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  (XI) Obj. ID: 1246 Torah crown ,, Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899. // Unknown edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
6a Period Detail
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19 Remarks
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.


More Details...
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
1246
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO___:__Sc_7449
:MED__:__Metal
:DER__:__9253-I2
_9253-III1c
_9253-III2d
_9253-I3
_9253-III1c
_9253-I4
_9253-III1b
_9253-II1b
_9253-II2a
_7284-II1e
_7284-III1a
_7284-III1g
_9254-I1
:HS___:__None
:NNO__:__438-1,_438-3-11
:MH___:__413mm
:MD___:__195mm
:MAT__:__Silver,_partly_gilded##Structure:_cut,_hammered,_cast##Decoration:_chaised,_punch,_cast##Bonding:_screwed##Inscription:_engraved
:CO___:__All_of_the_six_bells_are_missing_
_The_apex_of_the_upper_crown_is_missing_
:AQ___:__The_crown_was_purchased_in_Desa_in_1965_
:REM__:__The_date_and_the_origin_of_the_Torah_crown_are_according_to
_similar_object_see_Crown_from_Kiev_collection_IJA_#9697_and_bibliography_on_same_object_"Thora_und_Krone",_Wien_Kunsthistorisches_Museum_(cat_),_p_97-98,_no_16_=&batch=0121&batch_num=018&OVRPO=ntl%3Atrue%2Cntl_localname%3Atrue%2Csubject%3Atrue%2Csubject_detail%3Atrue%2Cobject%3Atrue%2Cobject_detail%3A%2Cmaker_profession%3Atrue%2Cmaker_name%3Atrue%2Cmaker_detail%3Atrue%2Cdate%3Atrue%2Cperiod%3Atrue%2Cperiod_detail%3Atrue%2Cphotographer%3Atrue%2Cphoto_date%3Atrue%2Corigin%3Atrue%2Corigin_detail%3Atrue%2Cschool%3Atrue%2Cschool_detail%3Atrue%2Ccommunity%3Atrue%2Ccommunity_detail%3Atrue%2Ccollection%3Atrue%2Ccollection_detail%3Atrue%2Ccopyright%3Atrue%2Csite%3Atrue%2Csite_detail%3Atrue%2Clocation%3Atrue%2Clocation_detail%3Atrue%2Cdescription%3Atrue%2Cphotographer_copyright%3A%2Chistorical_origin%3Atrue%2C&

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

Less Details


Object's images (26 image(s))

      [1] [2]

(XXII) ID: 11767 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11767 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069043
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 043
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11767
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
REM : The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to
similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11768 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11768 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069044
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 044
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11768
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11769 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11769 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069045
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 045
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11769
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11770 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11770 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069046
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 046
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11770
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11771 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11771 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069047
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 047
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11771
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11772 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11772 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069048
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 048
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11772
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11773 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11773 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069049
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 049
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11773
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11774 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11774 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069050
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 050
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11774
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 11775 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 11775 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1, 438-3-11
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height 413mm
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter 195mm
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
None
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown from Kiev collection IJA #9697 and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
All of the six bells are missing.
The apex of the upper crown is missing.
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0069051
45 Temp: Batch Number
0069 | 051
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
11775
48 Temp: Addenda
:NO : Sc.7449
:MED : Metal
:DER : 9253-I2
9253-III1c
9253-III2d
9253-I3
9253-III1c
9253-I4
9253-III1b
9253-II1b
9253-II2a
7284-II1e
7284-III1a
7284-III1g
9254-I1
:TYP : OR
:LN : ENG

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter A.A. (R.S.) 9.1990 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 17582 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 17582 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No.
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
0121018
45 Temp: Batch Number
0121 | 018
46 Temp: Aleph Number
0007449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
17582
48 Temp: Addenda
NO : Sc.7449
MED : Metal
DER : 9253-I2 9253-III1c 9253-III2d 9253-I3 9253-III1c 9253-I4 9253-III1b 9253-II1b 9253-II2a 7284-II1e 7284-III1a 7284-III1g 9254-I1
HS : None
NNO : 438-1, 438-3-11
MH : 413mm
MD : 195mm
MAT : Silver, partly gilded##Structure: cut, hammered, cast##Decoration: chaised, punch, cast##Bonding: screwed##Inscription: engraved
CO : All of the six bells are missing. The apex of the upper crown is missing.
AQ : The crown was purchased in Desa in 1965.
REM : The date and the origin of the Torah crown are according to similar object see Crown (IJA #9697) and bibliography on same object "Thora und Krone", Wien Kunsthistorisches Museum (cat.), p.97-98, no.16.

