Home
    Under Reconstruction!
Object

Object

Object Alone
Show sub-set tree:
  (XI) Obj. ID: 1495 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot,, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Second part of a Mahzor of the Roman rite with liturgy from New Year to Sukkot and other prayers for life cycle and other special events. The first part is missing (see: Remarks). Punctuated and decorated until fol. 177.

Reshut "מתני אחזי חלחלה" for the piyyut Shoshan Emek [see: Davidson, III, מ'2780]: (fol. 1),
New Year (fols. 1v-18): first day: Arvit (fols. 1v-5); Shaharit (fols. 5-8v); Shofar blowing (fol. 9); Musaf (fols. 9-17); Yozer מלך אדיר ונורא [Davidson III, מ'1523] for second day (fols. 17v-18)
Shabbat Shuva (fols. 18v-19)
Day of Atonement (fols. 19v-137v): Minha for the eve of Day of Atonement (fols. 19v-20v); Kol Nedarim (fol. 21); Arvit (fols. 21v-29v); Shaharit (fols. 30-77); Musaf (fols. 77v-103v); Minha (fols. 104-117v); Ne’ilah (fols. 118-135).
Other piyyutim and selihot for Day of Atonement (fols. 135v-137v)
Prayer for protecting the community from tragic events (גזרוות אשכנז): (fols. 138-140v)
Sukkot (fols. 142-172v): Arvit (fols. 142-143v); Shaharit (fols. 144-146v), including: Yozer for second day (fols. 145v-146v); Musaf (fols. 147-147v); Hol Hamoed (fols. 148-148v); Shabbat Hol Hamoed (fols. 149-149v); Hosha'anot (fols. 150-156v); Shemini Azeret: Arvit (fols. 157-158v); Shaharit (fols. 159-159v); Minha (fols. 160-161); Prayer for Rain (fols. 161v-163v); Reshut for Hatan Torah (fols. 164-171); Reshut for the Kaddish of R. Judah (fols. 171v-172v)
Additional prayers: Reshut for the Shavuot Nishmat of R. Joab (fol. 172v); Reshut for the Kaddish of R. Joab son of Benjamin (fols. 173-174); Geulah of Ibn Ezra (fols. 174-175v) with addition of a stanza by Shelomo son of Isaac in the lower margin of fol. 174.
Redemption of the First-Born: fols. 177-178
Circumcision: fols. 178-178v
Marriage blessings: fols. 178v-180
Death and burial: fol. 180-181v
Aramaic translations of the haftarot of Passover and Shavuot: fols.182-190
Collection of prayers composed for tragic events which took place in Italy: fols. 190v-193v
Reshut to the Nishmat of Ibn Ezra for New Year and Day of Atonement: fol. 193v
Prayers for decrees by Isaac son of Benjamin son of Shlomo Finzi: fols. 194-195
Other selihot for various occasions: fols. 196-207
Reshut for Nishmat by Shemuel of Ravenna: fol. 208v
Another Selihah by Shemuel of Ravenna: fols. 208v-209
24 Codicology

Material:  Parchment, II + 209 + II leaves. 

Easy to distinguish between hair and flesh sides. The quires are arranged according to Gregory rule, beginning with the hair side (Andreas please check)

Measurements

Full page: ca. 221 X159 mm

Text space: ca. 151 X101 mm

 

Scribes

One main scribe: fols. 1-137v; 142-193v; 196-206v

 

Additions and interpolations by different hands in the main texts:

Hand 1: fols. 193v-195r (originally left blank). The added prayer is a copy of a piyyut by Isaac son of Benjamin son of Shlomo Finzi (who signs his name in the ending note in the lower part of fol. 195), who lived most probably in the region of Umbria during the 14th century.

Hand 2: fols. 138r-140v (two bifolia of different parchment added in the middle of quire XIV). This Hand copied the prayer for protecting the community from tragic events. The Hebrew numeration skips the two bifolia (fols. 137 and 142 are numerated respectively: 362 and 363 – שס"ב-שס"ג).

Hand 3: fol. 207 (single folio), the ending strophe of the last seliha (ישראל עם קדוש) copied on fol. 206v)

Hand 4: fols. 208v-209 (single folios, two more prayers by Shemuel of Ravenna (שמך נורא and שעה צור אל אמרתי).

