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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1289 Austrian Siddur,, Austria, 1375-1400?. // Unknown edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Unknown |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

Link to ONB's Database 


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
Siddur of Ashkenazi rite for the whole year. All punctuated.

Shaharit: (fols. 1-34): Preliminary Morning Service (fols. 1-8v), Pesukei de-Zimra (fols. 8v-20v); Reading of Shema (fols. 21-25); Amidah (fols. 25-28); Readings for Mondays and Thursdays (fols. 28-29); Tahanun (fols. 29-32v); Torah Reading Service (fol. 32v); end of Shaharit (32v-34)
Shabbat: (fols. 34v-50v): Arvit (fols. 34v-38v); Shaharit (fols. 38v-44v); Musaf (45-46v); Minhah (fols. 46v-47); End of Shabbat (fol. 47-50)
New Moon: fols. 50v-52
Hanukkah: fols. 52-52v
Purim: fols. 52v-53
Fast days: fol. 53
Ninth of Av: fols. 53-53v
Three Pilgrimage Festivals: Amidah (fols. 53v-54); Musaf (fols. 54-55v); addition for End of Sabbath (fols. 56-56v); Barkhi Nafshi for Minhah and Psalms to be read between the Shabbat after Sukkot and Shabbat ha-Gadol (fols. 57-61)
Passover Haggadah: fols. 62-73v (including instructions)
Ethic of the Fathers: fols. 74-90v
New Year: Amidah for Shaharit (fols. 91-93v; beginning missing); Musaf (fols. 94-99v)
Day of Atonement: Shaharit (fols. 99v-104); Musaf (fols. 104-105v); end of Neilah (fol. 106-107v)
Hosha'anot: fols. 108-118v
Added pages to the manuscript:
Seder Kapparot: fol. 119v
Isaiah 35: 7-10: fol. 120
24 Codicology

Material:  Parchment 118 + 2 leaves (numerated 119 and 120). Hard to distinguish between hair and flesh sides.

 

Measurements

 

Full page: 192 x139 mm

Text space: 145 x95 mm

 

Scribes

A: Original manuscript:

Scribe 1: fols. 5-90v

Scribe 2: fols. 91-94v

Scribe 3: fols. 95-96

Scribe 4: fols. 96v-111

Scribe 5: fols. 111v-118v

B: Scribe 6: a later scribe that overwrote the script of Scribe 1, which was effaced or mutilated in many places. Scribe 6 sometimes added a leaf or piece of parchment with corrected/completing text.  His additional leaves or pieces of parchment are different than that used by Scribe 1 (original manuscript): the parchment is lighter. See fols. 1-3v (fol. 4 is blank) and fols. 9-9v (single leaf), and fols. 8-8v (same script).

Scribe 6 overwrites Scribe 1's effaced text e.g. on fols. 5, 7v, 8, 10, 11, 21v. 22, 23v, 26, 28v, 29, 32v, 33.

 

Script

The main text is written in square Ashkenazi script in brown ink.

Instructions are written in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script of Gothic type (e.g. fols. 37v, 52-54v, 55v, 87, 111v)

Some prayers and the preliminary instructions and passages for the Passover Seder are written in the same semi-cursive Gothic script (e.g. fols. 20v, 25, 28, 31, 36, 49v, 62-62v, 104).

 

Columns

The main text is written in one single column.

Number of lines

Main text written:

mostly in 17-19 lines, except for: quire I (by Scribe 6, fols. 1-3v) in 20 lines, single leaf 9-9v in 19 lines.

 

Ruling

By plummet, 19-20 horizontal and 1 + 2+ 1 vertical lines per page. The vertical lines are ruled the full height of the page.

 

Pricking

Pricking is discernable in upper, lower and outer margins. In inner margins, discernable only on fols. 62-73v (quire VIII).

 

Quires

14 quires of varying number of leaves each: I4 (fols. 1-4v; the text in the first three folios is by Scribe 6); II(6-2)+1 (fols. 5-8v; the two first folios are missing; fol. 9 is a single added leaf), written by Scribe 6; III8 (fols. 10-17v); IV8 (fols. 18-25v); V-IX12; X6; XI-XII10; XIII8-1; XIV1+1 (2 different leaves each of different parchment and text, later bound with the ms, as fly leaves).

