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Obj. ID: 11561
Jewish printed books
  GFC First Nitra Esther Scroll, Nitra, 1834

© Gross Family Collection (GFC), Photographer: Bar Hama, Ardon, -

An exemplar of the paper Esther scrolls in which the decorations and the text are printed from metal plates engraved by Mordecai ben Josel (Jozl) Sofer of Nitra (also known as Marcus Donath). It opens with a panel containing several illustrations from the Esther story surrounding the initial benedictions. In addition, eight other episodes are incorporated in the lower parts of the subsequent text columns (the seventh column contains no depiction). The exception is the eighth text column, in which the depiction of the gallows fills most of its space. A part of the ornamentation in the scroll is based on the decorative program of the popular Amsterdam megillot of the early 18th century that in the Index are called "the scrolls with portrait medallions".

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Name/Title
GFC First Nitra Esther Scroll | Unknown
Object Detail
Date
1834
Synagogue active dates
Reconstruction dates
Origin
Historical Origin
Unknown
Community type
Unknown |
Congregation
Unknown
Location
Unknown |
Site
Unknown
School/Style
Unknown|
Period
Unknown
Period Detail
Collection
Documentation / Research project
Unknown
Material/Technique
Ink on paper (printed illustrations and text)
Material Stucture
Material Decoration
Material Bonding
Material Inscription
Material Additions
Material Cloth
Material Lining
Tesserae Arrangement
Density
Colors
Construction material
Measurements
The scroll: 220x1295 mm.
Height
Length
Width
Depth
Circumference
Thickness
Diameter
Weight
Axis
Panel Measurements
Condition

The scroll is preserved in very good condition.

Extant
Documented by CJA
Surveyed by CJA
Present Usage
Present Usage Details
Condition of Building Fabric
Architectural Significance type
Historical significance: Event/Period
Historical significance: Collective Memory/Folklore
Historical significance: Person
Architectural Significance: Style
Architectural Significance: Artistic Decoration
Urban significance
Significance Rating
Languages of inscription
Unknown
Type of grave
Unknown
0
Ornamentation
Custom
Contents

The Book of Esther in Hebrew with the initial benedictions

Codicology

The scroll consists of 3 sheets on which 10 text columns are printed.

The initial word of the scroll is formed of decorative letters in which a Hebrew inscription of the engraver is incorporated.

Col. 8 is printed in 11 lines divided into two half-columns. It contains enlarged and diminished letters.

The letters ח (Es. 1:6), ת (Es. 9:29), and the letters of the name of God are enlarged.

The sheets in the scroll are glued together.

Scribes
Script
Number of Lines
Ruling
Pricking
Quires
Catchwords
Hebrew Numeration
Blank Leaves
Direction/Location
Façade (main)
Endivances
Location of Torah Ark
Location of Apse
Location of Niche
Location of Reader's Desk
Location of Platform
Temp: Architecture Axis
Arrangement of Seats
Location of Women's Section
Direction Prayer
Direction Toward Jerusalem
Coin
Coin Series
Coin Ruler
Coin Year
Denomination
Signature
Colophon

The colophon of the artist in Hebrew is placed below the last text column. The oval field is framed by pinned curtains topped by a crown, while its lower part is surrounded by acanthus leaves. The inscription bears the name of the artist (Mordecai sofer stam) ben Jozl Sofer), the date (1834), and the place (Nitra). The same details are included in another note from the artist that is included in the horizontal components of the first word in the Megillah formed of enlarged letters.

ידעתי גם ידעתי כי אנכי עפר ואפר יי אות לאיש במוני להחפר כי מי אני לעשות לי שם בשם חכם ו וסופר רק היינו טעמא דמגילה והיינו טעמא דסופר להיות הקוק ב בעט ברזל על הנחשת לזכרון לחבצלת השרון אשר ידי תיכון אף זרועי תאמצני וימיני תסעדני בעזר האל אשר עזרני ב''ד מרדכי סופר ס'ת'ם במוה' יוזל סופר ס'ת'ם זצול בש' תקצד לפק פה נייטרא מרדכי סופר סתם מקק נייטרא יעא נעשה ונומר בשנת תקצד ל'פ'ק

Scribal Notes
Watermark
Hallmark
Group
Group
Group
Group
Group
Trade Mark
Binding
Decoration Program
Summary and Remarks

Another scroll representing the same pattern: MZSL XXIV-M-16 (64.1226), Jewish Museum and Archives, Budapest.

Suggested Reconsdivuction
History/Provenance
Main Surveys & Excavations
Bibliography

Selected bibliography on other works by Mordecai Sofer of Nitra (Marcus Donath):

Zsuzsanna Toronyi, Héber betűk. Dokumentumok a Magyar Zsidó Levéltárból, Budapest 2012, 35.

Zsuzsanna Toronyi, Markus Donath / Mordecai Sofer Stam of Nitra, [in:] Emile, Schrijver Eds. Windows on Jewish Worlds. Essays in Honor of William Gross, Collector of Judaica, Amsterdam 2019, 246-271.

Ernő Naményi, „Ein ungarisch-jüdischer Kupferstecher der Biedermeierzeit (Markus Donath)”, [in:] Jubilee-Volume in Honour of Prof. Bernhard Heller, ed. A. Schreiber, Budapest 1941, 252‒257.

Alexander Scheiber, „Markus Donath’s Second Misrah-plate”, Studies in Bibliography and Booklore 1973-1974, no. 10, 80–82.

Alexander Scheiber, „Marcus Donath’s Mohel Book”, Studies in Bibliography and Booklore 1979, no. 12, 9–11.

Irina Wandrey, “Codex Levy 45”, Manuscript Cultures 2014, no. 6, 275–279.

Lot 198: A Hungarian Jewel-set Silver-gilt Miniature Torah Crown and Shield, Sotheby's A Treasured Legacy: The Michael and Judy Steinhardt Judaica Collection. New York 29 April 2013 available on https://www.sothebys.com (accessed on 22.03.2020).

Short Name
Full Name
Volume
Page
Type
Documenter
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Author of description
Dagmara Budzioch | 2020
Architectural Drawings
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Computer Reconstruction
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Section Head
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Language Editor
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Donor
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Negative/Photo. No.