initial word panel

MunichAshkenazi Siddur

Franconia, early 14th century

BSB, Cod.hebr. 90, fol. 45

 

 

Fig. 3: Initial word panel

BambergMahzor

Bamberg1279

New York, JTS mic. 4843, fol. 150v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

 

Fig. 2: Initial word panel

Reggio Mahzor

Franconia, first half of the 14th century

Oxford, Bodl. lib. MS Reggio 1, fol. 159v

(Jerusalem, CJA Documentation)

 

  

 

A similar stylistic approach is found in the Reggio Mahzor produced inFranconiain the first half of the 14th century. In both manuscripts (figs. 1-2) the panels are formed by hatching in ink; in the Reggio Mahzor it is red and brownish ink, while the figures are in spared-ground technique. The panels are surrounded by a frame and the corners are decorated with rosettes. The stems of the letters within the panels are decorated with roundles and surrounded by a contour. Human figures and grotesques, which are much more detailed in the Reggio Mahzor, occupy the space between the letters and the frame and between the components of the letters. Another stylistic resemblance to our panel appears in a Mahzor seemingly produced inBambergin 1279.  The opening panels in both manuscripts (figs. 1 and 3) have similar frames in spared-ground technique.

 

All these similarities suggest that our manuscript was produced in the region of Franconia, perhaps not far fromBamberg, in the early 14th century.

Two flyleaves at the beginning and end of the manuscript are today housed in the Staatliche Graphische Sammlung in Munich(Inv. Nos. 171528 and 171530). These are woodcuts which originally appeared in the Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils (Treasure Chest of the True Riches of Salvation) written by the Franciscan preacher Stephan Fridolin (1430-98) and published by Anton Korberger in Nuremberg in 1491 (see BSB Cod.hebr. 14, Remarks and Illuminated Documents). 

