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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1496 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor,, Southern Germany, 1300-1350?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Mahzor for the High Holidays, Sukkot and Shabbat Bereshit (the end is missing) according to the Ashkenazi rite, with many piyyutim and with ritual explanations. Most of the text is vocalized.

New Year: (fols. 1v-72v), including: first day - Shaharit (fol. 1v-20); Musaf (fol. 20v-45); second day - Shaharit (fol. 45-63v); Musaf (fol. 63v-72v)
Day of Atonement: (fols. 73-227), including: Kol Nidrei (fol. 73-86); (fols. 87-92v include piyyutim which were added by a different hand), Shaharit (fol. 93-155); Musaf (fol. 155-203); Minha (203-216v); Ne’ilah (fol. 216v-227)
Sukkot: (fols. 227v-263), including: first day (fols. 227v-239v); second day (fols. 240-247); Shemini Azeret (fols. 247-260); Simhat Torah (fols. 260-263).
Shabbat Bereshit: (fols. 263-266v)
24 Codicology

Parchment; II+266+II leaves

  

Measurements

 

Full page: (266-270) X200 mm

Text space for the entire manuscript:  (175-179) x (133-136) mm

 

   Scribes

5 scribes :

 

2 main scribes:

Scribe A

Main text

Fols. fol. 43v (until 2nd line), fols. 44-86 and fols. 93 -156 (untli 13th line)

Scribe B

Main text

Fols. 156 (from 14th line) - 266v

 

3 interpolator scribes within the text of scribe A:

Interpolator 1

Main text

Fol.  43v from the 3rd line – till end of page

Interpolator 2

Main text

Fol. 87 (entire page)

Interpolator 3

Main text

Fol. 87v-92

 

 

Script

Text of scribe A: Main text written in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink, rubrication in red and sometimes in green ink (e.g. fols. 18, 21v-22, 112v).

Text of scribe B: Main text written in square Ashkenazi script in very dark brown ink with rubrication in red.  Some sections of the prayers are written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in very dark brown ink.  Most of these sections consist of biblical verses (e.g., fols. 208, 210v, 213v, 214, 216, 235v, 242v, 247, 248, 248v, 253 ). 

Text of interpolator 1: Written in small square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

Text of interpolators 2 & 3: Written in square Ashkenazi script in dark brown ink.

Number of lines

Main text of scribes A& B and interpolators 1& 2:

 

18 lines per page in one column.

 

Many piyyutim of scribes A and B:

 

18 lines per page, mostly in two columns (e.g. fols. 7-7v, 11, 17-17v, 50, , 51, 98, 121v, 135v, 138, 169, 212v, 213) with some in three (e.g., fols. 74, 85v, 101v, 170) or four columns (e.g., fols. 108v, 110v).

 

Text of

interpolator 3:

 

 

19 lines per page in one column

 

Ruling

Ruling for the entire manuscript is by plummet, 19 horizontal lines and varying number of vertical lines.

The sections written by scribe A and interpolator 1 have either 1+1 or 2+2 vertical lines, corresponding to the pricking in the lower margin,.  Sometimes there are varying amounts of additional vertical lines for rubrication in the piyyutim ( e.g. fols. 28, 34v, 58, 104v, 160-161). 

The section written by scribe B has mostly 1+1 vertical lines, corresponding to the pricking in the lower margin.

Ruling in ink for vertical lines is visible on a few folios (e.g., fols. 160-161), most probably a later addition since the lines are traced over the text.

 

Pricking

Pricking is discernible on many folios in the inner (e.g., fols. 1-86v, 93-153v, 157-160v, 163-170, 187-197, 203-220) outer (e.g. fols. 161-164, 177) and lower margins (e.g., fols. 81v, 86).  No pricking is descernible for the sections of interpolators 2 & 3.

 

Quires

34 quires of 8 leaves each except for VIII, XII, XXIII which are 6 leaves each.

 

Catchwords

Horizontal catchwords to the quires appear in the lower left-hand corner of the final versos of many quires, (e.g., fols. 24v, 100v, 156v, 194v, 218v), two of which are accompanied by decoration (fols. 48v, 172v).  A later binder partially cut-off many catchwords in the sections written by scribe A and interpolators 1, 2, 3.

 

Hebrew numeration

Later alphabetic numeration appears in the upper left-hand corner of most leaves.  Some of the numeration was partially or fully cut off by the binder.  The numeration is mostly on the recto and sometimes the numerator made mistakes.

The structure: starting from fol. 2 until fol. 72 the letters are on the recto, from א' to עא (=1-71). On fol. 72v the numeration switches to the versos and begins from עב (so that fol. 72 is numerated on each side with a different number).

From fol. 121 the numeration once again appears on the recto. 121-126 are numerated correctly קכא-קכו  on the rectos. The numbers קכג, קכד (=123, 124) appear twice by mistake, once on the proper folios and then again on fols. 127-128. Fols. 129-130 are both numerated  קכה=125, meaning that the numerator got confused and repeated himself.   Fols. 131-154 numerated קכו-קמח (=126-148) on the rectos. The letters קמז-קמח (=147-148) appear twice by mistake, once on fols. 153-154 and once on 155-156.  Fols. 157-178 are numerated קמט-קע  (=149-170).  Fols. 179 numerated קפ-קצט (=180-199).  Fols. 199- 200 are numbered incorrectly with lines slashed over them.  Fols. 201-203 are numerated ר-רב (=200-202).  Fols. 204-208 are numerated רג-רז (=203-207) in a much darker ink, in different handwriting. Fols. 209-215 are numerated רח-ריד (=208-214) in a light ink, in the same script as most of the numeration.  Fols. 216-228 are not numerated.  Fol. 228v is numerated ב (=2) and fols. 229-241 are numerated ג-טו (=3-15) on the rectos in a light ink in a slightly reddish-ochre color (this seems to be the same ink and handwriting of the marginal notes/additions on fols. 224, 230v, 231v, 232v, 233v, 234, 235, 241v, 242v).

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 1 and 86v are blank, with later inscriptions and decorations. Fol. 92v is blank with later inscriptions.