Hand 5: the proof-reader: fols. 20v (outer margin), 116v-117 (in the margins; at the bottom of fol. 116v reference to the addenda on fol. 117: ואומ' אילו הפסוקי' אשפוך תחינה); 129v, 130v (most part of the page), 131 (in the inner margin, indication for this addition) and181.

 

Script

Scribe A: The main text is written in semi-cursive Italian script; initial words are written in larger Italian square script, and the text "You reach out a hand to willful sinners" (אתה נותן יד לפושעים) in the prayer of Ne'ilah is also copied in the same large square script (fols. 120-121v; 124-125v)

Additional texts were written by five different hands all in semi-cursive Italian script (see: Scribes)

 

Number of lines

Main text written:

26 lines for page in one column

Piyyutim written:

26 lines for page in two columns (e.g. fols. 110, 112-114v, 115v-116)

End of Ne'ilah "You reach out a hand to willful sinners" (אתה נותן יד לפושעים)אתה נותן יד לפושעים:

13 lines in display script (fols. 120v-121v, 124-125v)

 

Ruling

Ruling by stylus discernible on hair sides, 26 horizontal lines and 1 + 1 vertical lines.

 

Pricking

Pricking discernible in outer and lower margins.

 

Quires

20 quires of 10 leaves each except for: XIII10+2 (fols. 121-132v: bifolium 129-130 has been added in a second stage by Scribe A himself, and include text not copied at the first stage); XIV10+4 (fols. 138-141 are a later insertion in different parchment in the middle of the quire, text added by Hand 2); XIX8 (fols. 187-194v); XX12 (fols. 195-206v); and three single leaves of different parchment: fols. 207, 208,209, in which were copied later addenda to the text by Hands 3 and 4.

 

Catchwords

Horizontal catchwords for quires appear in the lower left-hand corner of the last versos of each quire.

 

Hebrew numeration

Hebrew alphabetical numeration to the leaves appears in the upper right-hand corner of each verso, starting with רכו (=226) on fol. 1v and ending with תכר (=427) on fol. 206v. Fols. 138-141v and 207-209v, which are later additions, are not numbered, indicating that the Hebrew numeration was done close to the completions of the manuscript.

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 141, 141v, 176, 176v, 195v, 207v, 208

 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
By Scribe A:
Fol. 18v: at the beginning of the text space, within a red frame is a scribal note:
סליק עניין ראש השנה / תהלה לאלקי קדם מעונה
"Finished New Year section, praise to God …."

Fol. 19v: beginning of the text space, within a decorative red frame:
בשם הסולח עונות ופשעים / החל לכתוב סדר יום הכיפורים
"In the name of the one who forgives sins and wrongdoings, I will start writing the prayers for the Day of Atonement"

Fol. 111v: In the outer margin, next to the selihot for Minha of the Day of Atonement, scribal note states:
ואם תרצה לומ' / במה אקדם / עיין בסוף עניין / צום כיפור
“and if you would like to say במה אקדם look at the end of the section of the fast of the Day of Atonement”. Hence, the prayer is copied at the end of Day of Atonement prayers, on fols. 135v-137v

Fol. 135v: after instructions for end of the Day of Atonement, in the middle of the page:
נשלם עניין יום הכפורים/תהילה לאל משפיל ומרים
"Concluded the Day of Atonement section, Praise to God…"

Fol. 84v: emphasis of the aleph (א') of the name Asher, at the beginning of the second text line from the bottom, perhaps indicating the scribe’s name.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program

The decoration was done after the writing of the text. It consists of red pen-work decoration framing various texts, from its beginning until fol. 176v. Space left blank for decoration before the Redemption of the First-Born (fol. 177), the Circumcision (fol. 178) and the Marriage ceremony (fol. 180) services, was never filled with decoration. There is occasional use of spare-ground technique, a very slight use of gold-brush for the main panels, and of blue and violet ink. Although the style is not homogeneous, the work seems to have been executed by one single artist. His more delicate and accurate work is displayed in the large title panels and in a few smaller initial word panels, while his cruder style, with thicker pen-work and more stylized motifs can be seen through out most of the mahzor.

 

I. Three pen-work panels for new sections: for New Year (fol. 1v), Sukkot (fol. 142) and Shemini Azeret (fol. 157). The panel for Sukkot includes a sketchy unfinished human bust (fol. 142).