 

Catchwords

5 vertical catchwords (fols. 17v, 25v, 49v, 85v) and 2 horizontal catchwords (fols. 91v, 111v); catchword on fol. 25v is decorated with pen decoration in brown ink.

 

Hebrew numeration

None

 

Blank leaves

Fols. 4-4v, 61v, 119, 120v. 

24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
None
31 Scribal Notes
Fol. 62: Instructions for the Passover Seder in semi-cursive Gothic script.
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding

The front and the back cover of the binding are on two wooden boards. The spine has three double cords about4 cmapart, and head and tail bands made of rope. The back cover still retains most of its monastic binding made of dark brown calf-leather, decorated with an impressed rope motif frame, crossed with diagonal fillets and groups of dots arranged as flowers. There were five bossed nails along the fore edge of which two survive as well as one in the centre. The imprint of a clasp is visible in the centre fore edge.

The binding was renovated before the inscription "Mss Seb. Teng. N. 30" on the top board, by the prefect of the Hoffbibliothek Sebastian Tengnagel (active between 1606-1638). In the renovation the front board, spine and part of the back board (strip of35 mm), were covered with off-white pigskin.

A fragment of Isaiah, also bearing later inscriptions (see: History), shows paste marks which suggest that it was a paste-down. Apparently it served as a flyleaf to the original binding, for its verso is inscribed with other provationes pennae [ואלה ש]. Some of these letters resemble those inscribed on the remains of the original front paste-down (ואלה ש), which now strengthens the renovated pigskin. It is a fragment of a German manuscript/document, bearing the date 1471. It seems that another strip of this paste-down was glued with its German script facing downwards onto the back cover. It is inscribed with some later Yiddish and Hebrew inscriptions

36 Decoration Program

Some first words are decorated with red pen-work club motif flourishes; some delineating human faces and dog heads in profile.

The decoration was made by one artist.

  1. I.                    Many decorated initial word panel and initial letters: for main sections of the text in red filigree pen-work (e.g. fols. 5, 25v, 31, 32, 32v, 33, 34v, 35, 37, 50v, 51, 53, 55, 55v, 69, 72, 73, 74, 78, 79v) which in some places have attached to the side of the panel: human faces (e.g. 5v, 32v, 33, 37, 37v, 53, 55, 70), dog faces (e.g.: 6v, 54, 55v, 62) and a fish (fol. 8v). Sometimes the figures have protruding tongues (e.g. fols. 5v). Sometimes, loop-shaped edges of the flourishes in the margins are animated with human faces in three-quarters (e.g.: fols. 5v, 20v, 21, 53).
  2. II.                  One decorated catchword: on fol. 25v, pen-drawing in brown ink.
36 Summary and Remarks

The present manuscript is a siddur of the Ashkenazi rite for the entire year. It includes the Passover Haggadah and the Ethics of the Fathers. It was not completed, since part of the Hosha'anot and the service for Shemini Azeret are missing. Its main text was copied by one main scribe (Scribe 1) until fol. 90v, while from fol. 91 onward four additional hands copied the text, though using similar codicological features (parchment, ruling, pricking). Effaced or missing text by Scribe 1 were completed by Scribe 6 (see: Script).  At the end of the manuscript, two folios were added in a later period: fol. 119v contains part of the Kapparot service in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script, while fol. 120 is a fragment of a Torah reading: Isaiah 35: 7-10, written in different Ashkenazi scripts. They were possibly added as fly-leaves in the restoration of the binding, after 1471, as indicated in the inscription on the front cover of the binding (see: Binding).

The manuscript was decorated only in the original part copied by the main Scribe 1 (fols. 5-90v), while from fol. 83v onwards it is not decorated.