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
All scribal notes were written by Scribe A:
Indications of names of individuals involved in the production of the manuscript:

• Fol. 45, a poetic inscription is written in between the large initial word “King” (מלך), in tiny square Ashkenazi script in light brown ink with vocalization:
משה שואל היות לאל יד מר יחיאל לסיים דברי אל ובשכר האל ובא לציון גואל
Translation: The scribe mentions the names Moshe and Yehiel, ending with the blessing “…be able to finish these words of G-d and with the reward of G-d, Zion will be redeemed.” (The inscription is ambiguous since it is unclear what the role of each of these two people was, regarding the production of the manuscript. It is possible that one [Moshe, see next scribal note] is the name of the scribe himself while the other is a patron [Yehiel], or that both names refer to scribes involved in the copying of the manuscript.)
• Fol. 85v, the final line of the page, the name Moshe ((משה appearing in the piyyut is written in large red letters.
Note referring to text illustration:

• Fol. 20, last line from the bottom is a reference to an illustration on the verso of the folio, of a man blowing a shofar. The inscription is rubricated in red and continues vertically into the left margin:
ותוקעין קשרק ג קשק ג קרק ג תעיין בעבר אחר ותמצא התוקע
Translation: “And blow three times KaShRaK three times KaShaK, three times KaRaK and look at the other side [of the page] and you will find the blower of the shofar.”
KaShRaK, KaShaK, KaRaK are the initials signaling the specific rhythm and number of sounds which should be blown.
Many instructions referring to the different prayers and their placement in the Mahzor (e.g., fols. 32, 47v, 52, 63, 72v, 94, 150), for instance:
• Fol. 45, 7th line from the top, in between two cut-out circles, rubricated in red: ליום שני אתחיל אני
Translation: “For the second day I will begin”
• Fol. 47v, 5th line from the top, rubricated in red: אופן כדאתמול ושם תמצא כל התפילות כסדרן
Translation: “…same piyyut as yesterday and there you will find all the prayers in their order”
• Fol. 52, left margin, within a red stylized shield with a foliate base: לעיל אתה הוא/ והוא כת'/
Translation: “…’You Are’ and it is written above”
• Fol. 72v, 3rd line from the bottom, rubricated in red: תחפש בתפילות של יום ראשון
Translation: “Search in the prayers of the first day”
• Fol. 94, 4th line from the bottom, rubricated in red: הכל כתבתי ביום ראשון של ראש השנה
Translation: “I wrote it all in [the section for] the first day of the New Year”
• Fol. 145, 8th line from the top, in small letters, the scribe refers to the fact that he made a mistake in the copying: יהי רצון ואנכי טעיתי
Translation: “’May it be thy will' and I was mistaken”
• Fol. 150, 5th line from the bottom: כו'/כמו אמש
Translation: “Etc. like the previous night”
• Fol 73v, 8th line from the top: ואם שבת יתחיל אחר שמנ' עשר'
Translation: “And if it is Shabbat, begin after Amidah”
• Fol. 86, 2nd line from the bottom, rubricated in red: אם אין שבת יאמ אבינו מלכינו
Translation: “If not Shabbat, say [the prayer of] ‘Our Father, Our King’”
Instruction on the pronunciation of a word:

• Fol. 134v, in lower right margin in tiny letters: כל האו'/ מחול/אינו/אלא/טועה/כי נר'/כאו'/מחול/משחקים
Translation: The scribe refers to the word mehol - “forgive” - saying that "he who pronounces it mahol is mistaken, since then it is as if he is saying 'dancing'," which is the meaning of the word in that pronunciation, [although the spelling is the same in both cases].
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

19th century rebinding by F. Krauss, Buergerspital,Vienna, of green and black marble-paper on cardboard with quarter corners and spine in parchment.  Gold tooled on the upper part of the spine “Machsor nach Deutschem Ritus,” and the double-headed eagle which serves as the armorial device of the Hofbibliothek.

Red, blue and white marble-paper pastedown and front and back flyleaves

36 Decoration Program

 

The decoration was made in 2 stages by 3 artists. The first stage was executed almost entirely by artist A, except for two initial words written and decorated by artist B.  The second stage was executed by a later hand in the 18th century. 

Stage A

Artist A:

I. Eight text illustrations set within the text space (fols. 20v, 37, 40v, 54v, 93) or in the margins (fols. 11,  33, 135), most of which are set close to small initial words (fols. 11, 20v, 33, 37, 40v, 135) except for one which set in between the text lines (fol. 54v) and one which is set between the letters of a decorated intial word (fol. 93, see category IV, type A).  Three illustrations depict a man blowing the shofar (fols. 20v, 37, 40v), and one depicts a hand holding a shofar (fol. 11).  Two others each depict a man praying (fols. 33, 135), another depicts a man seated between two hands which are holding raised swords (fol. 54v) and one depicts the Gates of Mercy (fol. 93). (For another text illustration see category II.)

II. Three initial word panels (fols. 1v, 20v, 93), opening sections of the prayer.  One initial word panel includes a text illustration of a hand weighing the souls (fol. 1v) and one incorporates zoomorphic and anthropomorphic letters for the initial words (fol. 93).  The initial words of two of the panels are written: one in dark brown (fol. 1v) and one in gold and red (fol. 20v), both surrounded by wriggly-work sometimes ending with scrolls or animal heads, and set on a coloured ground filled with scrolls, hybrids and dogs.  These two panels occupy the width of the text space, while the panel on fol. 93 is smaller, occupying half the width of the text space.

III. One half-page architectonic frame enclosing an initial word opening the prayer section for the Day of Atonement (fol. 73).  The frame is not finished and includes only an ink outline.  The partial filling-in of the frame and the initial word in black ink was executed by a later hand in the 18th century (see Stage B).

IV. Many decorated initial words:

Type A:  Four large initial words for the beginning of sections, occupying most of the width of the text space (e.g., fols. 45, 48v, 93, 155).  Two of the initial words are written in black (fols. 48v, 93), one is written in red on which are depicted animals in spared ground technique filled in green (fol. 45) and one is not complete and is only an outline of the letters, not filled-in with colour and decorated only by rosettes set on the junctions of the letters (fol. 155). Fol. 93 encloses a text illustration of two open Gates of Mercy. Three of the initial words are surrounded by wriggly work (fols. 45, 48v, 93), sometimes extending into scrolls or animal heads (e.g., fol. 48v). 

