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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1500 Joseph's Italian Siddur,, Northern Italy, 6 October, 1492 . // Joseph ben Samuel of Rossano edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Joseph's Italian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph ben Samuel of Rossano (Unknown)
5 Date 6 October, 1492
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 87 (Schwarz No. 95)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Italian manuscripts decorated by pen-work of the 1
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Siddur of the Roman rite for the entire year with explanations of the rituals.

Bedikah laws: fols. 5v- 12
Shaharit: (fols. 13-85v)
Various Blessings: (fols. 86-99), including Prayer for the Traveller (fol. 86) and Blessing after Meals (fols. 94-99)
Minhah: (fols. 99v-100)
Arvit: (fols. 100-104)
Bettering of a dream: (fols. 104-106)
Reading/ Kriyat Shema at bedtime: (fols. 106-108)
Sabbath: (fols. 108v-200) including: Eruvei Batim and Hazerot (fol. 108v); Arvit and Zemirot Shabbat and Kiddush (fols. 109 - 120v); Shaharit (fols. 120v-155); Musaf (fols. 155-158); Kiddush (fols. 158-159v); Minhah, including the Sabbath Psalms [Ps. 120-134] recited from Shabbat Bereshit till Shabbat Ha-Gadol (fols. 160-179); Arvit for End of Shabbat (fols. 179-183); Havdalah (fols. 183-189)
New Moon: (fols. 189v-189), including: Hallel, (fols. 189v-194v); Musaf (fol. 195); Shabbat Rosh Hodesh (fols. 197-198) including Yozer (fol. 197); Musaf (fols. 198-200)
Hanukkah: (fols. 200-202v) including: candle lighting (fol. 200); Shabbat Hanukkah (fol. 202); Shabbat Hanukkah and Rosh Hodesh (fol. 202v);
Tenth of Tevet: fol. 202v
Four Parshiyot: fol. 203
Fast of Esther: fol. 203v
Blessings for the Reading of Esther Scroll: fols. 204-207
Shabbat Ha-Gadol: fols. 207-208v
Passover: (fols. 208v-252), including: Bedikat Chametz and Bi'ur Chametz (fol. 208v); Eruvei Tavshilin (fol. 209); Arvit (fols. 210-213); Kiddush (fols. 213v-216); Haggadah (fols. 216-231v); Shaharit (fols. 231v-237v); Musaf (fols. 237v-252)
Absolving curses: (fols. 252v-254v)
Shavuot: (fols. 254v-261v), including: Amidah (fols. 255-260); Musaf (fols. 260-261v)
Seventeenth of Tammuz: fol. 262
Ninth of Av: fols. 262v-263v
New Year: (fols. 263v-286v), including: Arvit (fols. 263v-267v); Shaharit (fols. 267v-271); Musaf (fols. 271-286v)
Fast of Gedaliah: (fol. 287)
Day of Atonement: (fols. 287v-325), including: Kol Nedarim (fols. 289-290); Arvit (fols. 290-297v), Shaharit (fols. 297v-304v); Musaf (fols. 304v-313v); Minhah (fols. 313v-320v); Ne'ilah (fols. 320v-325).
Sukkot: (fols. 325v-367); including: Hosha`anot (fols. 336-350v); Shemini Azeret (fols. 350v-367)
Circumcision Service: fols. 367v-370
Redemption of the First-born son: fol. 370
Marriage Service: fols. 371-375v
Burial Service: fols. 376-382
24 Codicology

Material:  Parchment II + 384 + 1 leaves.

Easy to distinguish between hair side and flesh sides. (hair side is clearly evident on e.g., fols. 38v-39, 44v-45, 74v-75, 148v-149, 166v-167)

 

Measurements

Full page: 60 x50 mm

Text space: 35 x (27-30) mm

 

Scribes

Scribe A

Main text

Fols. 13-382v

Later Scribe B

 

Fols 1-12

 

Script

Written in semi-cursive Italian script in brown ink.

