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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1677 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim ,, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE. // Unknown edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

To the main object: Beth She'arim


2 Name/Title The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Coffin no.1
9b Documentation/
Research project
Unknown |
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description The coffin has a rectangular form, with a flat rectangular lid. The two long sides are decorated with the same pattern, that appears also on the lid, with slight changes. Only one of the narrow sides is decorated. The long sides of the coffin are decorated with three registers. The central register is decorated with a repeating pattern of intersecting diagonal lines in bead and reel pattern, forming rhombi and triangles. In three of the seven rombi, a Menorah impression was added (on the first, the last and the central rombi). The Menorah is composed of six curved branches with central shaft, and stands on two legged base. The seven branches are composed of rounded links that culminate in flames. Within each of the rest four rhombi and the triangles is a flower with eight petals in a circle. The upper and the lower registers are decorated with the same pattern: a band of Trailing vine branch, bearing tendrils, leaves and clusters of grapes. The trailing vine is inhabited with a repeted motif (twice in each band): A robustic face with sharpened ears (Satir?) in profile is depicted four times: One on each side and facing the center, and two in the center, facing them. Between them is an alternatly repeating pattern: an amphora and a broad hemispheric ribbed bowl with two birds standing on the rim, one bird is bending to drink and the other one is stretching its head forward. One of the narrow sides of the coffin is decorated with an architectual design with an arch supported by two pillars. Inside the arch, is a menorah flanked by the mahta and a shofar to the left, and the four spieces to the right. The two pillars are fluted, their bases are composed of three fillets and Corinthian capitals. The arch is decorated with a design of laurel leaves and a small rossette in the center. The Menorah is almost identical to those on the long sides,exept for a three legged base, which two lateral legs bend toward the outside, and the central one splits into three. The Mahta has a square scoop and a crooked handle. The four spieces are depicted together in a bundle, among them is an Etrog(?). The lulav branch is with closed leaves. The decoration along the length of the lid is similar in its arrangment and its decoration to the one on the long walls of the coffin. The number of the rhombi is nine, and their shape is not elonged as the rhombi on the long side. The Menorot and ritual vessels are similar to the one described on the narrow side, and they are arranged vertically.

