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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1524 Krems Ketubbah,, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Bride:
צמח בת ר' אהרן
Zemah daughter of Rabbi Aaron

Groom:
שלום בר מנחם
Shalom son of Rabbi Menahem

Date:
בששי בשבת בחמשה ימים [הטקסט קטוע ונראה שהמילה האחרונה החסרה היא "חמשת"] אלפים ומאה וחמשים/ ושתים לבריאת עולם למ']נין...]

Friday, on the fifth day [the text is cut off. It seems that originally the last missing word was: "Five"] thousand one hundred and fifty two to the creation of the world (=1391/2).

Place of marriage:
[ק]רימש
]K[ rems

Witness:
יצח'ק ב'ר' גמליאל ז'צ'ל'
Isaac son of the late Rabbi Gamliel

Dowery: None. The Dowery was most probably originally written in the three missing lines in the middle of the ketubbah.

24 Codicology

Material: A sheet of parchment now cut into four pieces and glued to a thick cardboard, thus it is impossible to see the back side of the parchment.

 

Measurements

 

Upper right piece: (281-287) X (203-211) mm.

Upper left piece: (283-285) X (209-212) mm.

Lower right piece: (298-304) X (215-222) mm.

Lower left piece: (298-304) X (215-222)mm.

Letter height: 12-13mm.

Space between lines 14-14.5mm.

 

Scribes

A single scribe.

 

Script

The text of the ketubbah is written in large square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

The witness's signature is in small semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

 

Number of lines

Text of the ketubbah was cut off (from the bottom).  At present there remain:  

 

20 lines

Witness:

1 line

 

Ruling

Ruling by plummet 1+1 vertical lines (discernible in the upper pieces).

 

 

Pricking

Not discernible.

 

Quires

Not relevant.

 

Catchwords

Not relevant.

 

Hebrew numeration

Not relevant.

 

Blank leaves

Most probably the verso side of the ketubbah is blank; however we cannot clearly determine this fact since the ketubbah is glued to a thick cardboard.

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

The four pieces of the Ketubbah are glued to a very large cardboard (770x 700mm) covered by another cardboard with four “windows” exposing the pieces. The cardboard is kept in a box.

 

36 Decoration Program

Floral frame with the figures of a bride and a groom on top (see detailed document).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The Krems Ketubbah includes the traditional text of the ketubbah recording the marriage between Shalom son of R. Menahem and his virgin bride Zemah daughter of R. Aaron, wedded on Friday, in the year 1391/2, probably in the city ofKrems inLower Austria.

The ketubbah was found cut into four pieces, with the two upper pieces placed inside the binding of a 15th century Latin manuscript. The extant pieces comprise almost the entire ketubbah but there are still small sections that are missing. In the centre from top to bottom approximately four words on each line are missing; and three lines of text are missing across the middle of the ketubbah. By reconstructing the missing text and decoration, it would seem that the ketubbah was most likely large and rectangular in form (probably originally measuring ca. 740 X600 mm).

Some details are missing from the text: the month of the marriage was cut off from the first line; the amount of the tosefet ketubbah was cut off from the three missing lines across the middle (after the 9th line) and the name of the city where the marriage took place (second line of the upper left piece) was almost completely cut off, with only the ending left, reading “רימש” (Rems). This ending led researchers to conclude that the contract was written in the city of Krems, written “קרימש” in Hebrew. The city of Krems had a prominent and flourishing Jewish community during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Schwartz suggests that the bride's father Aaron is Aaron of Krems mentioned in a record from 1364 (Schwartz 1913, p. 23), and the groom, Shalom son of Menahem, is Shalom son of Tröstl (Menahem) from the Viennese Walich family which is mentioned in the Viennese records from 1381-1398. Therefore it seems plausible that Krems is indeed the place of marriage originally inscribed in the ketubbah..

We assume that as a result of the expulsion of the Jews from Krems in 1421, the ketubbah was no longer in Jewish hands and not long after this, in 1440, it served a secondary use as part of the binding of a Latin manuscript.