II. Many pen-work frames: for initial words of the main passages in the prayer, almost in every page e.g. fols. 1v, 5, 18v, 19v, 33v, 50v, 55, 77, 77v, 91, 117, 142, 174; for Hebrew instructions, for openings and endings of main sections, and for scribal notes: (e.g. fols. 2v, 4, 5, 5v, 8, 8v, 9, 11v, 12v, 13, 18, 19v, 20, 21, 21v, 24, 25, 29v, 37, 55, 77, 77v, 103, 146, 174); and simpler ink decoration on top of many words within the text: seen on almost every page of the decorated part of the manuscript, by means of a red line above the word, decorated mostly with a bud. One of them is decorated with a long-beaked bird standing on the line above the repeated words of the prayer (fol. 55).

 

36 Summary and Remarks

Cod. Hebr. 172 is the second part of a Mahzor of the Roman rite, including prayers for High Holidays, Sukkot, various prayers for the life cycle, as well as piyyutim, selihot and prayers for various occasions and holidays (see: Content). Originally, the manuscript included the first part of the Mahzor, which included prayers from the special Shabbats till 9th of Av, now lost, as indicated by the alphabetic Hebrew numeration of this Mahzor starting from 226 (רכו) on fol. 1v. The manuscript ends with three additional single folios (fols. 207-209), on which later Hand 3 (fol. 207) and Hand 4 (fols. 208v-209) added missing texts. Other two additions are present within the manuscript: on original fols. 193v-195, Hand 1 has added a prayer by Isaac son of Benjamin son of Shlomo Finzi, who seems to have been active in Umbria during the 14th century, while on fols. 138-140 Hand 2 copied a prayer for protecting the community from tragic events, inserting two bifolia within quire XIV (see: Scribes; Quires). The main scribe of the manuscript was responsible also of some of the additions and corrections of the text (e.g. fols. 41v, 49, 51v, 60, 82v, 117v, 186v). Within the text, we can find later interpolations by Hand 5, who was the proof-reader (e.g. marginal additions on fols. 116-117 and added text on fol. 130v).

 

Although the manuscript has no colophon stating the name of the scribe, the date or the place of production, the manuscripts must have been produced after 1321, since the prayer for a public fast on fols. 190v-191 was instituted on a specific historical occasion (the date appearing in the annotation preceding the prayers on top of fol. 190v), when an expedition from the Jewish community of Rome was sent in that year to the court of Pope John XXII in Avignon, to try to rescind his decree of expulsion of the Jews of Rome (see: Milano, Ebrei d’Italia, pp. 148-149).

 

This manuscript is decorated from its beginning until fol. 176v with pen-work panels for titles, initial words and instructions. However, the scribe left space for three more initial word panels, or even illustrations, as indicated by the large spaces left empty before the Redemption of the First-Born (fol. 177), the Circumcision (fol. 178) and the Marriage ceremony (fol. 180) services, which were never filled.

The panels are decorated with flourishes that extend sometimes along the margins, with beads, foliate scrolls and “strung bead and circlet” motifs, all executed by one single artist. The artist usually works in a crude style, with thick frames for initial words of the main prayers and simplifies the forms, as in the decoration for single words within the text in almost each page, or in many of the initial word panels (e.g. fols. 42v, 44v, 45, 74, 77-77v, 143, 148-152v). He sometimes works more delicately as in the pen-work panels for the opening of New Year (fol. 1v), Sukkot (fol. 142) and Shemini Azeret (fol. 157) services and in a few other panels such as those on fols. 18, 19v, 50v, 91, 146v. The meeting points of the two types of work can be viewed in the panel for the title of Shemini Azeret (fol.157), where the red thick frame with stylized trefoils at the corners contrasts with the more delicate filigree work in violet ink that fills and outlines this panel.  

 

The style of the decoration is typical of the pen-work and filigree work of Italian Hebrew manuscripts during the 14th century and the beginning of the 15th century, and is very difficult to point to a precise school or area. It can well be considered a scribal work. Comparisons could be done amongst the Hebrew manuscripts with the scribal work in a mahzor for the entire year hold in Paris (Northern Italy, end of the 14th century, Bibliothèque Nationale, ms. Héb. 604, for example fol. 49v; see: Sed-Rajna, G. Les manuscripts Hébreux enluminés des bibliothèques de France, Leuven-Paris, 1994, no. 168), e.g. on fol. 49v, whose simple thin red ink stylized buds decorating the frames that outline the initial words recall those of our manuscript.