 

The decoration program consists of many red pen-work initial word panels or initial letters placed at the beginning of the text column for many of the main sections of the prayer. The style of the pen-work decoration of the initial letters and words recalls that of the filigree initial word panels rendered by one of the artists in the Sefer Mordecai held in Budapest (Budapest, Szèchènyi Nationalbibliotheck, Cod. Hebr. 1, commentary to the Talmud by Mordecai ben Hillel ha-Cohen). This manuscript was copied for R. Israel ben Aaron in the year 1373/74 (see: colophon on fol. 337), and the style of its decoration, which is more elaborate and varied than the Vienna Siddur, is attributed by Fingernagel to a workshop of manuscript illumination active in Vienna in the 1370’s (see: Fingernagel, “Neue Zeugen des Niederösterreichischen Randleistenstils”). The artist of the Vienna Siddur is the same as the one who painted some of the less accurate panels of the Budapest manuscript (see: for example fol. 191v and 199; Fingernagel, figs. 4-5, p. 30). He is identified mostly for dog’s heads (e.g. fols. 6v, 55v) and human faces in profile (e.g. fols. 5v, 37), and the round ending of the flourishes in the margins, sometimes filled with human faces in three-quarters (e.g. fol. 21, 53). These elements are typical of this artist, and appear also in the Budapest manuscript (e.g. fols. 52v, 122v, 157, 191v, 199) and in Latin manuscripts decorated in the same workshop and probably by the same hand, such as a manuscript held in Vienna, Universitätsbibliothek (Fingernagel: what is the content of this manuscript?, ms. III 506, fol. 186r), executed in Klosternburg around 1375.

 

Other Hebrew Illuminated manuscripts can be attributed to the same workshop, which are also characterized by same typical masks and human faces, even though they were not executed by the same hand. One is an undated copy of "Decisions by Asher ben Yehiel" held in Oxford (Bodleian Library, ms Reggio 3), whose secondary initial word panels are decorated with pen-work ornaments sometimes decorated with profile masks attached to the sides of the panel, or with flourishes that form loops enclosing sketchy faces, very similar to those in the Vienna manuscript. Another manuscript decorated with the same motifs is “Kizzur Piskei ha-Rosh” by Jacob ben Asher (Vatican, BAV, Ebr. 449), which bears a divorce contract dated 1391 and indicatingVienna as place. Also in this manuscript the secondary initial word panels are decorated with filigree pen-work animated by very similar masks and dog's heads so typical of this school, and its similarity to the Vienna manuscript leads us to the conclusion that they were produced in the same workshop (compare e.g. the masks on fols. 38v and 81 of the Vatican manuscript with those e.g. on fols. 37, 53 of the Vienna manuscript; the dog's heads e.g. on fols. 9v, 38v, 81 of the Vatican manuscript with those e.g. fols. 6v, 55v of the Vienna Siddur; and again the loop-shaped faces on fol. 38v of the Vatican manuscript with that e.g. fol. 53 of the Vienna).

 

This manuscript, even though mutilated and not very well preserved, is a precious testimony of the production of illuminated Hebrew manuscripts in Southern Austria, by an artist that was trained in a workshop that also produced German and Latin manuscripts in the last quarter of the 14th century.

 

 

38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
Fols. 25v, 26, 29, 30v: additions in the margins by Scribe 1 and 6.

Fols. 12v, 15, 16, 17v, 27, 46, 46v additions to the main text in the margins in a smaller square script in different brown tonality, not by the scribe (ligature seems the same).

On fol. 120, on the top left corner, Yaakov Malka (יעקב מלכה) is inscribed, in semi-cursive Ashkenazi script, probably indicating the owner's name. This folio is not part of the original manuscript but was bound together at a later stage.
In the same folio, in the middle of the upper part of the page, on the right margin of the text of Isaiah, a death inscription in tiny cursive Ashkenazi script: תשעה עשר ימי' בר"ח טבת נפטר / אבא מורי הח"ר אברהם ז"ל ב"ר ליברש ז"ל.
"On the 19th of the month of Tevet, father, my teacher, Abraham b. Librish, died. May his memory be a blessing."
In the same place, at the bottom, Hebrew probatio pennae: "ואלה ש", probably by the same hand other probatio pennae on the verso of what is now fol. 120v (אשר משה משה/ מ מ / אשר משה מ / ואלה / מ/ וש/ יעקב/ מר שמ).