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182640 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182640 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-1
19a Scan No. S060678
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182640
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182641 Torah crown , Description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182641 Torah crown , Description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S102663
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182641
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182642 Torah crown , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182642 Torah crown , Draft description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Draft description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S102664
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182642
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182643 Torah crown , Description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182643 Torah crown , Description (Aleph), Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail Description (Aleph)
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No.
19a Scan No. S102665
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182643
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182644 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182644 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-3
19a Scan No. S060680
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182644
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182645 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182645 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-4
19a Scan No. S060681
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182645
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182646 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182646 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-5
19a Scan No. S060682
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182646
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182647 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182647 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-6
19a Scan No. S060683
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182647
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182648 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182648 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-7
19a Scan No. S060684
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182648
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a

(XXII) ID: 182649 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects
ID: 182649 Torah crown , , Zhytomyr (Zhitomir), 1850-1899 edit  
Category: Sacred and Ritual Objects

General Document


2 Name/Title Torah crown | *The Synagogue Objects | Torah crown
3a Object Torah crown
3b Object Detail
4a Artist/ Maker Unknown (Unknown)
5 Date 1850-1899
6 Period Russian Empire
7 Origin Ukraine | Zhytomyrs'ka obl. | Zhytomyr (Zhitomir)
|
8 Community Ashkenazi
|
9 Collection Poland | Sc_274
| 5
10 Location Unknown |
11 Site Unknown
12 School/Style Unknown|
13 Iconographical Subject Animals, the Four (Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:20)
Lion |
14 Category
17 Photographer Radovan, Zev
18 Photograph Date 1990
19 Negative/ Photo. No. 438-8
19a Scan No. S060685
20 Description

The three leveled silver Torah crown consists of a main part, a crest, and an apex. Each level is composed of a base and arms.

The lower level as the main part has a coronet like base composed of a circumferal band surmounted by flowers and leaves.

The band is framed on top by a row of half globes and bears three floral framed cartouches depicting the Four animals (9251), alternating with three shields bearing dedicatory inscriptions. The inscriptions in square filled letters read:

כתר / תורה

"Torah / Crown"

ר' דוד שענקער / נ"י [נרו יאיר]

"Rabbi David Shenker / May his light shine"

וזוגתו גאלדא / ב תחי'

"And his wife Golda / May she live"

Vine scrolls with clusters of grapes and tiny animals decorate the band.

The band is surmounted by scrolls and palmettes. Six arms, that widen in the centre, are attached to the main part, between the scrolls. Each arm is decorated with scrolls and flowers. The arms bear a rams face at the bottom and are topped by a flower. Floral scrolls with rings for bells are attached between them. The arms are joined at the top by a round raised concave unit decorated with five bands of varying widths and various decorations.

A two leveled crest is mounted over the unit. The coronet like base is composed of acanthus leaves. Six arms in the shape of rampant regardant lions support an upper small crown. The upper crown repeats the shape of the main part. A bell hangs from the centre of the upper crown. The crown is composed of an inner and outer face. The outer part is chased and drilled, while the inner part is a smooth silver plate. The two parts are screwed together.

21 Ornamentation
 
21 Ornamentation
22 Custom
23 Contents
24 Codicology
24a Scribes
24b Script
24c Number of Lines
24d Ruling
24e Pricking
24f Quires
24g Catchwords
24h Hebrew Numeration
24i Blank Leaves

25 Material/Technique
25a Material Structure
25b Material Decoration
25c Material Bonding
25d Material Inscription
25e Material Additions
25f Material Cloth
25g Material Lining
25h Tesserae Arrangement
25i Density
25j Colors

26 Measurements
26a Height
26b Length
26c Width
26d Depth
26e Circumference
26f Thickness
26g Diameter
26h Weight
26i Axis
26j Panel Measurements
27 Direction/Location
27a Façade (main)
27b Entrances
27c Location of Torah Ark
27d Location of Apse
27e Location of Niche
27f Location of Reader's Desk
27g Location of Platform
27h Temp: Architecture Axis
27i< Arrangement of Seats
27j Location of Women's Section
27k Direction Prayer
27l Direction Toward Jerusalem

28 Coin
28a Coin Series
28b Coin Ruler
28c Coin Year
28d Denomination

29 Signature
30 Colophon
31 Scribal Notes
32 Watermark
33 Hallmark
33a Group
33b Subgroup
33c Hallmark Identification
33d Hallmark Group Classification
33e Hallmark Reference
34 Trade Mark
35 Binding
36 Decoration Program
36 Summary and Remarks
38 Suggested Reconstruction
39 History/Provenance
40 Main Surveys & Excavations
41 Condition
42 Biography
43 Bibliography
43a Short Name
43b Full Name
43c Volume
43d Page

44 Type
45 Temp: Batch Number
|
46 Temp: Aleph Number
7449
47 Temp: Sys. Number / Doc. Name
182649
48 Temp: Addenda

Registrar
Function: Name: Date:
49 Documenter 49a
50 Researcher 50a
51 Architectural Drawings 51a
52 Computer Reconstruction 52a
53 Section Head 53a
54 Editor 54a
55 Donor 55a



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