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Annotations and corrections
Some corrections over erasures in the Haggadah text by a later Ashkenazi semi-cursive hand in greenish ink (e.g. fol. 50v). The letter כ (kaf) was added in the opening panel of the Haggadah in grey ink (fol. 45; see Remarks). Other marginal additions in the Haggadah were written by another Ashkenazi hand in semi-cursive script in dark brown ink (e.g. fols. 56v-58).
Owners' inscriptions
Fol. 41v, The names of אברם (Avram) and אשר (Asher) are written at random below the text.
Fol. 41v, dem erben nig'(ri?) written by a 15th-century hand in the bottom margin, upside-down. Apparently the previous owner of the manuscript was Petrus Nigri, Christian Hebraist and preacher (Walde 1916, pp. 70 on, and the documentation of BSB Cod.hebr. 200, Remarks).
Inscriptions by librarians and researchers
On the verso of the first flyleaf of the front cover, an inscription by Librarian 1a is written in brown ink:
מעט תפילות היהודים (Some prayers of the Jews).
Under it by Librarian 2: Meath tephilos haiehudim. Precatiunculae quaedam/ ex patribus. etc.
On the first flyleaf of the back cover there is a note by the German classical scholar W. M. (Wilhelm Meyer 1845-1917) mentioning that here was a woodcut from the Schatzbehalter which was removed in 1883: Der hier eingesetzte Holzschnitt aus/ dem Schatzbehalter wurde 1883 ausgelöst. W.M.
On the exlibris on the inner side of the front cover, inscribed in plummet by a 19th-century librarian's hand in the upper left corner "Cod. hebr. 90", and on its right a German description of the contents.
Exlibris and stamps
Inner side, front cover: an exlibris of the Bavarian Court and State Library (225 x 155 mm) with arms of Elector Maximilian I from 1638 (Dressler 1972: B3ab). It is stuck over his earlier exlibris of 1618 (Dressler 1972:A3a-f), dating from before he became Elector in 1623 (see BSB Cod.hebr. 14, 21).
On fols. 1 and 58 is a 19th-century oval stamp of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek: BIBLIOTHECA/ REGIA/ MONACENSIS.
Signatures and stickers
Front cover, upper part, in black ink: •F• (signature of Schedel's library).
Back cover, upper right corner, in black ink: St. 8. n (signature of Fugger's library).
Front cover, lower part of leather strip, in black ink: J. n0.44 (Duke's library, Prommer's signature).
First verso of front flyleaf (former pastedown), in red ink: J. 43 (Prommer's revision of the Duke's library in 1582-3).
Spine, in brown ink: 164; on stickers: 164, 824, Cod. hebr. 90.
In 1552 Hartmann Schedel's collection of Hebrew manuscripts together with other manuscripts and printed books from his library, was sold by his grandson Melchior to Johann Jacob Fugger of Augsburg. Later, in 1571 Fugger's library was acquired by Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria and incorporated into his Hofbibliothek in Munich (Hartig 1917:261; Stauber 1908:146).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Many folios, probably whole quires, at the beginning of the Siddur are missing. In addition stains and the dark brown colour of fols. 1-2 suggest that the manuscript was damaged by water. Fols. 30-33 are damaged in the lower margin.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Davidson 1924-1933 I. Davidson, Thesaurus of Medieval Hebrew Poetry, New York 1924–1933.
Dressler 1972 F. Dressler and B. Schröder, Die Exlibris der Bayerischen Hof- und Staatsbibliothek 17.
bis 20. Jahrhundert, Wiesbaden 1972.
Fraenkel 1993 י' פרנקל, מחזור לרגלים - פסח, ירושלים תשנ"ג (Y. Fraenkel, Mahzor for Passover, Jerusalem
1993).
Fraenkel 2000 י' פרנקל, מחזור לרגלים -שבועות, ירושלים תש"ס (Y. Fraenkel, Mahzor for Shavuot, Jerusalem
2000).
Hartig 1917 O. Hartig, Die Gründung der Münchener Hofbibliothek durch Albrecht V. und Johann Jakob
Fugger, Munich 1917.
Hernad 1990 B. Hernad (ed.), Die Graphiksammlung des Humanisten Hartmann Schedel, Munich 1990.
Kyriss 1951/58 E. Kyriss, Verzierte gotische Einbände im alten deutschen Sprachgebiet, Stuttgart 1951-
1958.
Stauber 1908 R. Stauber, Die Schedelsche Bibliothek, Freiburg 1908.
Steinschneider 1895 M. Steinschneider. Die Hebräischen Handschriften der K. Hof- und Staatsbibliothek
in München. Munich 1895.
Walde 1916 B. Walde, Christiche Hebräisten Denutschlands am Ausgang des Mittelalters, Münster
1916.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18120
48 Temp: Addenda
OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3A%2Cphoto_date%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Ilona Steimann Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2008, 2009 49a
50 Researcher Ilona Steimann, Prof. Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, Yaffa Levy 2008 2009; 2013, 2014; 2014 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal; Project head: Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 02.2016 53a
54 Editor Christine Evans 2014 54a
55 Donor Supported by the Fritz Thyssen Foundation 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 208348 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century , Nürnberg, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208348 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century , Nürnberg, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown | The stoning of Jesus
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M000292
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils,  by S. Fridolin, fig. 24.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208348
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 208349 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century, Nürnberg, 1491 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208349 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century, Nürnberg, 1491 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Printed Christian Flyleaf added in the 15th century
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1491
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | Mittelfranken | Nürnberg
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown | Jesus and the Adulteress
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000852.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

Originally printed in Schatzbehalter der wahren Reichtümer des Heils,  by S. Fridolin, fig. 64.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208349
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 208350 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208350 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Early 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000853.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208350
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 208351 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208351 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Early 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel, Illustrative (Not used: See: Illustrative Initial-word panel)
Second seder cup of wine, pouring |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000854.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208351
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 208352 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208352 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Early 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Second seder cup of wine, pouring
Initial word panel, Illustrative (Not used: See: Illustrative Initial-word panel)
Decorated panel in spared ground technique |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000855.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208352
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 208353 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 208353 Munich Ashkenazi Siddur, , Franconia, Early 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Munich Ashkenazi Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date Early 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Franconia
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Germany | Munich | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
| Cod.hebr. 90 (Steinschneider 1895, No. 90)
10 Location Germany | Bayern (Bavaria) | München (Munich) | Bayerische Staatsbibliothek (BSB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1995
19 Negative/ Photo. No. digital
19a Scan No. M000856.jpg
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
208353
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a