Type B:  Smaller initial words for the beginning of paragraphs written in dark brown or red (e.g., fols. 4v, 6v, 11, 14v, 19, 20v, 28, 30v, 33, 36v, 37, 40v, 44v, 49v, 54v, 93, 104v, 116v, 123, 126v, 131, 135, 203, 216v, 227v), and sometimes in alternating dark brown and red letters (e.g., fols. 95v, 96, 100v, 114v, 121, 122, 186v).  Some of the initial words are surrounded by wriggly work (e.g., fols. 4v, 6v, 19, 20v, 32v, 40, 47v, 93, 94, 104v, 131, 186v), sometimes ending in dragon heads (e.g., fols. 32v, 94, 216v) , or fleur de lys (216v, 227v), or connecting to animals or hybrids drawn adjacent to the intial word (e.g., fols. 26v, 104v, 116v, 131) or including a hunting scene (e.g., fols. 47v, 104v).  Some of the initial words are surrounded fully or partially by wriggly work added by a later hand in the 17th or 18th century, in black ink (e.g., fol. 33, 37, 40v).

IV.  One decorative panel (fols. 123) including a hybrid hunter and filled in with scrolls in spared ground technique and set on a ground of red hatching. The hunter is aiming a bow and arrow at his own tail, which has a head of a dragon.

V. Decorative space fillers for piyyutim.  One space filler is a scroll on which are placed animals (e.g., fol. 14v), another type of filler has animals scattered throughout the text space (e.g., fols. 11, 130v, 131).  Among these animals are dogs (e.g., fols. 11, 14v, 130v), dragons (e.g. fol. 131),  goats (e.g., fols. 14v, 131), lions (e.g., fols. 11, 14v, 131) a hare (e.g., fol. 130v), and a unicorn (e.g., fol. 131).  A third space-filler consists of a long vertical panel including a lion’s mask from which extends a scroll ending with a dragon's head and a dog in spared ground technique, set on a ground of red hatching (fol. 126v).  

VI. Vocalization composed of flowers and animals (e.g., fols. 158, 176v, 178, 179, 181, 185, 186v, 187, 189, 194, 195, 200v, 203v, 204v, 206, 207v, 210v, 212, 214v, 215, 216v, 217) all set below initial words written by scribe B; including a dog (fol. 216v), dogs and hares,(e.g., fols. 158v, 212) sometimes in a hunting scene (e.g., fols. 176v, 181, 217) and one incorporating a fleur de lys (fol. 194). 

VII. Decorated catchwords set in the lower left hand corner of the page.  One depicts a man holding a dog (fol. 48v) and the other a leaping deer (fol. 172v).

VIII. Small marginal drawings resembling Jewish hats (e.g., fols. 5, 26v, 138v) depicted above marginal corrections of the main text, written by scribe A.

Artist B:

I. Decorated initial words written in dark brown and surrounded by wriggly work (e.g. fols. 157v, 165, 167, 208, 235v).

Stage B (by a later hand of the 18th century):

I. Six text illustrations (fols. 3, 14, 16, 33, 33v, 44v) all executed in black ink and set in the right or left margins of the page.  Two of the illustrations depict a hand holding balanced scales (fols. 3 and 14), another two depict a head of a man praying, raising his arm (fols. 33, 33v)another is a faint drawing of a wing (fol. 16), and another illustration is of an open book (fol. 44v).

II. Illustrations (fols. 3, 14v, 15, 17, 23, 23v, 56, 86v) all executed in black ink.  The illustrations include depictions of hands holding scales (fols. 3, 86v), human figures (fols. 15, 17, 33, 33v), and a dog (fols. 14v).

III. Wriggly work surrounding small initial words (e.g., fols. 8, 14v, 15,19, 23v, 37, 66v, 83v, 128v, 143v, 171v, 212), sometimes extending into scrolls. 

Sometimes this artist completes the wriggly work (c.f., fol. 23v)  or fills in part of the decoration (c.f., fol. 73) which was executed by artist A.


 

36 Summary and Remarks

This Vienna Mahzor for the High Holidays, Sukkot and Shabbat Bereshit was produced in the early 14th century in southern Germany, most probably in the region of Franconia, and contains the main sections of the prayers and many piyyutim, following the rite of Ashkenaz.

In its present state, the manuscript contains no colophon, although the end of the Mahzor is missing, so we cannot determine if there was a colophon initially.  Paleographical research indicates that the Mahzor was copied by five scribes, two of whom copied the main sections of the Mahzor (scribes A and B) and another three interpolators within the text of scribe A, each of whom copied a small amount of text (between one and several pages).  The name Moshe is indicated twice in this section - once in an  inscription set between the letters of an initial word (fol. 45) and once by emphasizing the name in large red letters where it appears within the text (fol. 85v).  It is uncertain though, if Moshe was the name of scribe A or perhaps the name of the patron for whom the Mahzor was produced.  The second scribe, whose name remains unknown, copied the second part of the Mahzor.  It is interesting to note that the change in hands between the two main scribes occurs in the middle of the main text on a page which is not the beginning of a quire, but rather is the verso of the last page of a quire (see fol. 156).  Scribe A included in his section not only many piyyutim, but also several of the regular prayers.  Scribe B however copied only piyyutim, referring the reader to the regular prayers by short captions. 

The Mahzor was decorated in two stages by three different hands. The first stage of the decoration is contemporary to the time of the production of the manuscript and was executed almost entirely by scribe-artist A except for two initial words written and decorated by scribe-artist B. The second stage of decoration was executed by a later hand in the 18th century who added illustrations and decorations in many parts of the manuscript, all executed in black ink.  In addition, this later hand sometimes added various elements to stage A decorations, wrote several marginal notes and re-wrote several of the text lines where the original text had been scratched out. 

