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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1680 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim,, Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE. // Unknown edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

To the main object: Beth She'arim


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.117
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Conch |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

"זה ארונו ש)לרבי( גמליאל בנו שלרבי אליעזר )שמת( בן שבע עשרה שנה זכר צדיק לברכה"

The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four decorated acroteria in the corners, and a conch in the center of each of the long sides of the lid.

The front side is decorated with a rectangular panel, surrounded by geometric and floral designe. within are different motives as: aediculae, animals, rosette; in the center is a Hebrew inscription.

On right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a panel, borded with a decorative frame. In the center of the panel are two lions, surrounded by fish and birds.

The left narrow side depicts two pairs of birds.

The front of the sarcophagus is decorated with two registers (one above the other), which cover about two-thirds of the upper front side area. The upper register protrudes slightly from the sarcophagus and is surrounded on three sides (exept for the buttom), by a moulded frame. It depicts two aediculae with a conch. One aedicula is placed on the right end and the other one near the left end. In the right aedicula is a lion in profile with an uplifted tail. In the left aedicula is an eagle with long legs and spreaded wings. Along the upper part of the register and between the aedicula runs a frieze, which contains various motives; From the right to the left: two heraldic lions flanking a frontal bull's head; two heraldic birds pecking grapes, below the left bird is a small fish facing the left; interlacing circles; and an egg pattern. (no.?) Below the frieze is a band of Bead and reel pattern, which also extends above the pediment of the aediculae. On the left side of the right aedicula is a wreath enclosing a geometric six-petals rosette, and to the right of the left aedicula is an uncompleted wreath with a Hercules knot. Between the two aediculae is a Hebrew inscription that was painted in red color, and reads as follow: "This is the sarcophagus of (Rabbi) Gamliel the son of Rabbi Eliezer (who died) at the age of seven- -teen years. (May) the memory of the just be blessed." The lower register is decorated with two rows of interlaced ovals. On both sides of the registers is a band of vine scrolls. The right one is composed of scallops, containing alternately clusters and leafs. The left vine band, consists of a row of an arc-like pattern filled with grapes. On the right narrow side of the sarcophagus - is a rectangular panel, depicting a lion and lioness facing each other and flanking a small gazelle(?) which is looking back. Above them are four fish and a fifth behind the lion to the right. In the upper left corner, three birds are crammed into a tangle of branches, and in the opposite corner are two birds on a branch. The panel is framed by two bands: the inner one contains interlaced circles on the left and bottom sides; and the outer band is decorated on the upper and left sides, and contains a vine scroll with grape clusters raising from a vase, on the bottum left corner. Below the rectangular panel, the stone was trimmed so that a flat rectangle was formed with two diagonal ridges at the sides.

The left narrow side has a relief of a framed square tablet on the upper side. The square contains two pairs of birds one above the other. The birds are in profile and facing each other. The lower pair of birds has a crest on their heads.