 

The Krems ketubbah is highly important to the research of Jewish art, as it is the earliest known illuminated Ashkenazi marriage contract and also the earliest ketubbah depicting human figures. Most of the medieval marriage contracts from Ashkenaz up to the twentieth century were written on paper or a small piece of parchment on which only the formal text appeared without any illuminations or verses. David Davidovitch (Davidovitch, Illuminated Ketubbot, col. 930) suggests that the ketubbah of Krems is proof of a custom of illuminating marriage contracts in Ashkenaz of which, unfortunately, only this one example has survived. On the other hand, Shalom Sabar (Sabar, Beginning of Ketubbah Decoration, p. 101, n. 41) claims that Ashkenazi Jews did not place great value on the ketubbah and therefore it was not commonly decorated. Indeed, the original function of the ketubbah as a safeguard against facile divorce was reduced by the ordinance of Ashkenazi Rabbi Gershom ben Judah Me’or Ha-Golah (960-1028), which prohibited divorce against the will of the woman. Moreover, the Ashkenazi ruling for stating a fixed amount on the marriage contract decreased the public interest in hearing the contract read aloud and therefore it carried less importance. Therefore, it would seem more probably that as Sabar claims, the Krems ketubbah is a unique example of illuminated marriage contracts from Ashkenaz.

The elongated bride and groom and their graceful figures recall the Gothic International Style of around 1400 that spread throughoutEurope. However, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact school of illumination of the decoration of the ketubbah but it may have been illuminated in the city where the marriage most probably took place, in Krems.

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The two upper pieces were found inside a 15th century Latin manuscript (ÖNB Cod. 4600) containing Pseudo-Ambrosius's collection of works (see: Denis, Codices Manuscripti Theologici, cols. 529-531; Tabulae codicum manuscriptorum, p. 325). The Latin manuscript is dated 1435-1440, according to the watermarks. It was a gift from Thomas de Hasselbach, a Professor in Perchtoldsdorf. Legate of the Collegium Ducale in Vienna in the possessions of the Wiener Universitaetsbibliothek: and from there, it reached the Wiener Hofbibliothek.
The upper right piece was attached to the verso side of the paper flyleaf of the back cover of the manuscript. The mirrored text of the ketubbah as well as remnants of yellow color and the magenta of the groom’s coat are evident on the flyleaf. The flyleaf measures 287 X 208 mm. The upper left piece was found glued to the inner side of the front cover 284 X 203 mm.
We do not have information on how or where the two lower pieces were found.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Davidovitch, Illuminated Ketubbot
Davidovitch, D., “Illuminated Ketubbot”, Encyclopedia Judaica, vol. 10, 1974, col. 930.
Denis, Codices Manuscripti Theologici
Denis, M., Codices Manuscripti Theologici Bibliothecae Palatinae Vindobonensis Latini Aliarumque occidentis linguarum, Vienna 1799, II, cols. 529-531.
Gaster, The Ketubah
Gaster, M., The Ketubah, New York 1974, pp. 48 and 52, pl. VII.
Halbturn, S., Judentum im Mittelalter. 4 Mai- 26 Oktober 1978, p. 242.
Sabar, Beginning of Ketubbah
Sabar, S., “The Beginning of Ketubbah Decoration in Italy; Venice in the late 16th to early 17th Centuries,” Jewish Art 12/13, 1986/7, p.101, note 41.
Tabulae codicum manuscriptorum
Academia Caesarea Vindobonensis, Tabulae codicum manuscriptorum praeter Graecos et orientales in bibliotheca palatine Vindobonensi asservatorum, Vienna 1899, vol. III, p. 325.
The Jews of Europe
The Jews of Europe in the Middle Ages, (ed. Historisches Museum der Pfalz Speyer). Published on the occasion of the exhibition ’The Jews of Europe in the Middle Ages’ at the Historical Museum of the Palatinate Speyer, from November 19, 2004 to March 20, 2005 and at the German Historical Museum Berlin, from April 23, 2005 to August 28, Ostfildern 2004 ,pp. 196-197.
Schwarz, 1913
Schwarz, Z., "Eine illuminierte Ktrmser Kethubah aus dem Jahre 1392", Archiv für Jüdische Familienforschung. Kunstgeschichte und Museumswesen, I, 4-6, Wien 1913, pp. 23-25.
Schwarz, 1925
Schwarz, Z., hebräischen Hss., 1925, no. 202, p. 237.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1524
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0203&batch_num=083&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal 2.11.00; 11.8.05 49a
50 Researcher Michal sternthal 2002, 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal sternthal 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (5 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 14804 Krems Ketubbah, Full ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14804 Krems Ketubbah, Full ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail Full ketubbah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bride and groom
Bird
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A wide decorative frame with a bride on the left and a groom on the right encloses the text of the marriage contract (the lower part of the frame is presently missing). The bearded groom is wearing a pointed Jewish hat, and handing a large yellow ring with a red stone on top, to his bride. The bride is stretching her right arm toward the ring. She is crowned, her long blond hair is tied in a braid, and she is holding a blue flower in her left hand representing her virginity or her name "Zemah" (meaning plant). Both figures are elongated and dressed in a magenta dress and mantle. The inner side of the groom's mantle is fur-like. Thin scrolls of yellowish-green colour with red and blue flowers of different kinds embellish the black background of the frame. A small dark bird with a yellow beak is perched on the scroll in the lower right side of the frame, hardly noticeable because of its dark colours.
21 Ornamentation Frame
Bird
 