Research on the Mahzor has lead to the conclusion that the manuscript was produced by scribe-artists who executed both the copying of the text and the decorations.    It seems that artist A was responsible not only for copying more than half the Mahzor, but also for most of the decoration of the manuscript, including most decorations appearing in sections written by other scribes.  Our conclustion that the decoration is the work of the scribes is based on the close connections evident between the text and decorations.  Imbedded within the text itself (fol. 20), for example, is a reference of the scribe to the reader, stating that if he turns the page he will find the blower of the shofar, who indeed appears on the top of the next folio in a text illustration (fol. 20v).  An example in which the scribe took the decoration he had just executed into account can be found on fol. 116v where after surrounding the initial word with wriggly work, the scribe-artist had to skip a space while writing the text in the line below where the wriggly work extended into.  Another such example can be found on fol. 54v.  

Scribe-artist A combines both talents - of artist and of scribe – in several places: In the initial word panel on fol. 93, the letters of the initial word “Then” ( אז ) are composed of zoomorphic and anthropomorphic elements, demonstrating his mastery in shaping the Hebrew letters.  Letters of this kind are rare in Ashkenazi manuscripts, appearing for example on fol. 67 of Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale, Cod. Hebr. 644, probably produced in the region of the Rhine around 1264 (Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux, p. 207) .  The formation of Hebrew vocalization into the shape of animals and flowers demonstrates this same unique combination of vocalization and decoration (e.g., fols. 158v, 174, 176v), which could only have been executed by a scribe-artist. Finally, small script written by scribe-artist A can be found in several of the text illustrations (e.g., fols. 1v, 20v, 93, 135). 

Further research shows that scribe B is also a scribe-artist, decorating several of his own initial words by surrounding them with wriggly work (e.g., fols. 157v, 165, 167, 208, 235v).

The decorations of stage A of the Mahzor illustrate several of the rituals and customs which take place on the High Holidays.  For example, three depictions of men blowing the shofar illustrate the prayers for the New Year (see fols. 20v, 37, 40v).  One of these (fol. 20v) depicts a man blowing the shofar with one foot raised up onto a small stool with four legs.   The image of men blowing the shofar appears in several other manuscripts produced in Germany in the 14th century such as on fols. 74v, 84v of Paris, Bibliotheque de L’Alliance Israelite Universelle, MS. 24 H, which is a mahzor from the third quarter of the 13th century (See: Sed-Rajna, Les Manuscrits Hebreux, p. 211, 212) and on fols. 12v, 163v of the First Kaufmann Mahzor, Germany, c. 1270-1290, Budapest, MTAK, A 388/II.    These depictions include the raising of one foot onto a stool, though in all these depictions the stool has three legs, not four.  The custom of raising a leg on a stool while blowing the shofar was common in Germany in the Middle Ages.  Sperber found reference to this custom in a book of customs written by Rabbi Isaac Tirna (1380/5-1450?) who discusses the blower of the shofar as raising one foot onto a stool (Sperber, Minhagei Yisrael, p. 242).  Yet the reasons for this custom are still unclear.  Roth suggested that the purpose of raising the foot was to separate between the man blowing the shofar and the ground he stands on, which is where Satan draws his power from (Roth, The Role of the Stool, p. 4).  Sperber, on the other hand, believes that the custom is symbolic of the wish to elevate the sounds of the shofar as much as possible, in order that they might reach the heavens.  He refers to a similar symbolic custom of early pagan Germans who, in a ceremony meant to help the harvest grow taller, would have a tall girl stand with one leg on a bench and perform certain rituals. 

Other examples of illustrations of customs and rituals are the depictions of men praying (fols. 33, 135) and the adherence to the precept of not wearing leather shoes on the Day of Atonement, illustrated by showing a bare-footed man praying (fol. 135).

The style of the decoration, the motifs and the techniques used by the artists of the first stage all indicate a German origin for the manuscript and a close relation to manuscripts produced in Franconiain the first half of the 14th century.  The initial word panel opening the Mahzor (fol. 1v) can be compared to a similar one in both style and motifs, found on fol. 207v of Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS. Reggio 1, attributed to c. 1340 (See: Metzger, Jewish Life, p. 247, fig. 363). As in our Mahzor, the panel in the Oxford Mahzor is filled with animals and hybrids and includes a text illustration of a hand weighing the souls, though in theOxford manuscript the devil is included in this scene.  Surrounding the initial words in both manuscripts is a thin border of spare-ground parchment.  Similar also is the border of spare-ground foliate scrolls surrounding both panels.

Our Mahzor contains many pen-work animals (e.g, fols. 1v, 11, 14v, 20v, 104v, 130v-131), executed by scribe-artist A.  Similar animals, most likely based on common models, can be found in a group of manuscripts produced in the region of Franconia, at the beginning of the 14th century for example those surrounding the colophon on fol. 307 of the Judah bar Menahem Pentateuch (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Can. Or. 91, Neobauer 22), dated to 1304 (See: Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (Hebrew edition), pg. 46, fig. 41).  The pen-work animals of our Mahzor can also be compared to those on fols.  8, 13, 30, 40, 45, 97v, 73v, 101v, 112v of the Franconian Siddur and Haggadah (Oxford, Bodleian Library, Opp. 645, Neobauer 1116).  Finally, the animals inserted in the text space on fols. 130v-131 in our Mahzor can be compared to the pen-work animals on fol. 11 of A Hazan’s Siddur (Oxford,Bodleian Library,Mich. 571, Neobauer 1097). 

Further research has lead to the conclusion that the Vienna Mahzor served as one of the models for a Passover haggadah copied and illustrated by Jacob Hai son of Joseph Israel Conegliano ( יעקב חי ב"ר יוסף ישראל קוניליאנו ) and dated 1742-3 (Cincinnati, Hebrew Union College Library MS. 450).   The zoomorphic and anthropomorphic letters in the Vienna Mahzor for the initial word “Then” ( אז ) were most probably copied by the scribe-artist of the Hebrew Union College Library Passover Haggadah.  On fol. 27v, the scribe-artist, Jacob, incorporated their design in shaping the small initial word "Then" (אז ), serving in this case as the opening word for the piyyut אז רב ניסים, though here they are not set within a panel, and appear without the surrounding border seen in the Vienna Mahzor.   The similarity between the two initial words is clearly evident.  In both manuscripts the tip of the letter "aleph" (א) is formed by a man wearing a hooded garment with his arms stretched out before him.  The man is climbing a ladder which serves as the vertical line of the "aleph" (א).  The pole which serves as the leg of the letter, extends in both cases into a dragon's head with an open mouth ending on the bottom with a lioness' head facing the right, the mouth slightly open revealing teeth and a thin red tounge with a slight curl at the end. 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
• Fol. 92v (additional quire), below the text, in the middle of the page which remained almost blank, inscription in square Ashkenazi script in light brown ink:
הסופר לא יזוק

“the scribe will not be harmed”

• Fol. 1, in the middle of the outer margin, possible owner’s inscription in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script:
זה המג[=ח]זור של רינוס

“This is the Mahzor of Rhine”

• Many additions, corrections, and explanations in the margins or in between the text lines were added by several hands who used at least three different tonalities of brown ink (e.g., fols. 1v, 3, 4v, 6v, 7, 20v, 26v, 33v,47v, 73v).