On the edges of the lid is a row of Bead and reel pattern. The acroteria were incised with vertical volutes. The conch on the center of the lid is surrounded by a row of bead and reel.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1680
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED__:__Stone
:NNO__:__IES_3873,_3868,_3869,_3870,_3871,_3872
:MH___:__100_cm__(body)
_47_cm__(lid)
:ML___:__233_cm__(body)
:MWI__:__92_cm__(body)
:MAT__:__Limestone,_Carved_in_sunken_relief,_traces_of_red_paint_
:DEC__:__Bird
_Fish
_Grape
_Lion
_Conch
_Eagle
_Hebrew_inscription
:TYP__:__OR
:SIT__:__Israel:_Beth_She`arim
:RG___:__T_M__(D_S_)_1981;_O_S__1998
:CO___:__Robbers='_hole_in_the_back_of_the_sarcophagus__Two_acroteria_of_the_right_side_of_the_lid_are_broken__The_Hebrew_inscription_is_barely_discernible_today_
:CUS__:__Not_relevant
:HIS__:__The_sarcophagus_was_found_in_catacomb_no_20,_Room_no_XXI
:BIB__:__Avigad,_N_,_Beth_Shearim_III,_p_143-145,_Pl_XLIII,_1-3,_PL__XLIII_A,_1-2_
:LN___:__ENG
:XX___:__קס
=&batch=0063&batch_num=034&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 2679 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 2679 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.117
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Conch |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. IES 3873, 3868, 3869, 3870, 3871, 3872
19a Scan No.
20 Description "זה ארונו ש)לרבי( גמליאל בנו שלרבי אליעזר )שמת( בן שבע עשרה שנה זכר צדיק לברכה" The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four decorated acroteria in the corners, and a conch in the center of each of the long sides of the lid. The front side is decorated with a rectangular panel, surrounded by geometric and floral designe. within are different motives as: aediculae, animals, rosette; in the center is a Hebrew inscription. On right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a panel, borded with a decorative frame. In the center of the panel are two lions, surrounded by fish and birds. The left narrow side depicts two pairs of birds. The front of the sarcophagus - is decorated with two registers (one above the other), which cover about two-thirds of the upper front side area. The upper register protrudes slightly from the sarcophagus and is surrounded on three sides (exept for the buttom), by a moulded frame. It depicts two aediculae with a conch. One aedicula is placed on the right end and the other one near the left end. In the right aedicula is a lion in profile with an uplifted tail. In the left aedicula is an eagle with long legs and spreaded wings. Along the upper part of the register and between the aedicula runs a frieze, which contains various motives; From the right to the left: two heraldic lions flanking a frontal bull's head; two heraldic birds pecking grapes, below the left bird is a small fish facing the left; interlacing circles; and an egg pattern. (no.?) Below the frieze is a band of Bead and reel pattern, which also extends above the pediment of the aediculae. On the left side of the right aedicula is a wreath enclosing a geometric six-petals rosette, and to the right of the left aedicula is an uncompleted wreath with a Hercules knot. Between the two aediculae is a Hebrew inscription that was painted in red color, and reads as follow: "This is the sarcophagus of (Rabbi) Gamliel the son of Rabbi Eliezer (who died) at the age of seven- -teen years. (May) the memory of the just be blessed." The lower register is decorated with two rows of interlaced ovals. On both sides of the registers is a band of vine scrolls. The right one is composed of scallops, containing alternately clusters and leafs. The left vine band, consists of a row of an arc-like pattern filled with grapes. On the right narrow side of the sarcophagus - is a rectangular panel, depicting a lion and lioness facing each other and flanking a small gazelle(?) which is looking back. Above them are four fish and a fifth behind the lion to the right. In the upper left corner, three birds are crammed into a tangle of branches, and in the opposite corner are two birds on a branch. The panel is framed by two bands: the inner one contains interlaced circles on the left and bottom sides; and the outer band is decorated on the upper and left sides, and contains a vine scroll with grape clusters raising from a vase, on the bottum left corner. Below the rectangular panel, the stone was trimmed so that a flat rectangle was formed with two diagonal ridges at the sides. The left narrow side has a relief of a framed square tablet on the upper side. The square contains two pairs of birds one above the other. The birds are in profile and facing each other. The lower pair of birds has a crest on their heads. On the edges of the lid is a row of Bead and reel pattern. The acroteria were incised with vertical volutes. The conch on the center of the lid is surrounded by a row of bead and reel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Limestone, Carved in sunken relief, traces of red paint.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 100 cm. (body)
47 cm. (lid)
26b Length 233 cm. (body)
26c Width 92 cm. (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
Bird Fish Grape Lion Conch Eagle Hebrew inscription
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, Room no.XXI
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Robbers' hole in the back of the sarcophagus. Two acroteria of the right side of the lid are broken. The Hebrew inscription is barely discernible today.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad, N., Beth Shearim III, p.143-145, Pl.XLIII, 1-3, PL. XLIII A, 1-2.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063034
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 034
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006156
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2679
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED : Stone
:TYP : OR
:SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim
:LN : ENG
:XX : קס

