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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1404 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe,, Jerusalem, 1886. // Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Paper
25a Material Structure not relevant
25b Material Decoration painted
25c Material Bonding not relevant
25d Material Inscription painted
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height not recorded
26b Length not recorded
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
1.According to Boris Khaimovitz, documentor, this painting was found among other documents at the house of one of the families, and it is possible that originally it was used as a Mizrah 2. Moshe Mizrahi used to live in Nahlat Zion neighborhood in Jerusalem, but probably only after 1929.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
bad: paper torn, frayed and missing along folds and edges.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
(????, ???? (????), ????? ??????? ????-????? ???? ??"?, ??????? ?????,1979
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1404
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0192&batch_num=030&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (8 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 13268 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 13268 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0192030
45 Temp: Batch Number
0192 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
13268
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 13320 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 13320 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0203087
45 Temp: Batch Number
0203 | 087
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
13320
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 155515 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 155515 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Privolnoe-1997-6
19a Scan No. A085246
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
155515
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 155516 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 155516 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Privolnoe-1997-6
19a Scan No. A085247
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
155516
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 155517 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 155517 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Privolnoe-1997-6
19a Scan No. A085252
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
155517
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 155518 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 155518 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No. Privolnoe-1997-6
19a Scan No. A155420
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
155518
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 241658 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 241658 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date 1997
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S422546
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
241658
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 241659 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 241659 Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe, , Jerusalem, 1886 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Paper Mizrah plaque with Sacrifice of Isaac in Privolnoe | *The Jewish home | Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3a Object Mizrah plaque (a wall plaque inscribed with the word "mizrah" to indicate the direction of the prayer)
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Moshe son of Itzhak Teherani (Moshe sha Mizrahi) (Unknown)
5 Date 1886
6 Period Ottoman Empire
7 Origin Israel/Eretz Israel | Jerusalem
|
8 Community Azerbaijan | Privol'noe (Privolnoe)
Ger (converts to Judaism in the Russian empire)
|
9 Collection Unknown |
10 Location Azerbaijan | Privol'noe
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Isaac, Sacrifice of |
14 Category
17 Photographer Khaimovich, Boris
18 Photograph Date not known
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S422595
20 Description

The rectangular painting depicts the accompanied by inscriptions.

The scene of the Sacrifice is placed within a trefoil arch supported by two columns. The arch is decorated with fringes. Branches bearing leaves and flowers appear at the corners of the arch's rectangle.    

The painting is framed with inscriptions written in big square filled letters. Most of the inscriptions are read clockwise.

The inscription above the painting is read from right to left:

"אברהם עוקד את יצחק [בנו?]"  “ Abraham sacrificing Isaac [his son?]”

The inscription at the right of the painting reads:    "עקידת יצחק היום"“Sacrifice of Isaac today”

The inscription below the painting reads: 

" [לזרעו?] של יעקב אבינו  [תזכור] "

 “[   ] of Jacob our father [you shall remember]”

The inscription at the left of the painting reads:

"שנת בנחלת ציון לפ"ק [לפרט קטן]" [646(5) = 1886]

“ The year ‘in Nahlat Zion' " [(5)646 = 1886].

(Remark: The date is derived from the Hebrew letters of the words ‘In nahlat Zion’)

Another inscription appears at the lower left side. It is a small inscription written in square letters in a medallion inside a square, reading from right to left:

"על ידי / משה ן' [בן] יצחק / טהראני תושב / עיה"ק [עיר הקודש] ירושלם / ת"ו [תיבנה ותיכונן]"

"Was done by/ Moshe son of Itzhak / Teherani resident of / the Holy city Jerusalem / May it be built and established.”

It is possible that another medallion appeared at the lower right corner.

Another tiny inscription appears at the bottom of the painting, written in small linear square letters, it reads:

"איסור השגת גבול ידועה [ על פי תורתנו הקדושה ו ?] חוקי הממשלה יר"ה [ירום הודה]"

 “Prohibition on trespassing known [according to our holy bible and the ?] laws of the government  

(Remark: The reading of the inscriptions is based on other works done by Moshe Sha Mizrahi appearing in the book :

(פישר, יונה (עורך), אמנות ואומנות בארץ-ישראל במאה הי"ט, מוזיאון ישראל,1979

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
241659
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a