• A later hand of the 18th century added illustrations and decorations (see Decoration Program, stage B), instructions in the margins in square Ashkenazi script (e.g., fols. 12, 35, 40, 40v, 49v) and tags to some of the words (e.g., fols. 33, 73v) – all of which were executed in black ink. On fols. 126v-127 and fol. 131 he re-wrote several of the text lines where the original verses had been scratched out. It is unclear who scratched out these verses and why this later hand chose to only fill in the ones dealing with the with sins of the Gentiles while the verses which were not re-written, deal with the holiness of the nation of Israel.

• Fol. 199, lower margin, possible owner’s name written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink:

שלמה בר' יצחק

“Shlomo bar Yizhak” [Shlomo son of Isaac]

• Fol. 238v in the lower margin on the right, possible owner’s name written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script in light brown ink:

שלמה

"Shlomo”


• Horizontal pencil lines mark certain paragraphs. Next to some of the lines are marginal notes also in pencil, comparing the Mahzor to the Kol Bo כל בו (e.g., fols. 191v, 192v, 193, 221v, 224, 230v)

• Fol. 187v, 12th line from the top, above the initial word “Although” ( אמנם) is an inscription in pencil in late cursive script:

גרשם בן יהודא חזק

“Gershom son of Yehudah be strong”


• Purchased by the Austrian National Library from S. Schönblum on July 15th, 1865, together with nine other manuscripts
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Many leaves are badly mutilated. Fol. 24: outer half cut off; fol. 45: two cut out in the shape of medallions; fol. 92: bottom half cut off. The parchment often has holes in it, which must have been present when the parchment was purchased, since the scribe takes them into consideration when writing (e.g., fol. 100, 100v, 128, 128v, 142, 142v, 182, 182v, 204, 204v). Fol. 219: folded outer margin to keep the marginal text (original width of this single page was c. 210mm)
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
• Sperber Daniel, Minhagei Yisrael (in Hebrew), part VII, Mossad Harav Kook, Jerusalem, 2003
(שפרבר, דניאל, מנהגי ישראל: מקורות ותולדות, חלק שביעי, 2003, מוסד הרב קוק, ירושלים)

• Roth, Abraham, “The role of the stool in blowing the shofar and in the Jewish oath”’ (in Hebrew), Yeda Am, Vol. VIII, 1962, pp. 3-7, Tel-Aviv.
(רות, אברהם, "השרפרף בתקיעות ובשבועה היהודית", ידע עם,כרך ח',1962, עמ' 3-7, תל-אביב)

• Narkiss, Bezalel, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (Hebrew edition), 1992, Keter Publishing, Jerusalem

• Sed-Rajna, Gabrielle, Les Manuscrits Hebreux Enlumines des Bibliothques de France, Peeters, 1994, Leuven-Paris

• Metzger, Therese and Mendel, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries, Fine Art Books, New York, 1982