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2680 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 2680 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Israel: Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.117
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. IES 3873, 3868, 3869, 3870, 3871, 3872
19a Scan No.
20 Description "זה ארונו ש)לרבי( גמליאל בנו שלרבי אליעזר )שמת( בן שבע עשרה שנה זכר צדיק לברכה" The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four decorated acroteria in the corners, and a conch in the center of each of the long sides of the lid. The front side is decorated with a rectangular panel, surrounded by geometric and floral designe. within are different motives as: aediculae, animals, rosette; in the center is a Hebrew inscription. On right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a panel, borded with a decorative frame. In the center of the panel are two lions, surrounded by fish and birds. The left narrow side depicts two pairs of birds. The front of the sarcophagus - is decorated with two registers (one above the other), which cover about two-thirds of the upper front side area. The upper register protrudes slightly from the sarcophagus and is surrounded on three sides (exept for the buttom), by a moulded frame. It depicts two aediculae with a conch. One aedicula is placed on the right end and the other one near the left end. In the right aedicula is a lion in profile with an uplifted tail. In the left aedicula is an eagle with long legs and spreaded wings. Along the upper part of the register and between the aedicula runs a frieze, which contains various motives; From the right to the left: two heraldic lions flanking a frontal bull's head; two heraldic birds pecking grapes, below the left bird is a small fish facing the left; interlacing circles; and an egg pattern. (no.?) Below the frieze is a band of Bead and reel pattern, which also extends above the pediment of the aediculae. On the left side of the right aedicula is a wreath enclosing a geometric six-petals rosette, and to the right of the left aedicula is an uncompleted wreath with a Hercules knot. Between the two aediculae is a Hebrew inscription that was painted in red color, and reads as follow: "This is the sarcophagus of (Rabbi) Gamliel the son of Rabbi Eliezer (who died) at the age of seven- -teen years. (May) the memory of the just be blessed." The lower register is decorated with two rows of interlaced ovals. On both sides of the registers is a band of vine scrolls. The right one is composed of scallops, containing alternately clusters and leafs. The left vine band, consists of a row of an arc-like pattern filled with grapes. On the right narrow side of the sarcophagus - is a rectangular panel, depicting a lion and lioness facing each other and flanking a small gazelle(?) which is looking back. Above them are four fish and a fifth behind the lion to the right. In the upper left corner, three birds are crammed into a tangle of branches, and in the opposite corner are two birds on a branch. The panel is framed by two bands: the inner one contains interlaced circles on the left and bottom sides; and the outer band is decorated on the upper and left sides, and contains a vine scroll with grape clusters raising from a vase, on the bottum left corner. Below the rectangular panel, the stone was trimmed so that a flat rectangle was formed with two diagonal ridges at the sides. The left narrow side has a relief of a framed square tablet on the upper side. The square contains two pairs of birds one above the other. The birds are in profile and facing each other. The lower pair of birds has a crest on their heads. On the edges of the lid is a row of Bead and reel pattern. The acroteria were incised with vertical volutes. The conch on the center of the lid is surrounded by a row of bead and reel.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Limestone, Carved in sunken relief, traces of red paint.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 100 cm. (body)
47 cm. (lid)
26b Length 233 cm. (body)
26c Width 92 cm. (body)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
Bird Fish Grape Lion Conch Eagle Hebrew inscription
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, Room no.XXI
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Robbers' hole in the back of the sarcophagus. Two acroteria of the right side of the lid are broken. The Hebrew inscription is barely discernible today.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad, N., Beth Shearim III, p.143-145, Pl.XLIII, 1-3, PL. XLIII A, 1-2.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063035
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 035
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006156
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2680
48 Temp: Addenda
:MED : Stone
:TYP : OR
:SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim
:LN : ENG
:XX : קס

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 10859 Sarcophagus , , Beth She'arim, edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 10859 Sarcophagus , , Beth She'arim, edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title Sarcophagus | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0037049
45 Temp: Batch Number
0037 | 049
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
10859
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16477 The Shell sarcophagus (no.117) from Beth She`arim catacomb 20 , , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century C edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 16477 The Shell sarcophagus (no.117) from Beth She`arim catacomb 20 , , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century C edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus (no.117) from Beth She`arim catacomb 20 | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century C
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. 0215028
20 Description