In the front paste-down parchment leaf a German/Latin inscription by a 15th century hand, indicating the date 1471 and Burghausen, in Bavaria, as place.

Fol. 1: Tengnagel’s inscription:
“Preces Hebraicae Manuscriptae
Mss. Hebr. Tengnag. N. 30.
Ex Libris Sebastiani Tengnagelii 1.V.D.
Caes[areae] Matis[Maiestatis] Consiliar[ii] et Bibliothecar[ii]
The prefect of the Library Sebastian Tengnagel purchased the manuscript on 1613 for 30 crowns.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Mutilated, pages missing or replaced, in many pages ink deleted, faded or scratched out, many stains.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
Fingernagel, A. – Haidinger "Neue Zeugen des Niederösterreichischen Randleistenstils in hebräischen, deutschen und lateinischen Handscriften", Codices Manuscripti, Heft 39/40 (Februar 2002), pp. 15-41.
Schwartz, A. Z., hebräischen Hss., Leipzig, 1925, p. 90 (no. 89).

For Budapest ms:
Andreas Nachama and Gereon Sievernich (eds), Jüdische Lebenswelten, Berlin 1991, 131, cat. no 6/52.
The Treasures of the National Széchényi Library, (Orsolya Karsay ed), Budapest 2000, p. 9.
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1289
48 Temp: Addenda
batch=0199&batch_num=025&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3A%2Csubject_detail%3A%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3A%2Cphotographer_copyright%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal, Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2005 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2005 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (9 image(s))

     

(XXII) ID: 12065 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 5v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12065 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 5v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 5v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Face |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

In the middle of the page, the initial word "And (The Lord) spoke" (וידבר) opening the passage for the blessing on the Torah in the Preliminary Morning Service is written in bold letters and outlined by red filigree pen-work that forms a panel. Along the left side of this panel a human face in three quarters is portrayed, protruding its balloon-shaped tongue and wearing a long hat. The panel is filled with club motifs in small pen-work, while flourishes extend from its right side into the inner margin and along the text column.

 

21 Ornamentation Initial
 
21 Ornamentation
Initial
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment and red ink; filigree and pen-work
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
Ca. 16 x ca. 35 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Poor condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199024
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 024
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12065
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2004 2005 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12066 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 5v-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12066 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 5v-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 5v-detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial letter, decorative
Grotesque |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

In the middle of the page, the initial word "And (The Lord) spoke" (וידבר) opening the passage for the blessing on the Torah in the Preliminary Morning Service is written in bold letters and outlined by red filigree pen-work that forms a panel. Along the left side of this panel a human face in three quarters is portrayed, protruding its balloon-shaped tongue and wearing a long hat. The panel is filled with club motifs in small pen-work, while flourishes extend from its right side into the inner margin and along the text column.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Poor condition.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199025
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 025
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12066
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12067 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 6v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12067 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 6v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

In the upper part of the page, the initial word "Where" (איזהו) is written in bold letters within a red filigree panel filled with club motifs within medallions, organized in two registers. Attached to the right side of the panel, a dog's face in profile is depicted, tendrils protruding from its mouth toward the inner margin. Tendrils and flourishes ending with "s" loop-shapes extend from the sides of the panel.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment and red ink; filigree and pen-work
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
16 x ca. 32 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Holes in the main text at the lower part of the page.
Stains and creases are mainly on the margins.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199026
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 026
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12067
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12068 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 6v-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12068 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 6v-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 6v-detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

In the upper part of the page, the initial word "Where" (איזהו) is written in bold letters within a red filigree panel filled with club motifs within medallions, organized in two registers. Attached to the right side of the panel, a dog's face in profile is depicted, tendrils protruding from its mouth toward the inner margin. Tendrils and flourishes ending with "s" loop-shapes extend from the sides of the panel.