Stylistic comparison of similar tendrils and scrolls decorating the margins, with floral motifs, especially trefoils in spare-ground technique, dotted flowers, circlets and beads motifs, other floral motifs sparse in the margins, which we find in Cod. Hebr. 172 (e.g. on fols. 5, 19v, 146, 157), could be made with manuscripts decorated in Perugia in the workshop of Matteo di Ser Cambio, who was active in Central Italy between the 1350’s till 1377, such as a liturgical miscellany in a Private Collection (see: de Polo, "codice umbro", fig. 6). The pen-work flourishes, and particularly the trefoil motifs, which tend to look like acorns, are very common, on the other hand, to the Bolognese atelier of Niccoló da Bologna, such as the manuscript housed in Salzburg (Stiftsbibliothek St. Peter, Cod. A. XII, or a Missal in the PaulGettyMuseum(ms. 34), attributed to his workshop, active in the last quarter of the 14th century-beginning of the 15th century.

 

In conclusion, cod. Hebr. 172 is a mahzor of Roman rite for the entire year, now missing its first part, only partially decorated with simple pen-work ornamentations by the hand of the scribe himself, produced towards the end of the 14th century inNorthern-Central Italy.

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
On fol. 174, in the lower margin, addenda of a stanza in the Geulah of Ibn Ezra (fols. 174-175v) by Shelomo son of Isaac. This addition was copied by a hand very similar to that of scribe A.

Addenda in later semi-cursive Italian script by Hand 5 (for details see Scribes).

Purchased by the Hofbibliothek in Vienna on July 15th 1865 from S. Schömblum, together with nine more Hebrew manuscripts (Cod. Hebr. 167-171; 173-176).
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Spots of water in the middle of the upper margins: e.g fols. 116-124, that in some pages damaged the ink of the script (fols. 118v-121v).
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Bibliography for the manuscript:

Hermann, Die handscriften und Inkunabeln der italianischen Renaissance, 2: Oberitalien: Venetien (Die illuminierten

Handschriften und Inkunabeln der Nationalbibliotheck in Wien 6.2), Leipzig 1931, p. 17

Schwartz, A. Z., hebräischen Hss., Vienna 1914, pp. 70-71 (no. 46)