The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four decorated acroteria in the corners. There is a conch in the center of each long side of the lid. The front side of the sarcophagus is decorated with a rectangular panel surrounded by geometric and floral designs. Within the panel are different motifs: aediculae, animals, and rosettes. In the center is a Hebrew inscription. "זה ארונו ש(לרבי) גמליאל בנו שלרבי אליעזר (שמת) בן שבע עשרה שנה זכר צדיק לברכה" On right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a panel with a decorative border. In the center of the panel are two lions surrounded by fish and birds. The left narrow side depicts two pairs of birds. The front of the sarcophagus is decorated with two registers, one above the other, which cover about two-thirds of the front side's upper area. The upper register protrudes slightly from the sarcophagus and is surrounded on three sides (all exept for the bottom) by a moulded frame. It depicts two aediculae with a conch. One aedicula is placed on the right end and the other one near the left end. In the right aedicula is a lion in profile with an uplifted tail. In the left aedicula is an eagle with long legs and spreaded wings. Along the upper part of the register and between the aedicula runs a frieze, which contains various motives; From the right to the left: two heraldic lions flanking a frontal bull's head; two heraldic birds pecking grapes, below the left bird is a small fish facing the left; interlacing circles; and an egg pattern. (no.?) Below the frieze is a band of Bead and reel pattern, which also extends above the pediment of the aediculae. On the left side of the right aedicula is a wreath enclosing a geometric six-petals rosette, and to the right of the left aedicula is an uncompleted wreath with a Hercules knot. Between the two aediculae is a Hebrew inscription that was painted in red color, and reads as follow: "This is the sarcophagus of (Rabbi) Gamliel the son of Rabbi Eliezer (who died) at the age of seven- -teen years. (May) the memory of the just be blessed." The lower register is decorated with two rows of interlaced ovals. On both sides of the registers is a band of vine scrolls. The right one is composed of scallops, containing alternating clusters and leafs. The left vine band is an arc-like pattern filled with grapes. On the right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a rectangular panel depicting a lion and lioness facing each other and flanking a small gazelle(?) which is looking back. Above them are four fish and a fifth is to the right of the lion. In the upper left corner, three birds are crammed into a tangle of branches and in the opposite corner are two birds on a branch. The panel is framed by two bands: the inner one contains interlaced circles on the left and bottom sides; the outer band is decorated on the upper and left sides and in the bottom left corner is a vine scroll with grape clusters raising from a vase. Below the rectangular panel, the stone was trimmed so that a flat rectangle was formed with two diagonal ridges at the sides. The left narrow side has a relief of a framed square tablet on the upper side. The square contains two pairs of birds one above the other. The birds are in profile and facing each other. The lower pair of birds has a crest on their heads. On the edges of the lid is a row of bead and reel pattern. The acroteria were incised with vertical volutes. The conch on the center of the lid is surrounded by a row of bead and reel.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0215028
45 Temp: Batch Number
0215 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006156
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16477
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : IES 3873, 3868, 3869, 3870, 3871, 3872
MH : 100 cm. (body) 47 cm. (lid)
ML : 233 cm. (body)
MWI : 92 cm. (body)
MAT : Limestone, Carved in sunken relief, traces of red paint.
DEC : Bird Fish Grape Lion Conch Eagle Hebrew inscription
TYP : OR
SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim
RG : T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998
CO : Robbers' hole in the back of the sarcophagus. Two acroteria of the right side of the lid are broken. The Hebrew inscription is barely discernible today.
CUS : Not relevant
HIS : The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, Room no.XXI
BIB : Avigad, N., Beth Shearim III, p.143-145, Pl.XLIII, 1-3, PL. XLIII A, 1-2.
LN : ENG
XX : קס