21 Ornamentation
Frame
Bird
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Black, purple, pink, bordeaux, mustard, yellow, red, blue and green colours.
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Right side of the frame: 49 - 53mm
Left side of the frame: 49 - 51mm
Upper part of the frame: 40mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks

 

A crowned bride and a groom holding a ring also appear in several Ashkenazi manuscripts from the 13th-15th century. For example, in the Hammelburg mahzor a crowned bride and a groom holding a ring are depicted flanking the initial word Iti Mi-Levanon Kalah (Come with me from Lebanon, my Bride), as an illustration for this piyyut (Hammelburg mahzor, Hammelburg, 1348 (Darmstadt Hessische Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek, Cod. Or. 13, fol. 65v).

It appears that crowning the bride was customary among Jews and non-Jews alike in Central and Western Europein medieval times. There are pictorial and literal sources that prove the antiquity of this custom, dating back to biblical times. However, in the Jewish world there was a temporary gap of practicing this custom of crowning the brides due to a prohibition during the mishnaic period to crown the bride, as a form of expressing the mourning over the destruction of theSecondTemple (Feuchtwanger, Coronation of the Virgin, pp. 213-224).  

 

 

Hammelburg mahzor, Hammelburg, 1348 (Darmstadt Hessische Landes- und Hochschulbibliothek, Cod. Or. 13, fol. 65v).

The marriage ring with a precious stone appearing in our Ketubbah stands in contrast to the halakhic rule which is prevalent until today. This rule is first mentioned by Rabenu Tam (France, 1100-1171) who did not approve of utilizing a ring with a precious stone, because of the fear that a mistaken estimate of the stone's worth might lead to the nullification of the marriage (TB, Kiddushin 9a). Nonetheless, still in his lifetime and later on it is known that people continued to use marriage rings with precious stone (See: Zoldan, Marriage Sanctification with a stone set ring, pp. 71-78). The marriage contract from Krems may serve as evidence that in this area of Ashkenaz people continued to  use this kind of marriage ring adorned with a stone.

 

The bride’s right arm was drawn twice. The upper depiction is of an uncoloured right arm stretched forward, drawn only in plummet and black ink above the last three letters of the word: "Fifty" (וחמשים). The second right arm is depicted slightly below, stretched upwards toward the upper side of the frame, with her palm and fingers rendered like plants (executed in brush only with no pencil underneath).  

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
sheet of parchment now cut into four pieces and glued to a thick cardboard, thus it is impossible to see the back side of the parchment.