Schwartz, A. Z., hebräischen Hss., Vienna 1925, pp. 101-102 (no. 98)
Unterkircher 2 (1959), 38
History Background:
Milano, Ebrei d’Italia A. Milano, Storia degli Ebrei d’Italia, Turin 1963, pp. 148-149
De Polo, codice umbro C. de Polo, “un codice umbro della seconda metà del trecento” in: La miniatura italiana in età romanica e gotica, (Congresso di Storia della Miniatura, Cortona, 1978) Florence 1979
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1495
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0198&batch_num=003&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal 2003, 2004, 2007 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2006, 2007 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (6 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 14218 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 1v, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14218 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 1v, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 1v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 1v: In the upper part of the page, a large panel of gold-brush and red background contains two smaller panels, set one below the other. The upper small panel encloses the title opening the section of the prayer for New Year (עניין ראש השנה), written in display square script, while the lower one encloses the subtitle “Ma’ariv for New Year” מעריב של ראש השנה, written in semi-cursive Italian script. The large panel is filled with scrolls in spared-ground technique; each curl of the scrolls encloses a foliate motif, mostly of trifoliate leaves. The panel is outlined with a running strung beads-and-circlets motif, and delicate red flourishes extend from the middle of both sides of the panel. The flourishes on the left extend along the outer margin and are decorated with bud and pearl motifs. A stylized floral motif is drawn in this part of the margin, next to the panel, in darker red ink. Below the frame are three simple red panels for the opening words of the main passages of the prayer, written in large bold square letters. The panels are decorated with a few stylized buds. Similar motifs of simple red lines decorated with buds emphasize some words within the text.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198003
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 003
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14218
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003, 2004, 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2003, 2004, 2007 2004 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2004, 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14219 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 5, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14219 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 5, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 5
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 5: A large simple panel in the middle of the page frames the instructions for the end of the second Eve of New Year and for the Morning service. It is decorated with simple motifs of circlets and buds and trifoliate leaves, while a running scroll of trifoliate leafs crosses the panel, separating the instructions in the upper part from the title of the “Reshut for Nishmat for New Year (attributed) to the late Rav Yoav min ha-Keneset (de Synagoga)” (רשות לנשמת ליום ראש השנה לכמה"ר יואב זצ"ל מן הכנסת), in the lower part. Two simple red ink panels frame two initial words at the right part of the text space. The upper panel encloses the word "Blessed" ברוך)) opening the Kiddush for the second Eve of New Year, its lower right corner is decorated with a larger trifoliate leaf within a triangular shape extending from a small ring. The one in the lower part of the page frames the opening word “I will bow” (אכרע) of the above mentioned prayer (Davidson, א3291), decorated with simple stylized buds. A similar panel also decorates the sentence of the instructions “(on) Shabbat but on the second eve (meaning: when the second day of New Year falls on Sabbath" (...שבת אלא בליל שיני) at the top of the page. Some words within the text are emphasized with a simple red line decorated with the recurrent motifs of stylized buds.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panels
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panels
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Ca 28 X 16 mm.
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198004
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 004
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14219
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003, 2004, 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2003, 2004, 2007 2004 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2004, 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14220 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 50v, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14220 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 50v, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 50v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 50v: Two initial words written in display square script are framed with red panels at the right part of the text space. The word “Always” (תמיד), in the first text line, is framed by a simple red panel decorated on top and on its right side with double-lined S-scrolls, while the right lower corner ends with a triangular leaf extending from a ring, enclosing a trifoliate leaf (as on fols. 5 and 19v). The lower panel frames the initial word “To Thee” (אליך) in the middle of the page, decorated with more elaborate motifs including a similar motif of S-scrolls, as well as circlets, trefoils, stylized buds and a flourish extending along the right margin of the text.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panels
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panels
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198005
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 005
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14220
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003, 2004, 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2003, 2004, 2007 2004 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2004, 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14221 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 91, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14221 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 91, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 91
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198006
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 006
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14221
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14222 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 103, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14222 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 103, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 103
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 103: In the upper part of the page, the initial word "And so" וכך, written in square display letters, is framed with a red and blue pen-work rectangular panel. Stylized buds in blue ink decorate the panel. A few words within the text and the beginning of each strophe of the end of the avoda service for Mussaf prayer are emphasized each with a red line decorated with stylized buds.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panels
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panels
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198007
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 007
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14222
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003, 2004, 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2003, 2004, 2007 2004 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2004, 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 14223 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 157, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 14223 Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot, Fol. 157, North-central Italy, End of the 14th century edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Italian Mahzor for High Holidays and Sukkot | Unknown
3a Object Mahzor
3b Object Detail Fol. 157
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date End of the 14th century
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Italy | North-central Italy
|
8 Community Unknown |
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 172 (Schwarz no. 98)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Initial word panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description Fol. 157: A panel for the title opening the section of the prayer for Shemini Azeret (עניין שמיני עצרת), written in square display script, in the upper part of the page. In the panel one can see the "meeting point" between the artist's two ways of working: the simple double red frame, decorated with the stylized buds and trefoil motifs that recur in many other panels in the manuscript, executed in less accurate work and the second kind of work – the violet pen-work that fills the panels and frame it. These violet pen-work scrolls of trifoliate leafs in spared-ground technique on a gold background within the panel, were executed after the red frame, as the violet decoration outlines the borders of the panel, with lines and a running motif of strung beads and circlets, which follows the shape of the red decoration. This style is more delicate and precise than the more cusped red panel. One simple red frame, decorated with stylized trefoils and buds for the initial word “This” [זה (יום אשש להאמיני)] [Davidson, ז'53] in the same less accurate manner of the red decoration of the title panel, is written in display square script at the middle of the text space. Simple red lines decorated with the same bud pattern decorate the words of the instructions: "And [the congregation] reads [the Shema]" [וקורין (קרית שמע)] and "Do" (עשה) within the text.
21 Ornamentation Initial word panel
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial word panel
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment, red ink, powdered brush gold; filigree pen-work and spare-ground technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Good
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
198008
45 Temp: Batch Number
198 | 008
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
14223
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003, 2004, 2006 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Muslin 2003, 2004, 2007 2004 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2004, 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a