• Schubert, Ursula, Die Jϋdische Buchkunst, Graz, 1993

43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1496
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0198&batch_num=009&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judith Cardozo August, 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (27 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 14224 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14224 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 1v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Weighing of souls
Initial word panel, decorative
Dragon
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 1v: The opening page for the Mahzor begins with the initial word “King” (מלך) for the Yozer of the first day of the New Year prayers, executed by artist A. The initial word is written within a rectangular panel, set on the top of the page, filling the width of the text space (and slightly more). The initial word is written in large display letters in very dark brown ink and surrounded by wriggly work ending with leaves or animal heads. The letters are decorated with circles or squares enclosing stylized rosettes in spared ground technique, set on the junctions of each letter. The initial word is set on a yellowish-brown wash ground of the panel, inhabited by foliate scrolls, a hedgehog, a winged dragon with a tail extending into a thick foliate scroll, a dragon biting his own leg and three dogs. All these are executed in spared ground technique. A hand weighing the souls is depicted on the left side of the panel, alluding to the judgment which takes place on the New Year. The hand reaches out from the left side of the roof of the final letter "Khaf" (ך), and holds a scale composed of two small bowls, the right one inscribed “transgressions” (חובות) and the left inscribed “virtues” (זכויות). The left bowl is set slightly lower than the right one, indicating that the good deeds outweigh the evil ones. Both the hand and the bowls are painted with gold powder. The panel is surrounded by a border of foliate scrolls in spared ground technique set on the same yellowish-brown ground as the initial word.
21 Ornamentation Decorated initial word
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial word
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen, ink and watercolours
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel measurements: 70 x 141 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good. The top part of the page was cropped by the binder so that there is a partially cut off animal evident at the tip of the ל of the initial word panel.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198009
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 009
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14224
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14225 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 1v, detail, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14225 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 1v, detail, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v, detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Weighing of souls
Initial word panel, decorative
Dragon
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 1v: The opening page for the Mahzor begins with the initial word “King” (מלך) for the Yozer of the first day of the New Year prayers, executed by artist A. The initial word is written within a rectangular panel, set on the top of the page, filling the width of the text space (and slightly more). The initial word is written in large display letters in very dark brown ink and surrounded by wriggly work ending with leaves or animal heads. The letters are decorated with circles or squares enclosing stylized rosettes in spared ground technique, set on the junctions of each letter. The initial word is set on a yellowish-brown wash ground of the panel, inhabited by foliate scrolls, a hedgehog, a winged dragon with a tail extending into a thick foliate scroll, a dragon biting his own leg and three dogs. All these are executed in spared ground technique. A hand weighing the souls is depicted on the left side of the panel, alluding to the judgment which takes place on the New Year. The hand reaches out from the left side of the roof of the final letter "Khaf" (ך), and holds a scale composed of two small bowls, the right one inscribed “transgressions” (חובות) and the left inscribed “virtues” (זכויות). The left bowl is set slightly lower than the right one, indicating that the good deeds outweigh the evil ones. Both the hand and the bowls are painted with gold powder. The panel is surrounded by a border of foliate scrolls in spared ground technique set on the same yellowish-brown ground as the initial word.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198010
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 010
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14225
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14226 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 6v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14226 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 6v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198011
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 011
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14226
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14227 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 11, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14227 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 11, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 11
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shofar (New Year); see also Shofar (in the Temple)
Lioness
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 11: A pen-work text illustration executed by artist A, of a hand holding a shofar (ram's horn) is set in the outer margin extending from the word “horn” (קרן), in the prayers for Shaharit for the first day of the New Year. The shofar is decorated with a design of red lozenges with brown dots. On the lower part of the page is a red lion cub and underneath it, a brown dog.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198012
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 012
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14227
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14228 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 14v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14228 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 14v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 14v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Inhabited scrolls
Dog
Ram
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 14v: The piyyut for Shaharit of the first day of the New Year prayer is divided into two columns by an ink drawing space-filler of a long grape-vine scroll with large leaves and grape clusters, executed by artist A. Inhabiting the scroll from top to bottom are a ram, two dogs and a lion which are executed in brown, red and black ink and placed one below the other. At the upper part of the page is a small initial word rubricated in red and surrounded by wriggly work in black ink ending on the last letter with a flourish extending upward. This wriggly work and the black dog inhabiting the scroll (which is the second animal from the top of the scroll) were both executed by a later hand of the 18th century (see: General Document, Decoration program, Stage B).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198013
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 013
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14228
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14229 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 20v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14229 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 20v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 20v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shofar, Blowing of
Dragon
Lion
Initial word panel, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 20v: Opening page of the Musaf prayer for the first day of the New Year executed by artist A, including a text illustration at the top of the page and an initial word panel for the word “planned” (אפד ) on the bottom half of the page. The text illustration, executed in brown ink and green and red wash, is set adjacent to the small initial word "Blessed art thou” (ברוך), which is rubricated in red and surrounded by wriggly work extending in several places to form small foliate flourishes. The illustration depicts a bearded man standing with his left foot upon a four-legged stool whilst blowing a long green shofar. He stands underneath the right arch of the three arches of heaven, while the pointing hand of God emerges from the middle arch, almost touching the horn. An angel with one wing and one long hand extending outwards, emerges from the left arch accompanied to the right by the tiny inscription “defender” (סניגור). Under the middle arch are the remnants of another tiny inscription of the word “prosecutor”( קטיגור). The man is set in profile with minimal facial details and his head and most of his body are covered by a tallit (prayer shawl) underneath which is visible his green and red garment. The gold arches of heaven – which rest on small oval supports - are decorated on either side with green branches which are held in the mouths of two animals set in the margins – a lion on the right and a winged dragon on the left. The word Musaf is written under the middle arch, added by a later hand. The initial word panel is set in the lower half of the page, filling most of the width of the text space. The initial word “planned” (אפד ) is written on a green ground, the first two letters are painted in gold powder outlined in red and the last letter is painted in red with traces of gold powder mixed in. The letters are all surrounded by wriggly work in spared ground technique with many extended foliate flourishes filling most of the panel. Above and below the first letter, are two dogs in spared ground technique. The panel is surrounded by a red border.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen, ink, watercolours and gold powder
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel measurements: 70 x 125 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198014
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 014
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14229
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14230 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 33, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14230 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 33, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 33
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Prayer
Scribal rubrication |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 33: A text illustration of a man praying is set in the middle of the left margin of Musaf for the New Year, illustrating the small red initial word “Eye” (עין), beginning the verse “They lift their eyes to thee in heaven” (עין נושאים לך לשמים ). The illustration was executed by artist A in red and brown ink, depicting a bearded man in profile, facing the left, raising his head and arms upwards, his mouth slightly open as if reciting a prayer. The man is wearing a pointed Jewish hat and garbed in a long robe with an opening on the side from which his hand extends. Above this text illustration is a drawing in black ink executed by a later hand of the 18th century, depicting a man’s face in profile and one of his arms is raised upwards to the left in a very similar manner to the depiction underneath it. The man has a full beard and mustache, and his head is uncovered. The areas of the man’s mouth and his large nose are accentuated by thicker ink lines. A few initial words are rubricated in red and the initial “aleph” (א) of the word “I firmly hope in God” ( אוחילה ) was outlined by the later hand in black ink with tiny flourishes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198015
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 015
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14230
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14231 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 37, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14231 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 37, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shofar, Blowing of
Scribal rubrication |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 37: Text page of Musaf for the New Year, including a text illustration of a man blowing a shofar and four small initial words written in red. The text illustration, executed by artist A in red and brown ink and green wash, is set in the space under the initial word KaShRak ( קשרק), which are the initials signaling the specific rhythm and number of sounds which should be blown on the shofar at this moment in the service. The bearded man is standing facing left, blowing the shofar while holding it with both hands. The long shofar is painted green, with several lines rising up from the opening, illustrating the sound emitted by the shofar. The man is wearing a green pointed Jewish hat and a mid-length robe which is partly painted green and partly decorated with red hatching. The four small initial words are partially decorated by a later hand of the 18th century in black ink wriggly-work ending at the edges with small flourishes.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198016
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 016
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14231
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14232 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 40v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14232 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 40v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 40v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Shofar, Blowing of
Scribal rubrication |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 40v: Text page of Musaf for the New Year including a text illustration of a man blowing a shofar and three small initial words all written in red, with the word KaShaK ( קשק ) partially decorated by wriggly-work by a later hand of the 18th century. The text illustration executed by artist A in brown and red ink, is set below the initial word “KaShaK” (קשק), which are the initials signaling the rhythm and specific number of sounds which should be blown on the shofar at this point of the service. The man is standing in a gabled opening drawn in thin red lines, blowing a long shofar held in his right hand. The man is garbed in a long robe decorated with tiny red circles and lines and his legs and feet are filled in with dark brown ink.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198017
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 017
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14232
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14233 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 45, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14233 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 45, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 45
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 45: The opening of the second day for the New Year is decorated with a large initial word “King” ) מלך), beginning the Yozer, executed by artist A and set on the lower part of the page, filling most of the width of the text space. Part of the initial word is missing due to two large circles which were cut out from the page. The display letters are painted red and filled with foliage decoration and with various animals such as dogs, a hare and a ram, all of which were executed in spared ground technique and filled in with green paint. The letters are surrounded by wriggly work extending into flourishes on the bottom. Rectangles enclosing stylized rosettes in spared ground technique are set on the junctions of each of the letters. On the parchment ground in between the letters is a scribal note by scribe A, written in tiny letters in brown ink in which the scribe mentions the names Moshe and Yehiel, ending with the blessing “…be able to finish these words of G-d and with the reward of G-d, Zion will be redeemed” (משה שואל היות לאל יד מר יחיאל לסיים דברי אל ובשכר האל ובא לציון גואל)See: General Document, Scribal notes