 

Columns

Written in one text column

 

 

Number of lines

Main text written:

in 13 lines in one columns for page

 

Ruling

Ruling by ink for 13 horizontal lines only. Sometimes ruling for vertical lines (1 + 1) by plummet on both sides is discernable, e.g. fols. 51v, 55v, 64, 91v, 92, 104, 124, 197v, 239v

 

Pricking

No pricking is discernable

 

Quires

40 quires of ten leaves each except for: I2, II8+1 (fols. 5-11), VIII8 (fols. 62-69v), XII8 (fols. 100-107v), XXVIII6 (fols. 258-263v), XXXIX12 (fols. 264-275), XXX4 (fols 276-279v), XXXIV12-1 (fols. 310-320v), XXXV14 (fols. 321-334v), XXXVI8 (fols. 335-342v), XXXIX12 (fols. 363-374v)

 

Catchwords

Catchwords written horizontally in the lower left hand margin of the last verso of the quire, e.g. fols. 51v, 61v, 187v, 197v, 227v, 257v, 275v, 289v, 299v, 309v, 334v, 342v, 352v, 362v, 374v. Catchwords that are not discernable were probably cut out with the margins.

 

Hebrew numeration

None.

 

Blank leaves

Fols 383-384

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
1. Fol. 382v, upper part of the page:
בט"ו ימים לירח תשרי שנת/ זמרו אלהים זמרו ככלות/ המלאכה הזאת על ידי/ הקטון שבחבורה יוסף/ בכמ"ר שמואל מרושינה נב"ת [נפשו בעדן תנוח] האל/ יזכהו לקרות בו הוא ואחרים באלה/ הדברים וכיר"א [וכן יהיה רצון אמן].

Translation:
“On the fifteenth of Tishrei [5]253 (1492) Joseph b. Samuel of Rossano completed writing this manuscript…”
31 Scribal Notes
Emphasis of the scribe's name: Joseph (יוסף):
Fol. 25v, 4th line from the top the name Joseph (יוסף) is marked by a leaf of corn in the right margin.
Fol. 180, 4th line from the bottom: the name Joseph (יוסף) is marked by a row of short lines over the word.
Fol. 180, last line: the name Joseph (יוסף) is marked above by a small flower drawn in ink.

Fol. 91v, lower margin in the centre: ה' ישמור את נפשו
Fol. 382, two last text lines: ברוך הנותן עוז ותעצומות לעם/ ודעת לנפשו ינעם
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

Parchment on cardboard with blind tooled foliate frame. Metal strap and pin. Gilt and coffered.  Yellow, green and black marble pastedown and both fly leaves.

36 Decoration Program

 

The decoration program of the manuscript was rendered by two different hands. The first hand, possibly the scribe himself, executed many marginal drawings (e.g. fols. 30v, 74, 99v, 104v, 107v, 117v, 127v, 140, 147v, 157v, 162v , 167v, 171v, 185v, 190v, 207v, 217v, 222, 286, 325, 368), including four text illustrations, and word decorations in dark brown ink very close to that of the script (e.g.: fols.; 108v, 202;  202v, 203, 208v, 209). The second hand made many filigree initial word panels in red ink, and one in violet ink (fol. 380).  

First Hand:

  1. I.        Simple marginal drawings: hands (fols. 30v, 185v), one hand holding an unidentified object (fol. 162v), one holding a ribbon (fol. 222); one pointing to a flower (fol. 368); some drawings on top of initial words (e.g.: a dragon on fol. 209; some animals and drolleries on fols. 108v, 202; simple decoration: fols. 202v, 203, 208v, 209), other marginal drawings: a vessel (fol. 325); remnants of other marginal drawings cut out by the binder (e.g. fols. 74, 99v, 104v, 107v, 117v, 127v, 140, 147v, 157v, 167v, 171v, 190v, 207v, 217v); one decorated catchword (fol. 227v) by simple pen-drawing.
  2. II.      Text illustrations: one hand raising a basket illustrating the text "הא לחמא", fol. 216; one hand holding the mazzah and one hand holding a bunch of lettuce leaves, illustrating the mazzah and the maror texts on fol. 227; one hand holding a feather illustrating the signing of the Judgment on New Year, on fol. 286);
  3. III.    Decorated decenders: of letters kof (ק') (e.g. fols. 30v, 113v, 121v, 249v), final nun (ן) (e.g. fols. 113v, 124v, 382), final zadik (ץ) (e.g. fols. 116, 300, 367); and sign of the Name of the Lord (e.g. fols. 86, 121v).
  4. IV.    Shaped text: three full-pages containing tow lines of text from the repetition of the Amidah of Musaf of New Year, written in X-shape (fols. 278-9) and one page with text written in the shape of a sand clock/hourglass (fol. 279v).