More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1677
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__An_
:MED__:__Lead
:NNO__:__5478,_5479,_5973,_5488,_5972
:MH___:__31_cm__(body)
_6_cm__(lid)
:ML___:__195_5_cm__(lid)
_193_5_cm__(body)
:MWI__:__33_5_cm__(body)
_36_cm__(lid)
:MTK__:__0_8_cm__(lid)
:MAT__:__The_coffin_is_made_out_of_cast_lead_sheets__The_ends_of_the_sheets_were_welded_together__The_edges_of_the_flat_lid_made_of_one_sheet_are_bent_down_and_folded_at_the_corners_
_Carved_stamps_impressed_into_a_soft_mould,_into_which_lead_was_cast__On_both_long_sides_are_three_impressions,_one_in_the_center_and_two_on_the_sides,_that_sealed_the_coffin__Upon_them_are_two_medalions_that
_carry_an_unidentified_pattern_(a_cross?)
:TYP__:__PHO
:SIT__:__Israel:_Beth_she`arim
:RG___:__T_M__(D_S_)_1982,_O_S__1998
:CO___:__The_bottom_of_the_coffin_has_partly_desintegrated__One_edge_of_the_lid_is_slightly_broken,_and_one_of_the_long_sides_is_slighly_broken_on_the_lower_part__The_impressions_are_broken_
:CUS__:__Not_relevant
:HIS__:__The_coffin_was_found_in_tomb_no_1,_(near_catacomb_no_20)_
:BIB__:__Avigad,N_,_Beth_Shearim_III,_p_173-174,_Pl_LXII-LXIII
:LN___:__ENG
=&batch=0063&batch_num=020&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (3 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 2664 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , Side view, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 2664 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , Side view, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail Side view
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Coffin no.1
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 5478, 5479, 5973, 5488, 5972
19a Scan No.
20 Description The coffin has a rectangular form, with a flat rectangular lid. The two long sides are decorated with the same pattern, that appears also on the lid, with slight changes. Only one of the narrow sides is decorated. The long sides of the coffin are decorated with three registers. The central register is decorated with a repeating pattern of intersecting diagonal lines in bead and reel pattern, forming rhombi and triangles. In three of the seven rombi, a Menorah impression was added (on the first, the last and the central rombi). The Menorah is composed of six curved branches with central shaft, and stands on two legged base. The seven branches are composed of rounded links that culminate in flames. Within each of the rest four rhombi and the triangles is a flower with eight petals in a circle. The upper and the lower registers are decorated with the same pattern: a band of Trailing vine branch, bearing tendrils, leaves and clusters of grapes. The trailing vine is inhabited with a repeted motif (twice in each band): A robustic face with sharpened ears (Satir?) in profile is depicted four times: One on each side and facing the center, and two in the center, facing them. Between them is an alternatly repeating pattern: an amphora and a broad hemispheric ribbed bowl with two birds standing on the rim, one bird is bending to drink and the other one is stretching its head forward. One of the narrow sides of the coffin is decorated with an architectual design with an arch supported by two pillars. Inside the arch, is a menorah flanked by the mahta and a shofar to the left, and the four spieces to the right. The two pillars are fluted, their bases are composed of three fillets and Corinthian capitals. The arch is decorated with a design of laurel leaves and a small rossette in the center. The Menorah is almost identical to those on the long sides,exept for a three legged base, which two lateral legs bend toward the outside, and the central one splits into three. The Mahta has a square scoop and a crooked handle. The four spieces are depicted together in a bundle, among them is an Etrog(?). The lulav branch is with closed leaves. The decoration along the length of the lid is similar in its arrangment and its decoration to the one on the long walls of the coffin. The number of the rhombi is nine, and their shape is not elonged as the rhombi on the long side. The Menorot and ritual vessels are similar to the one described on the narrow side, and they are arranged vertically.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The coffin is made out of cast lead sheets. The ends of the sheets were welded together. The edges of the flat lid made of one sheet are bent down and folded at the corners.
Carved stamps impressed into a soft mould, into which lead was cast. On both long sides are three impressions, one in the center and two on the sides, that sealed the coffin. Upon them are two medalions that
carry an unidentified pattern (a cross?)
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 31 cm. (body)
6 cm. (lid)
26b Length 195.5 cm. (lid)
193.5 cm. (body)
26c Width 33.5 cm. (body)
36 cm. (lid)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The coffin was found in tomb no.1, (near catacomb no.20).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The bottom of the coffin has partly desintegrated. One edge of the lid is slightly broken, and one of the long sides is slighly broken on the lower part. The impressions are broken.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N., Beth Shearim III, p.173-174, Pl.LXII-LXIII
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063019
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 019
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007130
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2664
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Lead
:TYP : PHO
:SIT : Israel: Beth she`arim
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1982, O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 2665 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , Lid, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 2665 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , Lid, Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail Lid
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Coffin no.1
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Menorah |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 5478, 5479, 5973, 5488, 5972
19a Scan No.
20 Description The coffin has a rectangular form, with a flat rectangular lid. The two long sides are decorated with the same pattern, that appears also on the lid, with slight changes. Only one of the narrow sides is decorated. The long sides of the coffin are decorated with three registers. The central register is decorated with a repeating pattern of intersecting diagonal lines in bead and reel pattern, forming rhombi and triangles. In three of the seven rombi, a Menorah impression was added (on the first, the last and the central rombi). The Menorah is composed of six curved branches with central shaft, and stands on two legged base. The seven branches are composed of rounded links that culminate in flames. Within each of the rest four rhombi and the triangles is a flower with eight petals in a circle. The upper and the lower registers are decorated with the same pattern: a band of Trailing vine branch, bearing tendrils, leaves and clusters of grapes. The trailing vine is inhabited with a repeted motif (twice in each band): A robustic face with sharpened ears (Satir?) in profile is depicted four times: One on each side and facing the center, and two in the center, facing them. Between them is an alternatly repeating pattern: an amphora and a broad hemispheric ribbed bowl with two birds standing on the rim, one bird is bending to drink and the other one is stretching its head forward. One of the narrow sides of the coffin is decorated with an architectual design with an arch supported by two pillars. Inside the arch, is a menorah flanked by the mahta and a shofar to the left, and the four spieces to the right. The two pillars are fluted, their bases are composed of three fillets and Corinthian capitals. The arch is decorated with a design of laurel leaves and a small rossette in the center. The Menorah is almost identical to those on the long sides,exept for a three legged base, which two lateral legs bend toward the outside, and the central one splits into three. The Mahta has a square scoop and a crooked handle. The four spieces are depicted together in a bundle, among them is an Etrog(?). The lulav branch is with closed leaves. The decoration along the length of the lid is similar in its arrangment and its decoration to the one on the long walls of the coffin. The number of the rhombi is nine, and their shape is not elonged as the rhombi on the long side. The Menorot and ritual vessels are similar to the one described on the narrow side, and they are arranged vertically.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
The coffin is made out of cast lead sheets. The ends of the sheets were welded together. The edges of the flat lid made of one sheet are bent down and folded at the corners.
Carved stamps impressed into a soft mould, into which lead was cast. On both long sides are three impressions, one in the center and two on the sides, that sealed the coffin. Upon them are two medalions that
carry an unidentified pattern (a cross?)
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 31 cm. (body)
6 cm. (lid)
26b Length 195.5 cm. (lid)
193.5 cm. (body)
26c Width 33.5 cm. (body)
36 cm. (lid)
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The coffin was found in tomb no.1, (near catacomb no.20).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The bottom of the coffin has partly desintegrated. One edge of the lid is slightly broken, and one of the long sides is slighly broken on the lower part. The impressions are broken.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Avigad,N., Beth Shearim III, p.173-174, Pl.LXII-LXIII
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
063020
45 Temp: Batch Number
063 | 020
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007130
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
2665
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : An.
:MED : Lead
:TYP : PHO
:SIT : Israel: Beth she`arim
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter T.M. (D.S.) 1982, O.S. 1998 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 18315 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , , Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit
Category: Ancient Jewish Art
ID: 18315 The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim , , Beth She'arim, 4th century CE edit  
Category: Ancient Jewish Art

General Document


2 Name/Title The Menorah lead-coffin from Beth She'arim | Unknown
3a Object Sarcophagus
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 4th century CE
6 Period Late Roman (132-324)
7 Origin Syria Palaestina | Beth She'arim
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Unknown | Coffin no.1
10 Location Israel | Jerusalem | Israel Museum (IM)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
194063
45 Temp: Batch Number
194 | 063
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
18315
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a