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor Hannah Ripps 8-9-16 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16478 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 16478 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.117
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Two lions |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The sarcophagus has a rectangular body and a high gabled lid with four decorated acroteria in the corners. There is a conch in the center of each long side of the lid. The front side of the sarcophagus is decorated with a rectangular panel surrounded by geometric and floral designs. Within the panel are different motifs: aediculae, animals, and rosettes. In the center is a Hebrew inscription. "זה ארונו ש(לרבי) גמליאל בנו שלרבי אליעזר (שמת) בן שבע עשרה שנה זכר צדיק לברכה" On right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a panel with a decorative border. In the center of the panel are two lions surrounded by fish and birds. The left narrow side depicts two pairs of birds. The front of the sarcophagus is decorated with two registers, one above the other, which cover about two-thirds of the front side's upper area. The upper register protrudes slightly from the sarcophagus and is surrounded on three sides (all exept for the bottom) by a moulded frame. It depicts two aediculae with a conch. One aedicula is placed on the right end and the other one near the left end. In the right aedicula is a lion in profile with an uplifted tail. In the left aedicula is an eagle with long legs and spreaded wings. Along the upper part of the register and between the aedicula runs a frieze, which contains various motives; From the right to the left: two heraldic lions flanking a frontal bull's head; two heraldic birds pecking grapes, below the left bird is a small fish facing the left; interlacing circles; and an egg pattern. (no.?) Below the frieze is a band of Bead and reel pattern, which also extends above the pediment of the aediculae. On the left side of the right aedicula is a wreath enclosing a geometric six-petals rosette, and to the right of the left aedicula is an uncompleted wreath with a Hercules knot. Between the two aediculae is a Hebrew inscription that was painted in red color, and reads as follow: "This is the sarcophagus of (Rabbi) Gamliel the son of Rabbi Eliezer (who died) at the age of seven- -teen years. (May) the memory of the just be blessed." The lower register is decorated with two rows of interlaced ovals. On both sides of the registers is a band of vine scrolls. The right one is composed of scallops, containing alternating clusters and leafs. The left vine band is an arc-like pattern filled with grapes. On the right narrow side of the sarcophagus is a rectangular panel depicting a lion and lioness facing each other and flanking a small gazelle(?) which is looking back. Above them are four fish and a fifth is to the right of the lion. In the upper left corner, three birds are crammed into a tangle of branches and in the opposite corner are two birds on a branch. The panel is framed by two bands: the inner one contains interlaced circles on the left and bottom sides; the outer band is decorated on the upper and left sides and in the bottom left corner is a vine scroll with grape clusters raising from a vase. Below the rectangular panel, the stone was trimmed so that a flat rectangle was formed with two diagonal ridges at the sides. The left narrow side has a relief of a framed square tablet on the upper side. The square contains two pairs of birds one above the other. The birds are in profile and facing each other. The lower pair of birds has a crest on their heads. On the edges of the lid is a row of bead and reel pattern. The acroteria were incised with vertical volutes. The conch on the center of the lid is surrounded by a row of bead and reel.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0215029
45 Temp: Batch Number
0215 | 029
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0006156
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16478
48 Temp: Addenda
MED : Stone
NNO : IES 3873, 3868, 3869, 3870, 3871, 3872
MH : 100 cm. (body) 47 cm. (lid)
ML : 233 cm. (body)
MWI : 92 cm. (body)
MAT : Limestone, Carved in sunken relief, traces of red paint.
DEC : Bird Fish Grape Lion Conch Eagle Hebrew inscription
TYP : OR
SIT : Israel: Beth She`arim
RG : T.M. (D.S.) 1981; O.S. 1998
CO : Robbers' hole in the back of the sarcophagus. Two acroteria of the right side of the lid are broken. The Hebrew inscription is barely discernible today.
CUS : Not relevant
HIS : The sarcophagus was found in catacomb no.20, Room no.XXI
BIB : Avigad, N., Beth Shearim III, p.143-145, Pl.XLIII, 1-3, PL. XLIII A, 1-2.
LN : ENG
XX : קס

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 16479 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 16479 The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim, , Beth She'arim, 2nd - 3rd century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Shell sarcophagus from Beth She`arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 2nd - 3rd century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Beth She`arim, catacomb 20; sarcophagus no.117
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0215030
45 Temp: Batch Number
0215 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
16479
48 Temp: Addenda
Line #1: 30
Line #2: folder 1
Line #3: nilon
Line #4: Beth Shearim
Line #5: 3869
Line #6: sarcophagus
Line #7: catacomb 20, conch

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a