 

Second Hand:

  1. Initial word panels: decorating many initial words within the text in red ink, except one in violet ink (fol. 380). The panels are composed of three concentric red frames and decorated with flourishes extensions along the margins.

 

36 Summary and Remarks

The present manuscript is a siddur of the Roman rite for the entire year. According to the colophon (fol. 382v), it was copied on6 October 1492 (15 Tishrei [5]253) by Joseph b. Samuel of Rossano (a section of Canossa, in theprovince ofReggio-Emilia, Emilia).

 

The decoration of the manuscript was executed by two different hands. The first hand seems to be that of the scribe Joseph ben Samuel, who added some marginal drawings including four text illustrations, three of which are in the Haggadah for Passover, as well as simple pen decoration for letters and initial words (see: Decoration Program). Besides the evidence that the ink used for the decoration is very close to that of the script, the contact between the script and the decoration is particularly visible in those drawings stemming from the descenders of letters, such as on e.g. fols. 108v, 113v, 222 and 368.

 

The second stage of the decoration consists of many simple red filigree initial words panels (except for one executed in violet ink (fol. 380). This type of decoration was possibly rendered by another hand, which sometimes passes over the script, (e.g. fol. 86) and the brown-ink decoration; the styles, though both very simple, do not seem have done by the same hand. These pen-work flourishes, incorporating buds and foliage, are very common in Northern and Central Italy during the 15th century, and comparisons can be made with other manuscripts produced in Northern Italy such as from the 1490 mahzor at the JNUL, MS. Heb. 8 4450 and the appertaining second part in the Weill collection,Jerusalem (see: Metzger, 1976, No. 174 and fig. 10; Cohen, 1989, Kat. No. 46, fig. 81) that was written by Leon Yehuda bar Yehoshua (de Rossi) ofCesena.  There are also similar forms in Biblioteca Ambrosiana inMilan, Ms. A 192 (see: Luzzatto-Mortara Ottolenghi, Tab. VII).

 

The same scribe, Joseph b. Samuel of Rossano copied five years later, in 1497, amahzor of Roman rite of which only the second volume survived (for Shavuot to Simhat Torah, Parma, Biblioteca Palatina, Parm. 3493; see: Richler cat. No. 943), sparsely decorated with similar "crude" style, such as the drawing of the arm and raised hand drawn on fol. 719). Joseph b. Samuel of Rossano is mentioned in two sale inscriptions found at the end of another manuscript:  "Sefer Hashorashim" by David Kimhi, (Breslau - Juedisch-Theologisches Seminar 65, fol. 235v): in the first inscription he is recorded as the purchaser of the manuscript, in 12 December 1494, while in the following inscription, Joseph ben Samuel himself testifies he sold the manuscript on 18 June, 1495 to Joseph ben Judah of Ancona.

 

In conclusion, Cod. Hebr. 87 is a witness of the continued production of Hebrew manuscripts decorated by pen-work in Northern-Central Italyat the end of the 15th century.

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Fols. 62, 291: Censor’s erasures.

