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Obj. ID: 18029
Jewish Architecture
  Synagogue in Mediaș, Romania

© Center for Jewish Art, Photographer: Khaimovich, Boris, 1997

The synagogue in Mediaș was built in 1896. It combines elements of the Neo-Moorish and Neo-Romanesque styles.

The main, western façade of the synagogue faces Kogalniceanu St. and its side, southern façade faces Unirii St. The western façade is decorated by six pilasters shaped as octagonal towers with a finial at the top. The entrance door is preceded by a portico supported by four massive columns. The façade is decorated by round medallions with Stars of David; tablets of the law are placed in its center, above the central window. The southern façade is more modest; it is also decorated by round medallions with Stars of David. The eastern façade is blank, pierced only by a oculus. A pavilion with large windows is attached to that façade; the pavilion has no connection to the synagogue’s interior.

The prayer hall has a women’s gallery on its three sides and a central bimah, and it is spanned by a barrel vault.

The eastern wall of the prayer hall is painted as a blue sky with stars.

A wooden Torah ark is situated in the center. It has a form of a portal and is surmounted by the Tablets of the Law and an oculus. The gable of the ark is flanked by a painting of lions, looking towards the center. Behind each lion, a stylized palm tree, bending towards the center, is depicted. The lower part of the ark is flanked by the depictions of two large seven-branched menorot.

Two identical sets of pictures appear in the lower tier of the side walls. They start on the eastern wall with paintings of Magen David and the Crown of the Torah. The eastern pier of the northern/southern wall has a “triptych” of two seven-branched menorot and the tablets of the Law, inscribed נר מצוה ותורה אור (“For the commandment is a lamp; and the law is light,” Prov. 6: 23). The central pier of the northern/southern wall has a “diptych” of two eternal lights, inscribed שמור נרי ואני אשמור נרך (Midrash Tehilim, 18). The western pier of the northern/southern wall also has a “diptych”: a goblet is inscribed כוס ישועות אשא
(“I will take the cup of salvation,” Ps. 116:13); a laver is inscribed ארחץ בנקיון כפי (“I will wash my hands in innocence,” Ps. 26:6). The last pictures of the sets on the western wall are two identical but mirrored images of the Western Wall in Jerusalem, each inscribed כותל מערבי (The Western Wall, Fig. 19). The entrance door in the center is flanked by two identical but mirrored depictions of a shofar with an olive branch, inscribed תקע בשופר גדול לחרותנו (“Sound the great shofar for our freedom,” The Amidah Prayer).

Although entirely preserved, the building is currently in a dilapidated state and demands urgent repair and restoration.

Summary and Remarks

29 image(s)

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Name/Title
Synagogue in Mediaș | Unknown
Object Detail
Monument Setting
Unknown
Date
1896
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Artist/ Maker
Unknown (Unknown)
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Romania | Transylvania | Sibiu județ | Mediaș
| 45 Kogalniceanu St.
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Unknown |
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Iconographical Subject
Unknown |
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents
Codicology
Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Western facade
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
East
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
center
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
in rows, facing east
Location of Women's Section
gallery on three sides of the prayer hall
Direction Prayer
East
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Southeast
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon
Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography
Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Condition
Extant
Yes
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
yes
Present Usage
Synagogue
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
C (Poor)
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Documenter
Boris Khaimovich; Vladimir Levin | 1997; 2019
Author of description
Vladimir Levin | 2016
Architectural Drawings
|
Computer Reconstruction
|
Section Head
|
Language Editor
|
Donor
|
Negative/Photo. No.