 

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Holes on parchment: biggest hole on the text
Stains and creases on the margin
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199027
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 027
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12068
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12069 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 19v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12069 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 19v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 19v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description
21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199028
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 028
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12069
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12070 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 37, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12070 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 37, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 37
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word panel
Face |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 37:

Two red filigree panels on the right part of the text column, one at the beginning of the page, the second at the lower part. The upper panel is a roundel enclosing the initial display letter aleph א for the word "Thou" ( אתה ) in the additional blessing in the Amidah for Sabbath Eve. On the right side of the panel a grotesque face is attached, with a balloon-shaped tongue protruding from its mouth and straight-standing hair from which a balloon-shaped flourish extends into the upper margin; extending from the left of the panel is a smaller human face in profile wearing a high hat.

The lower panel, enclosing the initial word "Blessed" ( ברוך ) in the repetition of the Amidah, is decorated on the left with a human face in profile, with open mouth and wearing the same high hat.

The panels are decorated with stylized club motif scrolls within medallions, and by flourishes and tendrils extending along the inner margin, ending with loop-shapes.

 

21 Ornamentation Decorated initial letter
Initial word panel
Human faces
 
21 Ornamentation
Decorated initial letter
Initial word panel
Human faces
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment and red ink; filigree and pen-work
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
The initial letter panel: ca. 17 x ca. 25 mm
The initial word panel: ca. 16 x ca. 29 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Stains and signs of bites; the ink of the initial letter aleph (א') is scratched out.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199029
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 029
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12070
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Stains and signs of bites; the ink of the initial letter aleph (א') is scratched out. 2003 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003 2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2005, 2006 2005 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12071 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 53, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12071 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 53, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 53
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Face |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 53:

Two red filigree panels: one in the upper part of the page, decorating the initial word "answer us'" (ענינו), filled with small club-motifs, and decorated with a human face in profile, wearing a long hat. The second panel encloses the initial letter nun (נ'), and is decorated with flourishes that form loops, the upper one animated with human facial features in three quarters

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment and red ink; filigree and pen-work
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Stains, the ink faded on parts of the text.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199030
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 030
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12071
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 2005 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal, Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2004 2005 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12072 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 53-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12072 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 53-detail, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 53-detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Face |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 53:

Two red filigree panels: one in the upper part of the page, decorating the initial word "answer us'" (ענינו), filled with small club-motifs, and decorated with a human face in profile, wearing a long hat. The second panel encloses the initial letter nun (נ'), and is decorated with flourishes that form loops, the upper one animated with human facial features in three quarters

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
Stains, the ink faded on parts of the text.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199031
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 031
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12072
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 12073 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 55v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts
ID: 12073 Austrian Siddur, Fol. 55v, Austria, 1375-1400? edit  
Category: Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts

General Document


2 Name/Title Austrian Siddur | Unknown
3a Object Siddur
3b Object Detail Fol. 55v
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1375-1400?
6 Period Unknown
7 Origin Austria
| South?
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Austria | Vienna | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
| Cod. Hebr. 77 (Schwartz no. 89)
10 Location Austria | Wien (Bundesland) | Wien (Vienna) | Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (ÖNB)
|
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Filigree work panel
Initial word, decorative
Dog |
14 Category
17 Photographer Unknown
18 Photograph Date
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

Fol. 55v:

Four filigree red pen-work panels of club motifs each enclosing the initial letters vav ( ו' ) for the repeated words "And in the day" (וביום) along the right-hand side of the text column. The lower panel is decorated on its right side with a small dog's head from whose mouth two tendrils protrude into the margin.

21 Ornamentation Initials
Dog
 
21 Ornamentation
Initials
Dog
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Parchment and red ink; filigree and pen-work
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
ca. 15 x 10-12 mm
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
The ink is partly faded and the parchment is partly scratched in the lower part of the page. It is in quite a good condition compared to the rest of the manuscript.
In lower margin creases on parchment
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0199032
45 Temp: Batch Number
0199 | 032
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
12073
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter Anna Nizza 2003 2005 49a
50 Researcher Anna Nizza 2003 2005 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head Michal Sternthal Aliza Cohen-Mushlin 2005, 2006 2005 53a
54 Editor Judy Cardozo 2006 54a
55 Donor 55a