Fol. 382v, Censors’ signatures:
“Camillo Jaghel 1613”, and an additional name which is erased

Fol. 384v, Censor's signature:
“Visto p[e]r me fra[te] Renato da Mod[ena] 1626
"Reviewed for me Fra Renato da Modena, 1626

Fol. 3, owner's inscription within a frame (shaped as an ex-libris)
עשות צדקה/ ומשפט/ קנין כספי/ אלישמע/ פואה

Doer of charity and justice /purchased with my money, Elishama Foa

Fols. 4-4v, a series of birth notices
בליל ה' י"ב שעות ט' לחדש כסליו תס"ט ליאנורה,
ביום ראשון ו' לחדש איר ת"ע בת שבע,
ביום שלישי לחדש סיון תע"ג אליעזר חי,
ביום ראשון כ"ב לחדש שבט תע"ו מיכאל אברהם,
בליל שביעי ... שבת תע"ח כ"א ניסן גבריאל שלום,

Leonora, born twelve o’clock on Thursday, the ninth of Kislev 469 (1709) – 22.11.1708
Batsheva, born on Sunday, the sixth of Iyar 470 (1710) -
Eliezer Hai, born on the third of Sivan 473 (1713) – 28.5.1713
Michael Avraham, born on Sunday night, the twenty second of Shevat 476 (1716) – 15.2.1716
Gavriel Shalom, born on Saturday night 21 Nissan 478 (1718) – 22.4.1718

Fols. 1v-2v: a note by Dr. Lazar Elias Igel from Lemberg, who explains that on August 19, 1850 he donated the manuscript to the Hofbibliothek following persuasion by Goldenthal, a professor at the University of Vienna. Igel had received the manuscript by his teacher Rabbi Samuel David Luzzatto (1800-1865).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
Fols. 138v-139 : very faded
Fols. 311-313v : almost the whole text is faded
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Schwarz, A. Z., Hebräischen Hss. Wien, 1925
Schwarz, A. Z., Die hebräischen Handschriften der Nationalbibliothek in Wien , Leipzig, 1925, No. 110 (No. 95?), p. 112
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1500
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0198&batch_num=069&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal Anna Nizza October 2002 February 2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 10.2006 1.2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 10.2006 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 1.2007 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (2 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 14315 Joseph's Italian Siddur, Fols. 379v-380, Northern Italy, 6 October, 1492 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14315 Joseph's Italian Siddur, Fols. 379v-380, Northern Italy, 6 October, 1492 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Joseph's Italian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fols. 379v-380
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph ben Samuel of Rossano (Unknown)
5 Date 6 October, 1492
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 87 (Schwarz No. 95)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Italian manuscripts decorated by pen-work of the 1
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel
Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 380: A double-framed panel in pale violet ink encloses the initial word "And now" (ועתה), in the burial service. Violet pen-work tendrils extend from the panel along the right margin of the page.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, dark brown and pale violet ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198069
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 069
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14315
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Michal Sternthal Anna Nizza 10.2002 2.2004 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2004; 10.2006; 1.2008 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2004; 10.2006; 1.2008 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 1.2007 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14316 Joseph's Italian Siddur, Fol. 382v, Northern Italy, 6 October, 1492 edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14316 Joseph's Italian Siddur, Fol. 382v, Northern Italy, 6 October, 1492 edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Joseph's Italian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 382v
4a Artist/ Maker Joseph ben Samuel of Rossano (Unknown)
5 Date 6 October, 1492
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | Northern Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 87 (Schwarz No. 95)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown| Italian manuscripts decorated by pen-work of the 1
13 Iconographical Subject Colophon |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 382v, upper part of the page: בט"ו ימים לירח תשרי שנת/ זמרו אלהים זמרו ככלות/ המלאכה הזאת על ידי/ הקטון שבחבורה יוסף/ בכמ"ר שמואל מרושינה נב"ת [נפשו בעדן תנוח] האל/ יזכהו לקרות בו הוא ואחרים באלה/ הדברים וכיר"א [וכן יהיה רצון אמן]. Translation: “On the fifteenth of Tishrei [5]253 (1492) Joseph b. Samuel of Rossano completed writing this manuscript…”
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198081
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 081
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14316
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a