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen, ink and colour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Two large circles are cut out of the page, so that some of the text is missing and the initial word is partly cut off.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198018
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 018
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14233
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14234 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 48v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14234 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 48v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 48v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word, decorative
Catchword, decorated
Hunt | ?
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 48v: The large initial word “Thy words” (אמרתך) opening the piyyut of Shaharit for the second day of the New Year prayers is set on the top of the page and decorated by artist A. The initial word is written in very dark brown display letters with circles enclosing stylized rosettes set on the junctions of each of the letters. The letters are surrounded by wriggly-work in brown and red ink, extending in some places into foliate flourishes. The wriggly work around the letter “aleph” (א) extends on the bottom right of the leg into a vulture’s head and on the bottom left of the leg into a dragon’s head with an open mouth, biting into the continuation of the wriggly work. A partially cut off decoration for a catchword also executed by artist A is set on the bottom of the page, depicting a hooded man, facing left and holding a dog whose head is turned upwards towards the man.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198019
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 019
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14234
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14235 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 54v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14235 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 54v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 54v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Prayer
Sword |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 54v: A text illustration of a man seated between two raised swords, executed by artist A in brown ink, is set in the upper-middle left column of the piyyut for Shaharit for the second day of the New Year. The man is seated on a four-legged stool between two raised swords held within the closed fists of two large arms. The man is facing left, with his long hands stretched out before him on his knees. The long swords rise up in between the two text lines above the man’s head. This illustrates the words “With glittering swords he carves retribution” ((סועף בחרבות שנונות, written in the ninth line of the right text column. The small initial word “I will give” (אתן ) is rubricated in red at the top of the page and letters rubricated in red open each text line.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198020
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 020
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14235
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14236 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 73, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14236 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 73, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 73
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Elephant
Architectural frame
Initial word, framed |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 73: Text page opening the prayer of Kol Nidre (“All personal vows”) (כל נדרי) for the Day of Atonement, including a half-page architectonic frame executed by artist A in brown ink, enclosing the initial word “All” (כל). The initial word is outlined in brown ink in display letters enclosed by a wide arch resting on capitals. Rising up from behind the arch on each side is a narrow tower with a gabled roof. From the centre of the arch rises a wide short tower with two partially cut off shofar blowers set on the flat roof. Flanking the centre tower are short, wide buildings with arcaded windows. The initial word is partially filled in with spared ground animals (including an elephant) on a black ink ground, and a small part of the arch is decorated with black scrolls. Both these are additions by a later hand of the 18th century.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel measurements: 140 x 130 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198021
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 021
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14236
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14237 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 86v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14237 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 86v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 86v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Weighing of souls |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 86v: Originally a blank page, now containing two illustrations, executed by a later hand of the 18th century in black ink. The illustrations are set in the centre of the page, depicting two hands, each holding a scale between the thumb and the forefinger. The scale on the right side of the page is a balanced one, but is missing the dishes of the scale. In between the two sides of this scale is an inscription reading מחצה על מחצה, meaning the scales are balanced. The scale held by the hand on the left is unbalanced, with the dish on the right inscribed below “virtues” (זכויות ) tipping the scales downwards and the dish on the left set higher up. Puncturing this hand is an arrow and to the right of the hand is the corresponding inscription reading ” the scale of virtues determine” ( זכויות כף הכרע).
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198022
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 022
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14237
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Esthelee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren August, 2003 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14238 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 93, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14238 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 93, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 93
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Gates of Mercy
Initial word, decorative
Letter, zoomorphic
Initial letter, decorative |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 93: Opening page of Shaharit for the Day of Atonement including a text illustration set in between the letters of a large initial word, an initial word panel incorporating zoomorphic and anthropomorphic letters and two small initial words, all of which were executed by artist A. The initial word “Blessed art thou” (ברוך ), opening the Yozer, is set on the top of the page, filling almost the entire width of the text space. The initial word is written in large display letters in very dark brown ink, surrounded by wriggly work extending in some parts to foliate flourishes. The letters are decorated with circles enclosing stylized rosettes in spared ground technique, set on the junctions of the letters which have small red pen flourishes extending from them. In the parchment ground spaces created by the letter “resh” ) ר ) and the letter “khaf sofit” ( ך ) are depicted two almost identical Gothic gates illustrating the words “Gates of Mercy” (שערי רחמים ) appearing in the text one line under the illustration. The gates are opened wide, filled in with gold powder, in the middle of which are vertical inscriptions facing upwards. The right one reads “gates”( שערי ) and the left one “mercy” (רחמים). The initial word panel for the word “Then” (אז ), is set in the lower section of the page, filling half of the width of the text space. The intial letters are mostly composed of zoomorphic and anthropomorphic elements executed in brown and red ink and brownish-yellowish wash. The “aleph” (א) is composed of a small hooded man who serves as the tip of the letter. He is climbing up a red ladder, which serves as the vertical line of the “aleph”, his hands stretched forward holding on to the ladder. (The parchment in between the rungs of the ladder is decorated with brown hatching). The ladder rests upon a pole, painted in a light brown wash, which serves as the leg of the "aleph" and extends on the top into a dragon’s head which seems to be eating the frame of the panel. The pole ends on the bottom with a lioness’ head facing the right, out of which potrudes a thin red tongue, serving as vocalization. Below the tongue is inscribed the word “patah” ( פתח ) (vocalized “ah”), which is the name of this vocalization symbol. The second zoomorphic letter “zayin” (Z) is composed on top of a lion’s head decorated with red hatching. The lion is facing left and has a potruding tongue. The bottom of the letter is decorated on the bottom half with red hatching and shaped into a twisted tail. The panel has a double frame of thin red lines filled with foliate scrolls and surrounded by wriggly work with floral extensions at the corners.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation

22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink colours
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Panel measurements: 55 x 65 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198023
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 023
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14238
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo 2003 May, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14239 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 104v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14239 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 104v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 104v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dog
Scribal rubrication
Bird, hunt |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 104v: The piyyut for Shaharit for the Day of Atonement includes four initial words “The works” (מעשה ) for the repeated openings of the piyyut, alternating in red and black. The first initial word is written in red and was decorated by artist A in wriggly work extending slightly into foliate flourishes at the top edges. The wriggly work below the letter “mem” ( מ ) extends into a foliate scroll, connecting to animals executed in pen-work: a brown dog with its head turned backwards, looking at a red bird caught in the curl of the dog’s tail and another brown dog set slightly behind them to the left. The small initial words are written in red and brown and are surrounded by brown wriggly work extending into foliate flourishes.
21 Ornamentation Dogs
Bird
 
21 Ornamentation
Dogs
Bird
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198024
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14239
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 May, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14240 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 123, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14240 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 123, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 123
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Hybrid
Decorated panel in spared ground technique |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 123: A figurative panel executed by artist A is set in the bottom section of the page of Shaharit for the Day of Atonement at the opening to the piyyut, filling a space of half of the text width. The panel depicts a hybrid with an upper body of a human and the lower body of a lion. The hybrid is facing the right, stretching his right hand back as he aims a bow and arrow towards his own tail, which has the head of a dragon. The hybrid is drawn in spared ground technique, partially filled in green and set on a background filled in with red hatching. He is surrounded by foliate scrolls also executed in spared ground which extend to create the border of the panel, which surrounds the bottom of the panel and both its sides.
21 Ornamentation Hunter-hybrid
 
21 Ornamentation
Hunter-hybrid
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen, ink and watercolours
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198025
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 025
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14240
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 May, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14241 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 126v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14241 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 126v, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 126v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Inhabited scrolls
Dog
Dragon
Lion mask
Scribal rubrication |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 126v: A decorative vertical panel executed by artist A serves as a space filler in the text space of the piyyut for Shaharit of the Day of Atonement, dividing between the repeated opening word “King” (מלך), rubricated in red and the verses of the piyyut. The panel runs lengthwise along the entire page, narrowing towards the middle, taking into consideration the small initial word “And so” (ובכן) which is rubricated in red. The panel is filled with spared ground foliate scrolls and animals all set on a ground of red hatching. At the top of the panel is a lion mask, holding in his mouth the foliate scroll that extends downwards, curving into a dragon’s head towards the middle of the panel. The lower part of the panel includes an elongated dog and small flowers executed in spared ground.
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198026
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 026
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14241
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 May, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14242 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fols. 130v-131, detail, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14242 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fols. 130v-131, detail, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fols. 130v-131, detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Dog
Hare
Goat
Unicorn
Dragon
Lion
Hedgehog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fols. 130v-131: The inner part of two facing pages of the Shaharit prayer for the Day of Atonement includes brown pen-work animals executed by artist A, drawn in between the text space, filling the spaces at the beginning and the ends of lines. On fol. 130v two animals flank the opening verse of the piyyut - a lion cub with a long tail is on the left and a hedgehog with small circles depicted underneath him is on the right. Below the lion cub appear, one below the other: a small crouching dog, a crouching rabbit and an elongated dog, leaping towards the left side of the page. On fol. 131 the following animals are depicted on the right side of the text, one below the other: a goat leaping towards the left, a unicorn leaping towards the left with its head turned backwards, a dragon biting its leg, a winged dragon with a long tail facing the left and a lion stretching to the left while its head is turned to the right, opening its mouth over a small rubricated word: “The Gentiles” (הגוים) which is surrounded by wriggly work extending into small foliate flourishes and connecting to a tiny dog on top of the word.
21 Ornamentation Dog
Hare
Goat
Unicorn
Dragon
Lion
 
21 Ornamentation
Dog
Hare
Goat
Unicorn
Dragon
Lion
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen and ink
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198027
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 027
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14242
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 April, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14243 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 135, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14243 Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor, Fol. 135, Southern Germany, 1300-1350? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Vienna High Holiday and Sukkot Mahzor | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 135
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1300-1350?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Germany | Southern Germany
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 174
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Prayer |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 135: Text page for Selihot of Shaharit for the Day of Atonement including a text illustration executed in red and brown ink, set in the lower part of the outer margin, adjacent to the piyyut “Please be willing” (אנא הואל) of which the first two verses read: “Please be willing to forgive your servants, who approach you with a bowed head” (אנא הואל סלוח לעבדיך/ בכפיפת ראש באי עדיך). The illustration depicts a man bowing down towards the left, his hands stretched out before him holding a partially cut off tablet or book, on which are visible the words אנ[א] רא[ש] (please, head). The man is bearded with minimal facial details. His head and body are partially covered by a talllit (prayer shawl) with tassels, underneath which a red mid-length garment is visible. Both of the man’s bare feet face the left and each one has a small round circle on the ankle.
21 Ornamentation Man praying
 
21 Ornamentation
Man praying
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Pen ink and watercolour
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198028
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14243
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Alissia Fried Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 1998 2002 May, 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza Estherlee Kanon 2002 June-August, 2003 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal July-August, 2003 53a
54 Editor Sally Oren Judy Cardozo Judy Cardozo 2003 December, 2003 April, 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a



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