42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Feuchtwanger, Coronation of the Virgin
Feuchtwanger, N., “The Coronation of the Virgin and of the Bride”, Jewish Art 12/13, 1986/87, pp. 213-224.

Zoldan, Marriage Sanctification with a stone set ring (Kidushin be-Tabaat meshubezet)
זולדן, י., "קידושין בטבעת משובצת באבני חן", צהר, גליון 10, ע' 71 – 78.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0203083
45 Temp: Batch Number
0203 | 083
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14804
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal 2.11.00; 11.8.05 49a
50 Researcher Michal Sternthal 2002, 2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2002 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14805 Krems Ketubbah, Upper right piece of the ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14805 Krems Ketubbah, Upper right piece of the ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail Upper right piece of the ketubbah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bride and groom
Bird
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A wide decorative frame with a a groom on the right encloses the text of the marriage contract. The bearded groom is wearing a pointed Jewish hat, and handing a large yellow ring with a red stone on top, to his bride. The inner side of the groom's mantle is fur-like. Thin scrolls of yellowish-green colour with red and blue flowers of different kinds embellish the black background of the frame.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0203085
45 Temp: Batch Number
0203 | 085
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14805
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14806 Krems Ketubbah, Upper left piece of the ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14806 Krems Ketubbah, Upper left piece of the ketubbah, Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail Upper left piece of the ketubbah
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bride and groom
Bird
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description A wide decorative frame with a bride on the left. The bride is stretching her right arm toward the ring. She is crowned, her long blond hair is tied in a braid, and she is holding a blue flower in her left hand representing her virginity or her name "Zemah" (meaning plant). Both figures are elongated and dressed in a magenta dress and mantle. The inner side of the groom's mantle is fur-like. Thin scrolls of yellowish-green colour with red and blue flowers of different kinds embellish the black background of the frame.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0203084
45 Temp: Batch Number
0203 | 084
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14806
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 252161 Krems Ketubbah, , Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 252161 Krems Ketubbah, , Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bride and groom
Bird
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M607037
20 Description

A wide decorative frame with a bride on the left and a groom on the right encloses the text of the marriage contract (the lower part of the frame is presently missing). The bearded groom is wearing a pointed Jewish hat, and handing a large yellow ring with a red stone on top, to his bride. The bride is stretching her right arm toward the ring. She is crowned, her long blond hair is tied in a braid, and she is holding a blue flower in her left hand representing her virginity or her name "Zemah" (meaning plant). Both figures are elongated and dressed in a magenta dress and mantle. The inner side of the groom's mantle is fur-like.

Thin scrolls of yellowish-green colour with red and blue flowers of different kinds embellish the black background of the frame. A small dark bird with a yellow beak is perched on the scroll in the lower right side of the frame, hardly noticeable because of its dark colours.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
252161
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 252162 Krems Ketubbah, , Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 252162 Krems Ketubbah, , Krems an der Donau, 1391/2 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Krems Ketubbah | Unknown
3a Object Ketubbah
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1391/2
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria | Niederösterreich (Bundesland) | Krems an der Donau
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 218 (Schwartz No. 202)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Bride and groom
Bird
Full page framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. M607038
20 Description

A wide decorative frame with a bride on the left and a groom on the right encloses the text of the marriage contract (the lower part of the frame is presently missing). The bearded groom is wearing a pointed Jewish hat, and handing a large yellow ring with a red stone on top, to his bride. The bride is stretching her right arm toward the ring. She is crowned, her long blond hair is tied in a braid, and she is holding a blue flower in her left hand representing her virginity or her name "Zemah" (meaning plant). Both figures are elongated and dressed in a magenta dress and mantle. The inner side of the groom's mantle is fur-like.

Thin scrolls of yellowish-green colour with red and blue flowers of different kinds embellish the black background of the frame. A small dark bird with a yellow beak is perched on the scroll in the lower right side of the frame, hardly noticeable because of its dark colours.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
This image belongs to the ''Ursula and Kurt Schubert Archive'' in the Center for Jewish Art.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
252162
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a